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RIDDOR (REPORTING OF INJURIES, DISEASES AND DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES

By Wendy Jenkins,2014-06-26 21:19
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RIDDOR (REPORTING OF INJURIES, DISEASES AND DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES ...

RIDDOR - (Reporting Of Injuries, Diseases And

    Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995)

Contents

    What has to be reported?

RIDDOR flowchart

    Occupational disease flowchart Sentinel form

    Examples of immediate direct causes

Introduction

Under RIDDOR, employers and other responsible people who have control over

    employees and work premises have certain responsibilities.

If any of the following events occur at work, employers and other responsible people

    must report the incident to the relevant enforcing authority.

    What has to be reported? If incidents involving staff, patients, contractors and visitors fall within these criteria,

    they should be reported under RIDDOR.

    ? Deaths

    ? Major injuries

    ? Accidents resulting in over three-day injuries

    ? Diseases

    ? Dangerous occurrences

    ? Gas incidents

Death or major injury

    Line managers, the nominated person, safety supervisor and health and safety

    services must be informed immediately so they can report to the HSE without delay.

Health and safety services will report the accident to the HSE by telephone and

    complete the appropriate form within 10 days.

Death

    If there is an accident connected with work and:

    ? Your employee, or a self-employed person working on your premises is killed

    or suffers a major injury (including as a result of physical violence); or

    ? A member of the public (including students) is killed or taken to hospital.

Major injuries

    ? Fracture other than fingers, thumbs or toes

    ? Amputation

    ? Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine

    ? Loss of sight (temporary or permanent)

    (Page 1 of website guidance RIDDOR)

    ? Chemical or hot metal burn to the eye or any penetrating injury to the eye

    ? Injury resulting from an electric shock or electrical burn leading to

    unconsciousness, requiring resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more

    than 24 hours

    ? Any other injury leading to hypothermia, heat-induced illness or

    unconsciousness; or requiring resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more

    than 24 hours

    ? Unconsciousness caused by asphyxia or exposure to harmful substance or

    biological agent

    ? Acute illness requiring medical treatment or loss of consciousness, arising

    from absorption of any substance by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin

    ? Acute illness requiring medical treatment where there is reason to believe it

    resulted from exposure to a biological agent or its toxins or infected material.

Accidents resulting in over three-day injuries

    An over three-day injury is one which is not major but results in the injured person

    being away from work OR unable to do their full range of their normal duties for more

    than three days.

If there is an accident connected with work (including an act of physical violence) and

    a person working on your premises suffers an over-three-day injury, you must report it

    to the enforcing authority within ten days. This applies if the person is an employee or

    self-employed.

Disease

    If a doctor notifies you that your employee suffers from a reportable work-related

    disease then you must report it to the occupational health service, who will notify the

    enforcing authority. Reportable diseases include:

    ? Certain poisonings

    ? Some skin diseases such as occupational dermatitis, skin cancer, chrome

    ulcer, oil folliculitis/acne

    ? Lung diseases including: occupational asthma, farmer's lung,

    pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, mesothelioma

    ? Infections such as: leptospirosis; hepatitis; tuberculosis; anthrax; legionellosis

    and tetanus

    ? Other conditions such as occupational cancer; certain musculoskeletal

    disorders; decompression illness and hand-arm vibration syndrome.

The occupational disease flowchart shows the procedures once a disease is identified.

Dangerous occurrence

    If an incident does not result in a reportable injury, but clearly could have done, then it

    may be a dangerous occurrence and must be reported immediately (by telephone or

    completing a form on our website).

Reportable dangerous occurrences include:

    ? Collapse, overturning or failure of load-bearing parts of lifts and lifting

    equipment

    (Page 2 of website guidance RIDDOR)

    ? Explosion, collapse or bursting of any closed vessel or associated pipe work

    ? Failure of any freight container in any of its load-bearing parts

    ? Plant or equipment coming into contact with overhead power lines

    ? Electrical short circuit or overload causing fire or explosion

    ? Any unintentional explosion, misfire, failure of demolition to cause the

    intended collapse, projection of material beyond a site boundary, injury

    caused by an explosion

    ? Accidental release of a biological agent likely to cause severe human illness;

    ? Failure of industrial radiography or irradiation equipment to de-energise or

    return to its safe position after the intended exposure period

    ? Malfunction of breathing apparatus while in use or during testing immediately

    before use

    ? Failure or endangering of diving equipment, the trapping of a diver, an

    explosion near a diver, or an uncontrolled ascent

    ? Collapse or partial collapse of a scaffold over five metres high, or erected near

    water where there could be a risk of drowning after a fall

    ? Unintended collision of a train with any vehicle

    ? Dangerous occurrence at a well (other than a water well)

    ? Dangerous occurrence at a pipeline;

    ? Failure of any load-bearing fairground equipment, or derailment or unintended

    collision of cars or trains

    ? A road tanker carrying a dangerous substance overturns, suffers serious

    damage, catches fire of the substance is released

    ? A dangerous substance being conveyed by road is involved in a fire or

    released.

More information on RIDDOR is available at http://www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/index.htm

For detailed advice on RIDDOR contact health and safety services:

Health and safety services

    Level 11

    Worsley Building

Tel: 0113 3434201/6

    (Page 3 of website guidance RIDDOR)

    RIDDOR

    (Reporting Of Injuries, Diseases And Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995)

    Accident

     Who is

    injured?

    A non-employee (student, visitor or Employee or trainee

    contractor) is injured on the premises

    or by work under your control

    Fatal accident

     Health and safety services Injured person taken from notify enforcing authority Major injury accident site to hospital

    immediately

    Health and safety services send

    Person without major formal report on RIDDOR via form

    injury is incapacitated for or phone as soon as possible, no

    more then 3 days later than 10 days from accident.

    Keep records for at least 3 years

    (Page 4 of website guidance RIDDOR)

RIDDOR occupational diseases

    Occupational disease

    is identified

    No Is the person an

    employee or student?

    Self-employed people Yes must consider whether to

    report themselves

    Has the responsible RIDDOR, Reg 5(2), (3) No person received a Student

    written diagnosis of the Contact the occupational

    disease from a doctor? health service or health

    and safety services.

    Yes

    Is it a listed No occupational disease

    (see part 1 of RIDDOR

    schedule 3)

    Yes

    Does the employees’

    No current job involve a

    corresponding listed

    work activity? Check

    column 2 of part J of

    RIDDOR, Schedule 3

    No duty to report

     RIDDOR Reg 5(2)(a)

     Yes

     The occupational health service will report to HSE

    (Page 5 of website guidance RIDDOR)

Sentinel - The University accident and incident reporting form

(Page 6 of website guidance RIDDOR)

(Page 7 of website guidance RIDDOR)

Examples of immediate direct causes

(Page 8 of website guidance RIDDOR)

Unsafe acts - Any act that deviates from a generally recognised safe way of doing a job and

    increases the likelihood of an accident:

    ? Operating without authority ? Improper loading or stacking

    ? Failing to warn or secure ? Poor loading or stacking

    ? Cutting corners ? Poor lifting technique

    ? Bypassing safety devices ? Improper position

    ? Using defective equipment ? Maintaining moving or live equipment

    ? Using equipment wrongly ? Working under the influence of drugs or

    alcohol. ? Not using PPE

    Unsafe conditions - Environmental conditions that may cause or contribute to an accident

    ? Inadequate guarding ? Fire or explosion hazards

    ? Defective tools or equipment, ? Poor ventilation

    ? Congestion ? Excessive noise

    ? Poor housekeeping ? Hazardous atmospheres

    ? Inadequate warning systems ? Poor illumination

     Examples of underlying indirect causes Management control factors (lack of)

    ? Management commitment or intent ? Training

    ? Production versus safety goals and ? Supervision

    targets ? Communications

    ? Staffing procedures ? Inspection/audits

    ? Use of records ? Job/equipment design

    ? Assignment of responsibility, authority ? Purchasing

    and accountability ? Maintenance

    ? Employees selection and placement ? Systems and procedures

    ? Access to competent people

    Personal or job factors - Any condition that causes or influences a person to act unsafely

    ? Motivation ? Awareness

    ? Ability (physical or mental) ? Personal care or hygiene

    ? Knowledge ? Reaction time

    ? Training ? Job performance.

     Direct results

    Basic types:

    1 - No result or near miss

    2 - Minor injury

    3 - Major injury

    4 - Property damage

    5 - Ill health

     Indirect results - The consequence for all concerned that flow from the direct result of the accident

    For the injured person: For the organisation:

    ? Loss of earnings ? Injury costs

    ? Disrupted family life ? Production loss costs

    ? Disrupted personal life ? Property damage costs

    ? Other consequences ? Lowered employee morale

    ? Poor reputation

    ? Poor customer relations

    ? Lost supervisor time

    ? Product damage costs

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