Students ability to innovate ways to improve
Abstract: Students innovation capability is not only the personal development needs, but also the requirements of the national innovation strategy, innovation and education as colleges and universities should be
the core of higher education and strive to improve students ability to innovate. School education in understanding the errors and inappropriate means of education, affecting the development of innovative ability of university students. Therefore, to improve students ability to innovate, or institutions of higher education and teaching from the start, by establishing innovative educational philosophy, curriculum reform, adjust the teaching content and innovative teaching methods such as an effective
way to build a new model of innovation and capacity building.
Key words TPR teaching performance hand-crafted stone scissors cloth
possession of something
Independent innovation is the driving force of national sustainable development, innovation capability is the core of the
country's overall competitive edge. Comrade Hu Jintao Party Plenum in his speech stressed the need to enhance the independent innovation ability, the ability of independent innovation as the strategic basis for
scientific and technological development and adjustment of industrial structure changes in the central link in the mode of growth, vigorously improve the original innovation capacity of integrated innovation digestion and absorption capacity and the introduction of the innovation,
accelerate the construction of national innovation system. Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out that the most important thing is to enhance the capability of independent innovation, we should enhance the ability of independent innovation as a national strategy, is committed to building an innovative nation. "CPC Central Committee and State Council on Further Strengthening the Work of talent," highlights the need to train people's learning ability, practical ability, and strive to improve people's
ability to innovate. Can be seen that the improvement of university students ability to innovate is not only the personal development needs, but also the requirements of the national innovation strategy, innovation and education as colleges and universities should be the core of higher
education and strive to improve students ability to innovate.
To improve the innovative capability of university students, first of all university students should pay attention to the role of subjectivity, because in the new education embodied in the teaching process is the "student-centered, teacher-centered" teaching thinking,
respect for the student's personality and creative spirit, we should fully attention to the factors depending on student's own initiative, to guide
students to self-development, self-improvement. In innovative capacity-
building, college students subjectivity factors include: a wide range of interests, hobbies, curiosity and even a risk-oriented, keen intuition, a
high degree of aesthetic trends, specific cognitive skills, as well as a strong self-confidence. These factors through systematic guidance and training may develop as innovation and motivation, sense of innovation and innovation, confidence, and ultimately may be elevated to innovation. We
should value and respect the development of these factors, and strive to develop innovative ability of these factors provide guidance and provide the conditions.
However, in real life, due to family, school education in the understanding of the errors and inappropriate means of education so that they could develop into the seeds of innovation factors that eventually distorted and smothered.
1, in the current process of university education in our country that affect the students ability to innovate the development of the factors
(A) The examination of secondary education in a way stifle the student's sense of innovation, thus affecting the ability of students to improve and expand innovation.
Because China's current "exam-oriented education" to pursue
answers to the uniqueness of the students through a further round of intensive training to get the correct answer to gain high scores. Over time, the students thought they tend to converge, in dealing with the
formation of a deep-rooted problems of "either-or" the habit of thinking,
this is undoubtedly stifle student creativity. UNESCO has pointed out: "Education can be is, and must be a kind of liberation." However, since the resumption of college entrance examination in 1977, after secondary
education, everything will revolve around college entrance examination this root "baton" to operate, not only to enable students to difficulties in the title the sea overwhelmed teachers struggling to cope with the
questions go beyond the more partial, beyond the more difficult the test, but also to attend to the cultivation of the innovative ability of students.
(B) the rigid educational concepts, the value orientation of examination-oriented education continues to occupy a dominant position,
too much emphasis on the importance of knowledge while ignoring the role of non-intelligence factors, affecting the cultivation of innovative ability of university students.
It was through the study found that the reason why the success of
world-renowned scientists, knowledge of factors are important, but more importantly, their non-intellectual factors, such as interests, hobbies, confidence, strong sense of responsibility, a strong will, realistic style
of study and so on. Educators Ushinski said: "not the slightest interest in compulsory learning, would kill the students desire to seek the truth." Interest is an important driving force to learn, interest is also an important driving force of innovation. Interest in the innovation process
needs to maintain. Moreover, China's university education, the ability to pay attention to knowledge and light is an indisputable fact.
A few years ago, was held in Nanjing, an international education seminar, Northwestern Polytechnic University President Dr. Xie Zuoqi in an interview that China's current teaching methods, students trained in logical thinking are strong, but to solve specific problems capacity is weak, particularly evident is the lack of creativity. Similarly, in 1995,
Chinese Americans, Mr. Yang Zhenning Nobel Prize winner to lecture in China, also said that in foreign countries, Chinese students regardless of college or a first-class university in general, academic achievement are very good. But they are timid, teachers do not speak not think that teachers do not teach not to do. He believes that China's primary, secondary and university education, was rushed to a student on the road gets narrower, the students studying to become a kind of dead people. The
result is that students are accustomed to receiving and not thinking, not original, and therefore not easy to nurture creative talents. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://
(C) The old teaching content, teaching method is simple, teaching
means a single, is bound students an important factor in cultivating innovation capacity.
At present, China's colleges and universities is relatively outdated curricula and teaching materials, ideas and backward, setting
unreasonable and out of touch with reality is not conducive to innovation and ability. Teaching methods of teachers, mostly impart style, teaching method is simple, a single teaching method. Current school teaching content knowledge in learning is still the main content, the lack of
capacity-building; in teaching methods, classroom teaching is still the main form of a single, rigid approach, the lack of new ideas. In such a state of teaching, students learning the lack of initiative, enthusiasm is
not high. The learning process by teachers in higher impact factors. Teachers using nothing more than a mouth, a blackboard, chalk. Teachers talk, students listen to the teacher to ask for boring, students Hunranyushui, but not talk an innovation.
1, establish innovative education concept.
Innovation in education is the overall quality of education and in-depth of concrete is based on strengthening the innovative spirit of students, innovation, innovation and the cultivation of personality as the
basic value orientation of education. I believe that: As an important base for cultivating creative talents - colleges and universities, teachers
should change educational concepts that are not conducive to innovation and personnel training values, it is necessary in order to foster
innovation and educational concept as the guide in order to enhance students innovative spirit and practical ability to focus on to nurture creative talents as the core goal, to change the past, imparting knowledge-based education model, to build a new education system, will be innovative education throughout the entire process of personnel training to implement every aspect of teaching. To this end, Mr. Liu Shuren as early as 2001 proposed university as soon as possible to change the
traditional rigid and backward philosophy of education, from the shackles of the traditional training model, to scientific and advanced educational concepts of navigation, to achieve by the "heritage-type" "standard piece-
type" education concepts to the "innovative" ideas about education change; by the "exam-oriented education" values to the "quality-oriented
education" values change; students from relying on the concept of cognitive ability of students to the importance of emotion and change the
concept of coordinated development change; by the "teachers, dignity "to" teacher-student democracy and equality "of the concept of change; by the attention to students the concept of competition, emphasis on students to the concept of teamwork change .
2, reform curriculum system.
At present, China is basically aimed at colleges and universities to implement a professional to build curriculum units generated many problems, the spirit of "deep foundation, wide caliber," "dilution
professional, intensive courses" reform goals, breaking the tradition of a professional curriculum development system, will be similar to the profession work together to build a new curriculum, so that neighboring and similar professionals in the various disciplines have greater room for
mutual penetration, increase cross-disciplinary, multi-disciplinary,
cross-grade elective. This through the integration of academic knowledge, penetration, transformation, to enable students to form a multi-
disciplinary, multi-angle creative thinking ability, their personality development, improvement of innovative capability to provide more space.
A specific operation can try the following aspects:
The first is to broaden curriculum choices face, improve the
curriculum conversion system, so that students can cross-professional
learning Kuayuan Xi.
Second, creation of related elective courses to enhance the cultural quality education for students, for students of innovation activities in deep cultural heritage.
Third, the implementation of the main minor learning system, strengthening personnel training compound. To encourage school students who have spare capacity to cross-disciplinary, multi-disciplinary study
like minor courses, minor and second-degree professional expertise.
Fourth, the implementation of the second classroom training plan will be the second class to carry out ideological education activities, scientific and technological innovation activities, cultural and sports
activities, social practice activities into the innovation and personnel training system, will foster curricular and extracurricular training combined to Improve Students innovative capacity and overall quality.
5 is to create "innovation studies" course, training students the flexibility of thinking, seeking shaped thinking, divergent thinking and backward thinking; develop their thinking, flexibility, accuracy, agility and flexibility, to activate their innovative potential and innovation
initiative and innovative thinking to master strategy.
(Iv) adjustment of teaching content, the reform of teaching methods. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://
First of all, schools should build an innovative teaching and
learning content system, the latest scientific research results and scientific concepts in a timely manner into the teaching practice, reflect the teaching content of the times, openness, diversity and comprehensiveness; a conscious culture students to develop an objective
perspective on the material world, and guide them to explore new knowledge.
Second, take the main participatory mode of teaching is to change the traditional "Man Tangguan, spoon-fed" teaching mode, foster student-
centered philosophy of education to adopt heuristic and discuss the
teaching, to stimulate independent thinking and creative consciousness. The use of classroom debate, students, and lectures on topics such as methods to stimulate students curiosity and imagination, develop their
divergent thinking and the spirit of exploration.
Thirdly, to strengthen the practice of teaching links, to encourage students to participate in scientific and technological activities, and develop their creative ability and experimental
capabilities. Schools can set up an open laboratory, the creation of innovative educational experiment base, to provide practical opportunities for university students and places. Thirdly, an appropriate increase in the teaching content in the content of innovation and capacity building to enable students to understand the formation process of innovation and features the ability to innovate conscious training.
Finally, the active use of multimedia and other modern teaching
methods, through voice, video and other forms, so that students can grasp a more thorough knowledge, image, to stimulate students interest in learning and innovation, passion.
(E) to construct a reasonable evaluation and incentive mechanism.
A reasonable evaluation and incentive mechanism is to develop students ability to innovate the system of protection. First, in educational evaluation, teachers should change the past to one examination results as the sole criterion for evaluation of student assessment
methods, the establishment of a comprehensive evaluation system, student test scores, students discover problems in practice, analyzing and solving problems capabilities and practical ability of students have been placed in the evaluation system, a comprehensive measure. Second, incentives on the one hand the school to come up with practical measures to promote the transformation of teaching innovations. At the same time, schools should establish a special incentive fund to develop students ability to innovate
particularly prominent teachers of the effectiveness of the implementation of special incentives, and teachers to guide students to provide financial support for innovative activities. On the other hand, school, through scholarships, innovation funds, incentive credits, innovation and credit quality of the expansion of credits and other measures to encourage students to engage in a variety of innovative activities and innovative activities for students to provide financial support and professional
In short, to improve the innovative capability of students, colleges and universities must reform the backward educational and teaching system, and strive to explore new pragmatic and innovative capacity-building model for the country's innovation and talent strategy contribute.
 Peng Xu, Bi-Cheng Hu, On the traditional Confucian culture on the students ability to innovate Culture of [J], "Journal of Higher Education," 2005, (3) reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://www.hi138. com