Yang Ci Lake "Wu meaning of" moral self-cultivation on the
〔Papers Words Yang Ci Wu Italian Italian morality Lake
〔Abstract〕 Yangci Lake against the outside of the subjective search for root causes of moral evil, that "people are now being played and then lost consciousness for Italy," morality is the fundamental way by the "Wu Italian" and kicked off the "Wu Bi", "Wu-solid", "Wu I," he advocated the
recognition of Confucian moral cultivation of the process that is under
the premise of the theory of adult sanctification proposed a unique realm of ethics, said that "is intended not to consider, Cheng Ran virtual-ming
"The" forever "in the territory of all moral Jianlv Naishi the highest possible state. Yang Ci Wu Lu Wang ethical thinking in ethical thought in the history of science occupies a unique position.
Yang Ci Lake (1141 a 1226), were simple, word-Jing Chung, the Bank
said that Mr. Tzuhu, is Lu Xiangshan's Leg. Yangci Lake in the intellectual history of Chinese traditional ethics, in particular the history of ethical thought in mind the status of science, is inspired by deepening Wang and Lu Xue embodied. Its to "Wu meaning" as the core of morality theory, an embodiment of that feature.
1, "people are now being played and then lost consciousness for meaning" - the need for morality
Ancient Chinese self-cultivation theory is based on the established theory of human nature, the only reasonable answer to the question of good and evil of human nature, moral self-cultivation is the possibility and
necessity of the proper meaning of title. Because of this, since the pre-
Qin since the beginning of Mencius's theory of human nature is good, Xunzi's evil nature of humans, Han Yu, Song and Ming Neo-Confucian
temperament Mishina said their fate through the distinction between the nature of temperament in the nature of the explanations made by all from answered the perspective of good and evil and why morality may be, in reality, why there is evil, why should the issue of moral self-
cultivation. However, Yang Ci lake view, these theories are "split of the" rather than "a's", are more or less the necessity of containing human evil. He pointed out that if the evil nature Xunzi, Han Yu, beneath contempt temperament, Zhu Xi has the temperament of the authentic nature of the case, not only "Everybody can be Yao and Shun" has become an empty phrase, but also some real evil immorality of poor found a priori excuse. Therefore, Yang Ci lake on the one hand believe that "people self-evident,
that people from his wife, Jie You to Ling Ling ... to Ming Sheng Zhi in the nature of the broad masses, not in demand, not help things too, since the root of this, since God is self-evident." He said: "This Heart of God
nothing unreasonable, nothing in this heart-ming, not photographs, Zhao
Ming, such as Kam, not in the police caused the United States and evil is self-evident, Hung-fiber self-identified. this world was never given the
United States and evil nor have I ever non-US evil, and was never given
the flood-fiber and nor have I ever non-flood-fiber; my heart was never
given the non-interest nor have I ever non-interest-free. "That is to say,
this is the virtual heart of no body, there is no absolute good and evil between the opposition to speak of. On the other hand, Yang Ci Wu proposed the "heart" consistent "meaning" to explain the production of evil, he said: the people speak for themselves, people from the spirit, since I intended to-lap, closed solid obstruct Cyprus before his funeral tomorrow,
before his funeral Ling. Void might come ... ... if not clear and bright, there are clouds Yan, so phrases like. Go to the clouds, then the Qingming carry on. Fu Qing-ming of the gas, by their own person and do not seek and were not taking derived from, so "mean" Day: "Honesty, self-Masaya, and
Tao, also from the Road." "Mencius" Day: "compassion heart is in everyone's shame evil heart is in everyone's, respectful heart is in everyone's right and wrong, the heart, in everyone. Renyilizhi non-Shuo
from the outside, I also inherent. "
The people are now being played for the Italian and then the faint, can not afford to not faint. Yangci Lake inherent in the people's inherited heart and mind, likened such as "Void," "Mirror" as clear and
bright that for this clear and bright in the nature of any increase or decrease, gains and losses, which is "intended." "Meaning" like "clouds", shelter of "Void", makes the loss of nature, and thus the moral of the "evil." He describes the "meaning" in:
What is Italy? Slightly from Yan are all that meaning, micro-ended
Yan, all that was intended. And meaning as the shape, can not win the poor, enabling harmful, there is a non-the disadvantages, there is empty
there is real, how there is scarcity, there are scattered there together,
there is according to a up to there before later, there is Next, there is body of useful and there is at the end of this, there is such a Peter, there is movement there is static, there is today with the ancient, if
this and the like, although the power of the poor on the poor years of power, vertical, said Wang said, Kwong said that prepare said Ke Deer do not. For Jakunen not move the "heart" is concerned, all "move", "date" are completely pure and of such a "heart" of the deviation, it is "intended."
In this way, "meaning" is not only refer to desires, that is, from an individual's "Little Me" starting ideas, but also includes all non-
instinctive sense of ethical status of activities or intentions. Its form can not be summed up in words, and those who have the image of all, there are differences, there are non-specific knowledge, all with the person's
feelings, thinking, activities related to the concept, all kinds of owners, passengers were understanding of the content are "intended to
"will obstruct, block of the kind-hearted people ontological intuition.
Therefore, Yang Ci Lake words identified, said that the cumbersome, but also "meaning": "Heart do not have words, not to speak of, last resort, while a statement made by Confucius did not mind, but never intended to scholars, while still on: 'I want to speechless' , then the Chikanobu also onset, the words are spur of the moment, Gu Yue Wu Italy. Yuyan not saints, fear has no intention of meaning scholars also was underway.
Although intended to seek heart, peace is not intended to off. ... ... becomes much clearer support, the more that more to leave, do not say still leave, conditions in the fee speech. "clarity pure and the" hearts and opening up, "there is no need to use words to express, nor can use
words to describe, hypocritical rhetoric will only cover one's true that people do not yet Shide, words and deeds.
As for the "Heart" and "meaning" relationship, Yang Ci Lake claim is "yes the two might come vary, shield persons from different. 1, compared with hearts, two, compared with Italy; straight compared with hearts, branches, compared with Italy; General for the heart, resistance was intended. "Therefore," competent "and" meaning "might come different, non-
divided into two sections," heart "is not" intended ", the" demand from the Italian heart, peace is not de-meaning "," heart "and "meaning" is the
one and two, two and a relationship. "Meaning" is "heart" of the "meaning", "meaning" in the "heart", such as football in the water,
"heart" of the action shall be "meaning", "meaning" can not afford to that is the "heart", do not see this emphasis on a "meaning" is with the heart as the two teams instead of straight, rather than pass blocking.
Yang Ci Lake objection from the "meaning" evil beyond the search for faint heart health reasons, he said: "" Music "is not aware of those who make their reads 'people's movement, and materials to make it natural.' This phrase of course, those who do not know Yong Chung its non-, but know
that those who refuses to be. cover letter to the people to know the daily Stora Since I do not know, the people who daily use is simply wonderful, but do not know who, so dizzy also. Guyue 'things to make it contingent' is full I think that the non-cleft object, dynamic and static analysis,
damage trail carry on. "Thus, he ruled out the subjective and beyond the moral evil roots. For this view of the proposed Yangci lake quite proud of, he said: "The human nature of Yang are convinced that good may apply
to that Yao and Shun, special peace movement is intended to evil. Daily heart nothing more than ordinary Sanenao Avenue, this solid book is not Ke Deer .
2, it goes without meaning, it goes without will and let us not solid, it goes without me - the fundamental way of moral self-cultivation
Since the production of evil is that spur of the moment, then through "Wu meaning" method of cultivation can be to maintain the good hearts and opening up so that the "heart" back to Jakunen not move dust of this good
state of Paradise. "Wu Italy", which was first seen in "The Analects of
Confucius Zi Han" ?, Zhu Xi in the "Four Books," Lane said: "absolutely, no person shall do. Wu," Historical Records "for nothing, is also." Yangci Lake inherited and played these ideas, "Mencius Ming heart, Confucius Wu Italy, Italian Wu Xin-ming, this carry on!" and that Confucius said, "the Wu" is prohibited, meaning "away" Naizhi never intended: "Wu persons, only never words.
How can they "do not purport to" mean? Yangci Lake think we should "learn bandit bandit Faso, bandit bandit rough spirit" and "not fake To
Review", so pure and the "heart" not to be incoherent, without blocking. This process does not involve any psychological changes and the accumulation of knowledge; because he argued that the cumbersome language is Italian, so this process is not using any class of intermediaries, such as verbal objects, between the two there is no artificial ingredients . As long as people follow the inherent moral instinct, "not Mian while, do not think derived," "Heart", "meaning" natural fit. As long as the pure and
the, ', since the "natural quiet will be compatible, or harm to the" meaning "that can not afford. In this way, ontology and methods have been unified in this, the heart to learn, including on the ontology and cultivation to be a logical way to accomplish this.
Yang Ci Lake "Wu meaning" means to oppose any activity? Definitely not. Although he thought that the people and solve things, decisions outside the object, it will because things moving, "Heart" Health "meaning" from "meaning" and violation of ethics, but that does not mean isolation and outer objects, while the be determined based on the natural quiet "mind" standard of everything that is material and not stagnate in the matter. This is his "Kam in the elephant" of the so-called metaphor: