Ancient Energies of the Earth
David Cowan with Anne Silk
? - 1999
ISBN - 07225-3800-6
Foreword by Sir George Trevelyan
Introduction by Dr Cyril W. Smith
Chapter 1 - Early Researchers of Earth Energy: Alternative Theories on Ancient Enigmas
Chapter 2 - Listening to the Planet's Pulse: The Strange Energies from Standing Stones
Chapter 3 - Walking the Energy Leys: Cup-Marks - the Key to Ancient Art and Science
Chapter 4 - The Strange Qualities of Cup-Mark Energy: An Intriguing Insight into the Earth Energy System
Chapter 5 - The Cup-Mark Skeleton: A Portal into the Past Chapter 6 - The Secret of the Petroglyphs: A Mass Murder, an Unknown Cup-Marked Stone and the Bubonic Plague
Chapter 7 - The Road to Rannoch: Walking the Serpent
Chapter 8 - The Final Circuit: Cup-Mark Maps across Scotland and Northern England
Chapter 9 - Straight Leys: And How They Work
Chapter 10 - Earth Acupuncture: Volcanic Plugs, Burial-Grounds, 'Spirit Paths' and the 'Electric Brae'
Chapter 11 - The Leys from Pillar Island: The Glen Lyon Ley Chapter 12 - Circular Burial-Grounds: four-Poster Leys Chapter 13 - Sacred Geometry: A Town Based on the Earth Energy System and Feng Shui
Chapter 14 - Rebuilding the Ancient Magic: A Hypothetical Reconstruction of the Ley System
Chapter 15 - Strange Happenings on the Earth Energy System: Black Spirals, Ill-Health and Apparitions
Chapter 16 - Poltergeists: Some Insights into Various Phenomena Chapter 17 - Lethbridge's Legacy: ... Like Peris' Wands, when pointing out the road
Chapter 18 - Ball Lightning and Earth Lights: Unidentified Aerial Phenomena
Chapter 19 - Earth Gases and Volcanic Tubes: Spontaneous Combustion and Strange Mud Springs
Chapter 20 - Crop Circles and Chladni Patterns: Chaotic Systems and Natural Patterns
Chapter 21 - The Devil's Footprints in the Snow: A World-Wide Phenomenon
Further Reading (Removed)
This book relates the story of a remarkable exploration into the mysteries of the living Earth - the further our understanding, the deeper these mysteries become.
David Cowan set out on a path of exploration which has led him into unexpected depths. Our generation has realized that the Earth is an organic, living whole, not merely a complex lump of dead minerals with a film of life over its surface, but truly a living creature with its own breath and bloodstream, glands and sensitivity, thought and consciousness. The concept of Gaia, the Earth goddess, has been revived in our time to explain the uncanny intelligence of the Earth in meeting attacks on her life energy through industrial development. Now, in his study and exploration of 'ley lines' and standing stones and circles, David reveals a fascinating clue which throws light on many strange mysteries. The phenomenon of 'cup-marks' carved in rock by ancient man has never been adequately explained. David puts forward the hypothesis that they are connected with ley lines or, more correctly, energy leys, those paths of energy which are linked in a great network over the face of the country.
Alfred Watkins, discoverer of ley lines, called his book The Old Straight Track (Abacus, 1927). Now we know that some ancient trackways were established on artificial lines of Earth energy flowing between sacred points on the Earth's surface. The temple sites of Neolithic and Bronze Age man mark those points where divine energy crosses the surface of the living Earth.
Now David has made the discovery that cup-marks are used to link up
and form the great network of lines of flowing Earth energy. His theory has taken him on an astonishing and crippling journey of over 3,000 miles on foot through the Highlands of Scotland. In the process, he has touched on many mysteries and legends and much ancient knowledge. This book tells his story and will, for many, open up the secrets of these great hills. The Highlands remain one of the most glorious areas for exploration on many levels, offering great widths of wild and wonderful country which can only be traversed by those who know how to use their boots. This book reveals another aspect which will further our understanding of this mysterious country.
David is to be congratulated on the courage and persistence which went into this exploration, which was undertaken, apparently, when he was in some distress from the demanding and arduous task to which he had committed himself. I urge you to read his story and follow up the clues which he gives.
Sir George Trevelyan
Dr Cyril W. Smith
A plausible impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility
Aristotle, Poetics-, 9
The writings of the ancients, Aristotle, Ptolemy and others, which had been translated into Arabic and carefully preserved, were translated back into the lingua franca at the meeting points between Western Europe and Islam, the Universities of Cordoba and Seville. This injection of a tradition older than the extant traditions of wise men became a powerful intellectual force leading eventually to a Renaissance extending throughout human endeavours. This force for change intensified where it became clear that neither tradition's accounts could withstand an appeal to nature through experimentation; and through dissemination by the printed word, science as we now know it
Today, we may be in the midst of a different Renaissance. We do not find it necessary to invent a god to take responsibility for each unexplained natural event; neither is it acceptable to deny the existence of the 'Earth Energy' phenomena as described in this book by David Cowan and Anne Silk, just because they do not fit into the paradigm that modern science has created. There is a realization dawning that a human can enjoy closer integration with the natural, and not-so natural environment through capabilities which seem to defy scientific explanation but, which although formerly available, have now atrophied through lack of use as life has moved away from close contact with nature.
Anne Silk combines the clinical experience of a professional optician and Fellow of the Royal Society of medicine having a real interest in the total welfare of her patients, with a true historical sense of the former human environment as befits a Fellow of the Society of Arts and a geological sense of the world long before life appeared and began to evolve.
Geological time has hardly moved when compared to the development of life and the human race, which has taken place in a dynamic environment of geophysical activity on or near the surface of a planet whose crust has natural spherical resonance frequencies in the range of milli-Hertz and whose iconosphere has natural Schumann Resonances which closely match the brain-wave spectrum. Specific frequencies from throughout these ranges are of biological significance, being able to stimulate chakras and acupuncture points and bring to living organisms an awareness of their geoenvironment. For example, the 7.8 Hz frequency of the Schumann Resonance in a person's environment will stimulate the heart chakra and the heart acupuncture points (He9) on the hands. It also occurs as a natural resonance in melatonin/pineal extract. The pineal gland is an end organ of the sympathetic nervous system and its melatonin secretion and circadian phasing are influenced by dark/light and stress. Light does not penetrate far into the human body and melatonin is the chemical messenger for its day/night information.
The fact that chemical analysis can be done by spectroscopy is evidence for the duality between frequency and chemical structure. Furthermore, in highly coherent systems such as living organisms, the constant parameter is no longer the velocity of radiation, but is the distance over which its coherence is maintained. The result is that there can be many frequencies with proportionate velocities of propagation and all with the same coherence length. For example, events stimulated by
high frequencies can appear simultaneously in the brain-wave spectrum.
In 1988, I was comparing notes with Anne Silk concerning the wide range of eye problems that electromagnetic frequencies were triggering in the hypersensitive patients that I was testing. Here, she reports on her own clinical experiences of finding electrical sensitivities among some of her own patients, on how they were affected and how they felt. One thing that many of her patients had in common was that they had been exposed to some form of geological (geopathic) stress.
In this book, she considers the five traditional senses of man plus two more _ electric and magnetic sensitivities. Before discussing dowsing as a sensitivity, she opts for the Russian term 'Bilocation' in preference to the Roman 'augury', the old German 'da sein' (now 'Rutenganger'), the English 'dowsing', or the American 'witching'. She then considers what might be happening in 'distant sensing' or 'map-dowsing'.
When I was considering the possibility that ley lines emanating from stone alignments and radiating out over water could be used for navigational purposes, I remarked that a [N]-shaped (Stonehenge-like) geometry would concentrate the Earth Fields within its gap. Anne was able to produce a photograph from maritime archaeology showing a boat with just such a [N]-shaped structure at the stern exactly where the helmsman would stand.
Anne Silk discusses the possible effects of seismic disturbances, natural and man-made, and relates the legacy of Dr Tom Lethbridge, archaeologist and dowser, Keeper of Antiquities at Cambridge University, in connecting unusual effects with what is actually happening and surprisingly finding in it a description of the Roman spirit of a place, its Genius Lod.
She also considers electrical effects associated with such phenomena as ball lightning and earth lightning and unidentified aerial phenomena in general; effects in quartz and quartzite; Pliny's account of volcanic tubes; spontaneous combustion; strange effects at mud springs; crop circles seen as Chladni patterns; and the 'devil's footprints in the snow' phenomenon. In addition to electrical phenomena, she considers types of magnetism for their possible contributions to anomalous effects including magnetostriction, magnetic resonance and the work of Prof. H. A. Burke of MIT.
Quantum computing is now a rapidly developing science. In this, the
basic memory unit does not switch between the 'one' and 'zero' states, but has a certain probability of being in each state simultaneously. That is, it has a grey-scale rather than rather than being black and white. One of the implications of quantum computing is that the memory can be accessed in its entirety without having to scan through all the locations in a time sequence. This seems much more like the way that living systems read the information in their environment with all its Ancient Energies of the Earth.
Permission to use the picture of the nuclear submarine was kindly given by the Glasgow Herald, that of the Cailleach and her family by Robert Money, Crieff, the footprints of 'the Jersey Devil' by The Fortean Picture Library, the island of Boreray by Colin Baxter and the Dwarfie Stane by Charles Tait Photography, Orkney.
Grateful thanks to Sharvie Price and Pat Toms for taking the time to read and advise on the early proofs, to Robert Money for his help to make me computer literate, and J.R.S. Photographers of Perth for help and advice spanning several decades.
Thanks are also due to Hamish Miller of Hayle, Cornwall, for permission to use the updates of his book Sun and the Serpent (Pendragon Press, 1989); Bob Brydon, Edinburgh, for sharing his experience of ball lightning; and others who have told me of their experiences which science still has to understand.
Acknowledgements to William Corliss of the Sourcebook Project in the USA, always a mine of factual information; to the medical physicist, the late Dr William Sutherland, whose work led me into the study of geophysics and with whom I had the privilege of working on natural subtle energies in relation to health and ill-health; and Dr Alice Walker of the British Geological Survey in Edinburgh, who has unfailingly helped me with my queries on geophysics.
Any errors or omissions in my sections are mine alone.
For many years, walking the length and breadth of much of Scotland, the ancient and hoary standing stones and circles have exerted their attraction to me. Often on a lonely hillside I would pause and study these decaying remnants of our misty past, thinking sadly that their function in bygone days was, and always would be, almost totally unknown. The best scientists and archaeologists in the country had studied these artefacts for almost a century, yet found few clues to illuminate their function. Therefore, I thought, they were obviously destined to remain a puzzling enigma forever.
There were, however, certain individuals who could see in such ancient sites a knowledge beyond our present science - Watkins, Thorn, Stukeley, Underwood, Michel, Hamish Miller, Paul Broadhurst and a few others ignored contemporary thinking and began to see their function in a different manner.
Largely due to their intuition and dedicated hard work, scientists are now becoming increasingly aware that standing stones and circles are emitting strange and subtle energies. Much has already been done in monitoring these emissions scientifically, notably by members of the Dragon Project, who used a wide range of scientific equipment and even a few people sensitive to Earth energies, and there is no doubt that an increasing amount of literature will stem from these studies. With modern equipment at their disposal, scientists are now able to measure magnetic fields, ultrasound, radioactive anomalies, etc. However, when they have all of the results, they will still largely be unable to find out exactly what these Stone Age relics were used for and how they worked unless an attempt is made to rediscover our forgotten past using the same methods the Stone Age builders used to find these energies and follow them, learning en route the qualities which the different types of energies possess and discovering, through folklore and personal experience, what effects they have.
That is the essence of this book. There is little use here for modern and sophisticated equipment. That will be covered adequately by the scientists themselves. Instead, I will use nothing more than the simple divining rod, used for centuries to find underground water and minerals and now being used by a few enlightened people to tune into the song of the megaliths once again.
I have walked more than 3,000 miles over an intensive eight-year period, following the remnants of this ancient energy from a variety of sources, over some of the most difficult terrain in the country, to recover a working knowledge of the complicated energy patterns emitted by standing stones and circles. Anyone wanting to follow my example should do so in the full knowledge that it is an exhausting task, one which requires stamina and stubbornness - and also one which is so interesting that it can easily become a life-long fixation.
We are at the gateway of a new millennium and there is a noticeable change in our culture. The general public, and some scientists, are becoming much more aware of the hidden side of nature, seeking knowledge beyond the scientist's test tube. This book, I hope, is just a part of the recovery of the knowledge of our forefathers. Like any other country with standing stones and circles, Britain has an ancient and powerful knowledge just waiting to be rediscovered by any able-bodied person, providing they are not imprisoned in the mental strait-jacket which our science, for all of its benefits, imposes upon its subjects.
In all likelihood, the maps presented here show territory unknown to the reader, but nevertheless deserve close study, since they form the microcosm of the system of telluric energies which covers our globe. They reveal the beginnings of a working understanding of our Stone Age culture, a reawakening of our senses and the recovery of a long-lost knowledge.
1 - Early Researchers Of Earth Energy
Alternative Theories on Ancient Enigmas
Knowledge is of two kinds - we know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it.
Dr Johnson In A Letter To William Strahan, 27/3/1775
In 1921 Alfred Watkins, Hereford businessman and magistrate, expert on local folklore and antiquities, inventor and photographer, was on a visit to Blackwardine. According to tradition, he pulled up his horse to survey the landscape below. It was then he became aware of 'a network of lines, standing out like glowing wires across the country, intersecting the sites of churches, old stones, and ancient sites'. This was to be a significant step in the rediscovery of our past.
Alfred Watkins' 'Vision' was no accident, as he had spent years in study and had a wide knowledge of classical mythology and local archaeology. Indeed, it is more likely, according to his son, that the insight actually occurred when he was looking at a map. (2) As far back as the 1820s archaeologists had described ancient monuments as forming 'lines across the landscape', while in the late nineteenth century, at the age of barely 15, William Henry Black had spoken of'grand geometrical lines across the country'.
Watkins believed that ancient man used straight tracks for the transportation of flint and salt, which were generally available in coastal areas.
He suggested that staves were used to mark out these straight lines, marking stone circles, cairns, ponds, mounds, notches cut into hills, ancient tracks and other sacred sites upon which castles and churches were subsequently built. Ponds, Watkins argued, were to act as flashing reflectors for beacons. Cairns were alignments to distant hills, but not always on the summit. Mounds were made to be seen from a distance and standing stones were placed at the crossing-point of two tracks, with their spine, if any, indicating the direction of a ley. Stone circles and holy wells were initial points of a ley, and hill notches invaluable sighting-points.
[Insert pic p002]
Figure 1: A standing stone, one of many scattered across the country. This one is St Adamnan's stone, in beautiful Glen Lyon, Perthshire.
Ancient homesteads, Watkins surmised, ought to be included, but he decided against this, as they were too numerous, and it was difficult
to say which were old and which modern. (Later I will explain the positioning of some of these sites and their relationship to cup-marks, which are fundamental to the workings of energy leys.)
Unusually perceptive, Watkins summarized the work of the builders, the early surveyors, or 'Dod-men' as he called them in his book The Old Straight Track:
I feel that ley-man, astronomer-priest, druid, bard, wizard, witch, palmer and hermit were all more or less linked by one thread of ancient knowledge and power. (3)
He emphasized the straightness of a ley:
It should be noted that these and other alignments are, and must be, exact and precise through the mark points. 'Close to' must never be accepted. The sighting method is just as exact as the aiming of a gun, bringing the two sights and the objects in line. (4)
Archaeologists have used this idea to reject the concept of leys, pointing out that even the finest line drawn on a 1:50,000 OS (Ordnance Survey) map is in the order of 11 yards (12 metres) wide on the ground.
As my investigations have uncovered, however, energy leys are comprised of a large number of individual vertical sinuous waves with their own specific wavelength and amplitude - in fact, a stream of energy - and so appear to weave across the surface of the planet like a serpent. Bronze Age man and his successors, I am sure, did not intend energy leys to be absolutely straight, probably caring not at all for such a level of accuracy, and for modern man to insist on it effectively stymies the recovery of this knowledge.
Nevertheless, there are lines of ancient sites, therefore those who propose that straight leys exist must be correct in their conclusions that there are energy leys which do fall within acceptable limits and which will reward researchers with leys accurate enough to satisfy the demands of archaeologists.
A book by Nigel Pennick and Paul Devereux, Lines on the Landscape (Robert Hale, 1989), takes the concept of leys as archaic alignments much further and argues that straight leys do exist, but as alignments of burial-grounds. In The New Ley Hunter's Guide (Gothic Image Publications, 1994) Paul Devereux describes straight roads as 'faery and spirit paths'. He argues that ancient cultures across the planet