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SEMESTER-III

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SEMESTER-III ...

    KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY KURUKSHETRA KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY KURUKSHETRA

    (Established by the State Legislature Act XII of 1956)

    (―A‖ Grade, NAAC Accredited)

    M.A.

    In

    ANCIENT INDIAN HISTORY, CULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY

    SCHEME OF SEMESTER: THIRD & FOURTH

     (EFFECTIVE FROM ACADEMIC SESSION: 2009-2010)

    Syllabus of M.A. (Final) for the academic session 2009-2010 is

    divided into two semesters. Third Semester & Fourth Semester

    each have been divided in three groups i.e A, B & C. First paper is

    compulsory in all groups and total five papers in each group. Each

    paper shall carry 100 marks. Students have to choose the one group

    out of these three. Total marks in the Third semester & Fourth

    semester is (500+500 = 1000 Marks). Students have choice of

    Language (Hindi/English) for their exams.

THIRD SEMESTER (GROUP-A)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-I Histriography, Concepts, Method 100 3 Hours

    and Tools

    Paper-II Principals and Methods of 100 3 Hours

    Archaeology

    Paper-III Pre-Historic India 100 3 Hours Paper-IV History of Architecture 100 3 Hours Paper-V History of Art (From Earliest time 100 3 Hours

    to the Advent of Gupta period).

     (GROUP-B)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-I As in Group-A 100 3 Hours Paper-II Ancient Indian Epigraphy 100 3 Hours Paper-III Ancient Indian Numismatics 100 3 Hours Paper-IV States in Ancient India 100 3 Hours Paper-V Heritage Tourism 100 3 Hours

    - 2 -

     (GROUP-C)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-I As in Group-A 100 3 Hours Paper-II History of Science & Technology 100 3 Hours Paper-III History of Ecology & Environment 100 3 Hours Paper-IV Economic History of Ancient India 100 3 Hours

    (From Earliest time to 600 BC)

    Paper-V History of Socio-political ideas and 100 3 Hours

    Institutions.

FOURTH SEMESTER (GROUP-A)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-VI Historiography Concepts, Method & 100 3 Hours

    Tools

    Paper-VII Principals and Methods of 70+30=100 3 Hours

    Archaeology Theory

    +

    Practical Paper-VIII Proto-Historic India 100 3 Hours Paper-IX History of Temple Architecture 100 3 Hours Paper-X History of Art (From Gupta to Early 100 3 Hours

    Medieval Period)

(GROUP-B)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-VI As in Group-A 100 3 Hours Paper-VII Ancient Indian Epigraphy 100 3 Hours Paper-VIII Ancient Indian Numismatics 100 3 Hours Paper-IX Administration in Ancient India 100 3 Hours Paper-X Heritage Tourism 100 3 Hours

(GROUP-C)

    PAPER NAME OF THE PAPER M.MARKS TIME Paper-VI As in Group-A 100 3 Hours Paper-VII Development in Science &

    Technology (From 1

    100 3 Hours st to 1200 AD)

    Paper-VIII History of Ecology & Environment 100 3 Hours Paper-IX Economic History of Ancient India 100 3 Hours

    (From 600 BC to 1200 AD)

    Paper-X History of Religious Institutions & 100 3 Hours

    Ideas

     - 2 -

     - 3 -

    SEMESTER-III

    GROUP-A

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

     HISTORIOGRAPHY, CONCEPTS, METHOD AND

    TOOLS.

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper spread over the entire

    syllabus more or less proportionately. Out of which the

    candidate shall be required to attempt any five. All questions

    shall carry equal marks. 1. Meaning, Nature and Scope of History.

    2. Search for Source Material: Collection and Selection of Data.

    3. Causation and Objectivity in History.

    4. Relation of History with other disciplines : Archaeology, Geography,

    Anthropology and Sociology.

    5. Traditions of Historical Writings : Graeco - Roman Tradition,

    Chinese Tradition and Ancient Indian Tradition.

    6. Main Trends of Medieval Historiography Western, Arabic, Persian

    and Indian.

    BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Pathak,V.S. : Ancient Indian Historians

    2. Pandey, G.C. (Ed.) : Itihasa Darshana : Swroop Evam Siddhanta

    3 Buddha Prakash : Itihasa Darshana

    4. Collingwood, R.G. : The Idea of History

    5. Toynbee, Anrold : A Study of History, (in English & Hindi)

    6. Warder, A.K. : An Introduction to Indian Historiography

    7. Thapar, Romila : Interpreting History

    8. Mukhopadhyay, S.K.: Evolution of Historiography in Modern India :

    1900-1960 9. Sen, S.F. (Ed.) : Historians & Historiography in Modern India

    10. Ghosal, U.N. : The Beginnings of Indian Historiography and

    other Essays 11. Majumdar, R.C. : Historiography in Modern India

    12. Madhi, M. : Ibn Khaldun’s Philosophy of History

    13. Panikkar, K.M. : Geographical Factors in Indian History

    14. Butterfield, H. : The Purpose and Method of History

    15. Devahuti (Ed.) : Problems of Indian Historiography

    16. Carr, E.H. : What is History, Penguin, 1985

    17. Hasan, M. : Historians of Medieval India

    18. Barnes, H.E. : A History of Historical Writing

    19. Butterfield, H. : History and Human Relations

    20. Reiner, G.J. : History its Purpose and Method

    21. Pandey, L.P. : Bhartiya Itihas-Darshana (In Hindi)

    22. Sharma, T.R. : The Concept of History

    23. Sreedharan, E. : Text Book of Historiography

     - 3 -

     - 4 -

     PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF ARCHAEOLOGY.

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper spread over the entire

    syllabus more or less proportionately. Out of which the

    candidate shall be required to attempt any five. All questions

    shall carry equal marks. 1. Definition and scope of archaeology, relationship of archaeology with

    history, anthropology and pure sciences.

    2. History of archaeology since 19th century to the present age.

    Developments in field techniques. Rise of archaeology as a science.

    3. Aims and methods of exploration & excavation.

    4. Recording the context of excavated remains : preparation of sections

    and plans, three dimensional recording.

    5. Under-water archaeology with special reference to development in

    India.

    Books Recommended

    1. Agarwal, D.P. & : Dating the Human Past.

     Yadava, M.D.

    2. Allchin, B. : Studies in the Ethno archaeology of South

    Asisa. 3. Chakrabarti, D.K.: A History of Indian Archaeology.

    4. Child, V.G. : Peacing Together the Past.

    5. Clark, J.G.D. : Archaeology and Society : Reconstructing the

    Prehistoric Past. 6. Daniel Glyn : The Origins and Growth of Archaeology.

    7. Rao, S.R. : Marine Archaeology of India Ocean Countries.

    8. Wheeler, R.E.M. : Archaeology from the Earth.

    9. Paddayya, K. : New Archaeology and its Aftermath.

    10. Pandey,J.N. : Puratattva Vimarsha (In Hindi).

     - 4 -

     - 5 -

     PRE-HISTORIC INDIA

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper spread over the entire

    syllabus more or less proportionately. Out of which the

    candidate shall be required to attempt any five. All questions

    shall carry equal marks.

    1. Indian Prehistory: Meaning and Scope, Interpretation of Prehistoric

    Sources, Pleistocene Environment.

    2. Lower Palaeolithic Cultures of India : Soanian and Madrasian.

    3. Middle Palaeolithic and Upper Palaeolithic Cultures of India.

    4. Mesolithic Cultures of India Characteristic features, Distribution and

    Chronology.

    5. Neolithic cultures of India : Beginning of agriculture and animal

    domestication. Regional variations -North India, Belan Valley and

    South India.

    6. Stone Tool Technology and Prehistoric art.

    BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Agarwal, D.P. : Archaeology of India

    2. Allchin,B.& R : Neolithic Cattle Keepers of South India

    3. Allchin,B.& R : The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan

    4. Allchin,B.&R : Origins of Civilization

    5. Bhattacharya, D.K: Prehistoric Archaeology

    6. Jam, K.C. : Prehistory and Protohistory of India

    7. Jayaswal, Vidula : Palaeohistoric India

    8. Jayaswal, Vidula : Bhartiy Itihas ke Adi Charan ki Ruprekha

    (Pura Praster Yug) in Hindi 9. Jayaswal, Vidula : Bhartiy Itihas ka Madhya Praster Yug (in

    Hindi) 10. Lal B.B. : The Earliest Civilization of South Asia

    11. Pande, Jainarayan : Puratattva Vimarsh (in Hindi)

    12. Sankalia, H.D. : Stone Age Tools: Their techniques, Names and

    Probable Function 13. Sankalia, H.D. : Prehistory and Protohistory of India and

    Pakistan 14. Verma, Radha Kant : Bhartiya Pragatihasik Sanskritiyan

    15. Verma, Radha Kant : Bhartiya Pragatihas

     - 5 -

    - 6 -

     HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper spread over the entire

    syllabus more or less proportionately. Out of which the

    candidate shall be required to attempt any five. All questions

    shall carry equal marks.

    1. Pre-historic House plan: Pit-dwelling, Wattle & Daub.

    2. Harappan Architecture: Town-planning, Public building and Domestic

    architecture.

    3. Mauryan Architecture: Palace City of Patliputra, Kumrahar and rock-

    cut.

    4. Origin and development of Stupa: Stupas at Bharhut, Sanchi,

    Amaravati, Taxila and Mirpurkhas.

    5. Rock-cut Architecture: Chaitya and Vihara.

    BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Agrawala, V.S. : Bharatiya Kala (In Hindi)

    2. Agrawal, D.P. : The Archaeology of India

    3. Brown, Percy : Indian Architecture

    4. Gupta, P.L. : Bharatiya Vastukala (In Hindi)

    5. Khare, M.D. : Bagh ki guphayen (In Hindi)

    6. Mishra, R.N. : Bharahut

    7. Pant, S. : Origin and development of Stupa

    Architecture in India 8. Rao,S.R. : Dawn and Devolution of Indus Civilization

    9. Rowland, B. : The Art and Architecture of India

    10. Shukla, D.N. : Bharatiya Sthapatya (In Hindi)

    11. Upadhyay, Vasudev : Prachin Bhartiya Stupa, Guha Evam

    Mandir, (In Hindi)

     - 6 -

    - 7 -

     HISTORY OF ART (FROM EARLIEST TIME

    TO THE ADVENT OF GUPTA PERIOD)

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper spread over the entire

    syllabus more or less proportionately. Out of which the

    candidate shall be required to attempt any five. All questions

    shall carry equal marks.

1. Pre-historic painting.

    2. Harappan Art: Designs on pottery and seals, Terracotta figurines,

    Stone Images, Bronze Images.

    3. Mauryan Art: Folk Art, Ashokan Pillars.

    4. The form and contents of the Sunga art.

    5. Saka-Kushana Art: Mathura and Gandhara school of Art

    BOOKS RECOMMENDED

    1. Agarwala, V.S. : Bharatiya Kala (In Hindi)

    2. Brown, Percy : Indian painting

    3. Chander, Lokesh : Bharat ki Chitarkala ka Sankshipat

    Itihas (In Hindi) 4. Gupt, Jagdish : Pragatihasic Chitrkala (In Hindi)

    5. Khre, Maheshwari Dayal: Bagh ki Guphayen (In Hindi)

    6. Mishra, R.N. : Bhartiya Murtikala (In Hindi)

    7. Ray, N.R. : Mauryan and Post-Mauryan Art (In

    English & Hindi) 8. Ray,N.R. : Bharatiya Kala Ka Adhyayan (In

    Hindi) 9. Rowland, B. : The Art and Architecture of India

    10. Srivastava, Brijbhushan : Prachin Bhartiya Pratima Vigyan

    Evam Murtikala (In Hindi) 11. Satyawadi, Sudha : Proto-historic Pottery of Indus

    Civilization, study of painted motifs 12. Sankalia, H.D. : Prehistoric Art in India

    13. Saraswati, S.K. : A Survey of Indian Sculpture.

    14. Agrawala, P.K. : Prachina Bharatiya Kala Evam

    Vastukala (in Hindi)

     - 7 -

    - 8 -

     GROUP B

     HISTORIOGRAPHY, CONCEPTS, METHOD

    AND TOOLS

     (As in Group A)

     - 8 -

    - 9 -

     ANCIENT INDIAN EPIGRAPHY

    M. Marks : 100

    Time : 3 Hours

    Note: Ten questions shall be set in the paper. The Candidate shall be

    required to attempt five questions in all with at least one from

    each section. Section C shall be compulsory. All questions shall

    carry equal marks.

     Section A

    1. Epigraphy and historical reconstruction: origin and antiquity of art of writing

    in India.

     Section B

    Note: A cultural and Historical study of the following Inscriptions:

    1. Asokan R.E.XIII (Girnar)

    2. Sarnath Pillar Edict of Asoka.

    3. Pillar Edict VII of Asoka.

    4. Besnagar Garuda Pillar Inscriptions of Heliodorus.

    5. Junagarh Inscription of Rudradaman.

    6. Allahabad Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta.

    7. Mehrauli Pillar Inscription of Chandra.

    8. Bhitari Pillar Inscription of Skanda Gupta.

    9. Poona plates of Prabhavatigupta.

     Section C

    Note: Transliteration in original Script of any of the following inscription (in part or

    in full):

    1. Pillar Edict VII inscription of Asoka.

    2. Besanager Garuda Pillar inscription of Heliodorus.

    3. Mehrauli Iron Pillar Inscription of Chandra Gupta.

    BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. Bajpai, K.D. : Etihasik Bhartiya Abhilekh (In Hindi)

    2. Buhier, G. : Indian Palaeography (Indian Studies Past and

    Present) 3. Goyal, Sri Ram : Maukhari - Pushyabhuti Chalukaya yugin

    Abilekh (Vol. I, II ,III)

    4. Gupta, P.L. : Prachin Bharat ke Pramukh Abhilekh (In Hindi)

    5. Hultzsch (ed.) : Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Vol. I

    6. Konos, S. (ed.) : Selected Inscription, Vol. I

    7. Konos, S. (ed.) : Indian Epigraphy

    8. Ojha, G.H. : Bharatiya Prachina Lipimala (In Hindi)

    9. Panday, R.B. : Some Historical and Literary Inscription

    10. Panday, R.B. : Ashoka ke Abhilekh (in Hindi)

    11. Panday, R.B. : Indian Palaeography

    12. Rai, S.N. : Indian Palaeography & Epigraphy (In Hindi)

     - 9 -

     - 10 - 13. Sandhu Ram : Some Inscription of Ashoka, Guptas Maukharis

    and others 14. Sircar,D.C. : Selected Inscription, Vol. I

    15. Upadhayaya, V. : Bharatiya Abhilekhon ka Adhyayana (In Hindi)

    16. Shastri, K.A.N.(ed.) : Comprehensive History of India Vol.II

    17. Sharva Satya : Dated Kushana Inscriptions

    18. Fleet, J.F. : Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, Vol. III (1888)

    19. Bhandarkar, D.R. : " (1981 Ed.)

     (Ed.) Chhabra, B.Ch.

     & Gai, G.S.

     - 10 -

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