Exercise Control Plan
Purpose and Scope
This plan provides exercise controllers and simulators with guidance concerning procedures
and responsibilities for exercise control, simulation, and support. It explains the exercise
concept as it relates to controllers and simulators, establishes the basis for control and
simulation of the exercise, and establishes and defines the communications, logistics, and
administrative structure needed to support control and simulation during the exercise.
This section provides an overview of the exercise and related exercise activities, a general
description of the scenario, an overview of primary players and their exercise locations,
guidelines for emergency call-off of the exercise, and exercise assumptions, artificialities, and simulations.
[Describe type of exercise, scope of exercise, actual dates of exercise, primary exercise
locations; hours of operations; participating organizations; and description of briefing/narrative
summary that will start the exercise.]
Exercise play will officially begin on [insert time, day of week, date] and end at approximately [insert time, day of week, date] as determined by the exercise director. The exercise will be
played [insert number of hours] per day at all primary exercise locations; however, some
locations [insert if some are out of sequence or limited extents of play]. Provide player hours of operation as determined by each participating organization. On [insert date] the exercise will be initiated by a (describe whether briefing, incident, or video and provide a general description of
the information. Example: The briefing will begin with a description of the situation as it
currently exists. The briefing will describe background actions that have been taken by emergency response organizations as well as a review of the weather situation.). This background briefing will be based on the information in the Scenario Narrative. There will be a
post-exercise meeting at each player location on [insert date]. (May use calendar to illustrate scheduled activities.)
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Figure 1. Exercise Activity Calendar
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
[Time] [Time] [Time] [Time] Player Controller Debriefing Exercise
Orientation Meetings Meetings Critique
[Provide an overview of the scenario, including dates of exercise, type of incident, and
actions/incidents designed to activate portions of the plans and emergency response
organizations to test agreed upon objectives. Provide a visual of the incident scenario (e.g.,
storm track, radioactive plume, dispersion of agent, hazmat spill, building layout when violent
incident occurs, etc.).]
Figure 2. Incident Scenario
Exercise Players and Locations
[Describe participation of Federal, State, and local government, private organizations, and
volunteer agencies. Describe principal locations for exercise activity.]
Figure 3. Primary Exercise Locations
[Show primary exercise locations on map.]
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Pre-Exercise Player Activity
[Describe any play concerning participating organizations that will occur prior to the actual start
of the exercise. Describe any pre-positioning of players and equipment.]
Guidelines For Emergency Call-Off
[Insert title of person(s) with authority for emergency call-off] in conjunction with [insert titles, such as lead evaluator or exercise manager] may unilaterally suspend play or end the exercise
at any time when it appears that a real-world emergency may hamper exercise play or jeopardize the safety of exercise participants. Participating organizations also have the option
of withdrawing any of their players from the exercise at any time to address matters or concerns
directly related to their emergency response missions.
When any event occurs that requires (1) the withdrawal by a participating organization from the
exercise or (2) the application of major resources by a participating agency to a real-world event, the [insert title, such as lead controller] will review the impact of such actions on the
exercise. If determined appropriate, the [insert title such as lead controller] will recommend to the [insert appropriate title such as exercise manager] that the exercise be temporarily
suspended or ended. If appropriate, the [insert title] will announce the decision to suspend or
terminate exercise play and an “EMERGENCY EXERCISE SUSPENSION/TERMINATION”
message will be transmitted to all participating organizations.
Safety and Security
[The following section describes information and areas to be considered when developing safety
and security procedures for your own exercise. These procedures will vary with the type and
complexity of the exercise.]
The incident site should be controlled by designated safety personnel in accordance with the
exercise safety plan or annex. The number of safety personnel will vary with the scope and
complexity of the exercise and the physical layout of the site. If certain activities at the site are
considered dangerous, site safety personnel should have the authority to alter, suspend, or
terminate those activities. An emergency medical team should also be available for injuries that
may occur during the exercise. Observers should be escorted by safety or other staff members and be restricted to designated areas.
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Assumptions, Artificialities, and Simulations
[The following assumptions are fairly generic; you may modify and/or add specifics for your own
The assumptions, artificialities, and simulations applicable during the exercise are provided in
the following paragraphs.
The following assumptions must be made in order to ensure that the exercise is as realistic as
possible. It is intended that exercise events progress in a logical and realistic manner and that all exercise objectives be achieved during exercise play.
? Exercise participants are well versed in their own department and agency response plans
? The term “participants” includes planners, controllers, simulators, evaluators, and players.
? Players and controllers will use real-world data and information support sources.
? Players will respond in accordance with existing plans, policies, and procedures. In the
absence of appropriate written instructions, players will be expected to apply individual
initiative to satisfy response and recovery requirements.
? Implementation of disaster response plans, policies, and procedures during the exercise will
depict actions that would be expected to occur under actual response conditions and,
therefore, will provide a sound basis for evaluation.
? Actions to direct unit, personnel, or resource deployments will result in simulated movement
during the exercise unless live deployment in real time is stipulated to achieve an exercise
? Real-world response actions will take priority over exercise actions.