教 案 周 次 第 2 周，第 2 次课 授课时间 2010年 月 日
授课章节 Lesson two: Maheegun my brother 本？章？节 课堂讲授？? ？ 实践课？ ？ 教学时数 2课时 授课方式
~1. Introduce background information to students: author, cultural
information, etc. 节
2. Word formation. 学
重 1. Let students learn some common knowledge of the English culture.
2. Usage of word formation, to enrich their vocabulary. 和
或 Exercise 1 of “more work on the text---vocabulary”
I. Easter Day
1. Origin of Easter Day
Easter is a religious festival celebrating the resurrection (复活) of Christ observed on the first
Sunday after the Spring Equinox (春分).
2. Some Symbols of Easter Day
1) Easter Bunny
• The Easter bunnies have become the most favorite Easter symbol. It's universal in its
appeal. And, most important of all, it relates to Easter historically.
• Also the hare and eggs have something to do with the Anglo-Saxon spring goddess Eostre.
Possibly, this is because both of them were regarded to be emblems of fertility.
2) Easter Egg
• As with the Easter bunny and the holiday itself, the Easter egg predates (先于) the Christian
holiday of Easter. The exchange of eggs in the springtime is a custom that was centuries old
when Easter was first celebrated by Christians.
• From the earliest times, the egg was a symbol of rebirth in most cultures. Eggs were often
wrapped in gold leaf or, if you were a peasant, colored brightly by boiling them with the
leaves or petals of certain flowers.
• As with today, children hunt colored eggs and place them in Easter baskets along with the
modern version of real Easter eggs—those made of plastic or chocolate candy.
• The Armenians would decorate hollow eggs with pictures of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and
other religious designs.
3) Easter Egg Games
On Easter morning the children of the house join in a search to locate the eggs that the Easter
bunny has hidden while they were asleep. The searching might continue throughout the house with the older children helping the youngest. Sometimes prizes of candy are awaiting the child finding the most eggs.
Easter egg hunts can be part of a community's celebration of the holiday. The eggs are hidden in public places and the children of the community are invited to find the eggs.
The rules of an Easter egg roll are to see who can roll an egg the greatest distance or can make the roll without breaking it, usually down a grassy hillside or slope.
4) Easter & Lily
• The lovely white trumpet lily, main flower of the Easter floral arrangements, has been
enjoying a great favor in being included as a principal item for church decoration for quite
some time. It is a perfect gift of nature to beautify our Easter.
• But its acceptance in America, as such, dates back around the 1800s. It came in with the rise
in the Easter observances by the Protestants in America. And, strange, it took some more
time to find a widespread acceptance.
I. Wolf and Man
In the beginning, the wolf shared a close bond with Man. The forerunner of today’s dogs, the wolf sometimes shared the fire of Man, helping him to hunt, and in turn being kept safe and fed a portion of the kill.
Many ancient cultures held the wolf in high regard.
In Egypt, the wolf was worshipped at Lycopolis—“the City of the Wolves”.
In Greece, the god Apollo was a wolf-god. A bronze wolf guarded his altar in the temple of
Mars/Ares (希腊战神) had a wolf for his emblem and was sometimes known to change into a
wolf by donning a wolf-skin.
The Norse god Odin was also a wolf-god. He also resided over eagles and bears. Also in Norse
myth, the great wolf, Fenrir, was a giant who took upon the permanent shape of a wolf soon after
Many Christian saints were associated with wolves. The Slavs called St. Peter “the wolves
In the traditions of Eastern Europe, St. George was accompanied by wolves wherever he went.
St. Francis of Assisi made a pact with the fearsome wolf of Gubbio, and the townspeople
observed this agreement by feeding the wolf for the rest of his life.
In Roman mythology, the god Mars considered the wolf a sacred animal, and the founders of
Rome were raised by a wolf.
Eastern Europeans often viewed wolves as protectors of the harvest.
Native Americans also held the wolf in high regard and believed that wolves carry some