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Saturn - Modern vs - Final Paper

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Saturn - Modern vs - Final Paper ...

    featuring Baba Ram Dass‟ horoscope

     Linda Kaye ? 2003

    A Modern versus Vedic Astrological Perspective of Saturn

     The mythology of the ancients has weaved a continuous melodic thread into our modern

    Astrological significations. Through the myths of yesterday‟s gods and goddesses astrology remains ever rich with profound significance. Astrology, as well as the exploration into ancient

    mythology, endows us with a continual journey of self-discovery in which we are invited to

    invoke the planetary gods and goddesses that exist within each of us. Many astrologers feel that

    Saturn is to be given the highest of respect and worship, as it is his grace and divine duty to

    bestow upon us the teachings, that, left to our own devise, we would all to gladly avoid.

     By reviewing both the modern and Vedic Astrological systems one can gain a larger holistic

    perspective of Saturn‟s role within their life. For it is through Saturn‟s myth of these two great

    systems that we learn to willingly embrace his lessons with endurance and humility. Therefore,

    the first section of this paper will focus on a modern astrological view point of Saturn. While, the

    second half will depict Saturn from a Vedic perspective.

    Saturn: A Modern Observation

     Greek mythology portrays Cronus (Saturn) as part of a lineage whereby the son adheres to his

    mother‟s request and chooses to rise above his father. Cronus rose above his father, the sky God

    Uranus, due to Uranus‟ suppression of his own creation; his children, who he shut away deep

    within the earth. It is through the combined act of severing Uranus‟ genitals and then tossing

    them into the sea that Cronus allows creation to continue. This brave deed credited Cronus with

    the inspired birth of the warm, gentle and beautiful goddess, Aphrodite. Known as the goddess of

    pure and ideal love, as well as immoral and degrading love, Aphrodite inspired procreation

    through her beauty, ensuring the continuation of the manifestation of creation.

     During the governmental rein of Cronus, creation did in fact continue Night gave birth to

    Doom, Death, Fraud, Incontinence, and Old Age, Strife gave birth to Sorrow and Forgetfulness,

    and Hunger gave birth to Disease. These births are grave and recognizable symbols of Saturn‟s

    significations in today‟s modern world of astrology. Eventually Cronus and his sister, Rhea,

    married and had six children of their own, all of which Cronus swallowed at birth out of his fear

    of being overthrown, as he had overthrown his father. As foreseen by an Oracle, it came to pass

    that a son (Zeus) overthrew Cronus. Zeus caused Cronus to vomit up the children he had

    swallowed, and then vanquished his father, severing his power. The myths tell different stories of

    the place Cronus now resides. Some tell of his being cast from the sky and enchained to the

    depths of the universe. Others tell us that he was sent to the ends of the earth to dwell in bliss.

     It is within the above myth that we often find strong Saturnian aspects, in the modern western

    horoscope, coinciding with inner conflict in regards to responsibility. These conflicts of

    responsibility are typically projected by the individual towards the collective, ones self, and/or to

    ones father. Approval by ones father, or the overthrow of ones father, may be prominent themes within a Saturnian individual‟s life. This is frequently the result of a father who is abdicating a dictatorial parental mindset, which is often a generational pattern that can only be

    severed by the child breaking free and developing constructive Saturnian traits. Ariel Guttman

    and Kenneth Johnson remind us that the Gnostics and early Kabbalists viewed Saturn as Yahweh

    of the Old Testament, the tyrannical father God obsessed with rigid enforcement of the law.

    Saturn‟s association with Yahweh is recognized with the Sabbath Yahweh‟s holy day, devoted

    to Saturday, Saturn‟s Day.i

     Additional themes associated with Saturn are competitiveness, introspection, karma, darkness,

    doom, delay and endings. Astrologers frequently refer to Saturn as the planet which brings

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conclusion to the areas in our lives that are no longer meaningful, or to those areas that instill

    unhappiness. The Saturnian solstice season is a time of patient, quiet introspection, a time of

    waiting. It is during the wintry Capricorn season we celebrate the „death‟ of the old calendar year.

    Guttman and Johnson explain in their book, Mythic Astrology, that Saturn‟s sickle was symbolic of cutting down the elderly in winter, by performing his grim reaper task while the zodiacal Sun iipassed through Capricorn.

     The Saturnian house in modern astrology is the apex, or the zenith point, in the horoscope. thWhen we find a prominent 10 house in a person‟s nativity we can be sure that they will

    experience a climb to the summit with one or more of their outer life experiences. Through

    Saturn‟s trials and tribulations we mature in awareness and perspective. In Liz Green‟s book,

    Saturn; a New Look at an Old Devil, she postulates that Saturn is the key to an invocation with

    the self, and the self‟s transforming potential. It is within the esoteric teachings that she reminds

    us of Saturn‟s knowledge, “Saturn is the planet of discipleship, and a disciple is simply someone iiiwho is learning.” This perspective of Saturn‟s influence is neither negative nor malefic and, for

    those who embrace his presence in their lives, Saturn is the bringer of strength and wisdom.

     iv“Suffering Comes When You Try to Hold on To Continuity.” Baba Ram Dass

     Many astrologers would contend that Saturn brings suffering for those who rigidly cling to the

    security of the old and familiar. Saturn is the master of destroying that which is no longer needed

    in our lives, that which no longer brings growth to our psyche and spirit. Referred to by

    interviewers as „ahead of his time‟, Ram Dass has lived his life as a pioneer, leader, servant and

    mystic. His teachings and contributions helped to precipitate the New Age movement, while

    simultaneously aiding to bridge the gap of understanding between the spiritual philosophies of the

    East and the West. th The planet Saturn resides in its own sign within the 7 house of Ram Dass astrological

    horoscope (see chart 1), which Kathleen Burt refers to, in her book Archetypes of the Zodiac, as a vcalling to unselfish love. Alan Oken takes an esoteric stance on astrology in his book Soul

    Centered Astrology, whereby he indicates that Saturn‟s placement will reveal where our dharma thviand duty lies and that the 7 house is the path of union between the soul and the personality.

    Ram Dass‟ 10th house is radiantly displaying an almost exact Sun/Uranus conjunction in Aries,

    with the North Node in very close proximity by 1-degree. With Aires and Uranus so intimately thinvolved with the Sun in the 10 house, it gives one the ability to revolutionize society by

    exposing large groups of people to new experiences and new ways of thinking.

     Born Richard Alpert, the youngest of three boys, into a prominent Jewish family surrounded thby wealth, Ram Dass was afforded many opportunities. As is appropriate for a 10 house Sun,

    his father was a successful lawyer, president of the New York, New Haven, and Hartford

    Railroad, and the founder of Brandeis University, as well as the Albert Einstein School of

    Medicine. Rex E. Bills reminds us, in The Rulership Book, that the planet Uranus rules viirailroads. The following quote from the Philadelphia Inquire, regarding his father embodies familiar undertones to the ancient Greek Saturn myth:

    “I was with my father when he died; he was in his 90‟s. During our lives we had two

    monstrous egos and we fought all the time. Then during the dying we shifted our roles. viiiWe were no longer father and son but just two souls.” Ram Dass

     Upon obtaining his Ph.D. from Stanford University, Ram Dass taught and conducted research

    at the Department of Social Relations, and the Graduate School of Education at Harvard

    University, from 1958 to 1963. During his short tenure at Harvard he became involved with the

    study and exploration of human consciousness, which eventually led him to conduct intensive

    research using psychedelic drugs, such as LSD. This pioneering and controversial exploration is

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    thanother strong signature of his Uranus/Sun in the 10 house personality. He was a risk taker and explorer, which eventually led to his dismissal from Harvard, due to the controversial and

    dangerous nature of drug usage.

     In 1963 he was dismissed from Harvard, while transiting Saturn was in the sign of Aquarius, thsquaring transiting Neptune in Scorpio, the ruler of his 9 house, a signature of a scientist using unfavorable drugs. Transiting Saturn was also squaring his natal Chiron, while transiting

    Neptune was opposing his natal Chiron. Chiron, as the wounded healer, involved with the

    spiritual planet Neptune, reflects his painful desire to sustain a heightened spiritual awareness.

    While no longer at Harvard, Ram Dass continued with his research through a private foundation

    until 1967. Through the experimentation of psychedelic‟s, Ram Dass maintains that he was able to access mystical states of consciousness which allowed him the freedom and capacity to

    identify himself as a spiritual being.

     Saturn in Capricorn, Oken exclaims, gives one an opportunity to build a „Spiritual Mountain,ixa ladder up from the material to the Spiritual, as well as down from the heavens to the Earth.

    Ram Dass‟ research and continual mystical longing eventually led him to India, where, in 1967,

    destiny led him to his guru, Neem Karoli Baba Maharajji. It is Maharajji who bestowed the name „Ram Dass,‟ meaning „servant of God,‟ unto his student. Through Maharajji‟s teachings Ram Dass practiced yoga and meditation, soon realizing he no longer needed psychedelic‟s to

    obtain the state of spiritual consciousness he so desired. In 1967 Saturn and Chiron were both thclosely aligned in Pisces, where they were transiting his 9 house of travel, and philosophy, while preparing to conjoin his MC. The transiting North Node was in aspect to his natal Chiron by

    conjunction, and in July the North Node was conjunct his Mercury. Transiting Jupiter was

    passing through his first house, conjoining his natal Mars, while trining his Sagittarian Moon.

    These transits are strong indicators of an expansion of consciousness through a healing teacher.

    “What is needed is a Guru, a Savior who will awaken us to xBhakti (devotion), and to perceptions of Truth.” Swami Sri Yukteswar

     The primary point Ram Dass has passed along to us from Maharijji is his message of love, and

    service. When asked how to obtain enlightenment Maharijji simply stated, “Love people, serve xipeople, and feed people.” This was a profound and inspiring message for Ram Dass, for it is at

    this point in his life that he so willingly embraced his future destiny of humane service to others.

    While reviewing Ram Dass‟ life journey we are brought back to his natal Capricorn Saturn in the th7 house, whereby Liz Green points out, “It is usually the work of Saturn in Capricorn to give xiistructure and form to some group idea.” His dedication and inspiration has founded several

    non-profit organizations that have brought healing to thousands throughout the world.

     Published in 1971, his book “Be Here Nowis considered by many a classical spiritual guide. thIt is currently in its 34 printing and has sold over a million copies. It was on his birthday, April

    6, 1971, that “Be Here Now‟ was released. At this point in his life transiting Saturn in Taurus was

    making a trine aspect to natal Saturn, while a transiting Neptune/Jupiter conjunction was stthconjoining his natal Moon, trining his 1 house Mars, and preparing to trine his 10 house planets

    in Aries. Rob Hand reminds us, in his book Planets in Transit, that Saturn‟s transit through the thxiii11 house should bring about the results of your ideals, and all that you have tried to attain. thSaturn offers us his favors when transiting through the 11 house, indicates Georgia Status in her book Business Astrology 101, provided we have finally surrendered to the needs of the collective xivthrough helping others, and through contributories to community organization. The above

    transitory signatures reflect the publishing (Jupiter) of a spiritual (Neptune) book with enormous

    potential (Saturn trine/Moon-Mars Transits) for public success.

     Ram Dass spent the next twenty-five years in service. His many accomplishments and

    contributions are hugely significant and meaningful to thousands throughout the world.

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Ironically, while in the process of writing a book on aging, he became the reluctant recipient of an

    aging health crisis; a massive cerebral stroke that has left him with numerous threatening health

    problems and extensive paralysis. The stroke occurred on February 19, 1997 while Saturn was thmaking its 3rd passage through his 10 house, and had just entered into the constellation of Andromeda „The Chained Woman,‟ which begins at 6 degrees of Aries. The symbolism for chain is bondage, helplessness, restriction and sacrifice, affecting men as well as women. On an

    earthly plane a chain signifies social or psychic integration which can only be overcome by xvpositive, affirmative thinking.

     This unexpected crisis, he admits, was traumatic, similar to an earthquake! His spiritual focus,

    during this time, became the desire to integrate two opposing notions within his conscious reality;

    his guru‟s grace and the stroke, which he now refers to as „Fierce Grace.‟ Once again he found

    himself observing his consciousness as a scientist, only this time it was through the physical body.

    He describes his stroke, pain, and suffering as captivating to the consciousness, and as an

    experiment of consciousness. He indicates that he can stay in the stroke and suffer, or remove his

    consciousness from the stroke and be free. His soul becomes the witness to his physical pain and xvia worthy advisor of his spiritual practice. Ram Dass is an inspiration to all. His positive, affirmative thinking is an incredible parallel to the remedy Diana K. Rosenberg describes above

    for those who fall under the influence, not only of the constellation of Andromeda, „The Chained

    Woman, but also Saturn‟s great teachings.

    Saturn: A Vedic Perspective

    “Saturn is the darkness, death and sorrow we must overcome xviifor the revelation of the true light.” David Frawley

     Vedic Astrologers refer to Saturn as the most powerful and the most dangerous of the nine

    Grahas (planets). Throughout the centuries Indian Astrologers have come to respect and trust the

    mythology passed down to them portraying Saturn as the great master who controls the duration

    of time, and the cycles of death and rebirth, which every individual is destined to endure. Saturn‟s release of karmic forces is often followed by immense suffering, which results in a balancing of

    the karmic scales. In the end, one is free to proceed on his or her evolutionary journey.

    Consequently, astrologers of the Vedas associate Saturn as the divine teacher whose primary

    mission is to return the evolving soul back to its source.

     Saturn, according to the Vedic myths, was born from Surya (the Sun), the celestial form of fire

    that brings forth and dries up life. His mother is Surya‟s wife, Chaya, the daughter of the celestial

    architect. Bepin Behari illustrates in his book, Myths & Symbols of Vedic Astrology, that the

    Sun‟s demanding manner was too oppressive for his wife Chaya, causing her to retreat to her

    father for relief. In order to keep the Sun unaware of her absence she left behind her shadow

    Chaya, the literal meaning of her name. This is the union of which Saturn was born, whereby

    Behari suggests, “The casting of a shadow denotes that the pure radiance of the Sun has been

    xviiiobstructed by matter.” Depicted as dark blue or black, Saturn is portrayed as having four arms

    in which he holds an arrow, a javelin, a bow and, with his fourth arm, he bestows his blessings.

    He travels throughout the universe perched upon a vulture.

     The bow, javelin and arrow represent the special instruments of attack. The arrow Behari

    describes is shot at the victim to relieve him of the karmic debt that keeps him from obtaining

    enlightenment. The Javelin creates short and quick actions similar to a dart that inflicts pain,

    disease, and injury, along with loss of support and status in society. “The bow represents the xixpsychological foundation made by Saturn for spiritual enfoldment of the individual.” The

    arrow is successful only if the divine plan, or purpose, has a carefully prepared foundation. The

    vulture upon which Saturn rides, feeds and survives upon dead bodies, whereby the symbol of

    death is established.

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     The vulture, having a close connection to the Sun, exists as a symbol throughout many

    cultures. The Indian Phoenix is the emblem of regeneration, and purification. The Greeks saw it

    as a symbol of heaven and earth, spirit and matter, good and evil, guardian and avenger. In Egypt

    the goddess of truth, „Matt,‟ is seen carrying a vulture feather. Ted Andrews tells us, in his book Animal Speaks, that the ancient alchemists viewed the vulture as a sign of the emergence of the

    psychic and cosmic forces. It was seen as a promise of temporary and necessary suffering, which

    brought with it an understanding that a higher purpose was at work. This purpose eventually led xxto a forthcoming rescue in ones life, such as the rescue of Prometheus by Hercules. The Hindu teachings tell us that the Sage Kashyapa, who is one of the seven progenitors of the universe,

    gave birth to the feathered tribe of birds. The Sanskrit word for vulture is „Gridha,‟ which also means greed and a covetous nature.

     Saturn is the Son of the Sun, and vultures fly toward the Sun. Saturn‟s arousal of discontent

    and disillusionment with ones life leads to a purification by the Sun, and later to that which is

    sustaining and enduring, a connection with ones true self. The ability to further the divine

    mission of the solar light and obtain spiritual mastery over materiality is the gift that all the Sun‟s

    progeny offer. Although Saturn‟s shadowy light can create obscurity, gloom, confusion, and feelings of isolation, it is through his painful lessons we are encouraged to renounce all that was

    previously associated with living. The ability to gain mastery over the material world is Saturn‟s

    domain, but only after he creates sorrow, limitation and frustration first. It is Saturn‟s duty

    through the „solar shadow‟ to uncover a soul‟s underlying true character. Through his restricting

    influence, the individual‟s real nature becomes more prominent, eventually revealing itself. The limitations of the veil are what is experienced before one can see the goal of liberation, the vision

    xxiof one‟s true self.

    "There are people who want to use the name guru for me," he said with a snort. "When I hear xxiithat, I feel they just haven't seen a real one." Ram Dass

     The nakshatra Uttara Ashadha is ruled by the Sun, and with its symbol an elephants tusk,

    reflects Ganehsa‟s blessing on our activities, states Dennis Harness in The Nakshatra‟s, The xxiiiLunar Manions of Vedic Astrology. This lunar mansion is referred to as the „Universal Star‟ thand it is the mansion in which Ram Dass‟ 7 house Sagittarian Saturn resides, at 29 degrees and

    48 minutes (chart 2). Although the nakshatras are primarily related to the Moon sign in a nativity,

    they are helpful in event prediction and in understanding an individual‟s character based on the

    planets that occupy them. Native‟s of this mansion quest for the spiritual unknown, and it is

    spiritual liberation that is this individual‟s primary goal in life. Blessed with affluence in life, it

    is here that Harness claims the individual has completely integrated the manifestation of God-like

    power. For the native possesses the power, support and recognition of alliances with all the xxivgods. Maharijji‟s Sun was located in this lunar mansion revealing the karmic spiritual

    connection between him and Ram Dass. th Malefics such as Saturn in the 7 house, Behari reminds us; lead the vital energy towards a thspiritual quest by subduing the urge for sensuality. The presence of a malefic in the 7 house is seen as valuable to the spiritual seeker, because if the urges are not suppressed the spiritual xxvthjourney cannot unfold. Saturn in the 7 house is therefore challenging in terms of traditional

    marriage karma, perhaps pointing to Ram Dass‟ choice of an alternative relationship lifestyle.

     Ram Dass was in his Venus-Rahu Dasha in 1967 when his Guru bestowed the title „Servant of

    God‟ upon him. In his book Beneath a Vedic Sky, William Levacy tells us, “Dasha theory holds that the significations or effects promised by planets in the birth chart, manifest mainly during the xxviDasha-Bhukti periods of those specific planets.” Although the exact date this occurred is not

    known, we do know that during 1967 the North Node was conjoining Ram Dass‟ natal Chiron, thand transiting Saturn was making its passage through his 9 house of travel, teachers, and religion.

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Here we find Saturn traveling through the nakshatra that is ruled by Saturn, „Uttara Bhadrapada,

    and as indicated by Harness, this is the mansion referred to as lucky feet. The native enjoys travel

    to far away lands and exhibits a priest like demeanor, which emphasizes their desire for spiritual xxviigrowth. Spiritual evolution leads to detachment from earthly existence and worldly matters.

    This is the point in Ram Dass life that he denounced living within a material realm and gave

    away everything he owned to help those in need. He began several organizations that helped to

    cure blindness for thousands of suffering people and has continued to devote his life to the needs

    of humanity. th On April 6 1971 Ram Dass publicly released his book Be Here Now, which thirty years later this still widely distributed. Just before the books release on March 14 1971 he entered his Venus-Saturn Dasha. The Qualities associated with the planets linked to the Dasha-Bhukti period

    in question indicate when the specific karmic lessons and experiences are released. Venus resides ththnatally in his 9 house of publishing and travel, and Saturn was transiting through the 11 house

    conjoining Chiron and trining natal Saturn, whose ruler is Jupiter. Transiting Jupiter, the ruler of

    Saturn, was conjoining the Moon in the lunar mansion Anuradha. The ruling planet for the

    nakshatra Anuradha is Saturn and is called the „Star of Success.‟ Its primary motivation, according to Harness, is that of right activity, or dharma. It can lead to fame, and recognition,

    which is attained through cooperation with others. Success can come through travel and residing

    in foreign lands. With the Moon in this lunar mansion the native is wise, truthful and kind xxviiihearted, but can experience problems through maternal connections. The energetic influence of this nakshatra aptly explains the success of his book, for it was with his gurus permission and guidance that it was written. rd Ram Dass had entered his Mars-Saturn Dasha on October, 3 1996. Planetary transits affecting the specific planets of a Dasha period are often timing indicators for predictable effects

    during a Dasha Bhukti period. At the time of his stroke, February 19, 1997, we find that

    transiting Saturn at 11 degrees of Pisces was opposing transiting Mars retrograde at 10 degrees of thVirgo. Mars is the ruler of his natal Scorpio Moon and the 6 house of health. Both Saturn and Mars were dangerously close to the transiting Nodes at 5 degrees of Virgo/Pisces, with Rahu

    conjoining Mars and Ketu conjoining Saturn. The Moon, ruler of his natal Mars, was transiting

    his natal Mars during the early morning hours when he said he had tried to get out of bed and

    collapsed. These transits are clearly emphasizing an impending health crisis and, in fact, Ram

    Dass indicates he had received early warning signs, which he did not recognize. The Moon on

    this day was traveling through the nakshatra Hasta, where its influence can result in health issues xxixthat lead to hardships, restraints, and impediments.

     Although he miraculously lived, the results of the stroke did, in fact, lead to many hardships

    of pain and suffering. His right arm and right leg are now numb and he suffers from speech

    aphasia, which affects the language center of the brain. He openly talks of the depression

    following his stroke, when the transit of Pluto was conjoining his Moon in Scorpio. Ram Dass

    maintains that the stoke led him into a whole new incarnation where he found qualities within

    himself that he never new existed, qualities that would not have surfaced without the stroke.

     Saturn has been recognized in many cultures as the most important of the planets.

    Astronomically, Saturn is the most remote of the inner planets, indicating that we are far away

    within. As Robert Svoboda brilliantly illustrates in his book The Greatness of Saturn, this does

    not mean that we have lost something, but rather our inner relationship to ourselves has been lost.

    He further suggests this distance is indicative of people who are isolated from the daily life of the

    rest of the world. “Anything that makes us withdraw, physically or mentally, from the thick of xxxthings is a function of Saturn.”

     The Astrological teachings tell us that Saturn is ready to bestow blessings even during periods

    of arduous preparations and unbearable pain. His lessons are the most difficult and yet,

    simultaneously, offer the most reward. Although feared as the bringer of death, disease and

    poverty, through Saturn‟s pursuit of spirituality one is presented with discipline, asceticism, and

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    solitude. True disciples attempt to control their own natures, that they may influence Saturn‟s influence on themselves. As Svoboda reminds us, “A disciple is someone who surrenders to xxxireality and studies minute by minute everything Saturn has to teach. Ram Dass‟ dedication to humanity and spirit is a true testament of this ability.

    Peace isn‟t something „out there. Peace comes from within and then spreads out into the world.

    The greatest social action we can accomplish is to dig deep into our hearts until we find that new

    consciousness, that place of peace.

    "Heart to Heart Resuscitation"

     by Ram Dass

     Linda Kaye is a fulltime Senior at Kepler College and a practicing astrologer. She is a Reiki

    Master having studied and worked with Rajul Joshi from the Sai Reiki Centre of India. She also

    maintains a fulltime position at Hewlett-Packard as a project manager for HP‟s Workforce

    Management Programs

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Chart #1

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Chart #2

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Endnotes:

     i Guttman, Ariel & Johnson, Kenneth, Mythic Astrology, Archetypal Powers in the Horoscope,

    (St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications; 1993), p. 132. ii Ibid., p. 359 iii Green, Liz, Saturn, A New Look at an Old Devil, (York Beach, Maine, Samuel Weiser, Inc:

    1976), p. 194. iv Dass, Ram, Fierce Grace, A Film by Mickey Lemle, (Zeitgeist Films; 2003), as quoted by Ram

    Dass. v Burt, Kathleen, Archetypes of the Zodiac, (St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications; 1990), p.

    391. vi Oken, Alan, Soul Centered Astrology, (Freedom, CA, The Crossing Press; 1996), p. 303/343. vii Bills, Rex E., The Rulership Book, (Richmond, Virginia, Macoy Publishing; 1971), p. 118. viii Interiew, Dass, Ram, http://ramdasstapes.org/philadelphia%2002.02.htm Philadelphia Inquire Interview; Oct 2002. ix Oken, Alan, Soul Centered Astrology, p. 308. x Yukteswar, Swami Sri, The Holy Science, (US, Self Realization Fellowship; 1990), p. 39. xi Dass, Ram, Fierce Grace, (Zeitgeist Films; 2003), as quoted by Ram Dass. xii Green, Liz, A New Look at an Old Devil, p. 52 xiii Hand, Robert, Planets in Transits, (West Chester, Pennsylvania, Whitford Press; 1976), p. 325. xiv Green, Liz, Saturn, A New Look at an Old Devil, (York Beach, Maine; Samuel Weiser, Inc:

    1976),

    p. 189. xv Rosenberg, Diana K. Excerpts from Diana K. Rosenberg‟s Manuscript combined with her Web

    Page, Kepler College, (September, 2003). xvi Dass, Ram, Fierce Grace, (Zeitgeist Films; 2003). xvii Frawley, David, Astrology of the Seers, A Guide to Vedic/Hindu Astrology, (Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Lotus Press: 2000), p. 80. xviii Behari, Bepin, Myths & Symbols of Vedic Astrology, (Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Lotus Press;

    2003), p.91. xix Ibid., p. 94 xx Andrews, Ted, Animal Speaks The Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small,

    (St. Paul, Minnesota, Llywellyn Pulbicaitons; 1993), p. 204-5 xxi Behari, Bepin, Myths & Symbols, p. 91. xxii Dass, Ram, Interview (http://ramdasstapes.org/philadelphia%2002.02.htm Philadelphia Inquire Interview; Oct 2002). xxiii Harness, Dennis, The Nakshatras, The Lunar Mansions of Vedic Astrology, (Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Lotus Press: 1999), p. 83. xxiv Ibid., p.83. xxv Behari, Bepin, Myths & Symbols, p. 134. xxvi Levacy , William, Beneath a Vedic Sky, A Beginners Guide to the Astrology of Ancient India,

    (Carlsbad, CA, Hay House, Inc: 1999), P. 261. xxvii Harness, Dennis, The Nakshatras, p.103. xxviii Ibid., p. 67-8. xxix Ibid., p. 51-2. xxx Svoboda, Robert, The Greatness of Saturn, (Tulsa, OK, Council Oak Books; 1997), p. 165 xxxi Ibid., p. 167.

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