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Textbook for students of the 10th and 11th grades

By Brittany Arnold,2014-06-17 16:01
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Textbook for students of the 10th and 11th grades ...

    ththTextbook for students of the 10 and 11 grades

    Society, Environment, Economy:

    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

    Education through action

    By Vadim Kalinin and Dmitri Yermakov

    2d edition. Moscow, “Drofa” Publishing House, 2007 (in press). 300 pp.

Introduction

    Since yesterday the world has changed.

Dear students,

    We congratulate you for the start of the new course “Sustainable Development” and we are eager to begin working with you. The objectives of the

    course “Sustainable Development” are to help answer the following questions:

    ? How do you plan your life and achieve your goals?

    ? How do you take into account multifaceted, conflicting interests of many

    people and organizations to achieve success and changes for the better?

    ? How can you go about your daily activities while inflicting minimal

    damage to the environment and helping to solve the complex problems

    facing society?

    ? While going to school and after finishing it, what can you do to raise the

    quality of life in your home, village, community, micro district?

    For some of you the course “Sustainable Development” will be the continuation of studying the sciences of your surrounding environment. However, the

    subject material of this course goes beyond biology, ecology, geography and social

    sciences and covers a wide range of issues about prediction, management, economics

    and systems theory.

    The need for this course stems from:

    ? The necessity for being able to orientate oneself in a rapidly changing world

    ? The growing complexity of processes occurring in society and in the

    environment which have been observed in the last decades

    ? And, consequently, the need to understand the processes occurring in

    society and nature and the need to master the skills necessary for

    management of social-economic processes

    The course which you are about to begin is in many respects unique. On the one hand, the majority of the lessons do not provide long explanations of the new

    material by the teacher. Lessons proceed through dialogue, and sometimes even

    through action. Such a form of study will allow you to better grasp and remember the

    fundamental ideas of the course.

    On the other hand, the content of the book opened before you is also unique. Most textbooks try to precisely and, whenever possible, simplistically explain the

    world. However, the world is so complex, inconsistent and ambiguous; within it there

    is so much mystery that it cannot be placed in the format of a normal textbook. There

are no answers to many important questions even from the most outstanding scientists.

    In modern science many critical problems have yet to be solved.

    Thus, a unified, generally accepted systems theory and an examination of the behaviors of systems makes up the basis of this course does not exist. Information about extremely ancient mankind is in many respects inconsistent. This concerns

    mainly chronological dating and, on a whole, numerical characteristics of old events.

    Even the origin of the first modern species of humans, our direct ancestors (Cro-

    Magnon men), to this day has not been explained. There is no confirmed theory of

    their descent from Neanderthals.

    As for the questions concerning the future of mankind, even well-founded

    opinions are of merely a hypothetical nature. Scientists and specialists express

    different, sometimes contradictory ideas about what awaits us in the future.

    Aside from that, as you know not only fashion and weather but also the

    political and economic situation and other conditions of our lives constantly change.

    Mankind’s knowledge about the world is continually redefined. Information becomes partially outdated. Thus, it is completely natural if also some information included in

    this textbook doesn’t correspond to the latest ideas.

    So, despite the fact that the textbook helps in understanding the many

    questions of the past, present and future, it does not explain the world. And this should

    not be surprising; you live in a world in which every day you must tackle questions

    for which there is no one to ask the answer. The course “Sustainable Development”

    will help you find your bearings in life and find answers. The world is not known, but

    it is knowable. And only each of you, reading the textbook, participating in the lessons,

    carrying out tasks, will be able to create your own world, one that you choose yourself,

    one in which you will live. The choice is yours. You either choose a world enclosed

    on the dark side of reality or one that is open for development and assistance to other

    people.

    With what would you like to begin the course so that it is practically useful for

    you and that the received knowledge and skills will be useful to the rest of your life?

    Let’s have a peak into tomorrow and begin with an analysis…of the future.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

    Part 1. The foundations of sustainable development

    Chapter 1. The unpredictable and predictable future

    ? 1. Responsibility for the future

    ? 2. Prognostication of the future

    ? 3. Growth and development

    Chapter 2. A changing world

    ? 4. Classification and the basic properties of systems

    ? 5. Self-regulation and development of dynamic systems

    ? 6. Management of dynamic systems

    Chapter 3. Nature, society, economics

    ? 7. Socio-ecological-economic systems

    ? 8. Socially significant activity

    ? 9. Structure of society

    ? 10. The features of future society

    Chapter 4. Sustainable development

    ? 11. The concept of sustainable development

    ? 12. The indicators of sustainable development

    ? 13. Levels, instruments, stages of sustainable development

    Chapter 5. Planning and management of projects

    ? 14. Strategic planning and social marketing

    ? 15. Fundamentals of managing sustainable development of socio-ecological-

    economic systems

    ? 16. Environmental management and policy of corporate responsibility

Part 2. Realization of sustainable development

    Chapter 6. Local agenda 21

    ? 17. My agenda 21. Sustainable development and family

    ? 18. Agenda 21 for my school

    ? 19. Local agenda 21

    Chapter 7. Sustainable development of Russia and the world

    ? 20. Strategy of sustainable development of the Russian Federation

    ? 21. Sustainable development of the world community

Conclusion

    Glossary

? Vadim Kalinin, Tatyana Gaivoron, Dmiti Yermakov, Svetlana Lapshina

    ? The “Drofa” Publishing House

E-mail: web at_the online.ru

    Internet: a-s-e-k-o.narod.ru

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