Revision For Units17---18
Name( Number， Class，
一，单词过关， 8！ 指引 17. 侄女 Unit17 9！ 有天赋的 18. 仪式;典礼 1！ 无能 10.援助 19. 胜利 2！ 能力 11. 同情 20. 尊严 3！ 人行道 12. 鼓励 21. 参与 4！ 腰部 13. 视觉的 22. 引导;控制 5！ 四处走动 14. 调整;适应 23. 可以使用的;能进入的 6！ 商品交易会 15. 适应于;习惯于 7！ 潜力 16.糖果
15. 知道;意识到 Unit18 16. 实验;审判 1. 背心 17. 反复实验
2. 脚后跟 18. 骑手
3. 专利(权,证) 19. 满是灰尘的 4. 官员;军官 20.飞行员
5. 汽油 21.储存
6. 背景 22. 胶水
7. 顾及;为…做准备 23. 毕竟
8. 排斥;抛弃 24. 打字机
9. 遇到困难; 25. 保持联系
二,短语过关:unit17 1. 在整个历史中throughout histry 1. 获…奖win a award for 2. 创造力和想象力creativity and 2.发展他们的潜力 develop their potential imagination
3. 对社会做贡献 make a contribution to 3. 想到或提出(答案,办法) come up with society 有不同的背景have different backgrounds 4.
4.开办一所特殊的教育学院 launch a special 5. 创造性思维 creative thinking education college 6.在…做得好 do well in
5.适应…adjust to… 7. 习惯问题 a matter of habit 6. 对…表示同情 have sympathy for 8. 框外思维 think outside the box 7. 有很大潜力 have great potential 9.解决问题 solve a problem 8. 在…有天赋 be gifted in 10.(在计算,估计时)考虑到…allow for 9. 弱视的 be visually impaired 11.被卡住 get stuck
10. 尽管他的残疾 despite his disability 12. 一种自觉能力 a conscious effort 11.在轮椅上 in a wheelchair 13.观念上 in conception 12. 残疾人 disabled people 14.一系列尝试 a series of attempts 13.每隔一年 every two years 15.与…有联系 be connected to 14. 克服恐惧和艰苦overcome fear and 16.以前所学的知识previous knowledge hardships 17.意识到 be aware of
15.受到激发和鼓励 be inspired and 18. 作联系 make connections motivated 19.据说 we are said…
16.参加 take part in/ compete in / participate 20.与…相似 be similar to in/ enter for 21. 毕竟 after all
17.听觉the sense of hearing 22. 既然 now that
18. 可进入的be accessible to… 23.如此快速地 at such a high space
24.与…保持联系 keep track of
25. 摆脱 break away from
能力检测题 Name________ Number_________ Marks__________
21. That‟s the best way we should think of ______ the dying soldier.
A. helping B. saving C. operating D. to save 22. As _______ announced in today‟s paper, he is to visit China on Sunday.
A. being B. is C. to be D. been
23. _____ spring is here, we can expect milder weather.
A. Because B. Now C. For D. Even if 24. Alec asked the policeman _____ he worked to contact him whenever there was an accident.
A. with him B. who C. with whom D. whom 25. The interview with the President was ______ in English.
A. adjusted B. conducted C. participated D. assisted 26. You can‟t expect me to ______ anything else at this very moment.
A. think over B. think of C. think out D. make fun 27. I felt ___________ as I weakly told him the real reason.
A. shame B. shamefully C. ashamed D. shameful 28. It is the man ______ looked for ______ caught the murderer.
A. that; who B. that; they C. they; that D. they; which 29. --- May I speak to your manager Mr. Williams at five o‟clock tonight?
--- I‟m sorry. Mr. Williams _____ to a conference long before then.
A. will have gone B. had gone C. would have gone D. has gone 30. Only in that way _____ find out how this kind of animal lived and then finished the research
A. could they B. they could C. were they able to D. they were able to 31. Mr. Green is said _______ an experiment to prove their new method of solving the problem
A. to do B. to have done C. to be doing D. to have been doing 32. --- She shouldn‟t have done that sort of thing.
--- Whatever she did was reasonable, _____ to what you had done. Besides, it‟s none of your
business. Get down to _____ your lesson.
A. comparing; doing B. comparing; do C. compared; doing D. compared; do 33. It is the very place ______ the anti-Japanese soldiers fought over sixty years ago.
A. that B. which C. where D. there
34. Naturally, after I told her what to do, my daughter ____ go and do the opposite!
A. may B. can C. must D. should
35. --- I find reading comprehension the hardest in learning a foreign language.
--- Well, ______, you‟d better practise reading short passages every day.
A. so that B. for that C. now that D. with that II. Cloze test(30):
I always felt sorry for people in wheelchair. Some people, old and weak, cannot get 31___
by themselves. Others seem perfectly healthy, dressed in business suits, and 32___themselves
about with strong determination. But whenever I saw someone in a wheelchair, I only saw a disability, not a person.
Then I fainted (晕倒) at Euro-Disney 33___low blood pressure. This was the first time I
had ever fainted, and my parents said that I must rest 34___after First Aid. I agreed to take it
___35___but, as I stepped toward the door, I saw my dad 36___ a wheelchair in my direction!
Feeling the color burn my cheeks, I asked him to wheel that thing right back to where he __37__it.
I could not believe this was 38___to me. Wheelchairs were 39___for other people but not
for me. As my father wheeled me out into the main street, people immediately began to treat me 40___.
Little kids ran in front of me, forcing my father to 41___the wheelchair suddenly.
Bitterness set in as I was 42___back and forth. “ 43___kids. Why 44___they watch where
they‟re going?” I thought.
People passing by stared down at me, 45___in their eyes. Then they would look 46___,
maybe because they thought the 47___they forgot me, the better.
“I am just like you!” I wanted to scream. “The only 48___is you‟ve got legs, and I have
People in wheelchairs are not stupid. They see every look and hear each word. Looking out at the 49___, I finally understood: I was once just like them. I treated people in wheelchairs exactly the way they did not want to be treated. I realized it is some of us with two healthy legs who are truly 50___.
36.A. around B. off C. over D. up
37 A. take B. wheel C. carry D. bring
38 A. resulting in B. in spite of C. due to D. related to
39 A. at times B. for a while C. once in a while D. now and then
40 A. seriously B. for granted C. along D. easy
41. A. to push B. pushed C. push D. pushing
42.A. found B. caught C. bought D. laid
43.A. going B. leading C. happening D. becoming
44.A. fit B. fine C. good D. right
45.A. politely B. differently C. rudely D. strangely
46.A. stop B. change C. push D. pull
47.A. shaken B. stricken C. driven D. thrown
48.A. Exciting B. Stupid C. Poor D. Lovely
49.A. not B. mustn‟t C. shouldn‟t D. can‟t
50.A. pride B. surprise C. pity D. sorrow
51.A. about B. away C. out D. down
52.A. more B. less C. sooner D. further
53.A. problem B. disadvantage C. benefit D. difference
54.A. faces B. kids C. world D. wheelchairs
55.A. discouraged B. disappointed C. disabled D. dishonest
The least successful tourist on record is Mr. Nicholas Scotti lives in San Francisco in the United States. In 1977 he decided to visit Rome in Italy because that is where his family originally came from.
He went to the airport in San Francisco and got on a plane which was going to Italy. However because the plane had to make a fuel stop, it landed at Kennedy Airport in New York. Thinking that he had arrived, Mr. Scotti got off and spent two days in New York believing that he
was in Rome.
While he was wandering around the city, the great traveler could not helping noticing that many of Rome's famous and ancient landmarks had disappeared. This must be due to modernization, he thought to himself.
Mr. Scotti, who spoke very little English himself, next asked a policeman the way to the bus station. Naturally he spoke to the policeman in Italian. As chance would have it, the policeman replied in Italian because he, too, was an Italian immigrant who had only arrived in America a
few years earlier.
Mr. Scotti then drove round New York for twelve hours in a bus. Eventually the bus driver handed him over to another policeman. Unfortunately, this policeman did not speak Italian and Mr. Scotti got very annoyed and wanted to know why an Italian policeman could not speak Italian. Finally, even when the policeman told him that he was not in Italy but was in New York, Mr. Scotti refused to believe him. "I can't be in New York, " he said, "I must be in Rome. Look at the way people drive here. Only Italians can drive like that!"
56. The reason why Mr. Scotti is the least successful tourist is that _____. A. he lacked common sense
B. he had a very bad luck
C. he was too clever to believe others
D. Italians are usually foolish
57. What happened to the plane in New York?
A. It broke down.
B. It needed repairing.
C. It needed filling up.
D. It stopped to pick up more passenger.
58. Mr. Scotti couldn't see Rome's famous landmarks, _____.
A. which he thought wonderful
B. which made him very angry
C. which he considered reasonable
D. so he realized that he was not in Rome
59. The word “immigrant” in the fourth paragraph means _______.
A. a traveler from a foreign country
B. a person coming into a country from aboard to make their home there
C. a person who is working in a foreign country.
D. a person who can speaks Italian
Good evening. Chinese President Jiang Zemin and his American counterpart Bill Clinton have acknowledged their differences, but they wrapped up their historic summit(高级会晤)
emphasizing the importance of their common interest. As Mark Thun reports from Washington, the two leaders hammered out agreements on a number of issues ,although human rights remains a sticking point.
The two sides came to agreements over plenty of items, which could shake the world for a long time to come. The most important is probably the high-level dialogues and consultation(磋商).
The presidents will visit each other regularly, there will be a Washington-Beijing communications link for direct contact, and there will be regular exchanges or visits by cabinet(内阁) and other
officials on political and security(安全) issues. On nuclear cooperation, Mr. Clinton promises the
sale of nuclear technology to China for peaceful use, something not possible now with an American ban after the 1989 Tiananmen crackdown(严厉取缔). The two countries have agreed to
strengthen military maritime safety(加强海军方面的安全合作企业). And Beijing and
Washington are both working towards China‟s entry into the WTO, with China aiming to make
substantial tariff reductions(大幅降低关税). Taiwan is considered the most important issues, but
there‟s little breakthrough here. The two sides agreed that there should be only one China, and that the Chinese should be allowed to resolve the problem by themselves. It is over the matter of human rights which the two countries have the most obvious differences.
The autumn air might have been chilly, but the welcoming ceremony for the Chinese President was anything but cold. Mr. And Mrs. Jiang Zemin were greeted by the American President and the First Lady. The two heads of state inspected the honour guard and national anthems were played with the twenty-one gun salute as the background. With a chime swinging leisurely only a few steps away, President Bill Clinton spoke a better future, “Let us strengthen the bonds between us,
let us pursue common causes, let us address our differences openly and with respect, let us build a better world for our children.” And Mr. Jiang gave a similarly optimistic reply, partly in English, “Let us, the Chinese and the Americans, join hands, and together with people around the world, work hard to bring the new century of peace, stability and the prosperity.”
60.What style is this short passage?
A. TV news broadcasting.
B. A document(文件) on state affairs.
C. A summary of Bill Clinton speech at the welcoming ceremony for the Chinese
D. A newspaper report.
61.“The autumn air might have been chilly, but the welcoming ceremony for the Chinese President was anything but cold.” What does this sentence mean to reader or to the listener?
A. Even though the weather is cold, all the people at the welcoming ceremony still felt fairly
B. Both the autumn air and the welcoming ceremony were not a bit warm.
C. People thought it really interesting to hold the warm ceremony in the chilly autumn air.
D. People at the ceremony talked about anything but the cold weather.
62.After the meeting of the two presidents, we can hope that_______.
A. the two countries will together devote themselves to the study of nuclear weapons.
B. Taiwan will soon come back to the embrace of its motherland.
C. China will adopt the same system as that of the USA
D. The two presidents will call on each other regularly, which will make the two sides
understand each other better
63.What President Bill Clinton spoke of at the ceremony shows that ________.
A. he hopes for a better future for the two sides with better understanding.
B. he sincerely hopes that the children in the two countries will grow well and healthily.
C. he hopes that all the world will understand why the two countries have joined together.
D. he thinks that only by addressing their differences openly and with respect can they
build a better world for the children
Decision-thinking is not unlike it often matters not only what you think , but also what others think you think what you think they think you think . The mental process(过程) is similar .
Naturally , this card game has often been of considerable interest to people who are , by any standards , good thinkers .
The great mathematician John von Neumann was one of the founders of game theory . In particular , he showed that all games fall into two classes ; there are what he called games of „perfect information‟, games like chess where the players can't hide anything or play tricks ; they don't win by chance , but by means of logic and skills . Then there are games of „imperfect
information‟, like poker , in which it is impossible to know in advance that one course of action is better than another.
One mistaken idea about business is that it can be treated as a game of perfect information . Quite the reverse business , life itself are games which we must normally play with very imperfect information . Business decisions are often made with many unknown and unknowable factors(因
素), best poker players . But few business people find it comfortable to admit that they are taking a chance, many still prefer to believe that they are playing chess , not poker.
64. The subject discussed in this text is _________.
A！the process of reaching decisions
B！the difference between poker and chess.
C！the secret of making good business plans
D！the value of information in winning games
65. An important factor in a game of imperfect information is ___________.
A！rules B！luck C！time D！ideas
66. Which of the following can be used in place of "Quite the reverse"?
A！Quite right. B！True enough.
C！Most unlikely. D！Just the opposite.
67. In the writer‟s opinion , when making business decisions one should ___________ .
A！put perfect information before imperfect information
B！accept the existence of unknown factors
C！regard business as a game of chess
D！mix known and unknown factors
Business people must keep records of the money they take in and the money they spend. The work of keeping such records is called book keeping. The work of deciding how the records should be set up is called accounting. An accountant also finds out, from the records, whether or not a business is doing well. Suppose a man owns a small clothing store. He keeps records that show that he spent money for newspaper advertising, and for suit, coats, shoes, and neckties to sell to his customers. He had to pay a young man to help him in the store. He also paid rent and had other expenses.
At the end of the year, he must take an inventory. That is, he counts how many pieces of clothing he has on hand. Then he must find out exactly how many he sold, how much money he spent in running the business. If he took in more than he spent, he made a profit for the year. If he spent more than he took in he suffered a loss.
The owner of a small clothing store can keep accounting records without much trouble. But a giant oil company or a big bank has many difficult accounting problems. The company must know
how much money is to be paid by its debtors and how much it owns other companies for supplies. It must know how much the company‟s buildings and machines are worth, and how much the company has lost in depreciation(折旧), or wear and tear, of its equipment. All of this information must be kept in the company‟s accounts. Big companies employ many accountants.
68. In which following way does the passage develop?
A. it develops by time B. it develops by space
C. it develops by order D. it develops by examples
69. Which is the best title of the passage?
A. Good Records
B. How to Make Profit
C. How to Run a Clothes Store And a Company.
D. Accounting And Bookkeeping
70. A big company has more accounting problems because besides taking in and spending money
the owner should consider .
A. How much money is to be paid by its debtors and how much money he owns other
B. How much the company‟s building and machines are worth?
C. How much company has lost in depreciation, wear and tear of its equipment.
D. All of the above information.
71. According to the passage, .
A. Bookkeeping seems more difficult from accounting.
B. Bookkeeping seems as difficult as accounting.
C. Bookkeeping seems less difficult than accounting.
D. Bookkeeping seems no more difficult than accounting.
Professor Reason recently persuaded 35 people to keep a diary of all their absent-minded actions for two weeks. When he came to analyze their embarrassing errors, he was surprised to find that nearly all of them fell into a few groups.
One of the women, for instance, on leaving her house for work one morning threw her pet dog her ear-rings and tried to fix a dog biscuit on her ear. “The explanation for this is that the brain is
like a computer,” explains the professor. “People programme themselves to do certain activities regularly. It was the woman‟s custom every morning to throw her dog two biscuits and then put on her ear-rings. But somehow the action got reversed(颠倒) in the programme.” About one in twenty
of the incidents the volunteers reported were these “programme assembly failures.”
Twenty per cent of all errors were “test failures”----primarily due to not verifying the progress
of what the body was doing. A man about to get his car out of the garage passed through the back yard where his garden jacket and boots were kept, put them on---- much to his surprise. A woman victim reported: “I got into the bath with my socks on.”
The commonest problem was information “storage failures”,. People forgot the names of
people whose faces they knew, went into a room and forgot why they were there, mislaid something, or smoked a cigarette without realizing it.
The research so far suggests that while the “central processor” of the brain is liberated from second-to second control of a well-practised routine, it must repeatedly switch back its attention at important decision points to check that the action goes on as intended. Otherwise the activity may
be “captured” by another frequently and recently used programme, resulting in embarrassing errors.
72. The purpose of Professor Reason‟s research is___________.
A .to show the difference between men and women in their reasoning B. to classify and explain some errors in human actions
C. to find the causes which lead to computer failures
D. to compare computer functions with brain workings
73. Which of the following might be grouped under “programme assembly failures”?
A. A woman went into a shop and forgot what to buy.
B. A man returning home after work left his key in the lock. C. A lady fell as she was concentrating on each step her feet were taking. D. An old man, with his shoes on, was trying to put on his socks. 74. The word “ verifying” in paragraph 3 can be replaced by ________.
A. improving B. changing C. checking D. stopping
75. According to the passage, the information” storage failures” refer to ______.
A. the destruction of information collecting system
B. the elimination of one‟s total memory
C. the temporary loss of part of one‟s memory
D. the separation of one‟s action from consciousness
IV. 单词拼写和选词填空: (20%)
1. They had a very (富有成效的)_____________ meeting and solved a lot of problems. 2. The small town has changed beyond all (认出)______________ in the last 10 years.
3. Each number in the series 2-4-8-16 is twice as large as the (前一个的)__________ number.
4. Your teacher can give you (指引)__________ in choosing a career and writing a job
5. I have no (同情)______________ for students who get caught cheating in exams; they should
6. A (典礼)_____________ is held every year to remember those who died in the war. 7. Because of the snow, many parts of the countryside are only (可进入的)__________ by
8. On March 5, more than 400 children (参加)___________ in a clean-up of the park.
9. It will take about an hour to get to the destination, (顾及到)__________ for traffic delays.
10. Bank statements (银行帐单) help you keep (保持联系)__________ of where your money is
get around, live with, adjust oneself to something, come up with, get stuck, allow for,
after all, as with
be connected to, be aware of. trial and error, now that, at a high pace 11. He could __________________ after the operation.
12. I have learn to ______________ my body as it is and adjusted to my way of life. 13. She _________________ a new idea for increasing sales.
14. It will take you half an hour to get to the station. ____________ traffic delays. 15. ____________ drawing a picture, you should be patient and careful in doing this job. 16. The subway _______________ the airport. So it‟s convenient.
17. Everybody ____ well _________ protecting wildlife.
18. A scientist has to go through ____________ before he can succeed in discovering a new
19. ____________ you mentioned it, I‟d like to discuss with you.
20. The electronic industry is developing _____________.
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Answer Sheet Name_______________ Number_______ Class___________ Marks_________
单选 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35
完型 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
阅读 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
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