New College EnglishBook 1Unit 1 Growing Up

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Text B, Unit 3, Book 1How to Make Sense out of Science begins by quotinga proposed solution, a quotation from some book or person, a prediction of


    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1


    Unit 1 Ways of Learning


    授课 授课

     教师 时间

    教学目标 Teaching Objectives

    Students will be able to:

    1. Grasp the main idea and structure of the text;

    2. Appreciate the difference between comparison and contrast, as well as different ways

    to compare and contrast( point-by-point method or one-side-at-a-time method);

    3. Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text;

    Conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the

    theme of the unit.

    文化背景 Cultural Notes

    Foster the skills of teaching and learning

    I. What is Education?

    Education is future-oriented - it's about development and growth even when we are studying the past. Education is giving or receiving knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgement, using inspiration, tapping into creativity, taking risks and developing

    emotional and intellectual resilience. In our society, education implies school and whether you

    teach others or are in the process of learning yourself, education focuses on knowledge and on

    the intellect. Through the fine art of bringing out what is latent in a person, we learn as we



II. Ideas of Ways of Learning.

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    There is no common agreement in the west concerning the best method of education. A variety of views can be found among parents, teachers and students. Indeed, it might be argued that it is this very existence of contending points of view that is characteristic of western education. This can be seen far back as in the work of the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who encouraged his students to question everything, even their most fundamental beliefs. Yet even then there was no general agreement that this was the best way to teach. Socrates, after all, was condemned to death by his fellow citizens for corrupting the morals of the young by his way of teaching. Many later periods of western history were no more tolerant of

    encouraging students to challenge traditional beliefs: Darwin’s theory of evolution, for example, was for a time banned from schools in some American states on the grounds of religious belief.

    Much of the current debate over education surrounds the extent to which learning should

    be teacher-centered or student-centered. The answer to the question depends largely on the

    differences between subjects.

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Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    IAccording to the song, parents and children should teach each other

    and learn from each other. Learning is a two-way interaction.

    Different people have different learning styles.

    1. Discussion: How do you think of Chen Yuhua’s parents’ views on child

    education? They let her learn independently and seek knowledge

    actively. They may help during the process, but don’t expect them

    to spoon-feed her with knowledge.




    2. Teacher leads in to Text A by saying: As you have noticed from the book

    title, Chen’s parents hold quite a western view on the child education.

     They disagree with many other traditional Chinese parents. In Text

    课前导 A, Howard Gardner made a detailed comparison between Chinese

    Warm-up and Western attitudes toward learning. Task

     II. Skimming the major details and getting ready to answer the following


    1. Where and when did the incident take place? Jinling hotel in Nanjing,

    spring 1987.

    2. Who are the main characters in this incident? Author, his wife Ellen, their

    son Benjamin, hotel staff.

    3. What is the attitude of the author and his wife toward Benjamin’s efforts

    in inserting the key into the slot? They let him explore and enjoy himself.

    4. What is the attitude of the hotel staff toward Benjamin’s efforts? They

    held his hand and taught him how to insert the key correctly.

    5. What is the difference between Chinese and Western ways to learn to

    fulfill a task? The Chinese show a child how to do something, or teach by

    holding his hand. Westerners teach a child to rely on himself for solutions

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    to problems. (Contrast)

    6. What is the difference between the Chinese and the Western attitudes

    toward creativity and basic skills? The Chinese give priority to

    developing skills at an early age, believing that creativity can be

    promoted over time. Westerners put more emphasis on fostering

    creativity in young children, thinking that skills can be picked up later.

An essay is usually made up of three parts:

    1. A beginning where the topic is introduced. There are different ways to

    introduce a theme.

    Introducing topic by posing a question “Do animals all have thoughts, what we call consciousness?”

    Text A, Unit 6, Book 1(What Animals Really Think). The author

    introduces his topic by posing a question.

    Text B, Unit 3, Book 1(How to Make Sense out of Science) begins by

    quoting newspaper headlines.

    教学 Text B of this unit, Children and Money, begins with an imagined

    Teaching argument between a child and his parent over the control of pocket Point


    3. The body part where the topic is elaborated on, and stated directly.

    4. The conclusion. Without a conclusion, an essay lacks a sense of

    completeness. A conclusion may be a restatement of the main points

    previously mentioned, a proposed solution, a quotation from some book or

    person, a prediction of future developments, a suggestion for further

    study. In this unit, Howard Gardner makes a suggestion in the form of a


     1. attach--- fasten or join one thing to another // attach sth. to sth.

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    e.g. Scientists discovered they could measure wind speed by attaching a

     wind meter to a kite and sending it up.

     Attached to this letter you will find a copy of the document you

     asked for.

     2. not…in the least--- not at all

     e.g. I am not in the least touched by the Marilyn Monroe kind of beauty.

    Ann didn’t seem in the least concerned about her study.

    3. find one’s way--- reach a destination naturally; arrive at

    e.g. Drunk as he was, Peter still found his way home.

    4. phenomenon--- sth. that happens or exists and that can be seen or


     e.g. Hurricanes are a relatively common phenomenon in the Caribbean.

     Thunder and lightening are natural phenomena.

     5. initial--- of or at the beginning, first ( used only before n.)

    e.g. If a car suddenly pulls out in front of you, your initial reaction may

    include fear and anger.

    Their initial burst of enthusiasm died down when they realized 语言分析

    Language how much work the job involved.

    Analysis 6. assist---- help // assist sb. to do sth. assist sb. with sth.

    e.g. The professor was assisting his students to prepare their project.

    The college student decided to assist the boy with his study.

    7. insert--- fit, put, place ( into, between)

    e.g. Wait for a couple of minutes with your mouth closed before

    inserting the thermometer.

    8. on occasion--- now and then

    e.g. He spent most time doing his research, but, on occasion, he would

    take his son to see a film.

    9. neglect--- give too little attention or care to

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    e.g. Their investment turned out to be a failure and the manager was

    accused of neglecting his duties.

    10. ignore--- pay no attention to as if sth. has not happened

    e.g. I said “ Good morning” to her, but she ignored me and walked on.

    11. relevant--- directly connected with the subject // be relevant to

    e.g. Only a few people feel the debate about the cloning of human

    beings is relevant to their daily lives.

    12. investigate----- try to find out information about // investigate sth //

    investigate + wh clause

    e.g. Police are still investigating how the car accident happened.

    We can assure you that your complaint will be fully and properly investigated.

    13. exception---- sb. or sth. that a comment or statement does not apply to

    e.g. Normally , parents aren’t allowed to sit in on the classes, but in your

    case we can make an exception.

    We feel that all the students in this class, with one or two

    exceptions , support the educational reforms.

    Without exception all our youngsters wanted to leave school and

    start work.

    14. on his own--- a) without anyone’s help; b) alone

    e.g. You needn’t give me any help I am able to manage on my own.

     The child was left on her own for hours as her mom had to deal with the emergency.

    15. accomplish----- manage to do sth.

    e.g. Considering their capacity, the possibility of accomplishing the task is not high.

    16. in due course--- at the proper time; eventually

    e.g. Your book will be published in due course.

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    Be patient. You will get your promotion in due course.

    17. critical--- very important ; very serious or dangerous

    e.g. How well you accomplish this task will be critical to the success of your career.

    In yesterday’s car accident, ten people were killed and five people

    are still in a critical condition.

    18. make up for---a) compensate for; b) in retrospect: on evaluating the past; upon reflection

    e.g. Her husband bought her a present to make up for quarreling with her the day before.

    In retrospect, I wish that I had chosen biology as my major.

    19. extreme--- very great

    e.g. The girls were afraid of snakes and walked along the mountain trail

    with extreme caution.

    20. go to extremes--- do sth. so much that people consider your actions

    unacceptable and unreasonable

    e.g. John went to such extremes to get his promotion that everyone at

    the office hates him now.

    21. performance---a) the standard achieved by a person or group of people in

    carrying out a particular job or activity; b) sth. performed in front of

    an audience, e.g. a play, a dance

    e.g. The athlete was awarded $ 10,000 for his good performance in the


    Steve Wonder fought back from the shadow of death and went on

    to give more performances.

    22. so much so that---- to such an extent

    e.g. Some parents spoil their children, so much so that they never ask

    them to do any housework.

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

23. apply---a) be relevant to sb. or sth. // apply to; b) write a letter or fill in a

    form in order to ask formally for sth. // apply for sth.

    e.g. The advice given by the professor only applies to some of the college students.

    How many jobs had you applied for before you were offered this one?

    24. work on\at--- try hard to achieve on improve

    e.g. John came back ahead of time to continue working on his thesis.

    25. priority--- a) sth. that one must do before anything else; b) sth. that holds a

    high place among competing claims

    e.g. Earning enough money to maintain his family is a high priority.

    The proposals deserve support as they give priority to the needs of


    26. evolve--- develop gradually // evolve into\ from

    e.g. The story evolves into a violent tragedy.

    Popular music evolved from folk songs.

    If you want to be a poet, you must evolve your own style of writing.

    27. contrast--- compare so that differences are made clear.

    e.g. I was always reading when I was a kid, but my daughter, in contrast,

    just watches TV all day.

    In contrast to the hot days, the nights are bitterly cold.

    28. pick up--- gain, learn

    e.g. He picked up quite a lot of English during his one-year stay in


    29. assuming that--- you assuming that when you are considering a possible

    situation or event, so that you can think about the consequences.

    e.g. Assuming that this painting really is a Van Gogh, how much do you

    think it’s worth?

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    Teaching Plan for College English --- Book Two (Unit 1

    Assuming that we all work at the same rate, we should be finished by January.

    30. superior--- better than average or than others of the same type // be superior to

    e.g. Long-term stock market investments have produced superior returns

    compared with cash deposits.

I. Words practice

    1Practice One:

    1) _____ to this letter you will find a copy of the document you asked

    for. (Attached)

    2) Ann didn’t seem _______ concerned about her study. ( in the least)

    3) Drunk as he was, Peter still ______ home. (found his way)

     Can you _______ back to the car park? ( find your way)

    4) Stress-related illness is a common ______ in big cities. (phenomenon)

     Language is a social and cultural ______. (phenomenon)

    5) Continue cooking until the meat is ____. (tender) 课后作业

     Her voice was ____ and soft. (tender) After-class

    Assignment Nicholas was sent to boarding school at the ____ age of seven.


    6) The ____ response has been encouraging. (initial)

    7) The professor was ____ his students to prepare their project. (assist)

     The college student decided to _____the boy with his study. (assist)

    8) Wait for a couple of minutes with your mouth closed before______

    the thermometer. (insert)

    9) It is reported that condition in the village have improved _____ since

    November. (somewhat)

    10) After I sent the letter asking for a job, I had nothing to do but

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