Gone With The Wind - is one of the most popular books ever written; more than 28 million copies of the book have been sold in more than 37 countries. Today, more than half a century after his initial publication, its achievements are unparalleled[无比的, 无双的, 空
前的]. Gone with the Wind, first published in May 1936, is a romantic novel written by Margaret Mitchell that won the coveted[令人垂涎的] Pulitzer Prize in 1937. The story is set in Clayton County, Georgia and Atlanta during the American Civil War and Reconstruction[重现；复原] and depicts[描绘; 描画，描述]the
experiences of Scarlett O'Hara, the spoiled daughter of a well-to-do plantation owner. The novel is the source of the extremely popular 1939 film of the same name.
Margaret Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949) was an
American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her epic【史
诗般的】 novel Gone with the Wind, her only major publication. This novel is one of the most popular books of all time, selling more than 30 million copies (see list of best-selling books). The film adaptation of it, released in 1939, became the highest-grossing【最高
总收入的】 film in the history of Hollywood, and it received a record-breaking ten Academy Awards (a record since eclipsed by Ben Hur, Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King and Titanic). Mitchell has been honored by the United States Postal Service with a
Great Americans series postage stamp.
Gone with the Wind takes place in the southern United States of America in the state of Georgia during the American Civil War
1865) and the Reconstruction era (1865–1877) that followed (1861–
the war. The novel unfolds against the backdrop【背景】 of rebellion
wherein seven southern states.The story opens in April 1861 at the "Tara" plantation, which is owned by a wealthy Irish immigrant family, the O'Haras. The reader is told, Scarlett O'Hara, the sixteen-year-old daughter of Gerald and Ellen O'Hara, "was not beautiful, but...," she had an effect on men, especially when she took notice of them. It is the day before the men are called to war.
There are brief but vivid descriptions of the South as it began and grew, with backgrounds of the main characters: the stylish【有风度
的】 and highbrow【文化修养高的】 French, the gentlemanly
English, the forced-to-flee and looked-down-upon Irish. Miss Scarlett is informed one of her many beaux【求爱者】, Ashley Wilkes,
is soon to be engaged to his cousin, Melanie Hamilton. She is
stricken at heart. The following day at the Wilkes‘s barbecue at
“Twelve Oaks,” Scarlett informs Ashley she loves him and Ashley admits he loves her too. However, he knows he wouldn’t be happily
married to Scarlett because of their personality differences. Scarlett loses her temper.
Then Scarlett meets Rhett Butler, a man who has a reputation as a rogue【无赖】. Rhett had been alone in the library where the dialogue between Scarlett and Ashley took place. Rhett applauds Scarlett for the unladylike spirit she displayed with Ashley.
Seeking revenge for being jilted【抛弃】 by Ashley, Scarlett accepts
a proposal of marriage from Melanie‘s brother, Charles Hamilton.
They marry two weeks later.
Immediately after, she finds out that war has been declared and the men are going to enlist【参军】. However, Charles dies two months
before the war begins. Scarlett is pregnant with her first child. A widow【遗孀】 at merely sixteen, she gives birth to a boy. As a widow, she is bound by tradition, having to wear black and not allowed to speak to young men. Scarlett goes into a depression over all the restrictions placed upon her. Melanie invites Scarlett to live
with them. In Atlanta, Scarlett's spirits are revived, and she is soon busy with hospital work and sewing circles for the Confederate army.
Scarlett meets Rhett Butler once again at a dance for the Confederacy【联盟军】. Rhett bids well over seven times as much as any other man for a dance with Scarlett. Everyone at the dance is shocked that Rhett would bid for Scarlett, the widow still dressed in black. Melanie smooths things over by coming to Rhett's defense because he is generously supporting the Confederate cause that her husband, Ashley, is fighting for.
The war is going badly for the Confederacy. Atlanta descends【沦落】
into a desperate【危急的】 state while hundreds of wounded
Confederate soldiers lay dying or dead in the city.
Melanie is pregnant and in labor with no doctor available, only inexperienced Scarlett to assist. Prissy, a young Negro servant girl, cries out in despair and fear, “The Yankees are coming! The
Yankees are coming!” In the chaos, Scarlett, left to fend for herself, longingly cries for the comfort and safety of her mother and Tara. The tattered【破败的】 Confederate army sets flame to Atlanta as
they abandon it to the Union army. The last remnants【剩余部分】 of
the old South are "gone with the wind."
The book continues with Scarlett working to rebuild life at Tara, and further developing a relationship with Rhett Butler while still dealing with her love for Ashley.
Scarlett O„Hara – The willful protagonist【主人公】 of the novel, her
Irish forthright【直率的, 直截了当的; 明确的 】 blood always at
( 与„ )有矛盾；不一致】with her French teachings of variance【
style from her mother. She marries Charles Hamilton, Frank Kennedy and Rhett Butler, all the time wishing she was married to Ashley Wilkes instead. She has three children, one from each husband: Wade Hampton Hamilton (son to Charles Hamilton), Ella Lorena Kennedy (daughter to Frank Kennedy) and Eugenia Victoria “Bonnie Blue” Butler (daughter to Rhett Butler). She loses the fourth child, one she really wants right from beginning, to an accident caused by a quarrel with Rhett, after he ducked from【躲避】
a punch she threw at him causing her to fall down the stairs. She is blindly dependent on Melanie Wilkes, wife to Ashley. She doesn't
realize how true or strong her love for Rhett is.
Rhett Butler – Scarlett„s third husband, often publicly shunned【避
开】 for scandalous【令人反感的;令人愤慨的】behavior, sometimes
accepted for his charm. Shrewd【精明的】 financially, he loves
Scarlett in spite of himself, unable to get over her no matter where he travels. He declares he is not a marrying man and propositions【主
张；建议】 her to be his mistress【情妇】, but marries her after the
death of Frank Kennedy since it is unlikely she will ever need money again and he won’t take a chance on her marrying someone
else now she is free. He is afraid of declaring his love for her, afraid of being ridiculed【嘲笑】.
Ashley Wilkes – The gallant【时髦的年轻男子】 Ashley married his
cousin, Melanie, because she represented all that he loved and wanted in life, that is, the quiet and happy life of a Southern gentleman of the “Twelve Oaks” plantation【大农场】. In that role,
Ashley fulfilled what was expected of him as civil war drew near. He became a soldier for the Confederate cause though he personally would have freed the slaves his father owned, or at least that is what he claimed. Although many of his friends and relations were killed in the Civil War, Ashley survived to see its brutal【无情的】
aftermath【后果】. Ashley was “the Perfect Knight” in the mind
of Scarlett, even throughout her three marriages.