U7 Animal TalkON
Introduction and Framing
Each specis of animal has its own way of communicating
fish use electrical currents
insects use vibrations
bats use ultrasonic signals
many animals: odor a common method of communicating
Animals communicate in many different ways Whether animals can use language? 3 questions:
2. intend to communicate
3. speak in sentences?
1. Sounds. Two different types of communication:
1.1 affective and
1.2 symbolic com
1.1 AC : com of emotions—
Human AC --laugh, cry and much of NVC Animal AC—high order dogs and cats use AC: expressive in many ways
= happy, pained and sad
=mirror human emotion.
1.2 SC: encode(sender) and decode (receiver) a spefic referent
e.g. Brazil (encode) a country in South America (decode) 1.2.1 Animal can SC: encode and decode .
Alarm calls: Velvet monkey makes alarm calls
(1) watch out, stay alert. Other calls symbolize leopard(climb tree) , eagle (sky scanning), snakes(ground scanning), Food calls: chicken use food calls deceptively
2. Intention of communication. Yes.
wild birds do this in company.
Chimps also communicate in company
3. sentence speaking ?
Human can but no evidence for animals. Grammer is an innovation