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Lesson_4_The_Invisible_Japanese_Gentlemen

By Ellen Jordan,2014-07-04 23:07
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Lesson_4_The_Invisible_Japanese_Gentlemen

    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    Word List

    1. courteous a. characterized by gracious consideration toward others/ polite 谦恭的;有礼的 2. blonde a. & n. having golden or pale-coloured hair白肤金发(女子)

    3. petite a. small, slender, and trim. (used of a girl or woman) 娇小的

    4. Regency n. typical of the period 1810-1820 in England 摄政时期(1811-1820)

    a person or group selected to govern in place of a monarch or other ruler who

    is absent, disabled, or still in minority 摄政者

    5. oval n. & a. resembling an egg in shape卵形的/ resembling an ellipse in shape; elliptical

     椭圆形的

    6. miniature n. a copy or model that represents or reproduces something in a greatly

     reduced size缩小模型,缩微模型

     a small painting executed with great detail, often on a surface such as ivory

    微型画

    a. being on a small or greatly reduced scale 小型的

    7. signet-ring n. signet -- seal图章戒指

    8. aviary n. a large enclosure for holding birds in confinement 大鸟舍 cage

    9. fiancé n. a man engaged to be married 未婚夫

    10. panel n. a flat, usually rectangular piece forming a raised, recessed, or framed part of the

     surface in which it is set 镶板

    11. sensitivity n.

    sensitive a. easily influenced to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others 敏感的

     e.g. She is sensitive to what people think of her. 她很敏感人们对她是怎么想的。 12. paperback n. a book having a flexible paper binding 平装本 hardcover精装本: 13. crutch n. a device used for assistance or support 支撑物

    e.g. to walk on crutches 拄着拐杖走路

    14. rake v. aim heavy gunfire along the length of 扫射

    search or examine thoroughly 搜索

     e.g. rake through the files for the misplaced letter为找一封错放的信而搜找那些文件

     rake the library for new books在图书馆里寻找新书

    rake the sky with a searchlight用探照灯扫视天空

    The clouds raked the mountain summits.云朵掠过山峰。

    15. champagne n. 香槟酒

    16. elaborate a. intricate and rich in detail复杂精美的/ complicated/carefully prepared and

     finished/ very detailed and complicated

    v. express at greater length or in greater detail 详述

     e.g. an elaborate lace pattern复杂精美的花边图案

     The chairman just wanted the facts; you don't need to elaborate on them.

    主席只想了解事实,你不必作详细说明。

    17. courtesy n. polite behavior有礼貌的举止行为

    courteous a.

    18. enfeeble v. deprive of strength; make feeble使丧失力量?使虚弱

    feeble a.

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    e.g. I felt feeble when I was ill. 我生病的时候感到很虚弱。

    Grandmother has been getting feebler lately.近来祖母愈益衰弱了。

    19. snatch v. & n. grasp or seize hastily, eagerly, or suddenly 抢夺

    e.g. He snatched up his gun and fired. 他突然取出枪来射击。

    He snatched the book from my hands. 他从我的手里抢走了书。

    A bird had snatched up the snake from the ground and then dropped it on to the wires.

    一只飞禽从地上抓起了这条蛇,后来把它丢落在电线上。

    snatch at the chance of抓住机会

    20. decorative a. serving to decorate or embellish; ornamental 装饰性的?装饰的

    decorate v.

    decoration n.

    21. submit v. give in to the authority, power, or desires of another 服从

     offer as a proposition or contention将„作为意见提出

    submission n.

    e.g. refuse to submit to an unjust decision拒绝服从不公正的决定

    I submitted my papers to the examiner. 我把试卷交给主考老师。

    I hope you can submit you term papers before the deadline.

    我希望你们能在最后限期之前交上你们的学期论文。

    submit willingly心悦诚服

    22. simultaneously ad.

    simultaneous a. happening, existing, or done at the same time 同时的

    e.g. This event was almost simultaneous with that one.

    这件事几乎是与那件事同时发生的。

    23. counterpart n. one that closely resembles another 相似物

    24. Naples n. 那不勒斯(意大利港市)

    25. abrasive a. harsh and rough in manner 生硬粗暴的

    26. blurb n. a brief publicity notice, as on a book jacket 简介

    27. evasive a. inclined or intended to evade 逃避的

    evade v.

    e.g. take evasive action采取逃避行动

     evade responsibility回避责任

Theme

     In this sort story, Greene creates the favourable image of a girl, who is not only attractive in looks but also firm in spirit. She has just had her first novel published, and now intoxicated by her success and inflated by the publisher’s praise, she wants to stake her future on a writer’s career. For such a girl, Greene expresses great sympathy and deep concern, himself being a veteran author who knows all the problems and sufferings of being a writer. While he seems to be worrying abut the particular girl, he offers all young would-be writers his reflections on being a writer and his advice to them on choosing other careers than writing.

     Greene seriously believes that writing requires enormous pains and is never an easy job. A writer may put forth “years of effort” but end up in “doing nothing well”. The girl obviously did not realize this when she set out to write. Beside, writing calls for extremely keen observation. The girl is certainly not up to the job, for she fails to notice even those Japanese gentlemen seated

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    highly visibly in an English restaurant. The girl is sure to suffer if she really embarks on a career as a novelist. As an older person of about her mother’s age, Greene cannot bear to see her, whom he has affectionately portrayed in the story, suffer in her future life. He would like to advise her to take up some other job, because in his words, “she deserves better of life” then toiling as a

    professional scribbler.

     The girl’s fiancé and the Japanese gentlemen have respective roles to play in the story. The man is described as weak in personality and as such, serves as a perfect foil for the girl’s strong character. In several places of the story, the author gives meticulously detailed descriptions of the Japanese gentlemen at the fish dinner. Although the girl is also mentioned as having looked at them on a number of occasions, her glances have never come to anything. In this way, the girl’s exaggerated powers of observation are set well apart from a true writer’s watchfulness. The title of the story epitomizes this meaning.

Detailed explanation of the difficulty sentence

     There were eight Japanese gentlemen having (what the writer observed)

    a fish dinner at Bentley's. They spoke to each They hardly ever spoke during the meal, when

    other rarely in their incomprehensible tongue, they did speak, they spoke in their native

    but always with a courteous smile and often tongue Japanese, which was impossible to

    with a small bow. All but one of them wore understand (incomprehensible) to the author.

    glasses. Sometimes the pretty girl who sat in

    the window beyond gave them a passing (bay window) A large window or series of

    glance, but her own problem seemed too windows projecting from the outer wall of a

    serious for her to pay real attention to anyone in building and forming a recess within 凸窗,

    the world except herself and her companion. 楼的外墙突出来的一个大窗或一连串窗子;

    里面形成一个凹壁

    She had thin blonde hair and her face was

    pretty and petite in a Regency way, oval like a Her face was small, delicate, and clean, and

    miniature, was as oval-shaped as a miniature, representing

     the typical feminine face admired as perfect by

    (a sharp contrast) people in Regency time.

    though she had a harsh way of speaking - She spoke in a firm, commanding tone and an

    perhaps the accent of the school, Roedean or upper-class manner, typical of those who had

    Cheltenham Ladies' College, which she had not been educated at Roedean or Cheltenham

    long ago left. She wore a man's signet-ring on Ladies’ College (a public school = private

    her engagement finger, and as I sat down at my secondary school e.g. Eton College), both being

    table, with the Japanese gentlemen between us, highly prestigious schools for upper-class

    she said, 'So you see we could marry next young women (ladies with a good family

    week'. background).

    'Yes?'

    Her companion appeared a little somewhat worried or upset about what to do

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    distraught. next, being in the difficult dilemma of a

     marriage and a job

    He refilled their glasses with Chablis and said, expensive dry, still white wine from East 'Of course, but Mother...' I missed some of the France (affordable only to upper-class people)

    conversation then, because the eldest Japanese

    gentleman leant across the table, with a smile

    and a little bow, and uttered a whole paragraph

    like the mutter from an aviary, while everyone sth incomprehensible

    bent towards him and smiled and listened, and I

    couldn't help attending to him myself. paying attention to

    The girl's fiancé resembled her physically. The couple were so striking in appearance that I could see them as two miniatures hanging side Greene began to imagine them to be two small by side on white wood panels. portraits hanging side by side on the wall./ thin,

     rectangular or square boards as decoration for

     the surface of a wall, a door, etc.

    He should have been a young officer in Greene presumed that since the man had Nelson's navy in the days when a certain Nelson’s looks, he would have had a fine weakness and sensitivity were no bar to character as Nelson did. “a certain weakness promotion. and sensitivity” refers to the mans effeminate

     looks , which would be regarded as a weakness

    nowadays and which people were tolerant of

    or even admire in Nelson’s time.

    (The author presumed that since the man had

    Nelsons looks, he would have had a fine

    character as Nelson did.)

    She said, 'They are giving me an advance payment

    of five hundred pounds, and they've sold the

    paperback rights already.' copyright for paperback books /

    The hard commercial declaration came as a Greene had formed a romantic image of the girl shock to me; it was a shock too that she was as loveable and pretty. But he was not one of my own profession. She couldn't have prepared to learn that she also had a strong been more than twenty. character. Now her unrelenting remark on

     money matters suddenly shocked him into

     realizing that she was morally strong. The

     second shock came to Greene as she announced

     she also wrote novels. (The reason why is given

     in the last two sentences of the paragraph. As

     a veteran writer, Greene knew all the pains of

     the profession. He would never have

     imagined, and indeed could not really bring

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

     himself to believe, that such a beautiful young

     lady could have chosen such a hard job.)

    She deserved better of life. She should have enjoyed an easier life than

     toiling as a novelist.

    He said, 'But my uncle...' (The fact that he was always referring to his

     mother and uncle was an indication of an

     indecisive, dependent character, and his being

     frequently interrupted by his fiancée was the

     sign of a weak character. )

    'You know you don't get on with him. This You dont have a good relationship with him./ if

    way we shall be quite independent.' we do as I have said, i.e. Get married and live

     on my earnings

    'You will be independent,' he said He said this unwillingly with a stress on the

    grudgingly. word you, because he had yet no means of

     making a living, and would be dependent on

     her if they got married in the way she said.

    'The wine-trade wouldn't really suit you, the trade the mans uncle wanted him to take up

    would it? I spoke to my publisher about you

    and there's a very good chance... if you began The girl was so blinded by the success with her

    with some reading...' first novel that she unrealistically thought that if

    'But I don't know a thing about books.' her fiancé started reading some books now, he

    'I would help you at the start.' might soon be a successful writer too, while in

     fact didnt know a thing about writing.

    'My mother says that writing is a good His mother disapproved of writing as the main crutch...' thing (a career), but thought writing was good

    'Five hundred pounds and half the only as an auxiliary support.

    paperback rights is a pretty solid crutch,' she (to defend herself: If you should think writing said. is a crutch, I would argue that it is a pretty solid

     crutch. It can be the main source of a living.)

    'This Chablis is good, isn't it?' (to change the topic)

    'I daresay.' It seems to me likely or possible.

    I began to change my opinion of him - he (Now that he had heard more of the had not the Nelson touch. conversation between the couple --- in which

     the girl was always on the offensive and the

     man could only use his mothers or uncles

     words to defend himself --- )Green realized that

     there existed a fundamental difference between

     the man and Nelson. The man was weak in

     nature, while Nelsons bravery was legendary

     (extremely well known)./ a persons distinctive

     quality

    He was doomed to defeat. She came (metaphor: two warships close to each other in

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    alongside and raked him fore and aft. 'Do you a parallel formation) The girls verbal attack on

    know what Mr Dwight said? ' her fiancé was imagined to be overwhelming

    'Who's Dwight?' firing and shelling from one warship onto the

    'Darling, you don't listen, do you? My other./ the front and back

    publisher. He said he hadn't read a first novel in any

    the last ten years which showed such powers of

    observation.'

    'That's wonderful,' he said sadly, feeling sad and uneasy for being overshadowed 'wonderful.' by his fiancées success

    'Only he wants me to change the title.'

    'Yes?' (His interest was aroused.)

    'He doesn't like The Ever-Rolling Stream. (title sounding hollow or profound, signifying He wants to call it The Chelsea Set.' the eternal cycle of life and death; her choice of

     words suggesting her naivety as well as

    'What did you say?' ambition )(The original title might not sell the

    'I agreed. I do think that with a first novel book well. The publishers would have a shrewd one should try to keep one's publisher happy. idea of what title fitted a book better.)

    Especially when, really, he's going to pay for Chelsea --- a fashionable district in west our marriage, isn't he?' London, famous as a quarter where popular

     artists of a rather shallow talent, concerned

    mostly with fashion and popular music, gather

    and show off. (Hes very Chelsea. he lives in

    a way which is less restricted than most people,

    taking no notice of conventional rules of

    behavior.)

     Besides, “the ever-rolling stream” was an

    awkward collocation, for the usual collocations

    would be “ever-rolling waves” and “gurgling

    streams’. The new title “The Chelsea Set”

    was more alluring, and put the book into the

    right category where it belonged.

    'I see what you mean.' Absent-mindedly he I understand what you are trying to say./ (his

    stirred his Chablis with a fork - perhaps before curiosity faded away again.)/This implies that

    the engagement he had always bought the man no longer thought the occasion of their champagne. The Japanese gentlemen had meeting had any atmosphere of celebration for finished their fish and with very little English which champagne would be fit.

    but with elaborate courtesy they were ordering complicated manners

    from the middle-aged waitress a fresh fruit

    salad. The girl looked at them, and then she

    looked at me, but I think she saw only the

    future. I wanted very much to warn her against The girls forceful and domineering personality any future based on a first novel called The made Greene like her all the more. He

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    Chelsea Set. therefore became concerned about her future.

     He didnt wish to see the girl become a writer

     and then suffer and fail. He wanted to warn

     her that a first novel with such a silly and

     ephemeral title should never mean anything

     like a career.

    I was on the side of his mother. I agreed with is mother that writing should not

     be a career, but only a crutch.

    It was a humiliating thought, but I was probably Although knowing oneself to be old would about her mother's age. cause discomfort and embarrassment, I was

     actually about her mothers age, and therefore

    quite in a position to advise her about her

    future. (it = but clause)

    I wanted to say to her, Are you certain Green suspected that the value of the girls

    your publisher is telling you the truth? book had been unduly exaggerated by the Publishers are human. They may sometimes publisher, who was perhaps impressed not by exaggerate the virtues of the young and the the book itself, but by its authors youth and

    pretty. Will The Chelsea Set be read in five beauty. With such shallow contents, the book

    years? might be popular today, but would perhaps be

     forgotten tomorrow.

    Are you prepared for the years of effort, 'the The frustration of being unable to write long defeat of doing nothing well'? As the years anything good for many years

    pass writing will not become any easier, the

    daily effort will grow harder to endure, those

    powers of observation will become enfeebled;

    you will be judged, when you reach your

    forties, by performance and not by promise. by what you have actually written, not by any

     indication of potential success in you

     'My next novel is going to be about St

    Tropez.'

    'I didn't know you'd ever been there.' (How can you write about a place you dont

     know?)

    'I haven't. A fresh eye's terribly important. It’s all good to see something new. The girl I thought we might settle down there for six was trying to justify herself in writing about a months.' place she had not been to. She was arguing

    'There wouldn't be much left of the that if the place was new to you, and you went advance by that time.' there for the first time, it would be all the better

    'The advance is only an advance. I get for you to write about it.

    fifteen per cent after five thousand copies and

    twenty per cent after ten. And of course another

    advance will be due, darling, when the next paid

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen book's finished. A bigger one if The Chelsea Set

    sells well.'

    'Suppose it doesn't.'

    'Mr Dwight says it will. He ought to He certainly knows.

    know.'

    'My uncle would start me at twelve My initial income would be ?1200 a year if I hundred.' worked for my uncle.

    'But, darling, how could you come then to

    St Tropez?'

    'Perhaps we'd do better to marry when you It would be more sensible of us to marry come back. ' when (do well to do sth : be wise if one does

     sth)

    She said harshly, 'I mightn't come back if Unpleasantly (showing her great annoyance to

    The Chelsea Set sells enough.' the mans refusal to go with her)

    'Oh.'

    She looked at me and the party of

    Japanese gentlemen. She finished her wine.

    She said. 'Is this a quarrel?'

    'No.'

    'I've got the title for the next book - The a deep blue color, similar to the color of a clear

    Azure Blue.' blue sky (redundant in meaning)

    'I thought azure was blue.'

    She looked at him with disappointment.

    'You don't really want to be married to a

    novelist, do you?'

    'You aren't one yet.'

    'I was born one - Mr Dwight says. My

    powers of observation... '

    'Yes. You told me that, but, dear, couldn't

    you observe a bit nearer home? Here in

    London.'

    'I've done that in The Chelsea Set. I don't

    want to repeat myself.'

    The bill had been lying beside them for

    some time now. He took out his wallet to pay,

    but she snatched the paper out of his reach. She The bill (domineering character)

    said. 'This is my celebration.'

    'What of?'

    'The Chelsea Set, of course. Darling,

    you're awfully decorative, but sometimes - You look awfully good. If we go out together, I well, you simply don't connect.' can feel proud of being accompanied by such a

    'I'd rather... if you don't mind...' handsome young man. But you havent got

     intelligence. You absolutely dont connect

     one meaning to another.

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

    'No, darling, this is on me. And Mr I will pay for this, but with the money advanced Dwight, of course.' by Mr Dwight, it is actually paid for by him of

    He submitted just as two of the Japanese course.

    gentlemen gave tongue simultaneously, then spoke at the same time

    stopped abruptly and bowed to each other, as as if they had bumped into each other in a though they were blocked in a doorway. doorway, as one was going out and the other

     coming in

     I had thought the two young people matching I had wrongly believed that the two young miniatures, but what a contrast in fact there people were a good match for their looks. But was. The same type of prettiness could contain now I saw they were so different in nature. weakness and strength. The same pretty looks could mean a weak

     character in some people, but a strong character

     in others.

    Her Regency counterpart, I suppose, would If she had lived in Regency time, she would have borne a dozen children without the aid of have been able to give birth to a dozen children

    anesthetics, while he would have fallen an easy without the use of anaesthetics. However, if victim to the first dark eyes in Naples. he had been a young officer in Nelson’s navy

     and had called at the port of Naples, he would

     easily have been seduced by the first Italian

     woman he met after setting foot ashore.

    Would there one day be a dozen books on her Green was wondering whether the tender girl shelf? They have to be born without an was up to the pain and hardship of writing a anesthetic too. dozen books. He admired her character, but

     doubted her physical strength and ability to

     write novels.

    I found myself hoping that The Chelsea Set Greene could not help but express good wishes would prove to be a disaster and that eventually for the young couple. The road he had she would take up photographic modeling pointed out for them would be the wiser choice while he established himself solidly in the for their future. He wished the book a failure, wine-trade in St James's. because in that case the girl could give up

     writing and turn to photographic modeling,

     which would suit her much better because of

     her beauty.

    I didn't like to think of her as the Mrs I dreaded the thought of her becoming a Humphrey Ward of her generation - not that I well-established writer. This was not because would live so long. Old age saves us from the I would live so long as to see her become realization of a great many fears. another Mrs Humphrey Ward. (Being old

     enables us to avoid seeing many unpleasant

     things happen. Because we are old, we will

     not live to see a great many things we fear

     actually happen.) But this was because I was

     deeply aware that the further she went along a

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    Lesson 4 The Invisible Japanese Gentlemen

     writer’s road, the more severely she was sure to

     suffer.

    I wondered to which publishing firm Dwight Greene was implying that publishers and belonged. I could imagine the blurb he would reviewers alike would look more at the beauty have already written about her abrasive powers than the ability of a woman writer.

    of observation. There would be a photo, if he

    was wise, on the back of the jacket, for

    reviewers, as well as publishers are human, and

    she didn't look like Mrs Humphrey Ward. Mrs Humphrey Ward looked plain, while she

     looked pretty, and so her photo on the back of

    the jacket would help make the book well

    received by reviewers as well as readers.

     I could hear them talking while they found

    their coats at the back of the restaurant. He said,

    'I wonder what all those Japanese are doing

    here?'

    'Japanese?' she said. 'What Japanese, darling?

    Sometimes you are so evasive I think you don't deliberately avoiding the major topic of getting want to marry me at all.' married

Language Points

    1. deserve better of --- deserve to be treated better by

    e.g. I thought I had deserved better of the firm than to be dismissed with so little reason.

     He has deserved well of his country.他有功于国家。

     She deserves well of her employers.

    deserve ill of有罪于,应该得到不好的待遇

    deserve well of有功于;应该得到好的待遇

    deserve better of有功于;应该得到更好的待遇

    deserve sth: Since he ill-treated his daughter, he deserves whatever happens to him.(无论怎

     样惩罚也不过分)

     After 5 hours on your feet you deserve a break. (standing for 5 hours)

     deserve to do: I work hard and I think I deserve to be well paid.

     deserve better/ more: Hes worked very hard for the company and deserves better.

     get what you deserve: correctly punished for your bad behavior罪有应得

    2. do well to do sth --- be wise if one does sth (suggesting good judgment)

    e.g. You would do well to buy some shares in that company; it is going to be very successful.

     Don’t buy now --- you would do better to wait for the price to fall.

     You would do well to remember who is paying the bill.

     They would do well to concentrate more on their work.

     did well to do sth ---to suggest good luck (past event)

     e.g. You did well to leave the country before the war broke out.

     10 16

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