autogyro wiki

By Wanda Fisher,2014-10-11 08:24
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autogyro wiki

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    Autogyro From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

     (Redirected from Gyroplane)


    Part of a series on

    Categories of Aircraft

    Lighter than air (aerostats)

    Unpowered Powered Balloon Airship



    Unpowered Powered

     Hybrid airship

    Heavier than air (aerodynes)

    Unpowered Powered Flexible-wing Flexible-wing

Hang glider Powered hang glider

    Fixed-wing Fixed-wing

     Glider • Powered


     Hybrid fixed/rotary wing




    Rotary-wing Rotary-wing

     Rotor kite Autogyro

     Gyrodyne ("Heliplane")


     Other means of lift


     Flettner airplane

     see also

     Ground-effect vehicle


     Flying Bedstead


    An autogyro is a type of rotorcraft invented by Juan de la Cierva in 1919, making its first successful flight on January 9, 1923 at Cuatro Vientos

    [1]Airfield in Madrid. Similar to helicopters, autogyros use a rotor to develop lift. While a helicopter's rotor is rotated by an engine during normal

    flight, the rotor of an autogyro is driven by aerodynamic forces

    in autorotation. An engine-powered propeller, similar to that of a fixed-wing aircraft, provides thrust for the autogyro.


    Autogyros are also known as gyroplanes, gyrocopters, or rotaplanes. The term Autogiro was a trademark of the Cierva Autogiro Company and the term Gyrocopter was originally a trademark of Bensen Aircraft.



; 1 Configuration

    o 1.1 Flight controls

    o 1.2 Pusher vs tractor configuration ; 2 History

    o 2.1 Early development

    o 2.2 World War II

    o 2.3 Postwar developments

    o 2.4 Bensen Gyrocopter

    ; 3 Certification by national aviation authorities

    o 3.1 US certification

    o 3.2 UK certification

    ; 4 World records

    ; 5 Autogyros in popular culture

    ; 6 See also

    ; 7 References

    ; 8 External links


    Montgomerie Merlin single-seat autogyro