By Clifford Hawkins,2014-11-11 02:13
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Unit 3 My First Job

    ?. Teaching Aims:

    1. Get students to know some background information. 2. Help students some famous places of interest in London. 3. Help students build up their world power through a variety of drilling practice.

    4. Make students talk about their ideal job. 5. Practice and reinforce students‟ skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing.

    ?. Teaching Important and Difficult Points: 1. Introduce the author.

    2. Help students understand the text well by analyzing and explaining the text.

    3. Learn some new words and phrases.

    4. Get students to talk about their ideal job and boss. ?. Teaching Methods:

    1. Ask-and-answer activities

    2. Group discussion

    3. Reading, speaking, listening, writing

    4. Explanation and practice

    ?. Teaching Aids:

    1. Tape-recorder

    2. Projector and slides

    3. Multimedia computer

    4. TV

    5. Blackboard and some chalks

    ?. Teaching Periods:

    Periods 1-2 Reading Comprehension

    Periods 3-4 Language Points

    Periods 5-6 Post-reading Activities

    Periods 7-8 Revision & Exercises

    Periods 1-2 Reading Comprehension

    ?. Teaching Aims:

    1. Get students know the main idea about the text.

    2. Help students study reading skills, such as skimming and scanning. 3. Make students talk about their work experience and ideal job. ?. Teaching Important and Difficult Points:

    1. A brief introduction to London.

    2. Help students understand the text well by analyzing and explaining the text. 3. Learn some new words and phrases.

    4. Get students to talk about their work experience and ideal jobs. ?. Teaching Methods:

    1. Ask-and-answer activities

    2. Group discussion

    3. Reading, speaking, & listening

    ?. Teaching Aids:

    1. Tape-recorder

    2. Projector and slides

    3. Multimedia computer

    ?. Teaching Procedures:

    Step 1 Greetings

    Step 2 Lead-in

     1. Warm-up Questions

     1) Have you ever taken a full-time or part-time job? If the answer is yes, what kind of a job was it?

     2) What kind of job do you want to have after graduation?

     3) Would you like to be a teacher? Why or why not?

     4) If you have no other choice but to be a teacher, what kinds of teacher do you want to be? Why?

     5) Can you tell us something about the best teacher of yours in your life?

     6) There still exists sexual discrimination against the female in job market in China. Whats your opinion on it?

    2. A brief introduction to London

    London is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom. The city covers 1,580 sq km and has a population of 6,378,600 (1991). Settled by the Romans as an important shipping point for crops and minerals, it gradually developed into the wealthy capital of a thriving industrial and agricultural nation. The expansion in the 19th century of the British Empire increased Londons influence still further. Since

    World War II the citys prominence on the international stage has diminished, but it remains a flourishing financial center and home to one of the worlds most important

    stock exchanges.

    3. Some famous places of interest in London

    1) Big Ben

    Big Ben is a famous bell in the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament in

    London. The bell weighs about 15 short tons (14 metric tons). It stands 7.5 feet (2.3 meters) high and has a diameter of 9 feet (2.7 meters). Big Ben first tolled in 1859. 2) Tower Bridge

    The Tower Bridge crosses the River Thames in the East End of London. It was completed in 1894 in a revival of the Gothic style of the Middle Ages. The Tower of London, a former fortress and prison, is nearby.

    3) The Tower of London

    The Tower of London, located on the northern bank of the Thames River, was built around 1078. It was used alternately as a fortress, royal residence, and state prison in its early years. Today, it is maintained as an arsenal with a garrison, and is open to the public. The well-preserved Norman and medieval structures cover nearly 7.2 hectares (18 acres).

    4) Buckingham Palace

    Buckingham Palace in Westminster is the official London residence of the British sovereign. Its interior, open to the public during August and September while the Queen is on holiday, contains many elegantly furnished apartments and a superb art collection. Funds raised from the summer visits go towards repairing Windsor Castle, damaged by fire in 1992. The Ceremony of the Changing of the Guard takes place outside

    Buckingham Palace.

    5) Trafalgar Square

    Trafalgar Square in central London is one of the city's most popular sites. It is named for a famous naval battle of 1805 in which Admiral Horatio Nelson led the British fleet to victory. A statue of Nelson stands atop the tall column in the center of the square.

    6) The British Museum

    British Museum, in London, is among the oldest of the world's great national museums. Many of its collections are among the finest in the world. The museum was founded in 1753 by an act of Parliament after Sir Hans Sloane, a British physician and botanist, willed his collections to the nation. The museum opened on Jan. 15, 1759, in Montagu House in London's West End. In 1847, a new building replaced Montagu House, and many additions have since been made. The British Museum attracts more than 4 million visitors a year.

    7) The National Gallery

    The National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, London, houses the national collection of European paintings, comprising more than 2,000 pictures dating from the late 13th to the early 20th century. The pictures belong to the public and access to them is free, as it has been since the Gallery was first founded in 1824. The National Gallery has the most comprehensive collection of Italian Renaissance paintings outside Italy. The museum also has impressive collections of works by Rembrandt and other Dutch artists.

    4. Education in U. K

    1) British state schools

    Old system—“eleven plus examination

    Under the old system, children took an examination called the eleven plusat the age

    of eleven. If they passed this examination, they went to a grammar school (high school) and if they failed, they went to a secondary modern school 2) New system—“streamed & unstreamed school

    Under the new system, there is no eleven plusexamination, and the grammar

    schools and secondary modern schools have been replaced by large comprehensive schools. Some comprehensives are streamed; others are unstreamed. In a

    streamed school, pupils are placed into classes according to their ability. Children of high ability are in the A stream, those of lesser ability in the B stream and so on.

    In an unstreamed school, children of mixed ability are placed together in the classes. Step 3 Reading

    1. Listen to the tape of the text and do the Part Division of the Text

    1-7 the reason why the young man wanted to find a job

    8-49 his disappointing experience to find the job

    50-51 the most important reason why he refused the job

    2. True or False question

    1) The young man got some information about a job in a London newspaper. 2) The young man was a college student wanting to find a part-time job. 3) In Britain, a degree and working experience are very important in job hunting. 4) The young man applied for a job as a teacher because he liked the job. 5) When the young man applied for the job, he didnt feel confident.

    3. Complete the Missing Information of the Story

    1) Three days later, the young man was.

    2) The journey to the school.

    3) The young man was so worn out that he.

    4) The school and the headmaster.

    5) After being asked some questions, the young man felt.

    6) The young man was supposed to teach twenty-four boys.

    7) For such demanding work, the young mans salary was.

    4. Discussion

    1) Did the young man accept the job? Why or why not?

    2) What can you infer from the end of the story?

    Step 4 Homework

    1. Write a short summary of the story.

    2. Read the text after class.

    ?. Blackboard Design

    Unit 3 My First Job

    Questions: Would you like to be a teacher? Why or why not?

    A brief introduction to London

    Reading: 1. the Part Division of the Text

    2.True or False question

    Periods 3-4 Language Points ?.Teaching Aims:

    1. Help students understand the text well.

    2. Help students build up their world power through a variety of drilling practice.

    ?. Teaching Important and Difficult Points: 1. Get students to retell the story.

    2. Study the language points.

    ?.Teaching Methods:

    1. Question-and-answer activities

    2. Explanation and practice

    ?.Teaching Aids:

    1. Taperecorder

    2. Projector and slides

    3. Multimedia

    ?. Teaching Procedures:

    Step 1 Greetings

    Step 2 Revision

    Ask some students to retell the story.

    Step 3 Language points

    1. advertise: v.

    1) make known to people by means of mass media e.g. They no longer advertise alcohol or cigarettes at sporting events.

    Many companies will only advertise in the Sunday paper. 2) ask (for someone or something) by placing an advertisement in a newspaper, shop

    window, etc.

    e.g. We should advertise for someone to look after the garden. 我们应该登广告招人


    I see they are advertising for a new Sales Director. 2. local: adj.

    1) of a place or district

    e.g. Next day my picture was on the local newspaper. 2) affecting a part, not the whole

    e.g. The tooth was removed under local anesthetic (局部麻醉).

    3. post: n.

    1) job or position

    e.g. He was offered the post of ambassador to Indian.

    She was offered a post in the new government. 她受聘在新政府中任职。

    2) the official system for carrying letters, parcels, etc. from one place to another

    e.g. Your letter must have got lost in the post.

    The winners will be notified by post.


    abandon ones post 放弃职位

    apply for a post 申请职位

desert ones post 擅离职守

    fill successively the posts of 历任„等职

    hold a post / take up ones post 担任某职

    quit ones post / 辞职

    seek a post 求职

    teaching post 教师岗位

    parcel post 邮包

    free post 免费邮件

    4. (be) short of: not having enough of, in want of

    e.g. I was short of money, so George lent me $20.

    It seems that the young man is short of teaching experience.


    5. apply:


    1) write or ask for (a job, membership, etc.) officially e.g. Last week John applied to that famous university for a job.

    2) be relevant in the situation; concern

    e.g. The rules of safe driving apply to everyone. Pattern:

    apply to + n. (pron.)

    apply to-v.

    apply for sth.

    apply to sb. for sth.


    1) use or put into use

    e.g. We should apply a theory to practice. 2) devote (oneself or one's efforts) to something e.g. I have applied myself to my studies since I failed to pass the exam last semester


    apply, use, employ & utilize


    apply 指将理论或规则应用于实践。

    use 普通用词?着重为达到某一目的而利用某人或某物。

    employ 强调为特别的目的对事物、时间、权利等的使用。

    utilize 指通过改变的方式使某物有用。

    6. interview:


    1) meeting between employers and applicants for posts e.g. Its a common practice nowadays to go for an interview before a college graduate

    gets a job.

    2) meeting with sb. for discussion, conference, etc. e.g. An interview with reporters was arranged for the Prime Minister to defend his

    new policy.

    vt. have or obtain an interview with

    e.g. He interviewed all the applicants one by one.

    At the end of the race the winner was interviewed by NBC news. give an interview to sb. 接见某人

    have an interview with sb. 会见某人

    request an interview with sb. 请求会见某人

    seek an interview with 请求与„会见

    job interviews (对申请工作者的)面试

    7. prove: v. turn out to be (true)

    e.g. He proved a very useful friend.

    Facts have proved that the creative power of the people knows no limits.



    prove + n.

    prove + adj.

    prove to be...

    prove + that-clause

    prove to sb. + that-clause

    prove of

    8. depress: vt.

    1) make sad; discourage

    e.g. I was depressed after reading so much depressing news.


    He was depressed because he had not passed his examinations. 2) press, push or pull down

    e.g. If you depress the button there, a robot will come out to serve tea.

    3) make lower

    e.g. The new highway depressed business along the old road.

    The OPEC countries depressed their oil output a month ago. CF: depress, discourage & sadden都有使不高兴使失望之意。

    depress意为“使某人忧愁?沮丧、消沉?”?还可指“贸易萧条”? 可表示由外


    e.g. A rise in oil prices depresses the car market. 油价上涨导致汽车市场不景气。

    discourage指“使泄气”、“沮丧”。 也可指“使阻碍”、“使沮丧”? 指试图挫伤


    e.g. Dont discourage her; shes doing her best.

    别泄她的气, 她正尽力做呢。

    sadden意为“使沮丧”、“忧愁”? 较为常用。例如(

    e.g. He saddened at the memory of her death.


    9. disapproval: n. unfavorable opinion or feeling; dislike e.g. The lady looked at the man with disapproval.

    Your classmates spoke with disapproval of your behavior.


    The old man shakes his head in disapproval.

    10. undo: vt.

    1) unfasten (what is tied or wrapped); untie

    2) cancel; bring back the state of affairs that existed before e.g. What is done cannot be undone.

    The new President undid many rules set up by the former President. 11. smell of: give out the smell or scent of

    e.g. There is a smell of fried chicken in this room.


    The air was filled with the smell of flowers.

    12. stale : adj.

    1) not fresh

    e.g. Dont eat those stale biscuits.

    Running water never gets stale.

    2) no longer interesting or exciting

    e.g. What you heard about Tom is quite stale.


    feel / get stale 对„没兴趣

    go stale 变得不新鲜

    stale joke 陈旧的笑话

    stale news 过时消息

    stale check 过期支票

    stale debt 失时效债务

    13. judge by / from: base ones opinion of (sth.) on (sth.); form an opinion based on (sth.); form an opinion about

    e.g. He was extremely attractive, judging by the newspaper photograph.

    Judging from what you say in your letter, you don't sound well.


    A man should be judged by his deed, not his words. 14. vital: adj.

    1) of the greatest importance

    e.g. These measures are vital to national security.

    Water is of vital necessity in the desert.

    2) full of life or energy

    e.g. Young girls easily fall in love with the vital and handsome film star.

    She's a very vital sort of person. 她是个精力旺盛的人。

    15. attach: vt.

    1) consider sth. to be important or significant; treat as important e.g. Our teacher attaches much importance to listening comprehension and speaking.

    We should attach primary importance to the development of economy.


    2) fasten (to), fix, nail

    e.g. Attach a recent photograph to your application form. Collocation(

attach oneself to 依附; 参加(党派等); 热爱, 依恋

    attach to 认为有(重要性、意义等); 归因于, 适用于

    …attached, please find [书信用语]附上„请查收

    be attached to 连在„上, 附属于; 热爱, 依恋

    16. have ... in common (with): share together or equally (with)


    have much (nothing, a lot, plenty, everything, little, etc.) in common

    e.g. We like the same things. I think we have a lot in common.

    Though they are twins, they have few interests in common. 17. consist: vi.

    1) be made up of

    e.g. The cake consists mainly of sugar, flour and butter.

    His job consists of helping old people who live alone. 2) have as the chief element

    e.g. Happiness consists in being contented with what one has.


    The beauty of the artist's style consists in its simplicity. 3) be compatible; accord

    e.g. The information consists with her account. CF: consist, compose, comprise & constitute这些动词均含组成?构成之意。

     of 连用?指一个整体由几个部分组成?或由某些材料构成。例如( consist

    e.g. New York City consists of five boroughs. 纽约市由五个行政区组成。



    e.g. Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen. 水是由氢和氧组合而成的。

    comprise 正式用词?指整体是由几个独立的部分所组成。例如(

    e.g. The citys population is largely comprised of Asians and Europeans.


    constitute 正式用词?指由某些部分组成一个整体或构成某物的基本成分。在句


    e.g. The committee is constituted of members of all three parties.


    18. range from to: vary from to; vary between certain limits e.g. Today the temperature ranges from 24? to 30?.

    The ages of the students in my class range from seventeen to twenty.


    19. in turn: one after another, in succession, in order e.g. I will talk to you all in turn.

    Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice.


    20. competent: adj. good enough at doing sth., skillful


    be competent for sth (doing sth)

    be competent + to v.

be competent as sth

    be competent at / in sth

    e.g. She is competent for her work.

    Is he competent as an accountant?

    Mary is competent in her field. competent的反义词是incompetent,意为无能力的?不能胜任的。例如( e.g. He is an incompetent candidate. 他是一个不合格的候选人。

    He was dismissed for incompetence. 他因不称职而遭辞退。

    CF: competent, able & capable这几个词均含有有能力的,能干的之意。 able 最常用词,多用于褒义?着重指多方面的?经常性的?或潜在性的能力。有时也指高超、非凡的能力。

    capable语气弱于able?指有能力、有潜力或有条件做某事?常与of 连用。 competent强调具有能胜任某项工作的技能或其他所需的条件。

    21. leisure: n. free time; time at ones own disposal e.g. What do you do in your leisure time? 你空闲时间做些什么)

    Your standard of living not only depends on your income, but also on the amount

    of leisure you enjoy.


    , 闲着无事; 从从容容地 at leisure 有空

    at ones leisure 空闲的时候; 方便时

    wait sbs leisure等待某人有空时

    22. salary: n. fixed (usually monthly) pay for regular work

    e.g. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never

    pays it back.

    Should doctors' salaries be higher? 医生的薪水应该高些吗?


    draw / get / receive ones salary领取薪水

    boost / raise salaries增加薪水

    cut / reduce / slash salaries减少薪水

    live beyond salary入不敷出

    CF: salary, wage?pay & fees这些名词都可表示“工资、收入”之意。 salary 指按年定下?按月或星期平均给予的报酬?指脑力劳动者的薪水。 wage多用复数形式?指按小时、日或星期的报酬?通常指体力劳动者的工资。 pay 是个通用词?可取代salarywage

    fee 指提供某种服务收取的固定费用。

    23. protest:

    vi. express strong objection (often used together with against, at, about ) e.g. He protested to the boss that he was overworked.

    The tourists protested about the bad service at the restaurant.

    n. statement of objection

    e.g. Steel workers made / lodged / entered a protest against wage reduction.

    The delegate walked out of the conference room in protest of the proposal.


    enter / lodge / make a protest提出抗议

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