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A Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation

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A Uniform Packaging and Labeling RegulationA,a,and

Handbook 130 2011 Uniform Regulations

    IV. Uniform Regulations

     Page A. Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation................................................................................................ 55 B. Uniform Regulation for the Method of Sale of Commodities .................................... 错误;未定义书签。101

    C. Uniform Unit Pricing Regulation.............................................................................. 错误;未定义书签。135

D. Uniform Regulation for the Voluntary Registration of Servicepersons and Service Agencies for

    Commercial Weighing and Measuring Devices ........................................................ 错误;未定义书签。141

    E. Uniform Open Dating Regulation ............................................................................. 错误;未定义书签。149

    F. Uniform Regulation for National Type Evaluation .................................................... 错误;未定义书签。157

    G. Uniform Engine Fuels and Automotive Lubricants Regulation .................................. 错误;未定义书签。165

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Uniform Regulations Handbook 130 2011

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Handbook 130 2011 Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    A. Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    as adopted by

    The National Conference on Weights and Measures*

    1. Background

     thThe Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation was first adopted during the 37 Annual Meeting of the National

    Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) in 1952. Reporting to the Conference, the Committee on Legislation stated:

    The National Conference should adopt a model package regulation for the guidance of those states authorized to adopt such a regulation under provisions of their weights and measures laws. Since so much of the work of weights and measures officials in the package field concerns food products, the importance of uniformity between the Federal (FDA) regulations and any model regulations to be adopted by this Conference cannot be overemphasized.

    Since its inception, the Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation has been continually revised to meet the complexities of an enormous expansion in the packaging industry an expansion that, in late 1966, brought about

    the passage of the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA). Recognizing the need for compatibility with the rdFederal Act, in 1968 the Committee on Laws and Regulations of the 53 Annual Meeting of the National

    Conference amended the “Model Packaging and Labeling Regulation” (renamed in 1983) to parallel regulations adopted by federal agencies under FPLA. The process of amending and revising this Regulation is a continuing one in order to keep it current with practices in the packaging field and make it compatible with appropriate federal regulations. Amendments and additions since 1971 are noted at the end of each section.

    The revision of 1978 provided for the use of the metric system (SI) on labels as well as allowing SI-only labels for those commodities not covered by federal laws or regulations. “SI” means the International System of Units as

    established in 1960 by the General Conference on Weights and Measures and interpreted or modified for the United States by the Secretary of Commerce. [See the “Interpretation of the International System of Units for the United States” in the “Federal Register” (Volume 73, No. 96, pages 28432 to 28433) for May 16, 2008, and 15 United

    States Code, Section 205a - 205l “Metric Conversion.” See also NIST Special Publication 330 “The International

    System of Units (SI)” 2008 Edition and NIST Special Publication 811 “Guide for the Use of the International

    System of Units (SI)” 2008 Edition that are available at www.nist.gov/pml/wmd/index.cfm or by contacting

    TheSI@nist.gov.] In 1988, Congress amended the Metric Conversion Law to declare that it is the policy of the United States to designate the International System of Units of measurement as the preferred system of weights and measures for U.S. trade and commerce. In 1992, Congress amended the federal FPLA to require the most appropriate units of the SI and the customary inch-pound systems of measurement on certain consumer commodities. The 1993 amendments to NIST Handbook 130 require SI and inch-pound units on certain consumer commodities in accordance with federal laws or regulations. Requirements for labeling in both units of measure were effective February 14, 1994, under FPLA and as specified in Section 15 Effective Date; except as specified in Section 11.32. SI Units, Exemptions for Consumer Commodities.

    Nothing contained in this regulation should be construed to supersede any labeling requirement specified in federal law or to require the use of SI units on non-consumer packages.

    2. Status of Promulgation

    The table beginning on page 10, Section II. Uniformity of Laws and Regulations of Handbook 130 shows the status of adoption of the Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation.

    *The National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) is supported by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in partial implementation of its statutory responsibility for “cooperation with the states in securing uniformity in weights and measures laws and methods of inspection.”

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    Handbook 130 2011 Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    Table of Contents

    Section Page Preamble ............................................................................................................................................................ 61 Section 1. Application ......................................................................................................................................... 61 Section 2. Definitions .......................................................................................................................................... 61

    2.1. Package. ................................................................................................................................................ 61

    2.2. Consumer Package of Consumer Commodity. ........................................................................................ 61

    2.3. Non-consumer Package: Package of Non-consumer Commodity. ........................................................... 62

    2.4. Random Package.................................................................................................................................... 62

    2.5. Label. .................................................................................................................................................... 62

    2.6. Person. ................................................................................................................................................... 62

    2.7. Principal Display Panel or Panels. .......................................................................................................... 62

    2.8. Multi-unit Package. ................................................................................................................................ 62

    2.9. Combination Package. ............................................................................................................................ 62

    2.10. Variety Package. .................................................................................................................................. 62

    2.11. Petroleum Products. ............................................................................................................................. 62

    2.12. Spot Label............................................................................................................................................ 63

    2.13. Header Strip. ........................................................................................................................................ 63

    2.14. Standard Package. ................................................................................................................................ 63

    2.15. SI or SI Units. ...................................................................................................................................... 63 Section 3. Declaration of Identity: Consumer Package .......................................................................................... 64

    3.1. Declaration of Identity: Consumer Package. .......................................................................................... 64

    3.1.1. Parallel Identity Declaration: Consumer Package. .................................................................. 64 Section 4. Declaration of Identity: Non-consumer Package .................................................................................. 64 Section 5. Declaration of Responsibility: Consumer and Nonconsumer Packages ................................................ 64 Section 6. Declaration of Quantity: Consumer Packages ...................................................................................... 65

    6.1. General. ................................................................................................................................................. 65

    6.2. Largest Whole Unit. ............................................................................................................................... 65

    6.3. Net Quantity. ......................................................................................................................................... 65

    6.3.1. Use of “Net Mass” or “Net Weight.” ...................................................................................... 65

    6.3.2. Lines of Print or Type. ........................................................................................................... 65

    6.4. Terms: Weight, Liquid Measure, Dry Measure, or Count. ...................................................................... 65

    6.4.1. Combination Declaration........................................................................................................ 66

    6.5. SI Units: Mass, Measure........................................................................................................................ 66

    6.5.1. Symbols. ................................................................................................................................ 67

    6.5.2. Fractions and Prefixes ............................................................................................................ 68

    6.6. Prescribed Units, SI ............................................................................................................................... 68

    6.6.1. Less than 1 Meter, 1 Square Meter, 1 Kilogram, 1 Cubic Meter, or 1 Liter. ............................. 68

    6.6.2. One Meter, 1 Square Meter, 1 Kilogram, 1 Liter, 1 Cubic Meter, or More. .............................. 68

    6.7. Inch-Pound Units: Weight, Measure. ..................................................................................................... 69

    6.7.1. Symbols and Abbreviations. ................................................................................................... 69

    6.7.2. Units of Two or More Meanings. ............................................................................................ 69

    6.8. Prescribed Units, Inch-pound System. .................................................................................................... 70

    6.8.1. Less than 1 foot, 1 square foot, 1 pound, or 1 pint. .................................................................. 70

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    Packaging and Labeling Regulation Handbook 130 2011

    6.8.2. One Foot, 1 Square Foot, 1 Pound, 1 Pint, 1 Gallon or More. .................................................. 70 6.9. Bi-dimensional Commodities. ................................................................................................................ 71 6.10. Count: Ply. .......................................................................................................................................... 71 6.11. Fractions. ............................................................................................................................................. 72 6.12. Supplementary Quantity Declarations. .................................................................................................. 72 6.13. Rounding. ............................................................................................................................................ 72 6.14. Qualification of Declaration Prohibited. ................................................................................................ 72 6.15. Character of Declaration: Average. ...................................................................................................... 73 6.16. Random Packages. ............................................................................................................................... 73

    Section 7. Declaration of Quantity: Non-consumer Packages ............................................................................... 73 7.1. General. ................................................................................................................................................. 73

     7.2. Location. ............................................................................................................................................... 73

    7.3. Terms: Weight, Liquid Measure, Dry Measure, or Count. ...................................................................... 73 7.4. SI Units: Mass, Measure........................................................................................................................ 73

    7.4.1. Symbols. ................................................................................................................................ 74 7.5. Inch-pound Units: Weight, Measure. ..................................................................................................... 74

    7.5.1. Symbols and Abbreviations. ................................................................................................... 74 7.6. Character of Declaration: Average. ........................................................................................................ 75

    Section 8. Prominence and Placement: Consumer Packages ................................................................................ 75 8.1. General. ................................................................................................................................................. 75

    8.1.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 75

    8.1.2. Style of Type or Lettering. ..................................................................................................... 75

    8.1.3. Color Contrast. ....................................................................................................................... 75

    8.1.4. Free Area. .............................................................................................................................. 75

    8.1.5. Parallel Quantity Declaration. ................................................................................................. 75 8.2. Calculation of Area of Principal Display Panel for Purposes of Type Size. .............................................. 75

    8.2.1. Minimum Height of Numbers and Letters. .............................................................................. 76

    8.2.2. Numbers and Letters: Proportion. .......................................................................................... 77

    Section 9. Prominence and Placement: Non-consumer Packages.......................................................................... 77 9.1. General. ................................................................................................................................................. 77

    Section 10. Requirements: Specific Consumer Commodities, Non-consumer Commodities, Packages, Containers 77 10.1. Display Card Package. ......................................................................................................................... 77 10.2. Eggs. ................................................................................................................................................... 77 10.3. Aerosols and Similar Pressurized Containers. ....................................................................................... 77 10.4. Multi-unit Packages. ............................................................................................................................ 77 10.5. Combination Packages. ........................................................................................................................ 78 10.6. Variety Packages. ................................................................................................................................. 79 10.7. Cylindrical Containers. ......................................................................................................................... 79 10.8. Measurement of Container-Type Commodities, How Expressed. .......................................................... 79

    10.8.1. General. ............................................................................................................................... 79

    10.8.2. Capacity. .............................................................................................................................. 80

    10.8.3. Terms. ................................................................................................................................. 81 10.9. Textile Products, Threads, and Yarns. ................................................................................................... 81

    10.9.1. Wearing Apparel. ................................................................................................................. 81

    10.9.2. Textiles. ............................................................................................................................... 81

    10.9.3. Sewing Threads, Handicraft Threads, and Yarns. .................................................................. 82 10.10. Packaged Seed. .................................................................................................................................. 83 10.11. Statements of Cubic Measure in Compressed Form. ............................................................................ 83

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    Handbook 130 2011 Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    Section 11. Exemptions ....................................................................................................................................... 83 11.1. Random Packages. ............................................................................................................................... 83

    11.1.1. Indirect Sale of Random Packages. ....................................................................................... 84 11.2. Small Confections. ............................................................................................................................... 84

     11.3. Small Packages of Meat or Meat Products. ........................................................................................... 84

    11.4. Individual Servings. ............................................................................................................................. 84 11.5. Cuts, Plugs, and Twists of Tobacco and Cigars. .................................................................................... 84 11.6. Reusable (Returnable) Glass Containers. .............................................................................................. 84 11.7. Cigarettes and Small Cigars. ................................................................................................................. 84 11.8. Packaged Commodities with Labeling Requirements Specified in Federal Law. .................................... 85 11.9. Fluid Dairy Products, Ice Cream, and Similar Frozen Desserts. ............................................................. 85 11.10. Single Strength and Less than Single-Strength Fruit Juice Beverages, Imitations thereof, and Drinking

    Water. ............................................................................................................................................... 85

     11.11. Soft Drink Bottles. ............................................................................................................................. 85

    11.12. Multi-unit Soft Drink Packages. ......................................................................................................... 85 11.13. Butter. ................................................................................................................................................ 86 11.14. Eggs................................................................................................................................................... 86 11.15. Flour. ................................................................................................................................................. 86 11.16. Small Packages. ................................................................................................................................. 86 11.17. Decorative Containers. ....................................................................................................................... 86 11.18. Combination and Variety Packages. .................................................................................................... 86 11.19. Margarine. ......................................................................................................................................... 86 11.20. Corn Flour and Corn Meal. ................................................................................................................. 86 11.21. Prescription and Insulin Containing Drugs. ......................................................................................... 87 11.22. Camera Film, Video Recording Tape, Audio Recording Tape and Other Image and Audio Recording

    Media Intended for Retail Sale and Consumer Use. ............................................................................ 87 11.23. Tint Base Paint. .................................................................................................................................. 87 11.24. Motor Oil in Cans. ............................................................................................................................. 87 11.25. Pillows, Cushions, Comforters, Mattress Pads, Sleeping Bags, and Similar Products. .......................... 88 11.26. Commodities’ Variable Weights and Sizes.......................................................................................... 88 11.27. Packaged Commodities Sold by Count. .............................................................................................. 88 11.28. Textile Packages. ............................................................................................................................... 88 11.29. Spot Label. ......................................................................................................................................... 88 11.30. Header Strip. ...................................................................................................................................... 88 11.31. Decorative Wallcovering Borders. ...................................................................................................... 89 11.32. SI Units, Exemptions - Consumer Commodities.................................................................................. 89 11.33. Inch-Pound Units, Exemptions - Consumer Commodities. .................................................................. 89

    Section 12. Variations to be Allowed ................................................................................................................... 89 12.1. Packaging Variations............................................................................................................................ 89

    12.1.1. Variations from Declared Net Quantity. ................................................................................ 89

    12.1.2. Variations Resulting from Exposure. .................................................................................... 90 12.2. Magnitude of Permitted Variations. ...................................................................................................... 90

    Section 13. Retail Sale Price Representations ....................................................................................................... 90 13.1. “Cents off” Representations.................................................................................................................. 90 13.2. Introductory Offers. ............................................................................................................................. 91 13.3. Economy Size. ..................................................................................................................................... 92

    Section 14. Revocation of Conflicting Regulations ............................................................................................... 92

    Section 15. Effective Date ................................................................................................................................... 92

    UPLR Appendix A: SI/Inch-pound Conversion Factors ........................................................................................ 95

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Packaging and Labeling Regulation Handbook 130 2011

UPLR Appendix B: Converting Inch-pound Units to SI Units .............................................................................. 97

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Handbook 130 2011 Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation

    Preamble

    The purpose of this regulation is to provide accurate and adequate information on packages as to the identity and quantity of contents so that purchasers can make price and quantity comparisons.

    (Added 1989)

    Section 1. Application

This regulation shall apply to packages, but shall not apply to:

    (a) inner wrappings not intended to be individually sold to the customer;

    (b) shipping containers or wrapping used solely for the transportation of any commodities in bulk or in

    quantity to manufacturers, packers, or processors, or to wholesale or retail distributors, but in no event shall

    this exclusion apply to packages of consumer or non-consumer commodities as defined herein;

    (Added 1971)

    (c) auxiliary containers or outer wrappings used to deliver packages of such commodities to retail customers if

    such containers or wrappings bear no printed matter pertaining to any particular commodity;

    (d) containers used for retail tray pack displays when the container itself is not intended to be sold (e.g., the

    tray that is used to display individual envelopes of seasonings, gravies, etc., and the tray itself is not

    intended to be sold);

    (e) open carriers and transparent wrappers or carriers for containers when the wrappers or carriers do not bear

    any written, printed, or graphic matter obscuring the label information required by this regulation; or

    (f) packages intended for export to foreign countries.

    (Amended 1994 and 1998)

    Section 2. Definitions

2.1. Package. Except as modified by Section 1. Application, the term “package,” whether standard package or

    random package, means any commodity:

    (a) enclosed in a container or wrapped in any manner in advance of wholesale or retail sale; or

     [NOTE 1, page 61](b) whose weight or measure has been determined in advance of wholesale or retail sale. An

    individual item or lot of any commodity on which there is marked a selling price based on an established

    price per unit of weight or of measure shall be considered a package or packages.

    (Amended 1988 and 1991)

NOTE 1: When used in this regulation, the term “weight” means “mass.” (See paragraph I. in Section I.,

    Introduction, of NIST Handbook 130 for an explanation of these terms.)

2.2. Consumer Package of Consumer Commodity. A package that is customarily produced or distributed for

    sale through retail sales agencies or instrumentalities for consumption or use by individuals for the purposes of personal care or in the performance of services ordinarily rendered in or about the household or in connection with personal possessions.

    (Amended 1988 and 1991)

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Packaging and Labeling Regulation Handbook 130 2011

    2.3. Non-consumer Package: Package of Non-consumer Commodity. Any package other than a consumer

    package, and particularly a package intended solely for industrial or institutional use or for wholesale distribution. (Amended 1988 and 1991)

    2.4. Random Package. A package that is one of a lot, shipment, or delivery of packages of the same consumer commodity with no fixed pattern of net contents.

    (Amended 1988 and 1990)

    2.5. Label. Any written, printed, or graphic matter affixed to, applied to, attached to, blown into, formed, molded into, embossed on, or appearing upon or adjacent to a consumer commodity, or a package containing any consumer commodity, for purposes of branding, identifying, or giving any information with respect to the commodity or to the contents of the package, except that an inspector’s tag or other nonpromotional matter affixed to or appearing upon a consumer commodity shall not be considered a label requiring the repetition of label information required by this regulation.

    (Amended 1988)

    2.6. Person. The term “person” means either singular or plural and shall include any individual, partnership, company, corporation, association, or society.

    (Amended 1988)

    2.7. Principal Display Panel or Panels. That part, or those parts, of a label that is, or are, so designed as to most likely be displayed, presented, shown, or examined under normal and customary conditions of display and purchase. Wherever a principal display panel appears more than once on a package, all requirements pertaining to the “principal display panel” shall pertain to all such “principal display panels.”

    (Amended 1988)

    2.8. Multi-unit Package. A package containing two or more individual packages of the same commodity, in the same quantity, intended to be sold as a multi-unit package, but where the component packages are labeled individually in full compliance with all requirements of this regulation.

    (Amended 1988)

    2.9. Combination Package. A package intended for retail sale, containing two or more individual packages or units of dissimilar commodities.

    Examples:

    An antiquing or housecleaning kit;

    sponge and cleaner;

    lighter fluid and flints.

    (Added 1989)

    2.10. Variety Package. A package intended for retail sale, containing two or more individual packages or units of similar, but not identical, commodities. Commodities that are generically the same, but that differ in weight, measure, volume, appearance, or quality, are considered similar, but not identical.

    Examples:

    Two sponges of different sizes;

    plastic tableware, consisting of 4 spoons, 4 knives, and 4 forks.

    (Added 1989)

    2.11. Petroleum Products. Gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, or any product (whether or not such a product is actually derived from naturally occurring hydrocarbon mixtures known as “petroleum”) commonly used in powering,

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