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Book2L01_Another School Year-What For

By Matthew King,2014-12-24 13:06
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Book2L01_Another School Year-What For

    

     1 周;第 1 次课 授课时间 2010 3

    授课章节 Lesson One: Another School Year-What For 本,章:节 课堂讲授,? 实践课, 教学时数 2课时 授课方式

    

    

    

    ~1. Introduce background information to students: author, cultural

    information, etc.

     2. Word formation.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

     1. Let students learn some common knowledge of the English culture.

    

    2. Usage of word formation, to enrich their vocabulary.

    

    

    思考题

     Exercise 1 of more work on the text---vocabulary

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    教学内容与组织安排

    Warming-up: Discussion

    Divide the class into several groups and make them have a discussion about the advantages

    and disadvantages of formal education at school.

    Suggested Answers:

    Advantages:

    1. a systematic mastery of the knowledge required by the public education.

     2 .an access to an atmosphere which is full of competition

    3. opportunities of being together with those with whom you share the similar experience

    4. teachers are professionals in the field of education and can provide with what we expect from

    them;

    Disadvantages:

    1. formal education pays much attention to similarity rather than individuality;

    2. those with special talents cannot exert their potentiality at a formal school;

1. What can college do for me?

    Studies indicate that college graduates enjoy significantly higher earnings over their lifetimes than do

    non-graduates.

     An associate degree can mean 35 percent more income than just a high school diploma.

     A bachelor's degree can mean 74 percent more income than just a high school diploma.

     A master's degree can mean 115 percent more income than just a high school diploma.

    2. What if I am not sure I can afford it?

    College is an investment in your future. True, the up-front costs are considerable, and in most cases, it is difficult for a family to pay the entire cost of college. That is why there are many different options

    for financing your education, such as scholarships, grants, and loans.

    3. What can I expect of a college?

    Attending university or college lets you experience a rich cultural and social scene and meet a variety of people, while studying something you love.

    4. What does a college or university mean to me?

     a better paid job

     a greater choice of job

     higher future earning

    5. What can I study there?

     Higher education courses range from familiar academic subjects such as English or History, to

    less familiar ones such as Philosophy, and a host of work-related (vocational) courses such as accountancy.

Background Information(45mins)

    (Teaching methods: ask the students to refer to the Internet about the famous persons mentioned

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    in this text, and one spokesperson should be selected from each group and present what they have got

    for the whole class.)

    I. Author

    John Ciardi

    American poet, editor, critic, author of books for children, nonfiction writer, and translator (of Dante’s

    The Divine Comedy: “The Inferno”, “The Purgatorio”, and “The Paradiso”).

    Author ’s quotes

     “The day will happen whether or not you get up.”

     “You do not have to suffer to be a poet. Adolescence is enough suffering for anyone.”

     “A university is what a college becomes when the faculty loses interest in students.”

    II. Aristotle, Chaucer, Bach

    Aristotle(384-322 BC).~Aristotle was born in 384 BC in Stagira, on the northwest coast of the

    Aegean Sea. His father was a friend and the physician of the king of Macedonia, and the lad spent

    most of his boyhood at the court. At 17, he went to Athens to study. He enrolled at the famous

    Academy directed by the philosopher Plato.

    One of the greatest thinkers of all time, an ancient Greek philosopher. His work in the natural and

    social sciences greatly influenced virtually every area of modern thinking.

    Aristotle threw himself wholeheartedly into Plato’s pursuit of truth and goodness. Plato was soon

    calling him the “mind of the school”. In later years he renounced some of Plato’s theories and went far

    beyond him in breadth of knowledge.

    In the early Middle Ages the only works of his known in Western Europe were parts of his writings on

    logic. They became the basis of one of the three subjects of the medieval trivium (三学科)logic,

    grammar, and rhetoric. Early in the 13th century other books reached the West. Some came from

    Constantinople; others were brought by the Arabs to Spain. Medieval scholars translated them into

    Latin.

    The best known of Aristotle’s writings that have been preserved are Organon (工具论) (treatises on

    logic), Rhetoric, Poetics, History of Animals, Metaphysics (玄学), De Anima (on psychology),

    Nicomachean Ethics, Politics and Constitution of Athens.

    Geoffrey Chaucer~The Father of the English Language as well as the Morning Star of Song, one

    of the three or four greatest English poets.

     Playfulness of mood and simplicity of expression.

     Most famous work was the Canterbury Tales.

     Geoffrey Chaucer, after six centuries, has retained his status as one of the three or four greatest

    English poets.

     He was the first to commit to lines of universal and enduring appeal a vivid interest in nature, books, and people. As many-sided as Shakespeare, he did for English narrative what Shakespeare did for drama. If he lacks the profundity of Shakespeare, he excels in playfulness of mood and simplicity of expression.

     Though his language often seems quaint, he was essentially modern. Familiarity with the language and with the literature of his contemporaries persuades the most skeptical that he is nearer to the present

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than many writers born long after he died.

    The Canterbury Tales

    The Tales is a collection of stories set within a framing story of a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral, the shrine of Saint Thomas à Becket. The poet joins a band of pilgrims, vividly described in the General Prologue, who assemble at the Tabard Inn outside London for the journey to Canterbury. Ranging in status from a Knight to a humble Plowman, they are a microcosm of 14th-century English society.