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CHINA/GEF PROJECT

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CHINA/GEF PROJECT

    E2713 V1 rev

    China/GEF Project

    Project No.: P110661

    China: Sustainable Management and Biodiversity

    Conservation in the Lake Aibi Basin

    Environmental Impact Assessment Report

    China?Xinjiang

    Bortala Lake Aibi Basin Sustainable Management and Biodiversity Conservation

    PMO

    Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    February, 2011

    1

    Contents

    1 Introduction ........................................................................................ 1 1.1 BACKGROUND.......................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REPORT PREPARATION......................................................... 10 1.3 ASSESSMENT APPROACH ...................................................................................................... 14 1.4 ASSESSMENT SCOPE, TIME AND CONSERVATION OBJECTIVES ................................................ 15 1.5 ENVIRONMENTAL SCOPING AND SCREENING .......................................................................... 20 2. Policies Regulations and Administrative Management

    Framework........................................................................................... 27 2.1 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES AND REGULATIONS DOCUMENT ................................................... 27 2.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION AND RESPONSIBILITIES ............................... 47 3. Project Description ........................................................................ 53 3.1 NAME AND COMPOSITION OF THE PROJECT ............................................................................ 53 3.2 SUBPROJECT OWNERS ........................................................................................................... 55 3.3 PROJECT DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................... 55 3.4 PROJECT LAND OCCUPATION AND COUNTERMEASURES .......................................................... 76 3.5 LAYOUT OF EACH SUBPROJECT CONSTRUCTION ROAD............................................................ 77 3.6 LAYOUT OF DUMPING AREAS AND QUARRIES FOR EACH SUBPROJECT ................................... 77 3.7 CONSTRUCTION METHODS ..................................................................................................... 78 3.8 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE AND INVESTMENT ..................................................... 80 4. Project Area Environmental Conditions ..................................... 82 4.1 BORTALA MONGOLIAN AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE ENVIRONMENTAL OVERVIEW ................ 82 4.2 REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ................................................................................. 98 4.3 ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................... 102 5. Alternatives Analysis .................................................................. 108 5.1 WITHOUT PROJECT SCENARIO............................................................................................. 108 5.2 WATER SAVING IRRIGATION ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS ........................................................ 110 5.3 BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION PROJECT ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS ...................................... 115 5.5 COMPLIANCE ANALYSIS WITH THE RELEVANT PLANNING .................................................... 119 6 Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Measures

    ............................................................................................................ 122

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    6.1 OVERVIEW OF PREDICTED IMPACTS AND BENEFITS............................................................... 122 6.2 ASSESSMENT ON WATER RESOURCE ALLOCATION OPTIMIZATION ....................................... 122 6.3 ASSESSMENT ON SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ........................................ 124 6.4 IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AT NATURE RESERVES .................. 125 6.5 ASSESSMENT ON CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES ...................................................................... 127 6.6 ASSESSMENT ON ETHNIC MINORITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL ASPECTS ......................... 135 6.7 SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................ 137 7 Public Participation and Information Disclosure ..................... 145 7.1 THE RELATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND LEGAL BASIS ....................................................... 145 7.2 PROCEDURE OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION................................................................................ 145 7.3 SURVEY RESULT ANALYSIS ................................................................................................... 161 8. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) ................................. 163 8.1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 163 8.2 ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN ........................................................................................... 164 8.3 INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING ...................................................................................... 166 8.4 ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING .................................................................................................. 167 8.5 ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PLAN ........................................................................................ 168 9. Summary and Conclusion ......................................................... 170 9.1 CONCLUSION ....................................................................................................................... 170 9.2 SUGGESTIONS ...................................................................................................................... 170

    ANNEX INVENTORY OF FLORA AND FUNA IN LAKE AIBI RESERVE .................................................. 179 A. INVENTORY OF FLORA IN LAKE AIBI