Model Test One
Part I: Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: WILL PHONES KILL LETTER WRITING? You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the four choices marked[A],[B],[C]and [D]. For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Caught in the Web
A few months ago, it wasn't unusual for 47-year-old Carla Toebe to spend 15 hours per day online. She'd wake up early, turn on her laptop and chat on Internet dating sites and instant-messaging programs – leaving her bed for only brief intervals. Her household bills piled up, along with the dishes and dirty laundry, but it took near-constant complaints from her four daughters before she realized she had a problem.
"I was starting to feel like my whole world was falling apart – kind of slipping into a
depression," said Carla. "I knew that if I didn't get off the dating sites, I'd just keep going," detaching (使脱离) herself further from the outside world.
Toebe's conclusion: She felt like she was "addicted" to the Internet. She's not alone.
Concern about excessive Internet use isn't new. As far back as 1995, articles in medical journals and the establishment of a Pennsylvania treatment center for overusers generated interest in the subject. There's still no consensus on how much time online constitutes too much or whether addiction is possible.
But as reliance on the Web grows, there are signs that the question is getting more serious attention: Last month, a study published in CNS Spectrums claimed to be the first large-scale look at excessive Internet use. The American Psychiatric Association may consider listing Internet addiction in the next edition of its diagnostic manual. And scores of online discussion boards have popped up on which people discuss negative experiences tied to too much time on the Web.
"There's no question that there're people who're seriously in trouble because they're overdoing their Internet involvement," said psychiatrist (精神科医生) Ivan Goldberg. Goldberg
calls the problem a disorder rather than a true addiction.
Jonathan Bishop, a researcher in Wales specializing in online communities, is more skeptical. "The Internet is an environment," he said. "You can't be addicted to the environment." Bishop describes the problem as simply a matter of priorities, which can be solved by encouraging people to prioritize other life goals and plans in place of time spent online.
The new CNS Spectrums study was based on results of a nationwide telephone survey of more than 2,500 adults. Like the 2005 survey, this one was conducted by Stanford University researchers.About 6% of respondents reported that "their relationships suffered because of
excessive Internet use." About 9% attempted to conceal "nonessential Internet use," and nearly 4% reported feeling "preoccupied by the Internet when offline."
About 8% said they used the Internet as a way to escape problems, and almost 14% reported they "found it hard to stay away from the Internet for several days at a time."
"The Internet problem is still in its infancy," said Elias Aboujaoude, a Stanford professor. No single online activity is to blame for excessive use, he said. "They're online in chat rooms, checking e-mail, or writing blogs. [The problem is] not limited to porn (色情) or gambling"
Excessive Internet use should be defined not by the number of hours spent online but "in terms of losses," said Maressa Orzack, a Harvard University professor. "If it's a loss [where] you're not getting to work, and family relationships are breaking down as a result, then it's too much."
Since the early 1990s, several clinics have been established in the U. S. to treat heavy Internet users. They include the Center for Internet Addiction Recovery and the Center for Internet Behavior.
The website for Orzack's center lists the following among the psychological symptoms of computer addiction:
? Having a sense of well-being (幸福) or excitement while at the computer.
? Longing for more and more time at the computer.
? Neglect of family and friends.
? Feeling empty, depressed or irritable when not at the computer.
? Lying to employers and family about activities.
? Inability to stop the activity.
? Problems with school or job.
Physical symptoms listed include dry eyes, backaches, skipping meals, poor personal hygiene (卫生) and sleep disturbances.
People who struggle with excessive Internet use maybe depressed or have other mood disorders, Orzack said. When she discusses Internet habits with her patients, they often report that being online offers a "sense of belonging, and escape, excitement [and] fun," she said. "Some people say relief…because they find themselves so relaxed."
Some parts of the Internet seem to draw people in more than others. Internet gamers spend countless hours competing in games against people from all over the world. One such game, called World of Warcraft, is cited on many sites by posters complaining of a "gaming addiction."
Andrew Heidrich, an education network administrator from Sacramento, plays World of Warcraft for about two to four hours every other night, but that's nothing compared with the 40 to 60 hours a week he spent playing online games when he was in college. He cut back only after a full-scale family intervention (干预), in which relatives told him he'd gained weight.
"There's this whole culture of competition that sucks people in" with online gaming, said Heidrich, now a father of two. "People do it at the expense of everything that was a constant in their lives." Heidrich now visits websites that discuss gaming addiction regularly "to remind myself to keep my love for online games in check."
Toebe also regularly visits a site where posters discuss Internet overuse. In August, when she first realized she had a problem, she posted a message on a Yahoo Internet addiction group with the subject line: "I have an Internet Addiction."
"I'm self-employed and need the Internet for my work, but I'm failing to accomplish my work,to take care of my home, to give attention to my children," she wrote in a message sent to the group."I have no money or insurance to get professional help; I can't even pay my mortgage (抵押贷款) and face losing everything."
Since then, Toebe said, she has kept her promise to herself to cut back on her Internet use. "I have a boyfriend now, and I'm not interested in online dating," she said by phone last week. "It's a lot better now."
1. What eventually made Carla Toebe realize she was spending too much time on the Internet?
[A] Her daughter's repeated complaints.
[B] Fatigue resulting from lack of sleep.
[C] The poorly managed state of her house.
[D] The high financial costs adding up.
2. What does the author say about excessive Internet use?
[A] People should be warned of its harmful consequences.
[B] It has become virtually inevitable.
[C] It has been somewhat exaggerated.
[D] People haven't yet reached agreement on its definition.
3. Jonathan Bishop believes that the Internet overuse problem can be solved if people ______.
[A try to improve the Internet environment
[B] become aware of its serious consequences
[C] can realize what is important in life
[D] can reach a consensus on its definition
4. According to Professor Maressa Orzack, Internet use would be considered excessive if ______.
[A] it seriously affected family relationships
[B] one visited porn websites frequently
[C] too much time was spent in chat rooms
[D] people got involved in online gambling
5. According to Orzack, people who struggle with heavy reliance on the Internet may feel ______.
6. Why did Andre Heidrich cut back online gaming?
[A] He had lost a lot of money.
[B] His family had intervened.
[C] He had offended his relatives.
[D] His career had been ruined.
7. Andrew Heidrich now visits websites that discuss online gaming addiction to ______.
[A] improve his online gaming skills
[B] curb his desire for online gaming
[C] show how good he is at online gaming
[D] exchange online gaming experience
8. In one of the messages she posted on a website, Toebe admitted that she ______.
9. Excessive Internet use had rendered Toebe so poor that she couldn't afford to seek ______.
10. Now that she's got a boyfriend, Toebe is no longer crazy about ______.
Part ? Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the
conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.
During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is
the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through
11. [A] The man is out of shape.
[B] The man doesn’t need a new racket.
[C] The man also needs new tennis shoes.
[D] The man spent too much on his tennis shoes.
12. [A] She prefers chemistry.
[B] She hasn’t got a partner yet.
[C] She is too tired of chemistry.
[D] She is too busy to work on her chemistry.
13. [A] Customer and waitress.
[B] Teacher and student.
[C] Boss and secretary.
[D] Lawyer and client.
14. [A] He was satisfied with the service on the ship.
[B] It was the first time he had been abroad.
[C] He had never been on a warship.
[D] He has been on the warship before.
15. [A] He is confident.
[B] He is worried.
[C] He is bored.
[D] He is angry.
16. [A] The woman offered to help the man find his box.
[B] The man doesn’t know where to go.
[C] The woman will buy the man’s lunch for him.
[D] The woman will give the man a treatment.
17. [A] It’s enjoyable. [B] It’s terrific.
[C] It’s too modern. [D] It’s old-fashioned.
18. [A] Near the stairs. [B] On the platform.
[C] At the ticket office. [D] At the information desk.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. [A] In a college bookstore. [B] In a lecture hall.
[C] In a library. [D] In a domp3itory.
20. [A] English. [B] Biology.
[C] Introduction to English Literature. [D] A required course.
21. [A] He lives on the 10th floor of Butler Hall.
[B] He never wants to listen to students.
[C] He used to teach biology.
[D] He is an excellent professor.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. [A] When to move.
[B] Where to live the following year.
[C] How much time to spend at home.
[D] Whose house to visit.
23. [A] Take some money to the housing office.
[B] Infomp3 the director of student housing in a letter.
[C] Fill out a fomp3 in the library.
[D] Maintain a high grade average.
24. [A] Both live on campus.
[B] Both live off campus.
[C] The man lives on campus; the woman lives off campus.
[D] The woman lives on campus; the man lives off campus.
25. [A] Grades.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will
hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear
a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then
mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. [A] The importance of advertisement.
[B] The society’s great need of advertisement.
[C] The origin of advertisement.
[D] The prosperity of advertisement. 27. [A] The local governments. [B] Their owners families.
[C] Advertisements. [D] The audience. 28. [A] Advertising is personal.
[B] Advertisements are convincing.
[C] Advertisements are unreliable.
[D] Advertisements are misleading.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. [A] The games shouldn’t be held in Salt Lake City.
[B] The games have met their environmental goals.
[C] The games did little to protect the environment.
[D] The games have caused lasting damages to the area.
30. [A] Sports competition. [B] Cultural exchange.
[C] Economic development. [D] Environmental protection.
31. [A] Building ski jumps farther away from the city.
[B] Developing better public transportation in the city.
[C] Planting more trees around the fields.
[D] Promoting the use of cleaner energy.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. [A] Diet. [B] Weight control.
[C] Aerobic exercise. [D] Eating habits and exercise.
33. [A] Nuts. [B] Sugar.
[C] Vegetable oil. [D] Dairy products.
34. [A] Forty or fifty minutes of exercise once a week.
[B] Twenty or thirty minutes of exercise every day.
[C] Fifteen or twenty minutes of exercise five days a week.
[D] Thirty or forty minutes of exercise three or four days a week.
35. [A] Carbohydrates. [B] Indirect fat.
[C] Body fluid. [D] Fat.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 t0 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks ,you can either use the exact words you hove just heard or write down the main points in your own words . Finally, when the passage is read for the third time ,you should check what you have written.
Today, students who want to learn English in the US have a wide choice of courses and institutions to (36)______from. And, because the US is such a big country, they also have a huge (37) ______of locations in which to study. The US has a long (38) ______of teaching English because, (39) ______its history, the country has welcomed (40) ______from all over the world, most of whom have needed to learn English. Today, the US’s English language teaching sector is well developed and its teachers are highly qualified and (41) ______American universities and colleges welcome many thousands of (42) ______students each year, who (43) ______on degree or post graduate courses. (44) ___________________________________________. These courses are called Intensive English Language Progmp3s and (45) ________________________. In addition to language tuition, Intensive English Language Progmp3s give students (46)
Part ? Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the 20th century. Early in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always the 47 of a town. This street was lined on the both sides with many 48
businesses. Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: clothing, furniture, hardware, groceries. In addition, some shops offered 49 . There shops included
drugstores, restaurants, shoe repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops. But in the 1950s, a change began to 50 place. Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street while too few parking places were 51 to shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began
to look with interest at the open spaces outside the city limits. Open space is what their car driving customers 52 . And open space is what they got when the first shopping centre was built. Shopping centers, or rather malls, 53 as a collection of small new stores away from
crowded city centers. Attracted by hundreds of free parking space, customers were drawn away from 54 areas to outlying malls. And the growing 55 of shopping centers led
in turn to the building of bigger and better stocked stores. By the late 1970s, many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the 56 of the
stop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped parks, with benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.
[A]designed [B]take [C]heart [D]needed [E]though [F]convenience [G]services [H]fame [I]various [J]popularity [K]cosmetics [L]started [M]downtown [N]available [O]cheapness
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D].You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
Culture is one of the most challenging elements of the international marketplace. This system of learned behavior patterns characteristic of the members of a given society is constantly shaped
by a set of dynamic variables: language, religion, values and attitudes, manners and customs, aesthetics, technology, education, and social institutions. To cope with this system, an international manager needs both factual and interpretive knowledge of culture. To some extent, the factual knowledge can be learned; its interpretation comes only through experience.
The most complicated problems in dealing with the cultural environment stem from the fact that one cannot learn culture—one has to live it. Two schools of thought exist in the business world on how to deal with cultural diversity. One is that business is business the world around, following the model of Pepsi and McDonald’s. In some cases, globalization is a fact of life; however, cultural differences are still far from converging.
The other school proposes that companies must tailor business approaches to individual cultures. Setting up policies and procedures in each country has been compared to an organ transplant; the critical question centers around acceptance or rejection. The major challenge to the international manager is to make sure that rejection is not a result of cultural myopia or even blindness.
Fortune examined the international performance of a dozen large companies that earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas. The internationally successful companies all share an important quality: patience. They have not rushed into situations but rather built their operations carefully by following the most basic business principles. These principles are to know your adversary, know your audience, and know your customer.
57.According to the passage, which of the following is true?
[A]All international managers can learn culture.
[B]Business diversity is not necessary.
[C]Views differ on how to treat culture in business world.
[D]Most people do not know foreign culture well.
58.According to the author, the model of Pepsi.
[A]is in line with the theories that the business is business the world around
[B]is different from the model of McDonald’s
[C]shows the reverse of globalization
[D]has converged cultural differences
59.The two schools of thought.
[A]both propose that companies should tailor business approaches to individual cultures
[B]both advocate that different policies be set up in different countries
[C]admit the existence of cultural diversity in business world
[D]both A and B
60.This article is supposed to be most useful for those.
[A]who are interested in researching the topic of cultural diversity
[B]who have connections to more than one type of culture
[C]who want to travel abroad
[D]who want to run business on International Scale
61.According to Fortune, successful international companies.
[A]earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas
[B]all have the quality of patience
[C]will follow the overseas local cultures
[D]adopt the policy of internationalization
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
There are people in Italy who can’t stand soccer. Not all Canadians love hockey. A similar
situation exists in America, where there are those individuals you may be one of them who yawn or even frown when somebody mentions baseball. Baseball to them means boring hours watching grown men in funny tight outfits standing around in a field staring away while very little of anything happens. They tell you it’s a game better suited to the 19th century, slow, quiet, and
gentlemanly. These are the same people you may be one of them who love football because there’s the sport that glorifies ―the hit‖.
By contrast, baseball seems abstract, cool, silent, still.
On TV the game is fractured into a dozen perspectives, replays, close-ups. The geometry of the game, however, is essential to understanding it. You will contemplate the game from one point as a painter does his subject; you may, of course, project yourself into the game. It is in this projection that the game affords so much space and time for involvement. The TV won’t do it for you.
Take, for example, the third baseman. You sit behind the third base dugout and you watch him watching home plate. His legs are apart, knees flexed. His arms hang loose. He does a lot of this. The skeptic still cannot think of any other sports so still, so passive. But watch what happens every time the pitcher throws: the third baseman goes up on his toes, flexes his arms or brings the glove to a point in front of him, takes a step right or left, backward or forward, perhaps he glances across the field to check his first baseman’s position. Suppose the pitch is a ball. ―Nothing happened,‖ you say. ―I could have had my eyes closed.‖
The skeptic and the innocent must play the game. And this involvement in the stands is no more intellectual than listening to music is. Watch the third baseman. Smooth the dirt in front of you with one foot; smooth the pocket in your glove; watch the eyes of the batter, the speed of the bat, the sound of horsehide on wood. If football is a symphony of movement and theatre, baseball is chamber music, a spacious interlocking of notes, chorus and responses.
62.The passage is mainly concerned with .
[A]the different tastes of people for sports
[B]the different characteristics of sports
[C]the attraction of football
[D]the attraction of baseball
63.Those who don’t like baseball may complain that .
[A]it is only to the taste of the old
[B]it involves fewer players than football
[C]it is not exciting enough
[D]it is pretentious and looks funny
64.The author admits that .
[A]baseball is too peaceful for the young
[B]baseball may seem boring when watched on TV
[C]football is more attracting than baseball
[D]baseball is more interesting than football
65.By stating “I could have had my eyes closed.” the author means (4th paragraph last
[A]the third baseman would rather sleep than play the game
[B]even if the third baseman closed his eyes a moment ago, it could make no difference to the result
[C]the third baseman is so good at baseball that he could finish the game with eyes closed all the time and do his work well
[D]the consequence was so bad that he could not bear to see it
66.We can safely conclude that the author .
[A]likes football [B]hates football
[C]hates baseball [D]likes baseball
Part ?Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D]on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play? 67 an event takes place, newspapers are on the streets 68
the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 69 the news.
Newspapers have one basic 70 , to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who want to 71 it. Radio, telegraph, television, and 72
inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 73 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 74 and
thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 75 and read than
ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 76 of the latest news, today’s newspapers 77 and influence readers about
politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers’ economic choices
78 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 79 .News-papers are sold at a price that 80 even a small fraction of the cost of
production. The main 81 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 82 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper’s value to advertisers. This 83 in
terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 84 on
the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 85 in a
newspaper’s pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper’s value to readers as a source of information 86 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world—and
even outer space.
67.[A]Just when [B]While [C]Soon after [D]Before 68.[A]to give [B]giving [C]given [D]being given 69.[A]gather [B]spread [C]carry [D]bring 70.[A]reason [B]cause [C]problem [D]purpose 71.[A]make [B]publish [C]know [D]write 72.[A]another [B]other [C]one another [D]the other 73.[A]However [B]And [C]Therefore [D]So