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3G18

By Tim Grant,2014-05-14 21:24
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3G18

    18

    阅读理解

    网上的同学请注意;;;;

我们从今天开始?讲议中的每篇课文都以两种形式出现。第一次未对文章

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    己的水平选择其中任意一篇听课。但我们希望同学们逐渐过度到没有经过

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    载区下载尽可能先下载自已做?然后再听课?不断总

    结经验教训。

孙老师拜托各位?

    请网上的同学们在下载区下载。自己做一下。这一

    点非常重要;;;然后再听讲座?认真总结经验教

    训。

    第十一篇 The Net网络Cost花费 of Making a Name for Yourself

    1Companies are paying up to $10,000 to register注册 a domain领域 name on

    the Internet even though there is no guarantee保证, 担保 that they will get the name they want.

    The task of registering domains ending in. com,.org,.edu and . net is at present

    contracted out by the US government to the Virginia-based company Network 2Solutions. The contract runs out this year, and the government wants to bring in a

    different scheme. 34But last year, an ad hoc committee of the Internet’s great and good revealed its own plan. This involved setting up seven new domains, each indicating the kind of 5business or organization using that name. The committee recruited 88 companies

around the world to act as registrars for its. Firm,. Shop,. web,. arts,. rec,. info and. 6nom domains. The US government has still to give the system its blessing, and may 7yet push ahead with its original scheme. Despite this, the 88 registrars have been 8taking applications for several months. They are due to start registering names this

    month with the Internet Council of Registrars, thich grew out of the ad hoc committee.

    To prevent conflicting names from being registered, the council will take one name from each registrar in turn before going back for the second name in their queues, and so on. This has led to a flourishing trade, with companies trying to buy a place near the head of the queue. Global Names of Singapore is charging $10,000 to make sure a request for a name is the first one it sends off to the central database. Other registrars are charging nonrefundable deposits for places at the top of the queue. David Maher, chairman of the Policy Oversight Committee that is helping to set up 9and oversee the system, says that all registrars are subject to local laws regarding

    consumer protection and competition. But he says that the committee “will not act as 10an enforcement body in this area.”

    练习:

    1. The domain name “.edu” is operated by

    A) the US government.

    B) The company Network Solutions.

    C) Internet Council of Registrars.

    D) Both A and B.

    2. The. Firm,. Shop,. Web,. Arts,. Rec,. info and. nom domains are NOT run by A) a temporary committee organized by Internet’s influential services.

    B) The US government.

    C) 88 registrars.

    D) Internet Council of Registrars.

3. Global Names of Singapore is

    A.a company which apples for a name on the Internet.

    B.a registrar.

    C.a company under the supervision of Policy Oversight Committee. D.the central database.

    4. How can a company successfully register a name with the Internet? A.It must pay up to $10,000 or a nonrefundable deposit.

    B.Its application must be the first one at the top of the registration queue. C.It must get approval from the Policy Oversight Committee.

    D.Both A and B

5. What is the meaning of the phrases “net cost” in the title?

    A.The amount of money covering the basics.

    B.The registration fee for a domain name on the Internet.

    C.The amount of money for the construction of a network in a company. D.The amount of money paid to the Internet service annually.

    第十一篇 The Net 网络Cost 价钱of Making a Name for Yourself

    1Companies are paying up to $10,000 to register注册 a domain领域 name on

    the Internet even though there is no guarantee that they will get the name they want.

    The task of registering domains ending in. com,.org,.edu and .

     is at present contracted立约把...包出 out by the US government the to

    2netVirginia-based company Network Solutions. The contract runs out this year,

    and the government wants to bring in a different scheme. 34But last year, an ad hoc committee of the Internet’s great and good revealed its

    own plan. This involved setting up seven new domains, each indicating the kind of 5business or organization using that name. The committee recruited 88 companies around the world to act as registrars for its. Firm,. Shop,. web,.

    The US

    7arts,. rec,. info and. nom domains. government has still to give the system its blessing批准, and may yet push ahead

    with its original scheme. Despite this, the 88 registrars have been taking applications 8for several months. They are due to start registering names this month with the Internet Council of Registrars, thich grew out of the ad hoc committee.

    To prevent conflicting names from being registered, the council will take one name from each registrar in turn before going back for the second name in their queues, and so on. This has led to a flourishing trade, with companies trying to buy a

    place near the head of the queue. Global Names of

    is charging $10,000 to make sure a request for a name is the first Singapore one it sends off to the central database[] 数据库, 资料库.Other registrars are

    charging nonrefundable deposits for places at the top of the queue. David Maher,

    chairman of the Policy Oversight Committee that is helping to set up and oversee the 9system, says that all registrars are subject to local laws regarding consumer protection and competition. But he says that the committee “will not act as an enforcement 10body in this area.”

    练习:

    1. The domain name “.edu” is operated by

    A.the US government.

    B.the company Network Solutions.

    C.Internet Council of Registrars.

    D.Both A and B.

2. The. Firm,. Shop,. Web,. Arts,. Rec,. info and. nom domains are NOT run by

    A .temporary committee organized by Internet’s influential services.

    B.The US government.

C.88 registrars.

    D.Internet Council of Registrars.

3. Global Names of Singapore is

    A.a company which apples for a name on the Internet.

    B.a registrar. 登记员

    C.a company under the supervision of Policy Oversight Committee. D.the central database.

4. How can a company successfully register a name with the Internet?

    A.It must pay up to $10,000 or a nonrefundable 不可归还的deposit保证金.

    B.Its application must be the first one at the top of the registration queue. C.It must get approval from the Policy Oversight Committee.

    D.Both A and B

5. What is the meaning of the phrases “net cost” in the title?

    A.The amount of money covering the basics.

    B.The registration注册fee for a domain name on the Internet.

    C.The amount of money for the construction of a network in a company. D.The amount of money paid to the Internet service annually.

    第三十八篇 Sauna

     1Ceremonial bathing has existed for thousands of years and has many forms, one of which is the sauna. The Finns have perfected the steam bath, or sauna, which may be taken, usually in an enclosed room, by pouring water over hot rocks or as a dry heat bath. The Japanese, Greeks, Turks and Russians as well as Native Americans have forms of the sweat bath in their bathing rituals. Dry heat and steam baths had 2advocates in ancient Rome and pre-Columbian Americans used sweat lodges.

    The earliest saunas were probably underground caves heated by a fire that naturally filled with smoke as chimney making was unknown at that time. A fire kept 3in a fire-pit would heat the rock walls of the cave. After reaching full heat, the smoke was let out of the cave and the stones would retain heat for several hours. A few people today say that the smoke sauna, “savusauna” , is the only true sauna

    experience and that all saunas should have at least a background odor or smoke. Today most saunas use electric stoves, although gas and wood-burning stoves are available. 4Saunas are relaxing and stress relieving. Those with muscle aches or arthritis

    may find that the heat relaxes muscles and relieves pain and inflammation. Asthma patients find that the heat enlarges air passageways of the lung and facilitates breathing. Saunas do not cure the common cold but they may help to alleviate

    5congestion and speed recovery time. The body’s core temperature usually rises a 1-2 6degrees while in the sauna, this imitating a slight fever. The sauna could be 7considered to follow the old saying “feed a cold, starve a fever”. The regular use of a

    sauna may decrease the likelihood of getting a cold in the first place.

    Sauna is good for your skin as the blood flow to the skin increases and sweating 8occurs. Adults sweat about 2 1bs of water per hour on average in a sauna. A good

    sweat removes dirt and grime from pores and gives the skin a healthy glow. The loss in water weight is temporary as the body’s physiological mechanisms will quickly 910restore proper volumes. The cardiovascular system gets a work out as the heart

    must pump harder and faster to move blood to the surface for heat exchange. Heart rate may increase from 72 beats per minute on average to 100-150 beats per minute.

    A normal heart can handle these stresses but those with heart trouble wishing to begin to use a sauna should seek a doctor’s advice. The elderly and those with diabetes should check with their doctor prior to beginning to take saunas. Pregnant women should not take saunas, particularly in the first three months. Indeed, everyone 11just starting out should take short sessions at first to become accustomed to this type

    of bath.

    练习:

    1. Ceremonial bathing

    A.is called the sauna by Finns.

    B.is equivalent to the steam bath.

    C.has various forms.

    D.is held in an enclosed room.

    2. What is understood by some people to be the true sauna experience? A.Saunas in underground caves.

    B.Saunas with smoke.

    C.Saunas using wood burning stoves.

    D.Saunas in using electric stoves.

    3. According to the third paragraph, saunas can do all of the following EXCEPT A) reducing the chance of getting cold

    B) speeding recovery.

    C) Relieving stress.

    D) Curing asthma.

    4. According to the fourth paragraph, sauna gives the skin a healthy glow because A) pores are cleaned by sweat.

    B) Water is lost by sweating.

    C) Blood moves to the surface for heat exchange.

    D) The heart pumps harder and faster.

5. Who are advised not to take a sauna?

A) Elderly people.

    B) Pregnant women.

    C) People with heart trouble.

    D) All of the above.

    第三十八篇 Sauna桑拿浴

    1Ceremonial正式的 bathing洗澡 has existed存在 for thousands of years and

    has many forms, one of which is the sauna. The Finns芬兰人 have perfected the

    steam bath, or sauna, which may be taken, usually in an enclosed room, by pouring water over hot rocks or as a dry heat bath. The Japanese, Greeks, Turks and Russians as well as Native Americans have forms of the sweat bath in their bathing rituals. Dry 2heat and steam baths had advocates in ancient Rome and pre-Columbian Americans

    used sweat lodges.

    The earliest saunas were probably underground caves heated by a fire that

    naturally filled with smoke as chimney making was unknown at that time. A fire kept 3in a fire-pit would heat the rock walls of the cave. After reaching full heat, the smoke was let out of the cave and the stones would retain heat for several hours. A few people today say that the smoke sauna, “savusauna” , is the only true sauna

    experience and that all saunas should have at least a background odor or smoke. Today most saunas use electric stoves, although gas and wood-burning stoves are available.

    4Saunas are relaxing松弛and stress重压 relieving. Those with muscle aches or

    arthritis may find that the heat relaxes muscles and relieves pain and inflammation. Asthma []哮喘patients find that the heat enlarges air passageways of the lung and facilitates breathing. Saunas do not cure the common cold but they may help to

    5alleviate congestion and speed recovery .恢复 time. The body’s core temperature

    6usually rises a 1-2 degrees while in the sauna, this imitating a slight fever. The sauna 7could be considered to follow the old saying “feed a cold, starve a fever”. The regular

    use of a sauna may decrease减少the likelihood可能, 可能性 of getting a cold in the

    first place.

    Sauna is good for your skin as the blood flow to the skin increases and sweating 8occurs. Adults sweat about 2 1bs of water per hour on average in a sauna. A good

    sweat removes dirt and grime from pores and gives the skin a healthy glow. The loss

    in waterweight is temporary as the body’s physiological mechanisms will quickly 910restore proper volumes. The cardiovascular system gets a work out as the heart

    must pump harder and faster to move blood to the surface for heat exchange. Heart rate may increase from 72 beats per minute on average to 100-150 beats per minute.

    A normal heart can handle these stresses but those with heart trouble wishing to begin to use a sauna should seek a doctor’s advice. The elderly and those with diabetes should check with their doctor prior to beginning to take saunas. Pregnant

women should not take saunas, particularly in the first three months. Indeed, everyone 11just starting out should take short sessions at first to become accustomed to this type

    of bath.

    练习:

    1. Ceremonial仪式bathing

    A) is called the sauna by Finns.

    B) Is equivalent to the steam bath.

    C) has various各种各样的 forms形式.

    D) is held in an enclosed room.

    2. What is understood by some people to be the true sauna experience? A) Saunas in underground caves.

    B) Saunas with smoke.

    C) Saunas using wood burning stoves. D) Saunas in using electric stoves.

3. According to the third paragraph, saunas can do all of the following EXCEPT

    A) reducing the chance of getting cold B) speeding recovery.

    C) Relieving stress.

    D) Curing治愈asthma. []哮喘

    4. According to the fourth paragraph, sauna gives the skin a healthy glow发光, because

    pores毛孔 are cleaned A) by sweat.

    B) Water is lost by sweating.

    C) Blood moves to the surface for heat exchange. D) The heart pumps harder and faster.

    5. Who are advised not to take a sauna? A) Elderly people.

    B) Pregnant women.

    C) People with heart trouble.

    D) All of the above.

第八篇,

    1Eiffel Is an Eyeful

    Some 300 meters up, near the Eiffel Tower’s wind-whipped summit the

    34world comes to scribble. Japanese, Brazilians, Americansthey graffiti their names, loves and politics on the cold irontransforming the most French of

    5monuments into symbol of a world on the move.

    6With Paris laid out in miniature below, it seems strange that visitors would

    7rather waste time marking their presence than admiring the view. But the

    graffiti also raises a question: Why, nearly 114 years after it was completed, and decades after it ceased to be the world’s tallest structure, is la Tour Eiffel still so

    8popular?

    9The reasons are as complex as the iron work that graces a structure some

    90 stories high. But part of the answer is, no doubt, its agelessness. Regularly maintained, it should never rust away. Graffiti is regularly painted over, but the tower lives on.

    “Eiffel represents Paris and Paris is France. It is very symbolic,” says

    10Hugues Richard, a 31-year-old Frenchman who holds the record for cycling up to the tower’s second floor747 steps in 19 minutes and 4 seconds, without

    11touching the floor with his feet, “It’s iron lady, it inspires us,” he says.

    12 But to what? After all, the tower doesn’t have a purpose. It ceased to be

    13 the world’s tallest in 1930 when the Chrysler Buildingwent up in New York.

    Yes, television and radio signals are beamed from the top, and Gustave Eiffel, a frenetic builder who died on December 27, aged 91, used its height for conducting research into weather, aerodynamics and radio communication.

    But in essence the tower inspires simply by being therea blank canvas for

    1415visitors to make of it what they will. To the technically minded, it’s an

    engineering triumph. For lovers, it’s romantic.

    16“The tower will outlast all of us, and by a long way,” says Isabelle Esnous,

    whose company manages Eiffel Tower.

    练习,

    1. Why does the author think the Eiffel Tower is transformed into symbol of a world on the move?

    A) Tourists from all over the world come to the Eiffel Tower by car or by plane. B) Tourists of all nationalities come to scribble on the cold iron of the tower. C) The Eiffel Tower is the tallest building in the world.

    D) The Eiffel Tower represents all the towers in the world.

2. What seems strange to the author?

    A) Visitors prefer wasting time scribbling to enjoying the view.

    B) Visitors spends much time watching other people scribbling.

    C) Only Japanese, Brazilians and Americans like to mark their presence. D) Scribbling spread from country to country.

3. Which statement is NOT true of Hugues Richard?

    A) He is a cyclist.

    B) He is a record holder.

    C) He climbed 747 steps up the tower in 19 minutes and 4 seconds. D) He cycled up to the tower’s second floor.

4. What did the builder use the Eiffel Tower for?

    A) Sending radio and television signals all over the world. B) Conducting research in various fields.

    C) Giving people inspiration.

    D) Demonstrating French culture.

5. Which of the following is nearest in meaning to “(The Eiffel Tower is like) a blank

    canvas for visitors to make of it what they will”?

    A) Visitors can do whatever they want on the tower.

    B) Visitors can paint on the tower whatever they want. C) Visitors can imagine freely what the tower represents. D) Visitors can draw on a blank canvas provided by the Tower management company.

第八篇,

    1Eiffel埃菲尔铁塔Is an Eyeful引人注目

    Some 300 meters, 公尺up, near the Eiffel Tower’s wind-whipped受到鞭打的

    summit顶点, the world comes to scribble 乱写, 滥写 Japanese, Brazilians,

    Americansthey graffiti乱画their names, loves and politics on the cold iron

    transforming改变 the most French of monuments纪念碑into

    symbol象征of a world on the move. 向前进

    6With Paris laid out in miniature缩小的模型, 缩图 below, it seems

     would rather 宁愿waste time marking

    7strange that visitorstheir presence出席?出场?存在than admiring the view. But the graffiti also raises a question: Why, nearly 114 years after it was completed, and decades after it ceased

    8to be the world’s tallest structure, is la Tour Eiffel still so popular?

    9The reasons are as complex as the iron work that graces a structure some 90

    stories high. But part of the answer is, no doubt, its agelessness. Regularly maintained,

    it should never rust away. Graffiti is regularly painted over, but the tower lives on.

    “Eiffel represents Paris and Paris is France. It is very symbolic,” says

    10Richard, a 31-year-old Frenchman who holds保存 the recordHugues

     for cycling up骑脚踏车to the tower’ s second floor747 steps in 19

    minutes and 4 seconds, without touching the floor with his feet, “It’s iron lady, it

    11inspires us,” he says.

    12 But to what? After all, the tower doesn’t have a purpose. It ceased不再是 to

    13 be the world’s tallest in 1930 when the Chrysler Buildingwent up in New York. Yes, television and radio signals are beamed播送 from the top, and Gustave Eiffel, a frenetic播送 builder who died on December 27, aged 91, used its height for conducting实施 research研究 into weather天气, aerodynamics空气动力

     and radio用无线电发送communication通讯.

    But in essence基本the tower inspires使生灵感simply by being therea blank

    1415canvas帆布 for visitors to make of it what they will. To the technically minded,

    it’s an engineering triumph. 胜利, 成功 For lovers, it’s romantic罗曼蒂克的.

    16“The tower will outlast all of us, and by a long way,” says Isabelle Esnous, whose company manages Eiffel Tower.

    练习,

    1. Why does the author think the Eiffel Tower is transformed into symbol of a world

    on the move?

    A) Tourists from all over the world come to the Eiffel Tower by car or by plane.

    B) Tourists of all nationalities come to scribble on the cold

    iron of the tower.C) The Eiffel Tower is the tallest building in the world.

    D) The Eiffel Tower represents all the towers in the world.

2. What seems strange 陌生的 to the author?

    A) Visitors prefer宁愿wasting time scribbling to enjoying the view.

    B) Visitors spends much time watching other people scribbling. C) Only Japanese, Brazilians and Americans like to mark their presence. D) Scribbling spread from country to country.

3. Which statement is NOT true of Hugues Richard?

    A) He is a cyclist骑脚踏车的人.

    B) He is a record创纪录的holder拥有者.

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