v. to tell
1. to tell someone something means to give information to someone.
eg. He told me his name.
They told me their address.
Q. Tell me your address.
Q. What did he / she tell me?
Q. Tell me your best friend’s name.
Q. What did he / she tell me?
Q. Tell me something about your city.
Q. Ask him / her to tell you something about his / her country / city.
Q. Who would you tell if you lost your credit card?
2. to tell someone to do something
eg. A manager or a boss tells people what to do.
eg. The teacher told me to do my homework.
Q. Give me your book.
Q. What did I tell you to do?
Q. Who tells children what to do:
a. at home? b. at school?
Q. What kind of things do parents tell their children:
a. to do? b. not to do?
Q. What kinds of things did your parents tell you to do / not to do?
Q. Did you always do what your parents told you?
We use the imperative when we tell someone what to do.
We make the imperative with the infinitive without to.
eg. Sit down.
Open your books at page 25.
NB. Teachers often use the imperative to tell students what to do.
But using the imperative can be rude so don’t use it if you are not sure.
Q. When do we use the imperative?
Q. Tell me to do something using the imperative.
Q. Is it polite to use the imperative?
A story is a description of what happens to someone.
A story can come from your imagination or a real experience.
Q. Do children like stories?
Q. Did your parents read you stories before you went to sleep?
Q. Have there been any interesting news stories recently?
Q. Can you think of a film that came from a real story? The Pursuit Of Happyness, United 93, JFK,
The Last Emperor, Munich, Ray, World Trade Centre, Amadeus
Q. What is the difference between a story and history?
v. to lie n. liar n. the truth (to tell the truth)
lying present participle
lied past participle
Q. Do you always tell your parents the truth?
Q. Have you ever lied in a job interview?
Q. How do you know when someone is lying to you?
Q. Which of these films is based on a true story?
a. Schindler’s List b. E.T.
Q. Would I be a liar if I said I were really rich?
Q. Did you use to lie to your teachers about your homework?
expressions using tell
expr. tell the time expr. tell a story expr. tell a joke
Q. Can you tell (me) the time?
Q. What do we use to tell the time?
Q. Are you good at telling jokes?
Q. Who told you exciting stories when you were a child?
adj. / n. secret expr. keep a secret
A secret is private information that you don’t want other people to know.
Q. Who can you tell your secrets to?
Q. Can you keep a secret?
Q. What do we call people who try to find out secret information about other countries?
Q. Do you have a secret place where you hide important / private things?
Q. Where is it?
Q. Would you tell your best friend’s secrets to anyone else?
Q. What if I paid you a million dollars?
n. make-up ph. v. to put on
ph. v. to take off
Q. Am I wearing make-up?
Q. How many different kinds of make-up can you think of?
Q. When do people put on their make-up?
Q. When do people take off their make-up?
Q. Where do you keep your make-up?
Q. What would you put on before you went skiing?
v. to hang (up) ph. v. to hang on
Q. Where do we hang pictures?
Q. Where do you hang up your clothes?
Q. Do you always hang your clothes up after you take them off?
Q. If I told you to hang on a minute, what would I want you to do?
Q. What does to hang up the phone mean?
adj. honest adj. dishonest
If you are honest, you tell the truth.
If you are dishonest, you tell lies.
Q. Are you an honest person?
Q. Is it difficult to be honest all the time?
Q. Can you think of a person who is famous for being dishonest?
Q. Do you always work hard?
Q. Do you think that was an honest answer?
n. law v. to break the law
n. rule v. to break a rule
Rules and laws are things we must or must not do.
Laws are national or international.
Rules are made for games, sports or organisations etc. (eg. school rules)
Q. Give me an example of:
a. a school rule. b. a law.
Q. Have you ever broken the law when driving?
Q. Did you ever break the rules at school? Q. What kind of things did you use to do?
Q. Can you think of anyone famous who has broken the law?
Q. Do you know all the rules of football?
Q. If you use your hands in a game of tennis, does that break the rules?
v. to believe
Q. Do you believe everything you read in the newspapers?
Q. Do you believe in God?
Q. Can you always believe what children say?
Q. If I told you I had five children, would you believe me?
Q. If I told you I had three houses, would you believe me?
Q. If I told you I could speak five different languages, would you believe me?
Q. If I told you my uncle used to be a famous pop singer, would you believe me?
Q. When your friends promise to do something for you, do you always believe them?
v. to hope
We use to hope for things we want to happen in the future.
1. hope + to + infinitive
eg. I hope to pass my driving test next week.
Q. Do children always hope to get lots of presents for their birthday?
Q. Do you hope to live for more than a century?
Q. Have you ever been to the USA / Europe / Africa?
Q. Do you hope to go there (again) in the future?
Q. What kind of things do you hope to do next year / in the future?
Q. Do you hope to get a good job when you finish studying?
2. hope (that) something / someone + future
eg. I hope (that) my brother will pass his exam next week.
Q. Do you hope (that) your children will be very rich and famous?
Q. Do you hope (that) the weather will be nice tomorrow?
Q. Give me an example of something you hope will happen.
Q. What do you hope to do in the future?
n. ambition my ambition is + infinitive (with to)
An ambition is something you really hope to do in the future.
It’s often the job you want or the places you want to visit.
An ambitious person wants to do many difficult things.
Q. What is your ambition?
Q. Do you think politicians are very ambitious people?
Q. Do you think people need to be ambitious if they want to be very rich and famous?
Q. Are you an ambitious person?
Q. Have you always had the same kind of ambitions?
n. success v. to succeed (in something) adj. successful
n. failure v. to fail
Q. What is the opposite of to succeed?
Q. Do you hope to succeed in all your ambitions?
Q. Do you think people have to be ambitious to be successful?
Q. Which would you prefer to be, a successful businessman / businesswoman or a famous artist?
Q. Do you think honest people are more successful than dishonest people?
Q. Give me an example of a very successful:
a. businessman / woman. b. politician.
c. artist. d. company.
v. to dream (about something / someone) n. dream
dreamt / dreamed n. nightmare
dreamt / dreamed
Dreams are stories in our imagination while we are sleeping.
eg. Last night I dreamt about a talking pink elephant. We had a nice chat about the
A nightmare is a very bad dream.
eg. I dreamed I had a meeting with my boss but I was wearing no clothes! It was a
Q. Do you dream every night?
Q. Have you ever had the same dream twice?
Q. Can you always remember your dreams after you have woken up?
Q. When you were a child, did you use to have nightmares? Q. Do you still have them?
Q. Tell us about one of your nightmares.
Q. Do you think English grammar is a nightmare?
Q. What kind of things do you think are a nightmare?
v. to complain (to someone about something)
When you complain about something, you say you don’t like it, or you are dissatisfied
Q. Who would you complain to if your telephone stopped working?
Q. Would you complain if you bought an expensive bottle of wine in a restaurant and it was
Q. Do you sometimes feel too embarrassed to complain?
Q. Do you think people in your country complain less or more than English people?
v. to care (about)
If you care about something, you think it is important.
If you care about someone, you like them and you think they are very important.
Q. Do you care about money more than anything else?
Q. Who are the people you care about the most? Q. Do you think people who smoke care about their health?
Q. Do you care about how you look?
Q. What do you think ambitious people care about the most?
Q. Can you remember any children’s stories you used to like when you were
Q. If I told you a secret could you keep it or would you tell anyone else?
Q. Do you think it is wrong for men to wear make-up?
Q. What kind of people wear make-up for their jobs?
Q. If you think you can’t succeed at something do you usually give up?
adj. careful adv. carefully
Q. Do you have to be careful when you use a knife?
Q. Do children have to be careful when they cross the road?
Q. Do you have to drive carefully in the rain?
v. to mind (+ if)
We often use the construction “do you mind if…?” when we ask someone’s opinion
about something we want to do.
eg. “Do you mind if I smoke?”
“Yes I mind!” = “I don’t want you to smoke”
“No, I don’t mind.” = “It’s ok if you smoke.”
Q. Do you mind if I sit down?
Q. Do you mind if I open the window?
Q. Do you mind if I smoke?
Q. Do you mind if people smoke while you are eating?
Q. Would you mind if a stranger asked you for the time?
Q. Would you mind if someone else used your toothbrush?
v. to vote (for someone) n. election n. political party
Q. What do people do in an election?
Q. Have you ever voted?
Q. When was the last election in your country?
Q. How long is the gap between elections in your country?
Q. Which political party is in charge of your country?
Q. What are the two most important political parties in the USA?
v. to join n. club n. member
A club is a kind of organisation where people meet to do a particular thing they are
eg. There are sports clubs, film clubs, and wine clubs.
If you join a club you are a member.
Q. Have you ever joined a political party?
Q. What kind of clubs did they have at your school / university?
Q. Have you ever been a member of a club?
Q. Are there any clubs you would like to join?
Q. Why do people join:
a. health clubs? b. youth clubs? c. fan clubs?
n. joint n. shoulder n. hip
n. elbow n. knee
n. wrist n. ankle
Q. Touch your:
a. hip. b. left elbow. c. right knee. d. shoulder.
Q. How many joints are there in your leg?
Q. What joints do football players often break?
prep. above prep. below
Q. Is your ankle above or below your knee?
Q. Have you ever broken an arm or a leg?
Q. Did you break it above or below the knee / elbow?
Q. When you write a letter, do you put the date above or below your address?
Q. Which room is above / below this one?
Q. Do planes usually fly below the clouds?
v. to fight
Q. In what sports do people fight?
Q. Did you use to fight with your friends at school? Q. Who usually won?
Q. Did you use to fight with your brothers / sisters / cousins when you were children?
Q. Who usually won?
Q. Do you like fighting?
Q. What is the verb form of to fight?
Q. If you had a fight with him / her / me, who do you think would win?
n. soldier n. army
n. war n. weapons = guns etc.
Q. What kind of people carry weapons?
Q. Do young men have to join the army in your country? Q. For how long?
Q. Do you think your government spends too much money on weapons?
Q. Are there any women soldiers in the army in your country?