Harriet Tubman lived a life filled with adventure；Tubman worked with the Underground Railroad；She helped many slaves reach freedom in the North；She was a scout in the Civil War；She
also worked as a nurse during the war；
Life in the Old South was very hard for slaves；Most slaves lived in small houses；They had
large families, and even the children had to work in the fields；Most slaves dreamed of getting to the North and wanted to be free；
One day Harriet saw a slave trying to run away；Then she saw the keeper running after him with a whip；Harriet stood in the keeper's way；The keeper took a weight and threw it at the slave；He hit
Harriet above her eyes；It almost killed her；The scar on Harriet's head was an emblem of her will to
fight for what she believed in；
The Fugitive Slave Law made Harriet's job harder；The law said that slaves could be caught even in the North；Harriet began leading slaves all the way into Canada；There they were safe；The
law couldn't hurt them there；
When Harriet came for her mother and father, they were very old；Harriet was afraid they might not be able to make the trip；She got a horse；She and a friend made a wagon；She helped her mother and father ride to freedom；
1；The story mainly tells us about ____ ；
A；life of the slaves in the Old South B；life to Harriet Tubman C；Harriet Tubman's fight for freedom for the slaves D；the Civil War
2；According to the story, which of the following statements is not true? A；Harriet Tubman used to work as a nurse during the Civil War；
B；The weight hit Harriet in the head and left a scar on her head. C；Harriet led slaves to Canada where the law couldn't hurt them；
D；The Fugitive Slave law protected running slaves in the North；
3；Slaves in the South wanted to run away to the North for ____ ；
A；making more money B；getting a better job
C；freedom D；bigger houses
4；The Fugitive Slave Law ____ ；
A；protected running slaves
B；set slaves free
C；offered good jobs for slaves
D；made Harriet's job more difficult
5；We can infer from the story that the author ____ ；
A；was in favor of (赞成) slavery
B；was supportive about Harriet's work
C；thought slaves were treated well in the North
D；thought the Fugitive Slave Law was good
Passage 2 MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR？A MAN OF PEACE
Martin Luther King, Jr；was the son of a black Baptist preacher；His mother was a school teacher；Young Martin spent a fairly quiet childhood in Atlanta, Georgia；After high school, he went to college and studied to be a minister, like his father；Nobody could have guessed, in those days, the
place in history that Martin Luther King, Jr；was to have；
It all started in Montgomery, Alabama on December 1, 1955；The buses in Montgomery were
segregated；Black people had to sit in the back of the bus, or stand, if the back was full；One day, a
black woman, Rose Parks, was returning home after a hard day's work；She sat in the front of the bus,
and then refused to give up her seat to a white passenger who got on the bus after her；Rose Parks
was arrested, and the black community of Montgomery was outraged；
Martin Luther King, Jr；persuaded the black citizens to protest peacefully；He organized a
boycott of the bus service；For 381 days, the buses of Montgomery rolled back and forth on their routes, nearly empty；It was not easy for the blacks to give up riding the buses；For most of them, the
buses were their only means of transportation；They walked, rode in car pools even in horse-drawn wagons and the buses stayed empty；King and his followers were threatened；King's house was
destroyed by a bomb；But still, the buses rolled in empty；At last, the bus company gave in；The law
was changed；Martin Luther King, Jr, had won his first protest against injustice----peacefully；King
became a famous leader of non-violent demonstrations；
King led protests and demonstrations all over the country during the next few years；Everywhere he went, he preached love, patience, and most of all, non-violence；He believed
that blacks could win their struggle for equal rights without violence；Millions of people all over the
He was admired and criticized, loved and hated. world knew about King and his beliefs；
In 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize；He was only thirty----four years old----the youngest man to ever receive this high honor；
；Martin Luther King, Jr, was the son of ____ ； 6
A；an American white Baptist priest
B；an American black Baptit preacher
C；an English Baptist priest
D；an English school teacher
7；He went to college and studied to be ____ like his father；
A；a teacher B；a lawyer C；a minister D；a doctor
8；One afternoon in December 1955, a black woman was taken to jail because ____ ；
A；she was black
B；she was riding in a bus
C；she refused to give up her seat in the front of the bus to a white passenger D；she was sitting in the back of the bus
9；Martin organized a boycott of the bus service which lasted ____ ；
A；one month B；half a year C；more than a year D；less than a year
10；King was ____ among those who had won the Nobel Peace Prize by 1964；
A；the youngest man B；the only man C；the oldest man D；the black man
The word“day” has two meanings. When we talk about the number of days in a year, we are using “day” to mean 24 hours. But when we talk about day and night, we are using“day” to mean the
time between sunrise and sunset. Since the earth looks like a ball, the sun can shine on only half of it
at a time. Always one half of the earth is having day and the other half night. A place is moved from
day into night and from night into day over and over by the spinning of the earth. At the equatorday
and night are sometimes the same lengt. They are each twelve hours long. The sun rises at 6 o'clock
in the morning and sets at 6 o'clock in the evening. For six months the North Pole is tilted toward
the sun. In those months the Northern Hemisphere gets more hours of sunlight than the Southern
Hemisphere.Days are longer than nights. South of the equator nights are longer than days. For the other six months the North Pole is tilted away from the sun. Then the Southern Hemisphere gets more sunlight. Days are longer than nights. North of the equator nights are longer than days. Winter
is the season of long nights. Summer is the season of long days.
11；When the Western Hemisphere is having day, the Eastern Hemisphere is having ________.
A. both day and night B. day
C. neither day nor night D. night
12；A place is moved from day into night and from night into day over and over by ________ of the
A. the pushing B. the pulling C. the spinning D. the passing
13；At the equator day is as long as night ________.
A. sometimes B. never C. usually D. always
14；When the North Pole is tilted toward the sun, the Northern Hemisphere gets ________ sunlight. A. less B. more C. all D. no
15；When it is winter in China, ________.
A. the USA is tilted toward the sun
B. the South Pole is tilted away from the sun
C. the North Pole is tilted toward the sun
D. the North Pole is tilted away from the sun
One Sunday;Cody decided to go sailing in his boat with his friend Dane;but Dane happened to
be away. Dane;s brother Brett wanted to go instead though he did not know anything about sailing. Cody agreed and they set out to sea.
Soon they found themselves in a thick fog. Cody was sure they would be hit by a big ship. Fortunately he saw a large buoy through the fog and decided to tie the boat to it for safety. As he was getting onto the buoy;however;he dropped the wet rope. The boat moved away in the fog carrying Brett who did not know how to use the radio. He drifted about and was not seen until twelve hours later.
Cody spent the night on the buoy. In the early morning he fell asleep and was having a bad dream when a shout woke him up. A ship;the Good Hope;came up and he climbed onto it and
thanked the captain. The captain told him that Brett had been picked up by another ship and the ship’s captain had sent out a message.
True (T) or False (F) statement:
16. Cody went sailing in his boat with his friend's brother Brett,
17. About sailing, Brett knew a little.
18. Soon they got into trouble because of the thick fog.
19. They drifted about and were not seen until twelve hours later.
20. Brett was saved by the ship, the Good Hope,
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.