Efforts To Build Regional Pest Lists in ASEAN

By Sheila Johnson,2014-06-27 10:10
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Efforts To Build Regional Pest Lists in ASEAN ...

This paper was presented at the “Standards and Priorities For Developing Pest Lists In

    Countries Of South East Asia” workshop , Kuala Lumpur, December 2003.

    Role of various ASEAN Plant Health Organizations Including

    the ASWGC and EWGSPS Efforts to Build Regional Pest Lists

    1/in ASEAN

    2/Somchai Charnnarongkul

    The economics of South East Asia have requested assistance to build pest lists to

    underpin negotiations for expanding trade in Agricultural commodities. In the meantime

    ASEAN members need to develop pest lists showing the distribution of pests in different

    production areas to grain access to markets for their agricultural commodities. The

    information contained in pest lists is a critical short-term solution to the problem of

    undertaking pest risk analysis to support negotiations for international trade in agricultural

    commodities. Many countries have experienced problems in gaining market access for

    commodities because of pest reports that were incorrect. Although pest lists based on

    records need to be carefully guarded to ensure that there are not used to impede trade. The

    specimens and associated information can be validated or re-examined to verify the record.

    While the well-populated collections contain multiple specimens from many production

    areas and hosts, providing opportunities to determine the distribution of pest and establish

    pest free areas. National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) are now building pest

    lists through targeted survey across many production areas and loading specimens in well-

    maintained plant disease herbaria and arthropod pest collections to support the plant health

    status of selected commodities. Most member countries did not have comprehensive

    endemic pest lists due to lack of information on the specimens, lack of experience and

    knowledge of how to undertake surveys to build pest lists and lack of experience in

    managing data and sensitivities related to the reliability of information held by various

1/ Paper Presented in the Workshop on Standards and Priorities for Developing Pest Lists

    in Countries of South East Asia. 8-9 December 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    2/ Deputy Director General, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.


    countries in the region. The development of endemic pest lists is important for determining the quarantine status of pests and the current endemic pest lists of Member countries needs to be updated and validated.

     The concept of harmonizing pest lists was the subject of discussion at a meeting of

    the Expert Working Group on Harmonization of Phytosanitary Measures in ASEAN held

    in conjunction with the Ninth ASEAN Sectoral Working Group on Crops, 11-13 April

    2002, in Hanoi, Vietnam. Delegates recommended that a workshop be held to consider and

    plan a work program to address requested from regional economic for assistance in

    developing pest lists and assistance in harmonizing pest lists across ASEAN. The effort to harmonize SPS measures in ASEAN is therefore an important element in the facilitation

    measures to support further expansion of intra ASEAN trade. While the harmonization of

    SPS measures in ASEAN is intended to facilitate greater trade with in the region, the

    process itself should be consideration with the International commitments of Member

    Countries, particularly with respect to the agreement on SPS measures under the World

    Trade Organization (WTO).

    Activities to build regional pest lists conducted by the Experts Working group

    on Harmonization of Phytosanitary Measures.

    There are five meetings of the Experts Working Group on the Harmonization of

    Phytosanitary Measures in ASEAN as follows:

    1. The First Meeting; held in Indonesia, 1997 2. The Second Meeting; held in Philippines, 1998 3. The Third Meeting; held in Singapore, 1999 4. The Fourth Meeting; held in Vietnam , 2002 5. The Fifth Meeting; held in Brunei Darussalum, 2003

    According to the above meetings, the compilation of the Endemic of selected

    commodities was assigned to each ASEAN Member Country to carry out as follows:

    1. Rice-milled (Phillippines)

    2. Mango-fruits (Indonesia)

    3. Coconut-husked and de-husked (Malaysia)

    4. Dendrobium orchids-cut-flowers (Singapore)

    5. Ginger-rhizomes(Thailand)

    6. Orange-fruit (Brunei Darussalum)


    7. Round Cabbage-vegetable (Indonesia)

    8. Black Pepper- corn (Malaysia)

    9. Potato-tuber (Thailand)

    10. Groundnut-shelled & unshelled (Vietnam)

     The compilation of the Endemic/ Quarantine Pest List and Import Summary on the

    above 10 commodities were yet to complete. There are only a few Member Countries has

    submitted the required information to the assigned country coordinators. This was due to

    several reasons, such as unaware of the agreed template, lack of understanding clarify of

    how to fill up the form, the change/retirement of respective officers and the absence of the

    Philippines representative in the Fifth EWG meeting for two consecutive years. In order to

    address the problems, and to expedite the process, the following transpired;

    1. To improve coordination and to have closer consultation among contact points, an

    updated list of the EWG Contact Persons and the Alternates was provided. 2. All Member Countries to submit / re-submit the update Endemic/Quarantine Pest

    List and Import summery for the selected 10 commodities to respective

    coordinating countries.

    3. Submission should be in soft copies using MS Excel format. A copy should be

    provided to the respective coordinating country with copy furnished to the

    Chairperson and the ASEAN Secretariat.

    4. Unavailable data/information on any particular commodity should also be informed

    to the respective coordinating countries.

    5. Respective coordinating countries of the assigned commodities would carry out

    comparative analysis of the data for the Ranking of Pests Present in ASEAN.

    To expedite the progress of compilations and compare their analysis of Endemic and Quarantine pest risk the EWG meeting agreed to focus 5 prioritized commodities with

    the new assigned level countries as follow;

     1. Rice - milled Malaysia

     2. Orange-fruit Brunei Darussalum

     3. Mango-fruits Indonesia

     4. Potato-tuber Thailand

    5. Dendrobium orchids - cut - flowers Singapore


    Member countries was requested to submit on update the Endemic/ Quarantine Pest

    list and Import summary for the 5 prioritized commodities representative coordinating of

    the assigned commodities would carry out comparative analysis of the data for the Ranking

    of Pests Present in ASEAN based on the available information submitted by member




    Submission of Endemic & Quarantine Pest List, Ranking of Endemic Pest &

    Phytosanitary Requirements by using table 1, 2 & 3 by each Member Country

    Comparative Analysis by Assigned Countries

    Model of Harmonized Phytosanitary Requirements formulated by the Assigned Country or EWG


    Model to be submitted to next Expert Working Group

    Meeting for endorsement


     Thailand was assigned to carry out comparative analysis of the data for the Ranking of Pests Present in ASEAN for Potato-Tuber, based on the available information submitted by 6 countries; Brunei Darussalum, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam. The result of comparative analysis of the data, we found that there are many pests found among the 7 countries (including Thailand) are the common pests but there is some pest found in some country is a Quarantine pest in another country, such as Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid found in Indonesia but not found in Thailand. The results of the comparative analysis should be considered and discussed in the Workshop on the Harmonization of Phytosanitary Requirements in ASEAN would be held in February 2004, Thailand.

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