By Doris Henderson,2014-07-05 00:01
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    Lesson 2 Philosophers Among the Carrots

    Word list

    1. manifestation n. an indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something 表现某事

     物的存在、现状或出现的显示/the clear evidence (in the text)

    e.g. Fever is one manifestation of cold.发烧是感冒的一种表现形式。

     manifest v. show or demonstrate plainly; reveal清楚地显示或表示

    e.g. He doesn't manifest much interest in his studies.他表现出对学业没多大兴趣。 2. metaphysical a. based on speculative or abstract reasoning 哲学上的(philosophical) 3. stew v. & n. cook slowly in water or juice in a closed dish, pan , etc, 4. eruditely ad.

    erudite a. learned 博学的,有学问的/ n. 博学之士, 有学问的人

    eruditeness n.

    5. analogy n. similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar 相似,


    e.g. There is an analogy between the way water moves in waves and the way light travels.


    forced analogy牵强附会


    by analogy用类推法

    draw an analogy between(二者)加以相比; 指出...之间的相似处

    6. smugly ad.

    smug a. exhibiting or feeling great satisfaction with oneself or with one's situation 沾沾


    e.g. the smug calculation如意算盘

    7. deposit v. put or set down; place 放置 spit(in the text)

    e.g. Deposit the sand here. 把沙子放在这儿。

     put (money) in a bank or financial account 存钱

    e.g. She deposited her money in the bank. 她把钱存在银行里。

    8. pit n. hard seeds inside fruits like a peach, etc. stone(BrE) pit(AmE) 9. speculatively ad.

    speculative a. 思索的,推测的,玄思的

     e.g. speculative philosophy思辩哲学

    His conclusion is purely speculative.他的结论纯粹是推测而来的。

    speculation n.

    e.g. Your speculations were all quite close to the truth.你的揣测都很接近于事实。

    speculate v. form opinions without having definite or complete knowledge or evidence;

     reflect; guess思考,沉思;推测(~about/ on/ upon sth)

     e.g. speculate about the origin of the universe推测宇宙的起源

    I've been -ting on my future.我一直在思索我的未来。

    10. marinate v. soak (meat, for example) in a marinade 腌泡

    11. second v. formally support to show that he is not the only person in favor of it赞成,附


    e.g. Deeds must second words.言行必须一致。


12. opt v. (for) make a choice or decision选择或决定

    e.g. opt for early retirement选择提早退休; opt not to go选择不去

     They opt for more holiday instead of more pay.他们选择了延长假期而不是增加工资。 13. train n. an orderly succession of related events or thoughts; a sequence 一连串有联


    14. chug v. make dull, explosive sounds 发嘎嚓声,发出单调的、很响的声音 15. realm n. a field, sphere, or province某个领域、界或范围

    e.g. the realm of science科学界

    16. fluid n. a liquid or gas液体或气体 a. flowing, changing, smooth

    17. displace v. take the place of取代…的位置

    move from the usual place or position 移动…的位置

     e.g. millions of refugees who were displaced by the war


    18. immerse v. cover completely in a liquid; submerge 浸没

    engage wholly or deeply; absorb 沉迷…中,专心于

     e.g. immerse one's head in the water 将头浸入水中

     The professor was so immersed in her work that she didn't notice me.


    19. lumpy a. full of lumps块状物的

    lump n. hard or compact mass, usu. without a regular shape

    e.g. I like taking one lump of sugar in my tea.我喜欢在茶里放一块方糖。

     lump sugar sugar in the form of small lumps or cubes

     lump sum one payment for a number of separate items一次总付的钱 20. recipe n. a set of directions with a list of ingredients for making or preparing something,

     especially food菜谱!烹饪法,a medical prescription处方 21. hobgoblin n. an ugly, mischievous devil淘气精灵

    22. Buddha n. Buddhism n. Buddhist n. 23. illumination n. spiritual or intellectual enlightenment 启示

    illuminate v. enlighten intellectually or spiritually; enable to understand 启发

    e.g. stage illumination舞台照明

    illumination remark启发人的言论

    The streets were illuminated for the celebration.街道灯火通明以示庆祝。 24. bubble gum n. chewing gum that can be blown into bubbles 泡泡糖

    25. wrapper n. the material, such as paper, in which something is wrapped 包装材料 26. lotus n.

    27. pristine a. remaining in a pure state质朴的remaining free from dirt or decay; clean干净的 28. trunks n. shorts worn for swimming or other athletics 男用运动裤

    29. aggressive a. inclined to behave in a hostile fashion倾向于敌对行为的

    e.g. an aggressive foreign policy侵略性的外交政策

    30. fantasy n. the creative imagination; unrestrained fancy想象,幻想

    e.g. The young man lives in a world of fantasy.这个年青人生活在幻想的世界里。 31. drape v. cover, dress, or hang with or as if with cloth in loose folds 遮盖

    e.g. drape a cloak over one's shoulders把斗篷披在肩上

    32. cache v. & n. the store of goods or valuables concealed in a hiding place 隐藏


33. virtuous a. having or showing virtue, especially moral excellence 有德行的

    virtue n. moral excellence and righteousness; goodness 正直,美德

    34. yeast n. 酵母

    35. dough n. a soft, thick mixture of dry ingredients, such as flour or meal, and liquid, such as

     water, that is kneaded, shaped, and baked, especially as bread or pastry 生面团

    36. willfulness n. determination 任性

    37. renegade n. one who rejects a religion, a cause, an allegiance, or a group for another 改变信


    a. disloyal

    38. abbe n. 僧侣, 神父 (abbey, monastery, convent)

    39. quintessence n. the purest or most typical instance 典型最纯正或最典型的例子

    e.g. the quintessence of evil罪恶的化身

    40. enigmatically ad.

    enigmatic a. puzzling, mysterious谜一般的,难以捉摸的

    e.g. a professor's enigmatic grading system一个教授的让人费解的判分体系

    enigma n. one that is puzzling, ambiguous, or inexplicable

    41. unseemly a. not in accord with accepted standards of good taste 不适当的

     not suited to the circumstances; inappropriate 不相称的

    42. ruffle v. annoy 惹怒

    e.g. be easily ruffled动不动就生气

    43. cologne n. a scented liquid made of alcohol and various fragrant oils 古龙水

    44. tantalize v. excite (another) by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach


    tantalization n.

    45. aroma n. a pleasant characteristic odor, as of a plant, spice, or food 芳香


     The writer is a housewife with a college education. She is aware, as a female college graduate, the she owes Womens Lib some loyalty for giving her the right to equal educational opportunities, and that she should not betray the cause, which demands that woman be no servant to man. She therefore feels a bit guilty for remaining a housewife. On the other hand, she

    cannot escape the situation as a housewife. In point of fact, she feels at the bottom of her heart she loves her present life (This is best reflected in the last paragraph of the text). She is thus caught in the conflict between her uneasy conscience for not meeting the demands of the movement and her enjoyment of the housewife profession. She expresses her dilemma

    precisely in this sentence: I asked myself if it was