周 次 第 4 周，第 1 次课 授课时间 2010年 3月 日 授课章节 Lesson Four: The Nightingale and the Rose 本，章！节 课堂讲授，? ！ 实践课， ！ 教学时数 2课时 授课方式
章作者Oscar Wilde 透过表面的神话故事所隐含的对人~ 生的评论。 节 2. Introduce background information to students: author, cultural
教 information, etc.
3. Word formation. 目
1. Let students learn some common knowledge of the English 重 culture. 点 和 2. Usage of word formation, to enrich their vocabulary.
或 Exercise 1 of “more work on the text---vocabulary”
What comes to your mind when you first read the title?
Did you enjoy fairy tales as a child? Why or why not?
What characteristics of fairy tales did you find appealing?
Do you believe in perfect love? Why or why not?
—fairies play a part
—supernatural or magical elements
—veiled comments on life
1) personification of birds, insects, animals and trees
2) vivid, simple narration—typical of the oral tradition of fairy tales
3) repetitive pattern
Take a Love Quiz
You are walking to your love's house. There are two roads to get there. One is a straight path which takes you there quickly, but is very plain and boring. The other is curvy & full of wonderful sights on the way, but takes quite a while to reach your love's house. WHICH PATH DO YOU CHOOSE? Short or Long?
On the way, you see two rose bushes. One is full of white roses; the other is full of red roses. You decide
to pick twenty roses for your love. (You could pick all of the same color or half & half or whatever combination that suits your taste.) WHAT COLOR COMBO DO YOU CHOOSE?
You finally get to your love's house. You ring the bell and a family member answers the door. You can
ask the family member to get your love, or you may get him/her yourself. WHAT DO YOU DO? Ask or
Now, You go up to your love's room. No one is there. You could leave the roses by the windowsill or on the bed. WHERE DO YOU PUT THE ROSES? Window or Bed?
Later it's time for bed. You and your love go to sleep in separate rooms (we're very politically correct, here). You wake up in the morning and go to your love's room to check up on him/her. You enter the room: IS HE/SHE AWAKE OR SLEEPING?
It's time to go home now and you start to head back. You can take either road home now. The plain and
boring one that gets you home faster or the curvy and sight-filled road that you can just take your time
with. WHICH ROAD DO YOU CHOOSE? Short or Long?
Now analyze your answers:
1. The road represents your attitude towards falling in love. If you chose the short one, you fall in love
quickly and easily. If you chose the long one, you take your time and do not fall in love that easily.
2. The number of red roses represents how much you expect to give in a relationship. The number of
white roses represents how much you expect in a relationship. So, if a person chose all red with one
white rose, he/she gives 90% in the relationship, but expects to receive only 10% back.
3. This question shows your attitude in handling relationship problems. If you asked the family
member to get your love, then you are the type who wants to avoid problems. If you went to get your
love yourself, then you are pretty direct and solve the problem right away.
4. The placement of the roses indicates how often you would like to see your love. Putting the roses
on the bed means, you want to see them a lot. If you placed the roses by the window this means you don't
mind seeing each other once in a while.
5. Finding your love asleep: You accept your love the way they are. Finding them awake means you
expect them to change for you.
6. The short and long roads now represent how long you could stay in love. If you chose the short one,
you fall out of love easily. If you chose the long one, you tend to stay in love for a long, long time
Quotes from Oscar Wilde’s Works:
Quotes on Men
Men become old, but they never become good. Lady Windermere's Fan.
Rich bachelors should be heavily taxed. It is not fair that some men should be happier than
others. In Conversation.
Men are horribly tedious when they are good husbands, and abominably conceited when they are not. A Woman of No Importance.
Lady Windermere: ...I don't like compliments, and I don't see why a man should think he is pleasing a woman enormously when he says to her awhile heap of things that he doesn't mean. Lady Windermere's Fan.
Quotes on Woman
One should never trust a woman who tells one her real age. A woman who would tell one that,
would tell one anything. A Woman of No Importance.
Crying is the refuge of plain women but the ruin of pretty ones. Lady Windermere's Fan.
Women know life too late. That is the difference between men and women. A Woman of No
Women are meant to be loved, not to be understood. The Sphinx Without a Secret.
Quotes on Love
One should always be in love. That is the reason one should never marry. In Conversation.
To love oneself is the beginning of a life-long romance. Phrases and Philosophies for
the Use of the Young.
A man can be happy with any woman as long as he does not love her. The Picture of Dorian
Young men want to be faithful and are not; old men want to be faithless and cannot. The
Picture of Dorian Gray.
Oscar Wilde, the son of the late Sir William Wilde, an eminent Irish surgeon. His mother was a graceful
writer, both in prose and verse. He had a brilliant career at Oxford, where he won the Newdigate Prize for
English verse for a poem on Ravenna. Even before he left the University in 1878 Wilde had become
known as one of the most affected of the professors of the aesthetic craze, and for several years it was as
the typical aesthete that he kept himself before the notice of the public.
Oscar Wilde’s early school years
In 1871, Oscar was awarded a Royal School Scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. Again, he did particularly well in Classics, earning first in his examinations in 1872 and earning the highest honor the
College could bestow on an undergraduate - a Foundation Scholarship.
In 1874, Oscar crowned his successes at Trinity with two final achievements. He won the College's
Berkeley Gold Medal for Greek and was awarded a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford.
1874-1878, He had a brilliant career at Oxford, where he won the Prize for English verse for a poem.
Even before he left the University in 1878 Wilde had become known as one of the most affected of the professors of the aesthetic craze, and for several years it was as the typical aesthete that he kept himself before the notice of the public.
Oscar Wilde’s works
The Happy Prince And Other Tales 1888
Dorian Gray 1890
The House Of Pomegranates 1891
The Ballad of Reading Goal 1898
Lady Windermere's Fan 1892.
A Woman of No Importance 1893.
An Ideal Husband 1895
The Importance of Being Earnest 1895
On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction (now in its 25th anniversary edition), as
well as Writing to Learn, How to Write a Memoir, Speaking of Journalism, Writing About Your Life:
A Journey to the Past and Inventing the Truth: The Art and Craft of Memoir.
A novel of his, “The Picture of Dorian Gray”, attracted much attention, and his sayings passed from
mouth to mouth as those of one of the professed wits of the age. When he became a dramatist his
plays had all the characteristics of his conversations. His first piece, Lady Windermere's Fan, was
produced in 1892. A Woman of No Importance followed in 1893. An Ideal Husband and The
Importance of Being Earnest were both running at the time of his disappearance from English life.
The revelations of the criminal trial in 1895 naturally made them impossible for some years.
Recently, however, one of them was revived, though not at a West End theater.
； a man of far greater originality and power of mind than many of the apostles of aestheticism
； undoubted talents in many directions
； as a typical aesthete that he kept himself before the notice of the public
； a poet of graceful diction
； a playwright of skill and subtle humor
； a dramatist whose plays had all the characteristics of his conversations
After his release in 1897, Wilde published “The Ballad of Reading Gaol”, a poem of considerable
but unequal power. He also appeared in print as a critic of our prison system, against the results of
which he entered a passionate protest. For the last three years he has lived abroad. It is stated on the
authority of the Dublin Evening Mail that he was recently received into the Roman Catholic Church.
In the summer of 1891, Oscar met Lord Alfred “Bosie” Douglas, the third son of the Marquis of
Queensberry. Bosie was well acquainted with Oscar's novel, Dorian Gray and was an undergraduate
at Oxford. They soon became lovers and were inseparable until Wilde's arrest three years later. In
April 1895, Oscar sued Bosie's father for libel on the charge of homosexuality. Oscar withdrew his
case but was himself arrested and convicted of gross indecency and sentenced to two years of hard
January 1893, Babbacombe Cliff
My Own Boy,
Your sonnet is quite lovely, and it is a marvel that those red-roseleaf lips of yours should be made no less
for the madness of music and song than for the madness of kissing. Your slim gilt soul walks between passion and poetry. I know Hyacinthus, whom Apollo loved so madly, was you in Greek days. Why are you alone in London, and when do you go to Salisbury? Do go there to cool your hands in the grey
twilight of Gothic things, and come here whenever you like. It is a lovely place and lacks only you; but go to Salisbury first.
Always, with undying love,
Savoy Hotel, London
Dearest of all Boys,
Your letter was delightful, red and yellow wine to me; but I am sad and out of sorts. Bosie, you must not make scenes with me. They kill me, they wreck the loveliness of life. I cannot see you, so Greek and gracious, distorted with passion. I cannot listen to your curved lips saying hideous things to me. I would
sooner be blackmailed by every rent-boy in London than to have you bitter, unjust, hating.
You are the divine thing I want, the thing of grace and beauty; but I don't know how to do it.
Shall I come to Salisbury? My bill here is 49 pounds for a week. I have also got a new sitting-room
over the Thames. Why are you not here, my dear, my wonderful boy? I fear I must leave; no money, no credit, and a heart of lead.
Bosie has insisted on dropping here for sandwiches. He is quite like a narcissus—so white and gold. I
will either come Wednesday or Thursday night to your rooms. Send me a line. Bosie is so tired; he lies like a hyacinth on the sofa, and I worship him.
The Wilde case is over, and at last the curtain has fallen on the most horrible scandal which has disturbed social life in London for many years. The cries of "Shame!" with which the sentence pronounced by Mr. Justice Wills was received, indicate that a certain section of the public in court regarded the verdict with
disfavour, and that feeling will very possibly be shared by a section of the public outside. But it is well to remember, that the jury are in a position to form the best and honest opinion. They have heard all the
evidence and seen the witness in the box, while outsiders have only newspaper reports—necessarily
containing the barest suggestion of the gruesome facts—to guide them.
Yet even those who have read the reports and have taken the trouble to understand what lies between the
lines, cannot help but feel that Wilde and his associate... have got off lightly. Society is well rid of these ghouls and their hideous practices. Wilde practically confessed his guilt at the outset, and the unclean creatures with whom he chose to herd specifically owned that the charges were true. It is at a terrible cost that society has purged itself of these loathsome importers of exotic vice, but the gain is worth the price, and it is refreshing to feel that for once, at least, justice has been done.
Wilde‟s obituary (卟告) in the Times, 1 December, 1900
A Reuter telegram from Paris states that OSCAR WILDE died there yesterday afternoon from
meningitis. The melancholy end to a career which one promised so well is stated to have come in an obscure hotel in the Latin quarter. Here the once brilliant man of letters was living, exiled from his
country and from the society of his countrymen. The verdict that a jury passed upon his conduct at the Old Bailey in May, 1895, destroyed for ever his reputation and condemned him to ignoble obscurity for
the end of his days. When he had served his sentence of two year‟s imprisonment, he was broken in health as well as bankrupt in fame and fortune. Death has soon ended what must have been a life of wretchedness and unavailing regret.
sunshade 遮阳伞， 帽遮开销，支出
outright : out: a. to the fullest extent or degree
c. in a way that surpasses or goes beyond
root—press: v. to exert steady weight or force against
impress (= press into) express (= press out)
教 案 周 次 第 4 周，第 2 次课 授课时间 2010年 月 日
授课章节 Lesson Four: The Nightingale and the Rose 本，章！节 课堂讲授，? ！ 实践课， ！ 教学时数 2课时 授课方式
~ 1. Study of the words and phrases. 节
教 2. Distinguish some similar words/synonyms.
重 1. Comprehend and translate some of the key words;
2. Enrich their vocabulary. 和
1. Exercise of “more work on the text---vocabulary”.
或 2. Preview the text.
教学内容与组织安排 Word Study
1. fling: v. a. to throw violently, with force
b. to move violently or quickly
c. to devote to
； Don‟t fling your clothes on the floor.
； She flung herself down on the sofa.
； He flung himself into the task.
2. bloom: vi. to produce flowers; to yield flowers; to come into flower or be in flower blossom
vi. a. (of a seed, plant, esp. a tree or plant) to produce or yield flowers; to bloom
b. to develop
； The roses are blooming.
1) vi. (of a seed plant, esp a tree or plant) to produce or yield flowers, bloom 2) vi. to develop
； The apple trees are blossoming.
； Their friendship blossomed when they found out how many interests they shared. 3. ebb: vi. a. to fall back from the flood stage
b. to fall away or back; to decline or recede
； The tide will begin to ebb at 4 o‟clock.
； The danger of conflict is not ebbing there.
； The tide is on the ebb.
； The financial resources have reached its lowest ebb.
4. linger: v. a. to be slow in leaving, esp. out of reluctance
b. to proceed slowly
c. to persist
d. to pass (time) in a leisurely or aimless manner
； The children lingered at the zoo until closing time.
； linger over one‟s work (磨洋工)
； Winter lingers.
； We lingered away the whole summer at the beach.
5. pluck: v. to remove or detach by grasping and pulling abruptly with the fingers; to pick
； pluck a flower
； pluck feathers from a chicken
； pluck a rabbit from the hat
6. frown: v. a. to wrinkle the brows to show you are annoyed or worried
b. to regard sth. with disapproval or distaste
； The teacher frowned at the class of noisy children but it had no effect.
； frown on the use of so much salt in the food
a. a. not feeling or exhibiting gratitude, thanks, or appreciation
b. not agreeable or pleasant