12. A What job the son is to take after graduation.
B Whether the son should leave home forever.
C Where and how the son lives in London.
D What the son's friend is like.
A No place to live in. 13.
B No friend to share a flat.
C No job to live on.
D No parent to depend on.
14. A She has no objection.
B She is a little worried.
C She is very supportive.
D She is very pleased.
15. A Very cautious.
B Quite enthusiastic.
C Very sensitive.
D A little indifferent.
More and more young adults are remaining single and (1)______. This is bringing about a violent change in the education of young people. More and more young girls are signing up for the classes (2)______ reserved only for boys. And, (3)______, a good number of boys are finding that classes in cooking and sewing are extremely useful to their own independence.
A growing (4)______ of college students are choosing to take the classes which are meaningful and useful rather than traditional. I find
it encouraging that some women are pursuing training as mechanics and electricians. Within ten years or so, the number of women in the mechanical field may be nearly (5)______ to the number of men.
It is becoming more and more (6)______ that women are not "mechanically dumb". They just never got the encouragement to learn the basics of mechanics. It doesn't require a man's hand to turn a screw or tighten a bolt. The tools are designed for anyone's hand. I know several women who have rebuilt and (7)______ their own cars, and they are no brawnier than an average secretary.
Slowly, bit by bit, I am learning how the engine in my car works and what is required to keep it (8)______. It's dirty work and requires some determination, but I am gaining independence because of the notion that it is "man's work" and I won't have to take it to a mechanic who would be happy to (9)______ an "ignorant" woman.
Someday, perhaps, when women have been given the chance to allow their talents to blossom, we may find that lady mechanics will be (10)______ over males. Now won't that be a switch?
A. running I. accuse
B. equal J. independent
C. apparent K. volume
D. preferred L. maintained
E. number M. purchased
F. conversely N. previously
G. rushing O. immediately
Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.
Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with
informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting us from our
y, other people may give us instrumental worries and troubles. Finall
support — financial aid, material resources, and needed services — that
reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems. 1. Interpersonal relationships are important because ________.
A they are indispensable to people's social well-being
B they waken people's desire to exchange resources
C they help people to cope with life in the information era
D they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc. 2. Research shows that people's physical and mental health ________.
A relies on the social welfare systems which support them
B has much to do with the amount of support they get from others
C depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles
D is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives
3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "cushions" ( Line 1, Para. 2) ?
A Adds up to.
B Does away with.
C Lessens the effect of.
D Lays the foundation for.
4. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ________.
A instrumental support
B informational support
C social companionship
D the strengthening of self-respect
5. Social companionship is beneficial in that ________.
A it helps strengthen our ties with relatives
B it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes
C it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable
D it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles
Friendship is one of the basic bonds between human beings. While the characteristics of friendship might vary from one country to another, people from all cultures not only enjoy friends but need them.
Many studies have shown that teenagers who have no friends often suffer from psychological disorders. It has been shown that teenagers, perhaps more than any other age group, need companionship and a sense of belonging. The negative consequences of loneliness have also been observed among the elderly. The death of a spouse often leaves a widow or a widower totally bereft. If, however, they are surrounded by friends and relatives and if they are able to articulate their feelings, they are more likely to recover from their grief.
“No man is an island.” In other words, we are all parts of society. We all need the love, admiration, respect and moral support of other people. If we are fortunate, our friends will provide us with all of these necessary aspects of life.
As most people observe, there are many levels of friendship. The degree or intensity of friendship varies depending on the personality of the individuals involved and the context of the relationships. Extroverts enjoy being surrounded by many people whereas introverts are perhaps content with fewer but more intense friendships.
Everyone is not equally open with all their friends. The degree of intimacy is determined by many factors. Close friends can be formed at any stage in ones life but they are usually very rare. Not very many people have more than a few really close friends. Irrespective of the level of intimacy, all friendships are based on reciprocity, honesty and a certain amount of love and affection.
6.The second paragraph implies that ______.
[A]teenagers without friends will suffer from psychological problems [B]a widow or a widower will die very soon without companionship
[C]human beings need companionship and a sense of belonging
[D]both A and B
7. “No man is an island”(Line 1, Para. 3) implies that ______.
[A]everyone is a part of an island
[B]man cannot be an island
[C]everyone is just a part of society
[D]society is an island
8. The degree of intimacy of friendship mainly depends on ______. [A]age [B]belonging
9. The author thinks that close friends ______.
[A]can be easily formed when one is young
[B]cannot be long-lasting
[C]are not rare for everyone
[D]are rare for most people
10.The word “irrespective” (Last sentence, Para. 5) means _____.
[A]not respecting [B]dishonoring
Traditional Americans think marriage is a serious business. It begins with (1)______. A young man asks the father of his sweetheart for (2)______to marry his daughter. If the father agrees, the man later (3)______ to her. The man usually. gives his fiancé a (4)______ring as a (5)______of their engagement.
Although most weddings follow long-held traditions, there's still room for American (6)______. For example, the usual place for a wedding is in a (7)______. But some people get married outdoors in a scenic spot. The (8)______may invite hundreds of people or just a few close friends. But some things rarely change. (9)________________________________.
As the ceremony begins, the groom and his attendants stand with the minister, facing the congregation. (10)______________________________. They give each other a gold ring to symbolize their marriage commitment.
At the wedding reception, the bride and groom greet their guests. (11)________________________________________________________________. Tradition says that the one who catches the bouquet will be the next to marry. When the reception is over, the newlyweds run to their "decorated" car and speed off. Many couples take a honeymoon, an one-to-two-week vacation trip, to celebrate their marriage.
Listening to others is an even more important part of communication than speaking. Many more errors and difficulties 【B1】 misunderstanding what you've heard, so it's
essential to ready yourself to listen with an open mind. Like many of us, you 【B2】 to
listen actively, with 【B3】 for accuracy, feeling, meaning, understanding and mutual creativity. You may never have been trained to 【B4】 the other person's experience
of being understood. 【B5】 you may not 【B6】 that others really hear the message
you intend to communicate, others don't check to 【B7】 that what you heard is
What gets in the way of accurate listening? When we're worried about what we're hearing or might hear next or what we might have to do about what we hear, we may very well receive a 【B9】 message. 【B10】 that we will have to "fix it" or
"control it" causes us to listen with "filters". We may want to express our own point of view. We may also want to avoid being 【B11】 or being drawn into a conflict, so we
【B12】 what we hear, because we're already thinking about what we'll say next. It then becomes impossible to hear the speaker's true meaning. Clearly in our
B13】 what we think we heard instead of workplaces, families and friendship, if we 【
what was actually said, the 【B14】 of the message we received will result in
responses that aren't 【B15】 On the other side, if others don't hear us accurately, we won't feel valued.
If you want to connect with others and take appropriate actions, you must learn to listen with curiosity, empathy and a deep appreciation for the feelings, reality and creativity of another. You need to ask for 【B16】 and not 【B17】 conclusions. You
need to pay close attention and "mirror" back what you hear rather than listening 【B18】 while thinking of other things or listening through filters, 【B19】 or
expectations that limit or distort the message's 【B20】 meaning. We build trust when
others know we understand and value them.
1. A result in B lead to C stem from D bring about
2. A needn't have been taught B don't need to be taught
C must never have been taught D may never have been taught 3. A. appraisal B concentration C acknowledgement D appreciation 4. A contribute to B attribute to C ascribe to D correspond to 5. A As good as B As far as C Just D Just as
6. A conform B contend C confirm D allege
7. A be true B make sure C reassure D rectify
8. A what they meant B they are meant to
C that they meant D which they meant
9. A retorted B converted C diverted D distorted
10. A Provided B Given C Concern D Assume
11. A dominated B devastated C diverted D departed
12. A shut out B show off C stick to D sign out
13. A act on B reflect on C look on D take on
14. A inefficiency B ineffectiveness C inaccuracy D inflow
15. A accurate B appropriate C affirmative D considerate
16. A confirmation B clarification C verification D complication 17. A draw B arrive at C jump at D come up with
18. A attentively B automatically C consciously D intensively 19. A assumptions B consumptions C absorptions D options
20. A explicit B subtle C intricate D intended
“Family” is of course an elastic word. But when British people say that their society is based
on family life, they are thinking of “family” in its narrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father and children living together alone in their own house as an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and independent family—hence the
tremendous importance of marriage in British life.
For both the man and the woman, marriage means leaving one‟s parents and starting one‟s
own life. The man‟s first duty will then be to his wife, and the wife‟s to her husband. He will be
entirely responsible for her financial support, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibility and theirs alone. Neither the wife‟s parents nor the
husband‟s, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts or uncles, have any right to interfere with them—
Readers of novels like Jane Austen‟s Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times
marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl‟s parents, that is, it was the parents? duty to find a suitable husband for their daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement to lead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her. Until that time, the girl was protected and maintained in the parents? home, and the financial relief of getting rid of her could be seen in their giving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry. It is very different today. Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before their marriage. This has had two results. A girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry.
1. What does the author mean by “Family is of course an elastic word”?
A. Different families have different ways of life.
B. Different definitions could be given to the word.
C. Different nations have different families.
D. Different times produce different families.
2. For an English family, the husband‟s duty is ____.
B. defending the family while the wife is running the home
D. independent while the wife is dependent
3. Everything is decided in a family ____.
A. by the couple
B. with the help of their parents
C. by brothers and sisters
D. with the help of aunts and uncles
4. What is TRUE concerning the book Pride and Prejudice?
A. It is the best book on marriage.
B. It is a handbook of marriage.
C. It gives quite some ideas of English social life in the past.
D. It provides a lot of information of former-time wealthy families.
5. With regard to marriage in Britain, present-day girls differ from former time girls in ____.
A. the right to marry B. more parental support
C. choosing husbands D. social position
1 A Very well. B Just so-so. C Excellently. D Terribly. 2. A Found a job with a big firm. B Tried to get a job. C Gambled all the time. D Became a manger.
3. A Just very easy. B Not so hard.
C Simply a headache. D Impossible.
4. A Government and taxes.
B Work and taxes.
C Freedom and taxes.
D Death and taxes.
5. A Two. B Three. C Four. D Five.
6. A They begin paying federal taxes from that day.
B It is the last day for people to pay the city tax.
C It is the deadline for paying federal taxes.
D The state tax is due on that day.
This is for people who are interested in adopting a low-fat lifestyle or for those who are already living a low-fat lifestyle.
My husband and I____(1) consume 2040 grams of fat each day. I___ (2) grams of fat rather than calculate the percentage of fat/calories because I find it much____(3) and less complicated. Our daily fat percentage of calories____(4) from 10% to 20%. Today we have lost a____(5) amount of weight and we are very healthy and full of energy.
Living a low-fat lifestyle is not____(6) , it just takes a little organization and a commitment to change the way you eat as a lifestyle change, not as adieu. The problem with a diet is that when you think about ___(7)on a diet, you think of it as having a beginning and an end. The ______ (8)is the problem. I have been on____(9)diets in my lifetime and lost more weight than I care to think about, only to gain it all back in less time than it took to lose it! Making a____(10) to living a low-fat lifestyle for the rest of your life is the key.
A) end I) difficult
B) presently J) going
C) significant K) count
D) numerous L) symbolic
E) easier M) committee
F) hops N) means
G) presumably O) runs
centers, workaholism is so common that people do not In some____(1)
____(2)it unusual. They accept the lifestyle as normal. Government workers in Washington, D. C., for example, frequently work sixty to seventy hours a week. They don't do this because they have to; they do it because they want to.
Workaholism can be a serious____(3). Because true workaholics would rather work than do anything else, they probably don't know how to____ (4); that is, they might not enjoy movies, sports, or other types of entertainment. Most of all, they____(5)to sit and do nothing. The lives of workaholics are usually stressful, and this tension and worry can cause health problems such as heart attacks or stomach ulcers. In addition typical workaholics don't pay much____(6)to their families. They spend little time with their children, and their marriages may end in divorce.
Is workaholism always dangerous? Perhaps riot. There are, certainly, people who work well under stress. Some studies show that many workaholics have great energy arid interest in life. Their work is so pleasurable that they are actually very happy. For most workaholics, work and entertainment are the same thing. Their jobs____(7)them with a challenge; this keeps them busy and creative.
Why do workaholics enjoy their jobs so much? There are several advantages to work. Of course, it provides people with paychecks, and this is important. But in offers more than financial security. It provides people with self-confidence; they have a feeling of____(8)when they've produced a____(9)piece of work and are able to say, "I made that."
Psychologists claim that work gives people an identity; through participation in work, they get a sense of self-satisfaction and individualism. In addition, most jobs provide people with a socially acceptable way to meet others. Perhaps some people are____(10)about their work, but their addiction seems to be a safe--even an advantageous--one.
A) provide I) relax
B) plates J) current
C) urban K) hate
D) spinal L) problem
E) attention M) muscles
F) consider N) altered
G) challenging O) satisfaction
1. We will give this vacant seat to ________ (任何一个第一个来的人).
2. She_________________ (感到羞耻)her behavior at the party?
3. I'm not accustomed to such luxury, ________________(它简直是浪费钱) .
4. Miss Blocky was________________(处于最佳状态) when she played the
5. Marry went to the cinema with her brother,________(对此我很吃惊).
6. The journalists tried to predict_________________________(哪个政党
7. The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally________(苏醒过来).
此处考查固定词组的用法。pull through 指“(艰难)通过?苏醒”。
8. True friendship foresees the needs of others ________ (而不是声明自
rather than意思相当于instead of。
9. We are a competitive company looking for creative people willing to work___________________________(尽其所能)?
10. There were five deaths and________________(大量的受伤者) the traffic