DOC

3G20

By Zachary West,2014-05-14 21:24
9 views 0
3G20

    20

    阅读理解

    孙老师特别提示(亲爱的同学们:如果您真的想通过职称考请您切记下列孙老师的谆谆教导。再不记住:我都生气了(((

    孙老师特别提示(亲爱的同学们!如果您真的想通过职称考试!

    请您切记下列孙老师的谆谆教导。再不记住?我都生气了;;; 1 阅读理解测试的要点

    1. 文章的中心思想——第一句 but “……..” _____ mainly

    2. 文章中具体细节?查细节,

    3. 作者的观点或文章结论——最后一句

    author attitude opinion

    4. 对错选择 :题型特点——true not true

    5. 解释词义和指出代词所代替的成分 :题型特点是带“”

     6;提到未提到:题型特点——NOT mentioned mention except

    1?文章的中心思想——第一句 but 2 阅读理解解题程序

    ------ 1. 牢牢抓住中心——围着中心转 2. 文章中具体细节;查细节?

    3. 作者的观点或文章结论最后一句 2;不读文章:直接读问题分类

    4. 对错选择5. 解释词义6. 提到未提到

    3. 阅读题型四大原则(

    1. 围着中心转——;先读有中心词的选项?

    2.先读容易的选项;读的懂的?

    3.先读短的选项 DA

    4.出现多个数字!特别是阿拉伯数字时!须特别小心?

    4. 查细节关键词的选择

    ?查细节--从题干中找到关键词是成败的重要一环;就象在百渡中搜索一样, ?查细节尽量避免用中心词:和常用词作为关键词

    ? 如答案ABCD里有四个相同的词:便是关键词

    ?在查细节中一般发现ABCD四个选项中:哪个选项出现中心词一般该选项就是正确答案。

     ?

第十二篇:

    Florida 佛罗里达(美国州名)Hit打击 by Cold Air Mass团,

    In January, 2003, the eastern two-thirds of the United States was at the mercy

    123of a bitterly cold air mass that has endangered Florida’s citrus trees, choked

    northern harbors with ice and left bewildered residents of North Carolina’s Outer

    4Banks digging out of up to a foot of snow.

    The ice chill 寒冷deepened as temperatures fell to the single digits阿拉伯数

    6 in most of the South, with an unfamiliar dip below the freezing mark as far

    south as parts of interior内部 South Florida. Temperatures in Florida plunged,

    7with West Palm Beach dropping to a record low of 2 degrees.

    “We couldn’t believe how cold it was,” said Martin King, who arrived this

    8week in Orlando from England. “We brought shorts, T-shirt, and I had to go out

    and buy another coat.”

    9The temperature plunge posed a threat to Florida’s US$9.1 billion-a-year

    citrus crop, more of which is still on the trees. Growers were hurrying to harvest at

    much of the fruit as possible before it was damaged by cold.

    10“Time is of the essence in getting fruit to the plant,” said Tom Rogers, a citrus grower who expected to see damage to oranges and grapefruit at that time.

    In Florida, Governor Jeb Bush signed an emergency order to eliminate

    , 消除the weight limit on trucks so citrus growers could get as much fruit

    to market as possible.

    Casey Pace, a spokeswoman for Florida Citrus Mutual, said growers had

    sprayed trees with sprinklers, which created a layer of ice and helped maintain a temperature near freezing. Citrus trees are considered in danger of damage if the temperature drops below minus 2 degrees Celsius for four hours or more. Snow

    1112ranging from a dusting to up to 30 centimeters blanketed the Carolinas,

    Tennessee and parts of Virginia.

    练习:

    1. Which of the following statements is not meant提及 in the first two paragraphs?;提到未提到应到课文里去核实:解题方法同true

     ?

    A. The cold air mass was a threat to Florida’s citrus柑橘类植物crop. 农作物

    B. The temperature in the United States except the South dropped below the

    freezing冰冻的 mark.

    C. The northern harbors were blocked with ice.

    D. The eastern two thirds of the United States was hit by cold air mass.

    2. According to the second paragraph, in which area(s) did the

    fall below zero? (围者中心思想转——ABCD

    temperature 现中心词即为答案)

    A. Most of the South.

    B. Parts of interior South Florida.

    C. West Palm Beach.

    D. All of the above

    3. King’s statement that “We brought带来 shorts, T-shirt, and I had to go out and buy another coat. 外套Shows that;解释词义题:也可选择中心词,

    A. he was caught bythe sudden cold.

    B. He needed formal clothes.

    C. Fashion in Florida is tempting诱惑人的.

    D. Florida is hot compared with England.

    4.Governor Jeb issue the emergency order because he;查细节人名作为关键词,

    A. thought speed limit for trucks was unreasonable. B. Tried to improve the traffic condition of the express ways. C. Wanted to encourage trucks to transport as much fruit to market at possible.

    D. Wanted to stop trucks from carrying too much fruit to market. 5. Which statement is NOT true according to the last paragraph?;对错选择应到课

    文里去一一核实:或围着中心思想转,

    A. Sprinklers were used to protect citrus trees from being damaged.

     ?

B. Citrus trees would be damaged if the temperature drops below minus 2? for

    four hours.

    C. The Carolinas, Tennessee and parts of Virginia were covered with snow. D. Florida Citrus Mutual 协会sprayed喷雾 trees with sprinklers forcitrus

    growers.

第十五篇:

    Winged Robot Learns to Fly

    1Learning how to fly took nature millions of years of trial and errorbut a

    winged robot has cracked it in only a few hours, using the same evolutionary principles.

    Krister Wolff and Peter Nordin of Chalmers University of Technology (CUT)

    3in Gothenburg, Sweden, built a winged robot and set about testing whether it could

    learn to fly by itself, without any pre-programmed data on what flapping is or how to do it.

    4To begin with, the robot just twitched and jerked erratically. But, gradually, it made movements that gained height. At first, it cheatedsimply standing on its

    5wing tips was one early short cut. After three hours, however, the robot abandoned

    6such methods in favor of a more effective flapping technique, where it rotated its wings through 90 degrees and raised them before twisting them back to the horizontal and pushing down..

    78“This tells us that this kind of evolution is capable of coming up with flying

    motion,” says Peter Bentley, who works on evolutionary computing at University

    910College London. But while the robot had worked out how best to produce life, it

    was not about to take off. “There’s only so much that evolution can do,” Bentley says. “This thing is never going to fly because the motors will never have the strength to do it,” he says.

    The robot had metre-long wings made from balsa wood and covered with a light plastic film. Small motors on the robot let it move its wings forwards or backwards, up or down or down or twist them in either direction.

    The team attached the robot to two vertical rods, so it could slide up and down.

     ?

    At the start of a test, the robot was suspended by an elastic band. A movement

    11detector measured how much lift, if any, the robot produced for any given

    movement.

    1213A computer program fed the robot random instructions, at the rate of 20 per

    second, to test its flapping abilities. Each instruction told the robot either to do nothing or to move the wings slightly in the various directions.

    Feedback from the movement detector let the program work out which sets of

    14instructions were best at producing lift. The most successful ones were paired up

    and “offspring” sets of instructions15 were generated by swapping instructions

    randomly between successful pairs. These next-generation instructions were then sent to the robot and evaluated before breeding a new generation, and the process was repeated.

    练习:

    1. Which of the following is NOT true of what is mentioned about the winged robot in the second paragraph?

    A. The two professors of CUT built the winged robot.

    B. The two professors of CUT tested whether the winged robot could learn to fly. C. The two professors of CUT programmed the data on how the robot flapped its

    wings.

    D. The two professors of CUT tried to find out if the robot could fly by itself

2. How did the robot behave at the beginning of the test?

    A) It rotated its wings through 90 degrees.

    B) It twitched but gradually gained height.

    C) It was twitched and broke down.

    D) It landed not long after the test.

3. Which of the following is nearest to Peter Bentley’s view on the winged robot?

    A) The winged robot could never really fly.

    B) The winged robot did not have a motor.

    C) The winged robot should go through further evolution before it could fly.

     (

D) The robot could fly if it were lighter.

    4. What measured how much lift the robot produced? A) Two vertical rods.

    B) A movement detector.

    C) An elastic band.

    D) Both B and C.

5. What does “the process” appearing in the last paragraph refer to?

    A) Pairing up successful instructions.

    B) Sending instructions to the robot.

    C) Generating new sets of instructions for evaluation. D) All the above

第十五篇:

    Winged有翼的Robot机器人 Learns to Fly飞行

    1Learning how to fly took nature millions of years of trial and errorbut a

    winged robot has cracked断裂:折断 it in only a few hours, using the same evolutionary发展, 演变, 进化 principles原则, 原理.

    Krister Wolff and Peter Nordin of Chalmers University of Technology (CUT)

    3in Gothenburg, Sweden, built a winged robot and set about testing whether it could learn to fly by itself, without any pre-programmed data on what flapping is or how to do it.

    4To begin with, the robot just twitched and jerked erratically. But, gradually, it

    made movements that gained height. At first, it cheatedsimply standing on

    5its wing tips was one early short cut. After three hours, however, the robot

    6abandoned such methods in favor of a more effective flapping technique, where it rotated its wings through 90 degrees and raised them before twisting them back to

    the horizontal and pushing down..

     )

    78“This tells us that this kind of evolution is capable of coming up with flying

    motion,” says Peter Bentley, who works on evolutionary computing at

    9University College London. But while the robot had worked out how best to

    10produce life, it was not about to take off. “There’s only so much that evolution

    can do,” Bentley says. “This thing is never going to fly because the motors

    will never have the strength to do it,” he says.

    The robot had metre-long wings made from balsa wood and covered with a light plastic film. Small motors on the robot let it move its wings forwards or backwards, up or down or down or twist them in either direction.

    The team attached the robot to two vertical rods, so it could slide up and down. At the start of a test, the robot was suspended by an elastic band. A movement

    11detector measured how much lift, if any, the robot produced for any given

    movement.

    1213A computer program fed the robot random instructions, at the rate of 20 per

    second, to test its flapping abilities. Each instruction told the robot either to do nothing or to move the wings slightly in the various directions.

    Feedback from the movement detector let the program work out which sets of

    14instructions were best at producing lift. The most successful ones were paired up

    and “offspring” sets of instructions15 were generated by swapping instructions randomly between successful pairs. These next-generation instructions were then sent to the robot and evaluated before breeding a new generation, and the process was repeated.

    练习:

    1. Which of the following is NOT true of what is mentioned about the winged robot in the second paragraph?

    A) The two professors of CUT built the winged robot.

    B) The two professors of CUT tested whether the winged robot could learn to

    fly.

    C) The two professors of CUT programmed程序, 编程the data on how the

    robot flapped its wings.

    D) The two professors of CUT tried to find out if the robot could fly by itself

2. How did the robot behave at the beginning of the test?

     ?

    A) It rotated its wings through 90 degrees. B) It twitched , 颤动 but gradually gained height.

    C) It was twitched and broke down.

    D) It landed not long after the test.

    3. Which of the following is nearest to Peter Bentleys view on the winged

    robot?

    A) The winged robot could never really fly.

    B) The winged robot did not have a motor.

    C) The winged robot should go through further evolution before it could fly.

    D) The robot could fly if it were lighter.

4. What measured how much lift the robot produced?

    A) Two vertical rods.

    B) A movement detector.

    C) An elastic band.

    D) Both B and C.

5. What does “the process” appearing in the last paragraph refer to?

    A) Pairing up successful instructions.

    B) Sending instructions to the robot.

    C) Generating new sets of instructions for evaluation. D) All the above

    第十六篇 Japanese Drilling into Core of Earth

    In what resembles类似 a journey旅程 to the center of the Earth, Japanese scientists have launched the world’s first attempt to bore a hole into the red-hot core of a volcano and unlock the secrets of deadly eruption.

    A 50-meter-high oil-rig-like derrick perched on the scrubby slopes of Japan’s

    1Mount Unzen will begin drilling through the volcano’s crust next week in a bid to

    2sample the magma bubbling below.

    The aim is to study how the liquefied rock causes menacing gas

    

    buildup, said team leader Setsuya Nakata, of the University of Tokyo’s Earthquake Research Institute.

    “Gassing is important because it controls the explosivity of eruptions,” Nakata said. “The results can be expanded to anti-disaster research.”

    Mount Unzen, a wind-swept流线形的 -meter dome圆屋顶 on 1,486

    the southern island of Kyushu, is a perfect model. It erupted in 1991, showering avalanches of hot rocks over a nearby town, killing 43 people and leaving nearly 2,300 homeless. Another 11,000 people were evacuated from the area until 1995, when the volcano had stabilized.

    The results are particularly important to a nation like Japan, where the meteorological气象学的agency monitors 20 dangerous peaks. Perhaps Japan’s

    most famous volcano is snowcapped Mount Fuji, which last erupted in 1707 and sprinkled Tokyo with ash.

    The drilling on Mount Unzen will begin very soon from an altitude of 850 meters on its northwest slope. Scientists hope to tap a magma vent around sea level

    3by August and extract a 200-meter-long core sample by summer 2004.

    Boring into the glowing magma at that level would normally be impossible, because of its fiery 700 degree Celsius heat. Thus, a slurry of water will be pumped into the drill shaft to cool the magma and allow the drill head to cut through.

    4Nakata said there is no danger of triggering another eruption.

    练习:

    1. According to the passage, Mount Unzen

     A erupted in 1707.

     B Erupted in 1991.

     C Erupted in 1995.

     D Several times in the last century.

    2. According to the passage, the study of the Mount Unzen volcano may benefit Japan in all the following aspects EXCEPT

    Afinding causes of volcano eruptions.

    BHelping to launch anti-disaster research.

     ?

    CLooking into the connection between liquefied液化的rocks and gas buildup. DPredicting 预测volcano eruptions.

    3. Why is this research project so important to Japan? ABecause Japan has many living volcanos.

    BBecause Japan wants to turn Mount Fuji to a dead volcano. CBecause volcano gas could be a source of energy. DBecause Japan is testing a new way of drilling into the earth.

4. The drilling site on Mount Unzen is

    Aaround the sea level.

    BOn the northeast slope of the mountain.

    CAbout half way up the mountain.

    AAs high as 1,486 meters.

5. The title of this passage Japanese Drilling into Core of Earth actually means that

    they

    A. drill a hole into the core of a volcano.

    B. Bore into the rocks near the volcanic vent. C. Conduct an imagery journey to the core of a volcano. D. Regard magma as the core of Earth.

    第十六篇 Japanese Drilling钻孔 into Core核心of Earth地球

    In what resembles类似 a journey旅程 to the center of the Earth, Japanese scientists have launched the world’s first attempt to bore a hole into the red-hot core of a volcano and unlock解开 the secrets 秘密of deadly致命的 eruption

    .

    A 50-meter-high oil-rig-like derrick perched on the scrubby slopes of Japan’s

     ?~

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com