By Chad Carter,2014-10-23 19:47
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    Jin Yishan

    China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology

    Since 1978, CALT has made great space successfully, showing China OVERVIEW

    contributions to Chinas space industry had begun to utilize larger diameter

    and obtained 3487 awards for scientific rockets. China Academy of Launch Vehicle

    Technology (CALT) was founded on No- research including 5 Top-grade National 3. On April 8, 1984, a LM-3 launch vember 16, 1957. It was the first research Science and Technology Awards. vehicle successfully sent Chinas unit devoted to the development of launch first geosynchronous communica- vehicles in China with China’s well- tions satellite DFH-2 into its preset KEY ACHIEVEMENTS

    known scientist Prof. Qian Xuesen as its orbit. The hydrogen-oxygen engine first President. With more than 50 years and the second engine start tech- CALT has had remarkable achieve-

    of effort CALT has developed steadily, nology marked Chinas launch ve- ments since its foundation, and made

    and plays an indispensable role in Chinas hicle technology had reached world outstanding contributions to the compre-

    space industry. advanced level. hensive national strength, promotion of

    CALT has become a comprehensive international status and modern national 4. O n A u g u s t 5 , 1 9 8 7 , a L M - 2 C entity for research, design and manufac- defence construction. launch vehicle piggybacked for the

    ture with its launch vehicles reaching first time a micro-gravity unit for CALT has created many firsts in the

    first-class level in the world. CALT com- course of launch vehicle development: a French company, symbolizing prises several subsidiaries including 11 Chinas space industry had begun 1. On April 24, 1970, a LM-1 Launch institutes, 2 entities with 1 responsible for to cooperate with international vehicle sent China’s first man-

    the integration of development and pro- counterparts. made satellite DFH-1 into space,

    duction, 2 manufacturing plants, 1 hospi- s y m b o l i z i n g C h i n a s a b i l i t y t o 5. On April 7, 1990, a LM-3 launch

    tal, 2 full-funded companies, 1 listed com- explore space and pany in Hong Kong and several holding had entered into the and sharing companies. There are about space era. 26,000 employees in CALT, of which ap- 2. O n N o v e m b e r

     proximately 10,000 are senior technical 26, 1975, a LM-2 professionals including 24 academicians launch vehicle sent Summer from the Chinese Academy of Sciences Chinas first recov-

     and Chinese Academy of Engineering. erable satellite into

     Birds eye view of CALT

    vehicle made the first commercial launch for the APT Satellite Com-

    pany, marking China had begun to

    enter into the international com-

    mercial satellite launch market.

    6. On July 16, 1990, a LM-2E strap-

    on launch vehicle made its maiden

    flight successfully, which improved

    the LEO launch capacity to 9200kg

    by adopting a rocket configuration

    modified from the tandem structure

    to tandem plus strap-on structure

    thus meeting the requirements for

     the satellite launch market.

    7. On August 20, 1997, a LM-3B made

    a successful flight for the first time.

    With the maximum GTO payload Space technology applied in wind power capacity of over 5000kg, LM-3B

    r a n k e d s e c o n d i n G TO l a u n c h peoples long dream of flying to north pole to the south pole) and the capality in the world commercial space, and China became the third LTO of 36000km (e.g. lunar explora- launch market and third in payload country capable of sending its as- tion satellites), and manned spaceships. factor in the world. tronaut to space in the world.

    8. On November 20, 1999, a LM-2F Of the 12 versions of the LM launch FUTURE DEVELOPING TREND launch vehicle sent the first un- vehicle, CALT accounts for 10 of them,

    manned experimental spaceship including LM-1 (launched the DFH-1 Key Areas of Development for Space successfully into space, showing satellite successfully), LM-2, LM-2C se- Launch Vehicle Systems that China has obtained advanced ries (honored as Golden Rocket), LM-2E

    launch vehicle technology, cre- (implemented Chinas first international ? LM-3A series launch vehicles: to ating a solid foundation for the c o m m e r c i a l l a u n c h m i s s i o n ) , L M - 2 F carry out missions represented by follow-on manned spaceship flight (launched Chinas first manned space- C h a n g e P r o g r a m , a n d s e c o n d - missions. ship), LM-3, LM-3A, and LM-3B. The generation navigation satellites;

     9. On October 15, 2003, a LM-2F launch capacity ranges from LEO of improve the reliability of the third- launch vehicle sent Chinas first about 200km (low Earth orbit remote stage cryogenic engine and com- manned spaceship into space suc- sensing satellites), the SSO (e.g. re - plete the application study and cessfully, realizing the Chinese sources satellites flying over from the architecture integration of space- Summer based TT&C.

    LM-2C launch vehicle: to carry out ?

    the redundancy improvement of the

    control system and the replacement

    of the ground test-control equip-


    LM-2F launch vehicle: to carry out ?

    Shenzhou 8 spaceship and Tian-

    gong 1 missions.

    LM-7 launch vehicle and its deriva- ?

    tive model: to complete the maiden

    flight of LM-7 launcher, carry out

    preliminary research and program

    demonstration for solid booster

    configuration, and formalize it.

    Solid launch vehicle: to raise the ?

    adaptability to meet the needs of a Space technology applied in wind power

of electric cars, vehicle integration,

    servo motor controller as well as component product development for high value-added special ve- hicles, such as van modified cars, aerial working vehicles, and coal mine flameproof vehicles etc., real- izing the industrialization of civil- purpose vehicles and becoming a first-class supplier of special ve- hicles and new energy vehicles in China.

    Wind Power: to make key techno- ?

    logical breakthroughs in high-pow-

    er direct-drive fan, develop world advanced fans with independent intellectual property, and set up a sound research, development and manufacture system for fan equip- ment and key components.

    New material and applications: to ?

    actively develop civil applications based on the advantages of core technologies and expertise, try to form large projects in the new ma- terial field.

    Space special technology applica- ?

    tions: taking the advantage of the space technology, attach impor- tance to the development of vibra- tion test equipment and artificial heart project so as to become an advanced vibration test equipment supplier in China, and realize mass production and industrialization

     A LM-3A is roaring to space with Chang’e-l development of the third-genera- Summer tion blood pump for the artificial heart project. rapid mobile launch for small satel- coal processing up to 700t per day,

    Modern service business: to es- ? lites and emergency launch in war- tackle key technical problems for

    tablish a modern service business time and for disaster relief etc.. larger 1500-2000t daily capacity

    cluster for building and property ? Small/large upper stage project: to and product manufacture, and es-

    management, cultural creation, implement the research on small/ tablish its market position.

    modern logistics and trade, scien- large upper stage. Special vehicles and new energy ?

    tific research security, and medical vehicles: to focus on developing ? Advanced upper stage: to carry out

    service etc., continuously promote leading products such as dump the flight demonstration atop the

    the transformation and upgrading truck chassis and dump trucks to LM-5 launch vehicle.

    by means of advanced concepts m a i n t a i n t h e a d v a n c e d t e c h n o -

    and technology, steadily improve logical position in domestic special Key Development Projects of Space Tech- the research capability and market vehicle market; to develop new nology Applications and Modern Services level, and build up an appropri- energy vehicles and ancillary prod-

    ate business model suitable for ucts so as to promote the industrial ? Coal chemical industry: to promote CALT. development of the power system coal gasification technology for

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