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Unit 4 Earth is Dearer the Gold

By Lois Mitchell,2014-08-30 13:12
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Unit 4 Earth is Dearer the Gold

    Unit Four Earth is Dearer the Gold

I Teaching Objectives

    1. Reading: gapped sentences; reading for specific information; scanning a text; 2.Vocabulary: planet Earth; environmental problems; conservation; 3.Grammar: comparisons; too / enough; -ing form, infinitive \Use of English:

    prepositions; phrasal verbs; word formation; key-word transformations; open

    cloze; idioms and fixed phrases;

    4.Listening : listening for specific Information; listening for gist; listening for main

    points; listening for detail; deducing meaning; note-taking; multiple matching;

    matching speakers to statements;

    5.Speaking: making suggestions about conservation; describing environmental

    problems; comparing past and present; comparing animals; answering questions

    about endangered species; talking about recycling; offering solutions to problems;

    complaining; playing for time;

    6.Intonation: key-word stress;

    7.Writing: an essay providing solutions to problems; an article; a poem.

II. Teaching Aims:

    1. New words learning;

    2. Cultural information about environment & engergy;

    3. Grammar points on comparisons, too/enough, -ing form/infinitive phrasal verbs,

    phrasal verbs- fall, get ;

    4. Basic listening and speaking skills.

III. Teaching periods:

Time Allotment (3 periods in total)

    Contents Time allotted

    Text The Answer is Blowing in the Wind 1-2 periods

    Vocabulary practice 2 period

    Grammar in use 2period

    Listening and speaking skills 30 mins

    After class reading 15 mins

IV. Teaching Methods

    1. Group activity, students’ teaching, exercise training and answers checking,

    2. Role play, teacher’s presentation

V. Teaching Contents

     1

?Reading

    1. New words

    afar from 从远方

    clad pipe 复合管

    deceive sb into doing

    diameter radius

    emit start起始时间

    emit stop结束时间

    generated energy发电量

    insulate from/against 隔绝

    layer cake 夹心蛋糕

    object against/to反对

    quotation mark 引号

    swift horse 千里马

    wipe away 擦掉

2. Lead-in

    According to the given questions, draw ss attention to the topic of the unit.

    Describe the four pictures:

    1) heavy traffic, busy roads, traffic pollution

    2) crowded cities, smog, overpopulation, air pollution

    3) water shortage, poverty, third world, developing countries

    4) trees, deforestation, rain forest, loggers

    Read out the list of energy sources and elicit how we can use each resource to produce energy. Elicit answers to the questions from various ss around the class.

3. Text

    Read the text quickly, get the main idea of the article.

    Allow ss two minutes to read through the first paragraph. Ask them to think about what information might be missing. Read through the list of missing sentences and elicit why E is the correct. Allow ss five minutes to complete the task in pairs. Remind them to match the topic of the missing sentence with the topic of the sentence before and after each gap and to check that the sentence they choose fits grammatically and makes sense.

    Help ss to explain the words in bold by giving examples, synonyms or opposites. Ss may look up synonyms of the highlighted words in their dictionaries.

4. Tips:

    greenhouse gases 二氧化碳

    hydropower 水电

    fossil fuel 化石燃料

    offshore 离岸的

    generator发电机

    in need of

     2

be capable of

    seeinto....带进,调查,了解,预见

    run out

    contribute to

    take advantage of

    be slow to do

    shut down 完全关闭

    take up

    ork with 从事,共事 w

    Its about time that

? Vocabulary practice

    1. Planet Earth

    Explain the task, play the tape. Ss listen and underline the correct information. Then ss work in pairs and talk about the Earth.

    Read the headings. Elicit various environmental problems from ss. Explain the task. Read out the headlines and the problems. Elicit the meaning of any unknown vocabulary by giving examples, synonyms, opposites, etc. ss complete the task. Check ss answers.

    Go through the prompts and explain any unknown vocabulary. Do the first item with ss. Then, ss work in pairs and complete the exercise. Check ss answers. Model the

    dialogue with two ss, then ask various pairs to perform their dialogues in front of the class.

2. Conservation

    Read the title. Allow ss two minutes to complete the task. At the end of the quiz, do a quick survey of the class to find out how many ss scored mostly As, Bs or Cs. Elicit what is meant by conserve---to save and protect the environment. Explain the task. Allow ss two minutes to complete the task. Check ss answers around the class.

? Grammar in use

    1. Comparisons

    More is used before some two-syllable adjectives and adverbs, and all adjectives and adverbs with more than two syllables to form the comparative degree. Most is used before some two-syllable adjectives and adverbs and all adjectives and adverbs with more than two syllables to form the superlative degree. Explain the tasks, then lead ss to complete the sentences, paying attention to the structures especially.

    2. too/ enough

    Elicit how the sentences are formed: too old---old enough

    Refer ss to the Grammar Reference section for more detail. ss work in pairs to complete the sentences, check ss answers.

    3. ing form/infinitive

    ; go +doing

     3

; preposition+ doing

    ; would love/ like/ hate + to do

    ; like/ love/ hate + doing

    ; modal verbs +do

    ; cant stand/ help, look forward to +doing

Forget doing/ to do

    Stop doing/ to do

    Remember doing/ to do

    Try doing/ to do

    4. Prepositions

    Fill in the blanks and explain the phrases. 5. Phrasal verbs

    Replace the words in bold with the phrasal verb formed with fall or get. Explain, if

    necessary.

    6. Word formation

    Go through the text, and complete the paragraph with the correct word derived from

    the word in bold. Elicit anything unknown. 7. key-word transformations

    lead ss to complete the sentences according to the prompts.

    8. Open cloze

    Read out the passage swiftly to gain the main idea. Then, read again, sentence by

    sentence. Indicate ss to fill in the blanks. After completing the article, read again. Make sure that all the answers are correct and

    make sense.

    9. Idioms and fixed phrases

    Show the idioms and explain to enhance the impression.

    10. Tips:

    lizard 蜥蜴

    cobra 眼镜蛇

    centipede 蜈蚣

    ultraviolet 紫外线

    radiation 辐射

    petrol 汽油

    be keen on

    be grateful for

    be guilty of

    be hopeless at

    rely on: fall back on

    get away with: escape without punishment get on with: like

    get over : recover from

    fall for : be deceived by

    fall through: fail to b e completed

     4

get through: finish

    on the way在进行中

    take ones hat off to 向某人表示赞赏,向..致敬

    on the go 尝试

    have a go at 责备某人

    for granted 认为是理所当然 take

    keep ones head 保持镇定、冷静

    have butterflies in ones stomach 紧张

    kill two birds with one stone一石二鸟

    take the bull by the horns不畏艰难做某事

    crocodile tears

    the lions share

? Listening and speaking skills.

    1. Listen for specific information, gist, main points, detail; deducing meaning; note-taking; multiple matching; matching speakers to statements 2. Speaking: According to the given prompts ,make suggestions about conservation; describing environmental problems; comparing past and present; comparing animals; answering questions about endangered species; talking about recycling; offering solutions to problems; complaining; playing for time

    3. Tips:

    Get right on sth: do sth at once

    Mean to do

? Literature corner

    Read the poem after class. Then check the answers next time. Elicit anything unknown.

? Writing an essay providing solutions to problems

    1. Read out the tip and the useful vocabulary bos. Explain any points that ss

    have difficulty with.

    2. read out the rubric. Help ss underline the key words. Go through the questions

    and elicit answers from ss.

    3. Analyse the model text: give ss several minutes to read the text, and fill in

    the missing sentences. Then , check ss answers.

    4. Beginnings and endings: do the task, check answers around the class.

    5. suggestions and results: match and check/.

    6. Deal with the rest exercises orally.

    7. Tips:

    rhetorical question 反义疑问句

    be aware of 知道

    ivory 象牙

    die out 灭绝

    breed 种类,品种,繁殖

     5

    all in all 总的说来,大体而言

    straightforward 正直的,简单的

    pedestrian 行人

    entitled使有资格,给提名

    industrial park 工业园

? Summary

    Sum up what we learnt in this unit and deal with self-assessment module, then ss

    mark themselves.

    ? Reflections after teaching

     6

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