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Book2L03_More Crime and Less Punishment

By Matthew Flores,2014-12-24 13:09
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Book2L03_More Crime and Less Punishment

     3 周!第 1 次课 授课时间 2010 3

    授课章节 Lesson Three: More Crime and Less Punishment

    本?章,节 课堂讲授?? 实践课? 教学时数 2课时 授课方式

    

    

    

    ~ 1. Introduce background information to students: author, cultural

    information, etc.

     2. Word formation.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

     1. Let students learn some common knowledge of the English culture.

    

    2. Usage of word formation, to enrich their vocabulary.

    

    

    思考题

     Exercise 1 of more work on the text---vocabulary

    

    教学内容与组织安排

    I. Warming-up Questions

     Do you think that punishment can deter crimes? Read the whole text and sum up the author’s

    conclusion.

     What are the things like in China? Do you think that the writer’s conclusion also applies here?

     Do you think capital punishment should be abolished or not?

    Warm-up

    1. What do you now about jury system in America?

    2. What is the guiding principle in criminal court in America?

    3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the principle?

    4. What expressions do you know about crime, law and court?

    Jury system

    The Jury trial is an important component in the judicial system. The jury consists of

    12 jurors, selected at random, which will, after hearing all the evidence and

    cross-examination, give a verdict of guilty or innocent. Then, the judge will pass

    sentence.

     In many jurisdictions, the majority of a jury is not sufficient to find a defendant guilty, all 12 members must agree to the person’s guilt.

    Guiding principle

     The court must prove the accused person’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. In other words, the accused is held innocent until proved guilty.

     In theory, the concept makes sure that a case is not misjudged and that an innocent person is not unjustly treated.

     However, in other cases, this may help criminals to escape punishment for his lawyer

    can always raise a reasonable doubt concerning the evidence or the trustworthiness of the witnesses. Also, collecting evidence and having a trial or even summon a jury cost a lot of money.

    II. Expressions Related to Crime, Law and Court

     parole to imprison/jail sb.

     crime rate to execute a murderer

     arrest record to supervise a criminal

     property crime to prosecute sb.

     criminal

    死刑 [sǐ xíng] {} death penalty(death sentence(capital punishment(nameless death

    死刑缓期执行death sentence with a stay of execution

    无期徒刑life imprisonment

    有期徒刑set term of imprisonment例句: be sentenced to three year's imprisonment判有期徒刑3

draft 法案,草案

    Government bill 政府议案

    to pass a bill, to carry a bill 通过议案 to enact a law, to promulgate a law 颁布法律 ratification, confirmation 批准 law enforcement 法律的实施

    to come into force 生效

    decree 法令

    clause 条款

    minutes 备忘录

    report 判例汇编

    codification 法律汇编

    legislation 立法

    legislator 立法者

    jurist 法学家

    jurisprudence 法学

    legitimation 合法化

    legality, lawfulness 法制,合法

    legal, lawful 合法的,依法的

    to contravene a law, to infringe a law, to break a law 违法

    outlaw, outside the law 超出法律范围的 offender 罪犯

    to abolish 废止,取消

    rescission, annulment 废除,取消 repeal, revocation, annulment 废除(法律) cancellation, annulment, invalidation 废除(合同)

    cancellation (支票)作废

    annulment 撤消(遗嘱)

    repeal rescission 撤消(判决)

    revocation 撤消

    immunity 豁免,豁免权

    disability, legal incapacity 无资格 nonretroactive character 不溯既往性 prescription 剥夺公权

    attainder 公民权利的剥夺和财产的没收 constitutional law 宪法

    canon law 教会法规

common law 习惯法

    criminal law 刑法

    administrative law 行政法

    civil law 民法

    commercial law, mercantile law 商法

    law of nations 万国公法,国际法

    international law 国际法

    natural law 自然法

    labour laws 劳工法

    fiscal law 财政法

    Civil Suit Law, Code of civil law 民事诉讼法

    Criminal Law 刑事诉讼法

    Military Law 军法

    Conscript Law 兵役法

    Copyright Law 著作权法