GET READY GET THRU
Due to its location and environment, New Zealand faces many potential disasters. In some cases, such as a weather related or volcanic disaster, there may be time for a warning.
But an earthquake or a tsunami close to land could strike without warning. All disasters have the potential to cause disruption, damage property and take lives. So it’s vital that you prepare now.
Be prepared to cope on your own for up to three days, or more.
This is when you will be most vulnerable.
The information in this brochure will show you how to look after yourself, your family, home, business and community. It will help you get ready, so you’ll get through.
You should have:
; A Household Emergency Plan
; An Emergency Survival Kit
; A Getaway Kit if you need to be evacuated.
HOUSEHOLD EMERGENCY PLAN
Many disasters will affect essential services and possibly disrupt your ability to travel or communicate with each other.
Get your family or household together and agree on a plan.
You should work out:
; Where to shelter in an earthquake, flood or storm
; How and where you will meet up during and after a disaster
; The best place to store Emergency Survival Items and know who is responsible
for checking essential items
; What you will need to have in your Getaway Kit and where you will keep it
; How to turn off the water, gas and electricity in your home or business
; How to contact your local civil defence organisation for assistance during an
You can find a copy of the emergency plan at the back of this brochure or download a copy from the website getthru.govt.nz
Know what your local Civil Defence warning system is and find out the location of your local Civil Defence or Community Emergency Centre. It is also useful to learn First Aid, how to deal with small fires and how to evacuate your house in the event of a fire.
Plan to recover after a disaster
Make sure your insurance cover is adequate and up to date and that important documents can easily be gathered if you have to evacuate.
YOUR GETAWAY KIT
In some emergencies, such as a flood or volcanic eruption, you will need to evacuate and take your Getaway Kit with you. Everyone in the house should have a Getaway Kit. This kit should include:
; Birth and marriage certificates
; Driver’s licences and passports
; Financial information (insurance policies, mortgage information, etc)
; Family photos
; Towels, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, toilet paper and sanitary items
; Hearing aids, glasses, mobility aids for elderly or vulnerable members of your
YOUR EMERGENCY KIT
In most emergencies you should be able to stay at home or at your workplace. In this situation, you may have to rely on your Emergency Survival Kit. This kit should include: Emergency items
; Torch with spare batteries
; Radio with spare batteries (check all batteries every 3 months)
; A change of clothes for all family members (wind and waterproof clothing, sun
hats, and strong outdoor shoes)
; First aid kit and essential medicines
; Blankets or sleeping bags
; Pet supplies
; Toilet paper and large rubbish bags for your emergency toilet
; Face and dust masks
Food and water for at least three days
; Non-perishable food (canned or dried food)
; Bottled water (at least 3 litres per person, per day for drinking)
; Plan how to get water for washing and cooking
; A primus or gas barbeque to cook on
; A can opener
; Check and replace food and water every twelve months.
Supplies for babies and small children
; Food, formula and drink
; Change of clothing and nappies
; Toys or favourite activity
Place your Emergency Kit somewhere that is easy to get to in an emergency and make sure everyone in your house knows where it is kept. If you keep some of your Emergency Kit items in the house for everyday use, make sure you know where to find them quickly when an emergency occurs.
FIRST AID KIT
If someone you care for is injured in a disaster, your knowledge of First Aid may be the difference between life and death. Many organisations provide First Aid training courses. It is recommended that you take a First Aid course, followed by regular refresher sessions.
You can buy First Aid Kits ready made. If you are making your own, you can download a list of the minimum recommended items required from the website: getthru.govt.nz.
CARING FOR SICK OR VULNERABLE PEOPLE
If you, or a member of your household or community has a disability, make arrangements now with a family member, friend or neighbour to help in an emergency. Hearing impairment
People with hearing impairment may not hear warning systems or radio broadcasts. Make arrangements to be sure that someone will notify a hearing impaired person in the event of an emergency.
People with sight impairment could experience difficulties if they have to evacuate or go to an unfamiliar Civil Defence Centre. Arrange a ‘buddy system’ so they will have someone to help them cope.
Asthma and respiratory problems
An asthma sufferer or someone with a respiratory disorder may be affected by volcanic ash, dust or the stress of an emergency. Make sure you have plenty of medicines and dust masks in your Emergency Survival and Getaway Kits.
Special food needs
If you are caring for someone with special food needs, make sure you include food for them in your Emergency Survival Kit.
You will need to include mobility aids in your Emergency Survival Kit if you or someone you are caring for has difficulty with mobility. This will help the person cope if they have to evacuate to a different area.
CARING FOR PETS AND LIVESTOCK
Remember, your pets will be affected by a disaster, too. Follow these steps to make sure they get through as well.
; Include your pets in your disaster planning
; Attach a permanent disc to your pet’s collar that clearly states your phone
number, name and address, if there is room
; If possible, take your pet’s vaccination records with you if you have to evacuate.
This will help your pet be rehoused if necessary
; Include a carry box, towel or blanket in your Emergency Survival Kit. Put your
name and phone number on the box
; Keep an emergency supply of pet food
; Check with your local council about their arrangements for assisting with
domestic animal issues
; If you are unable to take your animals with you, you should release penned
animals, if possible
Household water supplies, including drinking water, could be affected. Having a supply of water is absolutely essential and you need to store water for an emergency.
You need about 3 litres of drinking water for each person each day. You also need
about one litre of water for each of the following:
; washing food and cooking for each meal
; washing dishes after a meal
; washing yourself (one litre per day for each person)
Your hot water cylinder and toilet cistern are valuable sources of water. Check that your hot water cylinder and header tank are well secured and try to avoid putting chemical cleaners in the cistern. Also, keep on hand a supply of household bleach, for disinfecting.
; To store enough drinking water for three days, prepare six large plastic soft drink
bottles of water for each person, including children. Add some extra for pets
; Wash bottles thoroughly in hot water
; Fill each bottle with tap water until it overflows. Add five drops of household
bleach per litre of water and put in storage. Do not drink for at least 30 minutes
; Label each bottle with dates showing when the bottles were filled and when they
need to be refilled
; Check the bottles every 12 months. If the water is not clear, throw it out and refill
clean bottles with clean water and bleach
; Store bottles in two separate places, somewhere dark away from direct sunlight
where there is not likely to be flooding
; Alternatively, fill plastic ice cream containers with water, cover, label and keep in
the freezer. These can help keep food cool if the power is off and can also be
used for drinking
; Keep a supply of ice cubes and fruit juices
Collect rain water but make sure that you disinfect it with household bleach (1/2 teaspoon to 10 litres). If you’re at all uncertain as to the quality of water, e.g. from a well that has been flooded, or if it might have been contaminated by smoke or ash DO NOT drink it.
GET YOUR CAR READY
If you are in your car or driving when a disaster strikes, you will need to know what to do. Follow these simple steps:
; If you drive to work, understand that you may be stranded in your vehicle for
some time. A flood, snow storm or major traffic accident could make it impossible
; Store a pair of walking shoes, waterproof jacket, essential medicines, snack food,
water and a torch in your car
; In an earthquake, pull over to the side of the road and stop
; Do not drive in floodwaters
; You can get up to date roading information at www.aaroadwatch.co.nz
GET YOUR BUSINESS READY
You should have a Workplace Emergency Plan.
; Businesses have an OSH and Fire Regulations obligation to be prepared for an