DOC

ENERGY SYSTEMS - Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University

By Jeffery Parker,2014-12-28 13:53
6 views 0
ENERGY SYSTEMS - Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University

    Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    ENERGY SYSTEMS

    [SPECILISATION CODE: 09]

    PAPER I

    (Choose Any ONE Subject)

    S.NO SUBJECT NAME SUBJECTCODE 1. ADVANCED HEAT TRANSFER R50901 2. APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS R50902 3. CONTROL SYSTEMS R50903 4. DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION R50904 5. FLUID FLOW, HEAT & MASS TRANSFER R50905 6. HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER R50906 7. HYDEL POWER ENGINEERING R50907 8. PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS R50908 9. POST HARVEST OPERATIONS IN AGRICULTURE R50909 10. SOLAR ENERGY AND HEAT TRANSFER R50910 11. STEAM AND GAS TURBINES R50911 12. THERMAL POWER PLANT R50912

    Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    ENERGY SYSTEMS

    [SPECILISATION CODE: 09]

    PAPER II

    (Choose Any ONE Subject)

    S.NO. SUBJECT NAME SUBJECT CODE 1 ADVANCED FLUID DYNAMICS R50951 2 COMPUTATIONAL METHODS R50952 3 DESIGN OF THERMAL PRESSURE VESSELS R50953 4 ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION R50954 5 ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND THERMAL ENERGY R50955

    CONSERVATION

    6 I.C. ENGINES AND ALTERNATE FUELS R50956 7 INSTRUMENTATION R50957 8 NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES R50958 9 NUMERICAL METHODS & COMPUTER R50959

    PROGRAMMING

    10 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES OF ENERGY R50960

    SYSTEMS

    11 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES R50961

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50901

    ADVANCED HEAT TRANSFER

    UNIT I

    Brief introduction to different modes of heat transfer Conduction General heat conduction

    equation boundary conditions. Porous media steady simplified heat transfer in Cartesian coordinates 1-D heat transfer with internal heat generation Fins.

    UNIT II

    Transient heat conduction; Lumped system analysis- Heisler charts-semi infinite

    solid-use of shape factors in conduction.

    2D steady state heat conduction 2D transient heat conduction product solutions

    UNIT III

    Finite Difference methods for Conduction: 1D & 2D steady state and simple transient

    Heat conduction problems implicit and explicit methods.

    UNIT IV

    Forced Convection: Concept of boundary layer, concepts of continuity, momentum &

    Energy equations. Methods to determine heat transfer coefficient: Dimensional Analysis

    - Importance of non-dimensional numbers Functional relationship.

    UNIT V

    External flows and integral methods for flow over a flat plate; Application of empirical

    relations to variation geometrics.

    UNIT VI

    Free convection for different geometrics Approximate analysis on laminar free con- Vective heat transfer combined free and forced convection

    UNIT -VII

    Boiling and condensation: Boiling curve Correlations- Nusselt’s theory of film

    condensation on a vertical plate Assumptions & correlations of film condensation for different geometrics.

    UNIT -VIII

    Radiation mechanism Radiant heat exchange in grey, non grey bodies, with transmitting,

    Reflecting and absorbing media, specular surfaces, gas radiation radiation from

    Flames. Concepts of mass transfer Diffusion & convective mass transfer Analogies - Significance of non-dimensional numbers.

    TEXT BOOKS:

    1. Heat transfer : Necati Osisik (THM)

    2. Heat Transfer P.S. Ghoshdastidar (Oxford Press)

    3. Engg. Heat & Mass Transfer- Sawt K. Das (Dhanpat Rai)

    REFERENCE BOOKS:

    1. Fundamentals of Heat & Mass Transfer Incroera Dewitt (John Wiley)

    2. Heat Transfer : A basic approach Yunus Cangel (MH)

    3. Heat & Mass Transfer D.S. Kumar

    4. Heat Transfer P.K. Nag (TMH)

    5. Principle of Heat Transfer Frank Kreith & Mark.Bohn.

    6. Convective Heat and Mass Transfer / W.M.Kays & M.E.Crawford (TMH) 7. Radiation Heat Transfer G.M.Sparrow & R.D. Cess

    8. Thermal Radiation heat transfer R. Siegel & J.R.Howell

    9. Radiation Heat Transfer H.G.Hottel & A.F.Sarofim

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50902

    APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

1. Introduction: Thermodynamic system - types properties state- equilibrium

    processes cycles Temperature Zeroth Law of thermodynamics First Law of

    thermodynamics for closed and open systems Concept of internal energy

    Limitations of first law Second Law of thermodynamics Concept of Entropy

    2. Properties of working substances: Pure substance phases phase change process

     property diagrams PVT surface property tables Ideal Gas equation of state

    Real gas behavior - Compressibility factor properties other equations of state

    throttling Joule Thomson Coefficient.

    3. Thermodynamic property relations: Availability (Exergy) Unavailability (Anergy)

     Irreversibility Partial derivatives Thermodynamic potentials Maxwell’s

    relations Clausius Clayperon equation General relations for du, dh, ds, C ,C vp

    for ideal gases (pure substances) and real gases.

4. Gas Mixtures: Composition of a Gas mixture mass and mole fractions PVT

    behavior of gas mixtures (Ideal and Real gases) Properties of gas mixtures (Ideal

    and Real gases)

    5. Combustion: Theoretical and actual combustion processes Enthalpy of formation

     Enthalpy of Combustion First Law analysis of Reacting Systems Adiabatic

    flame temperature Entropy change of Reacting mixtures Second Law analysis

    of Reacting systems.

6. Gas power cycles: Carnot cycle - Air standard assumptions - Overview of

    reciprocating engines - Otto cycle - Diesel cycle Dual cycle Stirling cycle

    Ericsson cycle Brayton cycle Brayton cycle with Intercooling, Reheating and

    Regeneration.

    7. Vapor power cycles: Carnot vapor cycle Ideal Rankine cycle Deviation of

    Actual Vapor power cycle from Ideal cycle Actual Rankine cycle Methods to

    increase efficiency of Rankine cycle (Lowering of condenser pressure, Super

    heating steam to High temperature, Increasing Boiler pressure) Ideal Reheat

    Rankine cycle Ideal Regenerative Rankine cycle.

8. Irreversible thermodynamics: Entropy production Onsager Reciprocity relation

    Thermodynamics of Thermoelectricity generation Seebeck effect Peltier effect

    Thomson effect.

References:

    a. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach / Y.A.Cengel and Mc. A.

    Boles/TMH

    b. Engineering Thermodynamics / P.K.Nag /TMH c. Thermo dynamics / Sontag & Van Wylen

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50903

    CONTROL SYSTEMS

1. Mathematical Model For Physical Systems - Open loop closed loop control

    Differential equations of physical systems Transfer functions Block diagram

    algebra Signal flow graphs.

    2. Industrial Automatic Controls - Classification Proportional derivative and integral

    control actions Liquid level control systems with proportional and integral control

     Pneumatic, hydraulic and electronic controllers

    3. Transient Response Analysis - Standard signals transient response of first and

    second order systems Steady state errors and error constants.

    4. Concepts Of Stability - Necessary conditions for stability Hurwitz stability

    criterion Routh’s stability criterion – Relative stability.

5. Digital Control Systems - Typical systems with digital controller Spectrum

    analysis of sampling process Signal reconstruction Difference equations First

    order sampled data system Z transforms The inverse Z transforms Properties

    Z transfer function Z transform analysis of sampled data systems Z and S

    domain relationship Stability analysis

    .

    6. Frequency Response Analysis - The root locus concept frequency response, polar

    plot, Bode plot Nyquist stability criterion.

7. State Variable Model - Concepts of state & state variables, state space

    representation of systems Transfer matrix.

    8. State Variable Analysis - Solution of state equation state transition matrix

    diagonalization concepts of controllability and observability.

References:

    a. Control systems, Principles and Design / M Gopal / TMH b. Control Systems Engineering /Nagrath & M.Gopal/ Wiley Eastern c. Modern Control Engineering/ K.Ogata / Prentice Hall

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50904

    DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

    1. Review of Solar Radiation - Availability - Solar Constant Definitions of solar

    geometry Solar radiation data and measurement -Extra terrestrial radiation on a

    horizontal plane hourly beam and diffuse radiation on a horizontal plane and

    inclined plane - Estimation of average solar radiation

2. Silicon Solar Cell Construction Working Spectral response Equivalent

    circuit I.V characteristics Effect of changes of irradiance and temperature

    Energy losses Methods of manufacture Cell processing

3. Other types of solar cells Ga As solar cells Cd S solar cells Amorphous Si

    cells Energy band structure of crystalline Si and Amorphous Si Problems and

    comparison with crystalline Si solar cells.

4. Photovoltaic Modules and Arrays Module construction Design requirements

    Rating Tests Failures of modules and remedial measures (Hot spot effect)

    Orientation and array layout Site preparation Roof mounted arrays Protective

    diodes Module interconnection and cabling Lighting protection.

5. Performance Measurement Reference spectral irradiance distribution

    Measurement of relative spectral response Measurement of I.V characteristics (in

    natural sunlight, steady state simulator, pulsed simulator) Simulator requirements

     Transposition of IV characteristics Determination of temperature coefficients

    Determination of internal series resistance Determination of curve correction

    factor

    6. PV systems Stand alone systems Grid connected systems Converters/Inverters

     Charge controllers Multi Point Power Tracking Systems (MPPTS) System

    sizing calculation PV lighting PV fan with battery backup Signaling Water

    pumping.- Hybrid systems: PV Wind, PV Diesel.

    7. Thermoelectric generators Seebeck, Peltier and Thomsom effects and their inter

    relationships Thermionic generation Thermoelectric generation

8. Fuel Cells Classification of fuel cells Working of H-O fuel cell - Properties of 22

    electrodes Methods of hydrogen production Properties of hydrogen Storage

    and transportation of hydrogen Applications of hydrogen and fuel cells.

References

a. Generating electricity from the sun/ Edited Fred C Treble / Pergamon Press.

    b. Amorphous Silicon Solar cells/ K. Takahashi & M. Konagai / North Oxford

    Academic.

    c. Photovoltaic systems Engineering / Roger Messenger / CRC Press d. Fuel cells / Livin Oniciu/ Abacus Press 1976.

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50905

    FLUID FLOW, HEAT & MASS TRANSFER

    UNIT I

    CONDUCTION: Steady State Single, Dimensional and Two Dimensional systems

    Constant Crossectional Finned Surface Hydrodynamic and Thermal Boundary layers on

    flat plates, Local and Average Friction Factors and Heat Transfer Co-Efficients.

For unit I contents from the books

    1. “Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering by W.L.Mc Cabe, J.C. Smith, P.Harriott,

    Sixth Edition McGraw Hill Company.

    2. “Heat Transfer A Basic Approach” by M.Necati Ozisik, International Edition 1985

    McGraw Hill Company.

UNIT II

    Two Phase Flow: Flow patterns of gas or vapor, liquid flows in horizontal and vertical tubes calculations of frictional pressure drop using LOKHART MARTINELLI

    correlations HEWITT METHOD.

UNIT III

    Condensation: Mechanism of condensation at plane liquid vapour Interphase film

    condensation Nusselt theory for Laminar Condensation Condensation with Interphacial

    shear on Inclined Plate Methods for improving heat transfer co-efficients in condensation.

    For unit II & III contents from the books convective Boiling and Condensation by John G. Collier Second Edition McGraw Hill Company.

UNIT IV

    Molecular Diffusion in Fluids and Mass Transfer Coefficients Fick’s law of diffusion –

    Steady State molecular diffusion gases and liquids Film mass transfer coefficients in

    laminar and tubelient flow Mass transfer theories Momentum, Heat and Mass transfer

    analogies.

    For unit IV contents from the books Mass Transfer Operations by R.C. Treybal, McGraw Hill Company.

UNIT V

    Heat Exchangers: Classification LMTD and NTU Double pipe and 1 2 Exchangers

    Evaluation of Overall Heat Transfer Co-efficients Fouling Factors.

    For unit V contents from the books Process Heat Transfer by Donald Q. Kern, Tata McGraw Hill Company1997.

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50906

    HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER

    UNIT I

Conduction and Single-phase Convection Introduction Modes of heat transfer

    Combined modes Steady one-dimensional Steady heat source system Forced

    convection Boundary layer flow with heat transfer Equations of momentum and energy Integral method of solution Empirical relations for other configurations Free

    convection from vertical, horizontal and inclined plates.

UNIT II

    Heat Transfer to Fluids with Phase Change Heating and cooling of fluids in forced convection outside tubes Heat transfer from condensing vapors Heat transfer to boiling liquids.

    For units I & II syllabus contents are from the book “Heat Transfer A Basic Approach”

    by Necati Ozisik, McGraw Hill

UNIT III

Molecular Diffusion in Fluids and Mass Transfer Coefficients. Fick’s law of diffusion –

    Steady-state molecular diffusion in gases and liquids Film mass transfer coefficients in laminar and turbulent flow Mass transfer theories Heat and mass transfer Analogies

    Simultaneous mass and heat transfer.

UNIT IV

    Inter-phase Mass Transfer and Absorption Diffusion between phases in gas and liquid phase controlled situations Ideal and non-ideal liquid solutions Choice of solvent for absorption Absorption and stripping of single component operating lines and minimum

    flow rates.

UNIT V

Humidification Operations-Absolute humidity, saturated vapour- gas mixtures, unsaturated

    vapour-gas mixtures, air-water system, adiabatic saturation curves and wet bulb

    temperature Water cooling with air Equipment.

For Units III, IV & V syllabus contents are from the book “Mass Transfer Operations”

    by Robert E. Treybal, McGraw Hill, 3th Edition, 1980.

OTHER REFERENCES

1. Unit Operation of Chemical Engineering by W.L.McCabe, J.C.Smith and Peter thHarriott McGraw Hill, 5 Edition 1993.

    2. Heat and Mass Transfer by O.P. Single, Macmillan Indian Limited. 3. Heat Transfer by R.C.Sachdeva, New Age International.

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50907

    HYDEL POWER ENGINEERING

    1. Basic Concepts - Importance of Hydro-electric power - Investigations and studies

    for waterpower development. Load Study and Estimation - Available power -

    Power duration curve - Storage and pondage - Firm power - Secondary power -

    Load duration curve.

    2. Power Development - Run-Of-River power development -Types of plants - Mini

    and Micro hydel power development - Components of run-of-river power

    development on canal falls - Pumped Storage Power Development - Essential

    requirements Necessity Advantages - Classification of PSP development,

    Components Layout Economics - Cost of power generated.

    3. Design and Construction of Hydro-Electric Works - Layout of scheme - Design of

    intakes - Penstocks - Economic diameters of penstocks - Design of anchor blocks -

    Air vents - Water hammer problems Types of Surge tanks Functions, Location

    and Types, Fore Bay - Stability of surge tanks

    4. Principles of Hydraulic Machinery - Dynamic Force exerted by Fluid Jet on

    stationary Flat plate Plate normal to jet and inclined plate - Fluid jet on curved

    plate - Fluid jet on moving curved surface of a turbine blade - Velocity diagrams for

    turbine blades - Work done on Tangential flow turbine Runner - Angular

    Momentum equation - Radial flow - Power produced by Radial runner.

    5. Hydraulic Prime Movers-1 - History of Development of water wheel and Water

    Turbines - Classification of Modern Water Turbines - Impulse Turbines, Main

    components and their Functions - Modern Pelton turbine Arrangements of jets

    Runner - Turbine shaft - Design of components of Pelton Turbine - Force, Power

    and Efficiency - Velocity Triangles - Force exerted by jet - Work done and Power

    Developed by jet - Turbine Efficiencies.

6. Hydraulic Prime Movers-2 - Modern Francis Turbine - Main Components Design

    - Shapes of Francis Runner and Evolution of Kaplan Runner - Draft tube Theory

    Cavitation Torque - Power and Efficiencies - Propeller, Kaplan and tubular (or

    Bulb) Turbines Force Torque - Power and Efficiencies - Types of Governors,

    Governing of Impulse and Reaction Turbines.

    7. Modeling and testing of turbines - Models and Selection of Turbines - Turbo

    Models and their Testing, Similarity considerations of Model and Proto type

    Turbines Geometric, Kinematic and Dynamic Similarities Performance

    characteristics.

    8. Power Station Planning - Power plant structure - Layout of hydro power plants -

    Types of power houses -Under ground power houses - Investigation and studies -

    Safety requirements - Sizing of a power house.

References:

a. Fluid Mechanics And Fluid Power Engineering / D.S.Kumar

    b. Water Power Engineering / M. M. Dandekar & K. N. Sharma thc. Fluid Power with Application / Anthony Esposito 5 Ed.

    d. Hydraulic Machines/ T.R. Banga & S.C. Sharma

    e. A text Book of Water Power Engineering / R.K.Sharma & T.K.Sharma

    ;;;;;

Syllabi for Pre.PhD/Pre M.Phil/ Pre MS. W.e.f. 2005-2006 Batch

    Subject Code : R 50908

    PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS

1. REVIEW OF SOLAR RADIATION: Solar Constant definitions of solar

    geometry extra terrestrial radiation on a horizontal plane hourly beam and

    diffuse radiation on a horizontal plane and inclined plane.

2. SILICON SOLAR CELL: Construction Working spectral response

    equivalent circuit IV, Characteristics Energy losses methods of manufacture.

3. PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES & ARRAYS: Module construction rating

    tests orientation and array layout protective diodes and lighting protection.

    4. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT: Determination of I.V. Characteristics with

    natural sunlight and solar simulation.

5. PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: MPPTS DC/AS inverters battery controllers

    stand alone systems grid interactive systems design light concentration.

6. COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELLS & AMORPHOUS

    SILICON CELLS: Gas solar cells CDS solar cells Amorphous Si Energy

    band structure of crystalline Si and Amorphous Si H Fundamentals of amorphous

    Si cells problems and comparison with crystalline Si solar cells.

    7. BATTER STORAGE FOR PV APPLICATIONS: Basic concepts of cells and

    batteries Components of cells and batteries Discharge and charge operations of

    a cell Theoretical cell voltage capacity of batteries classifications of cells and

    batteries as primary & secondary types: Lead Acid, and Nickel Cadmium

    Batteries, Conventional and Sealed types Open circuit voltage characteristics

    polarization and resistive losses self discharge Discharge performance, effects

    of temperature on performance Internal Impedance Life and operational features

    temperature compensation PV Energy storage systems.

8. PV APPLICATIONS: Stand alone systems: concepts of DC DC converters,

    Charge Controllers, and inverters; Maximum power point tracking, Water pumping,

    Lighting, Signaling, Telecommunications, Cathodic protection and refrigeration,

    Hybrid systems: PV Wind, PV Diesel, PV Fuel cells, Grid interactive PV

    power plants, Space applications.

     BOOKS:

     Generating electricity from the sun/ Edited Fred C/O Treble / Pergamon Press.

     Amorphous Silicon Solar cells / K. Takahashi & M. Konagai / North Oxford Academic

     Photovotaic systems Engineering / Roger Messenger / CRC Press

     Solar Electric Systems / George Warfield / Springer Verlag

     Solar cells / Chemming Hu and R. M. White / Mc Graw Hill

     Fundamentals of Solar cells / Alan Fahrenburch and R.H. Bube / Academic Press

     Solar Cells and Their Applications (Ed.) / Larry D. Prtain / John Wiley and sons

     Solar cells and Optics for Photovoltaic Concentrators A Luque, Adam Hilger (Philadelphua)

     Handbook of Batteries and Fuel Cells / David Linden / Mc Graw Hill Book Company.

    ;;;;;

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com