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Paper---Soren Kierkegaard

By Ruby Campbell,2014-10-02 23:41
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Outline

    Sǿren Kierkegaards Works of Love provides the proper answer and reaction in terms of analyzing the commandment to Gods omnipotence

    which expresses in Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians in an attempt to cultivate mans awareness of Christian love and God worship.

    A. Being in a position of superiority, God shows itself omnipotent in

    everything and commands mans obey in whole-heartedness.

    1. mans complete obedience to God

    a. Kierkegaard: A man must love God in unconditional

    obedience and love him in adoration. (286)

    b. Paul: But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are

    all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom

    are all things, and we by him.(179)

    2. mans ignorance of Gods Grace and the sufferings

    a. Kierkegaard: But human ingratitude! Oh! What a short

    memory it has! Because the supreme good is offered to

    everyone, one regards it as nothing, perceives nothing in it, to

    say nothing of really evaluating its precious quality, as if the

    highest really cost something through the fact that everyone

    has or may have the same. (291)

    b. Paul: But with many of them God was not well pleased: for

    they were overthrown in the wilderness. (180))

    Subconclusion: Being omnipotent, God teaches man to behave Christianly and edifies mans Christian belief by giving the

    Commandment Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

    B. Christian love as an interest in the eternal welfare of all men differs from romantic love in which it is a matter of mere partiality and

    inclination. (287, 291)

    1. Christian love ensures the stability and eternity. Love of neighbor

    awakens in the love of God. Only by loving God can we love the

    neighbor aright with that spiritual love which takes away from all

    natural impulses and all selfishness. The first step to fulfill the

    commandment is to love oneself in the right way.(294, 284)

    Kierkegaard: To love ones self in the right way and to love ones

    neighbor are absolutely analogous concepts, are at bottom one and

    the same. (289)

    Only when it is a duty to love, only then is love everlastingly

    secure against every change; everlastingly emancipated in blessed

    independence; everlastingly happy, assured against despair. (293)

    Subconclusion: Only when love is a concrete duty, Christian love differs from romantic love which takes different forms jealousy,

    hate and habit (298, 298, 299), for the former is divinely

    commands, all-embracing and this love, given and not received, is

the supreme good and the greatest happiness. (292,

    C. Christian love serves as a basis for everything and it entails freedom consequently compared with the anxiety and uncertainty contained in immediate love.

    a. Thus this shalt sets love free in blessed independence: such a

    love stands and falls not by some accidental circumstance of

    its object, it stands and falls by the law of eternity.(302)

    b. Only when it is a duty to love, only then is love everlastingly

    free in bless independence.(301)

    c. The expression for the greatest wealth is to have a need; and

    this is also the true expression of freedom, that it is a need in

    the free. He in whom love is a necessity certainly feels free in

    his love; and just the one who feels himself so dependent on

    his love that he would lose everything in losing the beloved,

    just he is independent. Yet on one condition, that he does not

    confuse love with the possession of the beloved. (301)

    d. I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, it is good for

    them if they abide even as I. But if they cannot contain, let

    them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn. (178) Subconclusion: Freedom and love are not contradictory only on the condition that love is a duty for duty is the only emancipating

    power.

    On Christian Love

     Being in a position of superiority, God shows itself omnipotent in everything and commands mans obey in whole-heartedness. There is

    only One whom a man may with the truth of the eternal love better than himself, that is God(286). God is loved unconditionally as a creator and unchallengeable authority, just as said in Pauls First Epistle to the

    Corinthians, Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men(174). By his wisdom and grace,

    God ensures mans existence and mans knowledge(174). But people

    are ingratitude. They even are ignorant towards Gods grace and gift.

    They forget that it is because of God that they own everything. Unfortunately, when the supreme good is offered to everyone, one

    regards it as nothing, perceives nothing in it, to say nothing of really evaluating its precious quality, as if the higher really lost something through the fact that everyone has or may have the same(291). They

    didnt realize that this is the most distressing and the most impious kind of deception(292). They put the cart before the horse, believe that they have the faith, but actually turn a blind ear and show indifferent attitude towards spiritual possession, thus they allow themselves to be defrauded

    of the supreme good(293). Consequently, they indulge in the state of collective unconsciousness, even suffer from punishment from God---but with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were

overthrown in the wilderness(180). In order to show Gods mercy and

    generosity, God teaches man to behave Christianly and edifies mans

    Christian belief by giving the commandment Thou shalt love thy

    neighbor as thyself.

     Christian love as an interest in the eternal welfare of all men differs from romantic love in which it is a matter of mere partiality and

    inclination (287, 291). By obeying the commandment, man develops the awareness of Christian love. Love of neighbor awakens in the love of God. Only by loving God can we love the neighbor aright with that spiritual love which takes away from all natural impulses and all

    selfishness (294, 284). The first step to fulfill the commandment is to love oneself in the right way. To love ones self in the right way and to

    love ones neighbor are absolutely analogous concepts, are at bottom one and the same (289). Christian love ensures the stability and eternity of love, which forms a sharp contrast with the immediate love. The lovers always take an oath to each other to prove their love and to eliminate their profound anxiety about their love. But the chances are that the temporal love has the tendency of change, for it depends on good fortune(295).

    Besides, lovers adopting various methods to test their permanent love proves the changeability of romantic love. Then how can man avoid such a fate? The love which underwent the change of eternity through becoming duty won immutability(296). Only when it is a duty to love,

    only then is love everlastingly secure against every change; everlastingly emancipated in blessed independence; everlastingly happy, assured against despair. (293) Only when love is a concrete duty, it differs from romantic love which takes different forms jealousy, hate and habit

    (298, 298, 299), for the former is divinely commands, all-embracing and this love, given and not received, is the supreme good and the greatest

    happiness. (292,

     Christian love serves as the basis for everything and it entails freedom consequently, compared with the anxiety and uncertainty contained in immediate love. Thus this shalt sets love free in blessed independence: such a love stands and falls not by some accidental circumstance of its object, it stands and falls by the law of eternity(302). To achieve the

    freedom, the only way is to realize ones responsibility. Only when it is a

    duty to love, only then is love everlastingly free in bless independence(301). As is the case, the expression for the greatest

    wealth is to have a need; and this is also the true expression of freedom, that it is a need in the free. He in whom love is a necessity certainly feels free in his love; and just the one who feels himself so dependent on his love that he would lose everything in losing the beloved, just he is independent. Yet on one condition, that he does not confuse love with the possession of the beloved(301). Man has the freedom to decide whether

    to love or not. I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, it is good for

    them if they abide even as I. But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn(178). Freedom and love are not

    contradictory only on the condition that love is a duty for duty is the

    only emancipating power(301).

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