FISHERIES AND HIV/AIDS IN AFRICA:
INVESTING IN SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS
A Regional Research for Development Program by the
WorldFish Center and the FAO
Report on Stakeholders Start-up Meeting Held at Kiyindi Landing Site thin Mukono District on 6 June 2008.
Under the “Fisheries and HIV/AIDS – Investing in Sustainable Solutions” project,
The Department of Fisheries Resources (DFR) will provide the institutional support
through organizing stakeholders meetings and three stakeholders meetings were agreed
upon in the protocols signed between DFR and project Management of WorldFish
Center- Lusaka office.
th June 2008 at The first stakeholder meeting – the start up meeting - was held on 6
Kiyindi landing site in Mukono district. Meeting Programme is attached as Annex 1
2. Objectives of the meeting
1) Ensure that relevant stakeholders at national, district and community level are
fully aware of the project objectives, activities and processes
2) Obtain relevant stakeholders comments/inputs on the research project activities
3) Understand the next steps of the project implementation
4) Launch/ kick start the research activities
3. Expected Outputs
? A shared understanding of programme objectives and processes by the
? Way forward on the next steps of project implementation
4. Meeting Participants
The meeting was attended by 56 participants from; Department of Fisheries Resources
(DFR), Department of Food Science and Technology of Makerere University, Uganda
AIDS Commission (UAC), Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO), Mukono Local
Government (technical and administrative officials) and fishers and fish traders from
Kiyindi, Kembo Kitamiro and Kirongo Beach Management Units (BMUs).
The attendance list is attached as Annex 2
5.0 Opening Session
5.1 Remarks from LVFO
Kirema Mukasa informed the meeting that LVFO was established to coordinate fisheries
activities among the East Africa Community (EAC) Partner States and has contributed
significantly in the formation of Beach Management Units (BMUs) on Lake Victoria.
She pointed out that during the bi-annual Lake Victoria lake wide tours by heads of
fisheries management and research institutions from Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania,
HIV/AIDS has been persistently reported by fishing communities as the key problem. In
response LVFO has attempted to link fishing communities of Lake Victoria to HIV/AIDS
service providers and donors. In 2006 LVFO organized a regional meeting in Mukono to
seek support from AMREF and SIDA. Also with EU support through Integrated of
Fisheries Management Plan (IFMP), LVFO has provided health centre micro projects in
Kenya and Tanzania. She concluded by saying that despite all these efforts health services among fishing communities are still low and therefore WorldFish Center support is timely and welcome.
5.2 Remarks from UAC
Nkolo Charles the coordinator of Monitoring and Evaluation from UAC informed the meeting that Government of Uganda first tried to control HIV/AIDS single handedly through the Ministry of Health under AIDS Control Programme but later realized that this was not sustainable and registered little success because of continued increase in spread of HIV/AIDS. He said that UAC was established by the Uganda Government to coordinate and encouraged other government and Non government institutions to participate in the fight against HIV/AIDS. He was glad to note that DFR is coming on board the fight against HIV/AIDS. He urged the fishing community and local leaders to cooperate and help the researchers to come up with reliable information about HIV/AIDS among fishing communities for more appropriate interventions.
5.3 Remarks from DFR
Dr. Rhoda Tumwebaze welcomed and thanked the members for turning up for the meeting which was organized and coordinated by DFR. She informed the meeting that DFR is principally mandated with fisheries management and development but is increasingly getting concerned about the high HIV/AIDS prevalence rates among fishing communities. HIV/AIDS is a big threat to the industry because it affects the livelihood of the fishing communities, the sustainability of fisheries resources and economy of the country at large. She said that DFR developed a strategy for controlling HIV/AIDS in 2005 but has not been implemented because of lack of funds. She pointed out that donors always ask for current information about HIV/AIDS before they support an intervention therefore this research project will provide the necessary information for intervention. She urged researchers to package research findings in a simple and easy to understand format by all stakeholders and requested the communities to be cooperative and give information needed by researchers.
5.4 Official Opening
Lubega Masengere the Najja Sub-county L.C.III Chairman officially opened the meeting. He pointed out that a number of researches have been previously conducted among fishing communities but feed back has been never given to the beneficiaries nor has action ever been taken on the findings. He was optimistic that this research will come up with information for practical solutions for HIV/AIDS related problems among fishing communities on Lake Victoria.
6.1 Information about the project
Aventino Bakunda informed participants about the objectives of the project, operational area, implementation of the project, funding of the project, what has been done so far, stakeholders involved in the project and also highlighted on what is going to be done. The detailed presentation is attached as Annex III.
6.2 Research activities by Makerere University
Dr. Margaret Kabahenda one of the researchers from Makerere University introduced Dr Byaruhanga and Mr Sam Akankiza from Makerere University and highlighted their roles on the project. She said their focus will be on improving the nutritional and economic value of low value fish products. This will involve looking at who is consuming the different types of low-value fish products, who is processing them and how; and possibly who is consuming these products. They will also look at challenges in maintaining the quality of fish products along the value chain and how to improve on the processing of low-value fish products to improve nutritional quality and in the process help those involved in harvesting and processing these products to get more money for their catch. She indicated that her team will be working with fishermen on the landing site and the islands next to Kiyindi, traders, and consumers. Another researcher from Makerere University (Nite Tanzarn) will looking at migrations and also assess the value chain more thoroughly. She will focus on economic aspect of things.
She informed participants that currently, they are reviewing literature to understand what is being done in Uganda and other countries. She thanked LVFO, DFR, National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI) for assisting them in their work. She further said during June/July 2008; they will start their field work and called upon meeting attendants to assist them when they come in their communities. In
September/October, they will start collection of fish samples and in January 2009, they will present their initial results (at Kiyindi) and get comments from stakeholders.
6.3 Uganda AIDS Commission (UAC)
UAC will provide policy and institutional guidance to other stakeholders more specifically to Makerere University research team. UAC was still working out detailed implementation program as was agreed upon in the protocol signed with the project Management of WorlFish Centre- Lusaka.
The technical presentation generated a lot of interest about the project. The following points were raised for consideration during the project:
a) Experience shows that men fishers stay on islands and don’t move a lot. Women who come from
mainland after the death of their husbands from AIDS and go to the islands are the problem.
Researchers should go to islands where most of the problems are experienced and not on the
mainland where most men have families.
b) Men have a belief that older women are already sick of AIDS and they are now looking for
c) Research should be conducted along with sensitization about HIV/AIDS. Sensitization should be
combined with provision of condoms, testing and provision of drugs.
d) Sick people are skeptical about testing. There is need for counseling.
e) Keeping money at home is a problem. Young people are making money but are not saving.
Fishers don’t have reliable saving institutions. Therefore, they keep their money at home and is
available any time for booze and women. There is need to provide saving and credit facilities to
f) Many children in fishing communities are not going to school. There is need to target fishing
communities and sensitize people in the islands to take children to school.
g) Research should look at how to improve behavior of the people. Young boys are marrying older
women and older men marrying very young girls. This increases infections. Women look after
themselves very well. Old women have money and look after young men. For young girls, they go
for old men because they have money and can afford their needs.
h) In islands, there are bars, disco halls but there is no sensitization on preventive measures, testing
facilities or use of condoms. Men use the physical appearance of women to judge whether they
free from HIV/AIDS.
i) In Dolwe, fishers don’t have condoms. A packet is about 2,000.This becomes expensive because
they also have to pay for sex. The percentage of those with AIDS could be 90%.
j) In Mukono district, there are free condoms. BMUs should link up with healthy centers and get
condoms. At sub-counties, there are testing services and fishers should go there. There is also
ARVs. (Response by a medical worker from District Directorate of Health Services – Mukono
k) Use of Condoms as a preventive measure against HIV infection is not reliable. Unmarried
partners can use them once or twice during causal sex encounters but not many times with the
same woman. They can be effective if both are interested.
l) Women tend to flock to landing sites when fish catches are high and are often heard asking
whether there are good catches.
m) People have a belief that joining TASO you die quickly.
n) Drugs in islands are very expensive. For example a tablet of Panadol is about 200/=
o) People suffering from AIDS used to be small but now they are fat. It is difficult to tell who is sick
and who is not.
p) In islands women are few. There are 8 men to one woman. Men rush for a new comer even when
they know that she has AIDS.
q) We should not blame children for getting spoilt at a young age. Houses are small. Men and
women have sex when children are listening.
r) In islands, there is money. What fishers need is only energy to make money. There are limited
things to spend their money on. They feel satisfied to spend their money on sex.
s) In islands, there are responsible institutions (Police, government officials) but there is corruption.
They don’t arrest sex workers and don’t find out why they go islands.
t) BMUs should develop by-laws on how to solve the problem of cross-generation sex, women who
go to islands should declare where they are coming from and their status.
u) How best can fishers be sensitized on HIV/AIDS? Sensitization alone is not enough. There should be a combination of methods. A combination of Video shows, drama, distribution of condoms and treatment.
v) Researchers should target both islands and mainland and should also assess the problem of TB
which is associated with AIDS. People are suffering and yet there are drugs.
w) Born again pastors and traditional healers claim that they cure AIDS and government is doing
nothing about it.
x) BMU and LCI leaders should work together and come up with a strategy to solve the problem of
spreading AIDS. E.g make bye-laws on scrutinizing new comers.
y) HIV/AIDS is a very big problem but government is not doing enough. Funds for AIDS are being
mismanaged. There is need for strict laws. On islands, there are few women who are sick and
moving from one island to another yet there are no regulations to establish their status.
z) The project is going to get information on migration but results from research won’t recommend
stopping people from moving from one place to another. The workable solution is to improve
incomes of women to stop sex for money.
8.0 Way Forward
8.1 Project Specific
a) Comments made by participants to be considered during project implementation.
b) In June/July 2008, researchers will start interviews with key informants.
c) In September 2008, there will be collection of Mukene fish samples.
d) In January 2009, researchers will represent initial results to receive comments
? Sensitization on HIV/AIDS should be the responsibility of everybody and not only
politicians and medical people. Both men and women should take responsibility of
? Sensitization should be combined with provision of condoms, testing and provision
Zziwa Livingstone Mukono L.C.V Vice Chairperson closed the meeting. In his remarks
he thanked the project for first consulting the people before conducting research and
? The district needs a clear linkage with BMUs on the requirements of condoms.
The district has condoms and those who need them will get them. The district also
has ARVs in Kawolo hospital. Any body can get tested and be given ARVs when
? The district has a programme to establish community radios to improve
communication in islands but they require funding. He requested for assistance
from the project to fund this district initiative.
? The district will also sensitize fishing communities on behavioral change. There is
hope that if BMUs and Local Councils work together, they will help in fighting
the AIDS problem.
ANNEX 1: Programme for Stakeholders Start up Meeting at Kiyindi Landing Site Friday th6 June 2008,
Time Activity Responsible person 8.00 – 8.30 Participants from Entebbe, Kampala DFR Collaborator
and Mukono assemble at Mukono
8.30 – 9.30 Participants travel to Kiyindi DFR Collaborator
9.30 – 10. 00 Registration of participants DFR Secretary
10.00 – 10.10 Welcome Remarks and Meeting DFR Collaborator
10.10 - 11.10 Opening Session
6 Remarks by LVFO
7 Remarks by UAC
8 Remarks by DFR
9 Opening by L.C.V Chairman
11.10 – 11.30 Background information on the DFR Collaborator
11.30 –11.45 Tea Break Service Provider 11.45 – 12.45 Project Implementation
12.45 – 1.00 Discussion All 1. 00 – 2.00 Lunch Break Service Provider 2.00 – 3.00 Way forward All 3.00 - 3.00 Closing CAO
ANNEX 2: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
S/N NAME POSITION ORGANISATION CONTACT 1 Rhoda Tumwebaze Ag. Asst. Comm. Fisheries DFR 0772 927889 2 Byaruhanga Y.B Lecturer Makerere Univ. 3 Akankiza Samson Researcher Makerere Univ. 0772692200 4 C.T Kirema-Mukasa Senior Economist LVFO 0752 615262 5 Njuki Susan for:Comm. Devt. Officer Mukono District 0772 829477 6 Nsubuga Harriet for: DDDH Mukono District 0772 475198 7 Kiyimba Simon ACAO 0754 624065 8 Nkolo Charles Coordinator M&E UAC 0782 472489 9 Kabahenda Margaret Researcher/Lecturer Makerere Univ. 0773 009747 10 Mukasa William BMU Secretary Kiyindi BMU 0782 787107 11 Kaggwa Rock BMU Chairperson Kitamiro BMU 0752303472 12 Abbo Justine BMU Treasurer Kitamiro BMU 0712 321807 13 Odoi Charles Publicity Secretary Kitamiro BMU 0752321807 14 Ebwok E.Ben BMU Secretary Kitamiro BMU 0754 696624 15 Afisa Ajiko Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 0772 899656 16 Adinan Fadimuwa Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 0772880042 17 Nusura Muhamad Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 18 Musisi Richard Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 19 Akena Abubaker BMU Chairperson Kiyindi BMU 0775477963 20 Muwonge Yasin Fisheries Officer Busamuzi Sub-0702 658340
county - Mukono 21 Salama Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 0773122383 22 Rehema Nalongo Fish trader Kiyindi BMU 23 Bmulakyalo Ben Fisheries Officer Najja Sub-county - 0752 657553
24 Baligeya K. Patrick Fisheries Officer Najja Sub-county - 0772 683266
25 Babala Nusura BMU member Kiyindi 0775 190888 26 Nakanabi Gorreti Fish trader Kembo BMU 0775 898020 27 Alima K. Fish trader Kembo BMU 0774 105890 28 Leda Titii Fish trader Kiyindi 29 Olupot Stephen Fisheries Officer Mukono 0752 771566 30 Luyombya Siraji Fisheries Officer Mukono 0752 711121 31 Ssebowa Christopher BMU Treasurer Kirongo BMU 0774 659589 32 Ssekatawa J.M Secretary L.C.1 Kiyindi 33 Mutumba Deo District Fisheries Officer Mukono 0772 875581 34 Rutangwa Edward Chairman Mubale Mukono 0782 999 464 35 Juma Muzamiru BMU Chairperson Kembo BMU 0773 349599 36 Batte K. Francis Publicity Sec. Kiyindi BMU 0773 394002 37 Lubega Masengere L C III Chairperson Najja Sub-county 0712/0755:
807162 38 Nabachwa Mastula Fish trader Kirongo BMU 39 Mugeere Moses BMU Sec. Kirongo 0774 393150 40 Dika BMU Chairman Kasinyere BMU 0772 333790 41 Sire Muhamad Chairman 0782 370287 42 Wasswa Emm Secretary 0774 743120
43 Sam Ongabo Treasurer 44 Zziwa Livingstone L C 5 Vice Chairperson 0774 430155 45 Misanya A. Wanyama Councilor Mukono district 0752 546207 46 Sawula Sophon Councilor Mukono district 0782 926098 47 Musisi Cyprian Chairman Fish traders Ssenyi BMU 0392 965 623 48 Ngabo Sam BMU Treasurer Kembo BMU 0774 170333 49 Christi Dawa BMU Member Kiyindi 0782 411776 50 Odipo Alex Sec. for Production Busagazi - Mukono 0772998714 51 Ssali Peter Patron for Child NGO Kiyindi 0774 824704 52 Kizza Gloria Member for Child NGO Kiyindi 0752 931203 53 Bakunda Aventino Sen. Fisheries Officer DFR 0772 592547 54 Kassim Mugerwa Fish trader Kirongo 55 Ikwaput Joyce Nyeko Sen. Fisheries Officer DFR 0772 482599 56 Birungi Rosette Secretary DFR 0782 105372
Annex 3: Background Information about the Project.
Fisheries and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Investing in Sustainable Solutions - Lake Victoria
a. Is a three year collaborative regional research project managed by the WorldFish Center
and the FAO.
b. The project is being implemented in six economic zones where there is significant
migration of fishers and fish traders namely;
i. Lake Victoria corridor: linking Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda
ii. Nacara corridor: linking Northern Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia
iii. North - South corridor: linking Zambia and DRC
iv. Abidjan – Lagos corridor: linking Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria v. Cameroon‟s Marine fisheries: with migrant fishers and traders from West and Central
vi. Lake Chad basin: linking Niger, Chad, and Cameroon with migrant fishers from
West and Central Africa.
c. The WorldFish Center is the responsible agency for East and Southern Africa and will
implement the planned activities through national and sub-regional partners.
d. The Project is financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
(SIDA) and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs through their joint Regional
Programme on HIV/AIDS in Africa for the period to March 2010.
e. The Objective of the project is;
? To Strengthen the capacity of the people and agencies in the region to develop practical,
coordinated and sustainable solutions to enhance the contributions of fish and fisheries to
economic and human development.
? Specifically, the project will build strategic responses to HIV/AIDS in the
fisheries sector that generate benefits for vulnerable groups in wider society.
2. Project Inception Meeting
a. WorldFish Centre held a two day meeting for the implementing partner states and ththagencies from 24 to 25 September 2007 in Lusaka, Zambia.
b. The objectives of the meeting were;
i. Create shared understanding of the project objectives and processes
ii. Develop understanding of research priorities and potential impact pathways
iii. Agree on common communication and dissemination frame work
iv. Develop clear understanding of next implementation steps