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Planate - Synchronised Farrowing

By Erica Harris,2014-06-06 16:52
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Planate - Synchronised Farrowing

    Use Planate to synchronise farrowing and ensure that most sows farrow on the same day. Planate, another great swine product from the Schering-Plough Animal Health stable.Planate - By Schering-Plough Animal Health - IntroductionSynchronising farrowings usually allows more supervision and better attention to detail at a crucial time for the sow, the piglets and the stockman. The benefits accrue to the overall production in reduced mortality and in better supervision using the manager’s and stockman’s time more

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    ;Work can be arranged so that farrowings are brought together at times best suited to the system. Gaps can be created in farrowing schedules allowing other work to be done.

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    ;When farrowings are synchronised it is possible to give the sow and piglets attention that will permit the best results to be obtained. The sow benefits in that she is supervised during the very important farrowing process and the piglets benefit by having someone in attendance at the most delicate time of birth. Farrowing fever can be spotted and treated early.

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    ;When the piglets are born detailed attention can be given. For example, the piglets can be dried off before they are encouraged to suckle and drink colostrum. Strong piglets can be helped to go forward and weak piglets can be given that special care. The piglets are able to be placed in the right environment immediately, before becoming chilled and stressed. Mortality rate can be reduced by giving piglets the best start in life.

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    ;With synchronised farrowing it is possible to plan weaning dates so that a shortfall in matings can be made up or a glut of matings can be avoided. When using artificial insemination it is possible to plan the ordering of semen and/or coHection to suit the weaning needs.What is PlanateSows can farrow anywhere between 111 and 119 days after service - and they never farrow at a predictable time - often this is at night or at the weekend. For the farmer to attend to each farrowing is highly impractical and costly. The farmer needs to make the most effective use of his time and resources.

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    ;The prostaglandin, Planate, is used so that farrowing does come at a predictable and more convenient time and can be used to reduce the chance of the sow farrowing over a weekend. If an injection of Planate is given up to 2 days before farrowing is due, 95% of sows should farrow within 36 hours after giving Planate. The majority of animals can be expected to respond within 24 +/- 5 hours following injection so it is easy to ensure that the majority will farrow within the working day.

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    ;The Advantages of Using PlanateBy using Planate to synchronise farrowing the farmer can ensure that most of the sows farrow on the same day. Synchronising farrowings usually allows more supervision and better attention to detail at a crucial time for the sow, the piglets and the farmer.Advantages to the SowThe sow can be supervised during the birth to enable best results,Farrowing fever can be spotted and treated early. Cross-fostering of piglets makes it possible to balance up the litter numbers.Advantages to the Piglet When the piglets are born detailed attention can be given. The piglets can be dried off before they are encouraged to suckle

    and drink colostrum. Strong piclets can be helped to go forward and weak piglets can be given special care. Piglets can be placed in the right environment immediately before becoming chilled or stressed. Mortality rate can be reduced by giving the pigs the best start in life.Advantages to the FarmerAbility to prepare labour schedules.Gaps car be created in the farrowing schedule to allow other work to be done, for example,vaccinations, clipping teeth etc. Weekend farrowing can be eliminated.Weaning dates can be planned to catch up shortfall and/or prevent glut of matings. If using artificial insemination it is possible to plan the ordering of semen and/or collection to suit the weaning needs.Farmer can be more prepared for farrowing. Reduction in pig mortality rate.More efficient use of farrowing facilities. Reduction in employment costs. More even batches.Planate - Technical InformationPresentation: A colourless injectable solution. Each 2ml contains 184 micrograms of Cloprostenol Sodium BP (Vet) equivalent to 175 micrograms of cloprostenol. Chlorocresol 0.1% w/v is added as a preservative.

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    ;Uses: A synthetic prostaglandin analogue for use in pigs as a luteolytic agent to induce farrowing in sows and gilts, thus providing opportunity for more efficient and convenient management under a variety of systems.Allows batch management of sows and gilts to be efficiently achieved.Minimises farrowings at weekends, public holidays and during the night.Facilitates supervision of farrowing.Facilitates interfostering.Enables farrowing and labour schedules to be planned for convenience.Prevents sows and gilts going beyond term.Allows optimal use of farrowing quarters, equipment etc.Planate should only be used where accurate service records are kept. If used too early in pregnancy induction of farrowing may lead to non-viable piglets being born. It is therefore essential that the average gestation length is calculated on each farm from past records using the first day of service as day 0, so that sows can be induced to farrow at the required time. In most situations gestation length varies between 111 and 119 days (average around 115 days).

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    ;Dosage and administration: A single 2ml dose is given by deep intramuscular injection. It is recommended that a 1.5 inch needle be used.

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    ;Having calculated the average gestation length for each farm, sows and gilts may be injected two days before this date or on any date thereafter to suit the requirements of the particular management system. Trials have shown that normally 95% of animals will commence farrowing within 36 hours of treatment. The majority of animals be expected to respond within the period 24 +/- 5 hours following injection, except in those cases where spontaneous farrowing is imminent. ;

    ;Contra-indications, warnings etc: Induction of farrowing too early in pregnancy can lead to non-viable piglets being born. An increase in the number of non-viable piglets may result if used more than two days prior to the average gestation length calculated from farm records. ;

    ;Animals must not be slaughtered for human consumption during treatment. Pigs may be slaughtered for human consumption only after 4 days from the last treatment.

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    ;Operator warnings: Prostaglandins of the F2α type can be absorbed through the skin and may cause bronchospasm or miscarriage. Care should be taken when handling the product to

avoid self-injection or skin contact.

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    ;Women of child-bearing age, asthmatics and persons with bronchial or other respiratory problems should avoid contact with, or wear disposable plastic gloves when administering the product.

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    ;Should shortness of breath result from accidental inhalation or injection, seek urgent medical advice and show the doctor this warning.

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    ;Accidental spillage on the skin should be washed off immediately with soap and water. ;

    ;Keep out of reach of children. For animal treatment only.

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    ;Pharmaceutical precautions: Protect from light. Following withdrawal of first dose, use product within 28 days. Discard unused material.

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    ;Source: Schering-Plough Animal Health - October 2003

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