The decisive role of context on meaning
【Papers Key words Context Changes Meaning
【Abstract】 The decisive role of context on meaning is the language of a universal phenomenon, context determines the meaning bits, that is a different context, meaning will follow to change.
Context of the concept, derived from the human linguist Malinowski. He believes that language is not a comprehensive system, the meaning of language can not be entirely its own but should be determined by the
context. Context can be divided into two types of narrow and broad, and narrow context refers to the time and before and after the discourse produced by a variety of events, can be called "situational context", including the context of written language or spoken language, after
preface to the context formed , also known as the small context; broader context include the discourse generated by the whole cultural background, can be called "Cultural Context", in addition to including the language outside of the narrow, but also with people relating to the conduct of speech to express time, place, person identity, atmosphere, social background and so on, which is also known as large context. London School's founder Yuehanlubo Firth absorbed Malinowski's context of
concepts and ideas in two contexts: a context from the language within which a structure and a system the combination of the relationship between the various components; another language from the external context, that language and context can not separate. Western linguists exposition of the theory of context for us today to understand the context and meaning of a word has an important role in the prompt.
Meaning apart from its meaning combinations shown by environmental supplement determined. Therefore, the use of meaning, understanding and communication environment, that listening to both sides of the vocational identity, emotions, life experiences, and so have a close relationship. What a sentence to say what it meant, often need to participate in social
person to add themselves. And communicative language environment, you can make a more precise meaning of words. Specifically, the context is the language of objective factors and subjective factors of people posed by
the use of language environment. Context features are two: One is to explain the function, and the second is the filtering. Context not only to help us deducing meaning, but also help us to prevent the irregularities of the language phenomenon. Therefore, in our study and work study the
impact of context on meaning is very necessary. To jointly explore the following:
(A) The social context determine meaning
(1) Historical social environment
At different times, in different social environments in which the language environment is certainly different. Their studies must be aware of this difference in order to better understand the meaning, understanding where the main thrust of the article. For example:
Novel "Sixty years of change" where Ji Shu-Q cross-party Wicha: "Do
you know this news?" Side: "What news?" Season: "Chiang Kai-shek cut me
any!" Side: "What Disease surgery?" Season : "Do you still go to bed! murder!" is obviously not linked to the party of social revolution in 1927, the situation changes, do not understand the "cut" exactly what is meant by the word to others for further explanation.
(2) The social environment of Pragmatics
The word "combination meaning" the study is pragmatic social environment, a number of variations under the influence of semantic
meaning, namely AC-bit variant is dependent on the overall socio-
linguistic result of the impact of internal factors, mainly a bit by the neighbors or far-defined neighborhood Yi-bit "Semantic spillover" effect
obtained a new meaning. For example:
A. This is a small thing, really cute!
B. This is what stuff!
The same "stuff", but because of the speaker's tone, a different tone, leaving both the basic meaning and additional meaning is different. "Things" "Modern Chinese Dictionary" have such meaning items: concrete or abstract things. However, in the first sentence of the "things", refers specifically to the speaker like a small animal or a child, so that the basic meaning narrow, and has an additional meaning the emotional
favorite. The second sentence of "things" refers to those who hate the
things so to speak, with a dislike of the emotional meaning attached.
(B) contextual meaning the decision
(1) The language-defined variant of the word - Speech-yi
Linguistic meaning is a word as a language of building materials unit, or language, the vocabulary of the system a member. That is, word meaning or concept-based meaning. "Verbal meaning" refers to a specific context or speech fragments to enter the word actually refers to what is
called a modern combination of semantic meaning, that is, justice is at the speech a variant of the portfolio. Some linguists call this justice-
bit variant of the word's "meaning" rather than "meaning." The dictionary meaning of the items listed are the language of word meaning, while the impossible and also unnecessary to the word in different contexts of speech-yi-yi-bit variants that are listed on the. For example:
A. Scene: outside the operating room, anxiously waiting for the
ongoing removal of uterine fibroids surgery the patient's family, the door opened, the doctor out.
The patient's family asked: "cut it?"
Dr A: "cut the."
According to the upper and lower scenarios suggest that this "cut"
into a question and answer refers to "myomectomy."
B. Scene: A year later, the doctor came to a group of old ladies in the exercise.
Everyone asked: "cut it?"
Doctor replied: "cut the. We are the same, who is also an exception to the retirement age?" According to the scene from top to bottom tips, where the "cut of" refers to the handling procedures can only be retired by age "across the board."
C. Scene: Exercise finished, the doctor to go home. See her daughter reading, remember to go out when she cut ribs well.
The doctor asked: "cut it?"
Her daughter replied: "Well-cut long ago."
According to the scene from top to bottom tips, where the "cut of" refers to the cut ribs.
See, "cut" "a" "do" The three words symbols have been abstracted from the communication out of the scene, in the dictionary have a common understanding of all the people to determine that the language-defined
meaning, its group of words into a sentence the way they are in line with
a high degree of the abstract syntax of Chinese laws. However, after the composition of "cut it?" "Cut of" two non-subject-predicate sentence into
a different communication scenarios, whether they are as interrogative or declarative sentences, the meaning of its words are not the same, and yet
be able to smoothly carry out the exchange of ideas. Dialogue in the hospital and at home, meaning and literal meaning of words the same, but "cut" into concrete objects, which is to abstract the semantics of communication scenario specific; and in the exercise when the dialogue is obviously contain meaning beyond the literal meaning of the blending of the . This is a communicative discourse implicature given scene. "Cut" is the word in the dictionaries did not and will not increase the future
"retirement" is of Meaning. This is the language-defined variants - verbal