Brochure Revised

By Bertha Hill,2014-01-16 20:48
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Brochure Revised


    Due to its location and environment, New Zealand faces many potential disasters. In some cases, such as a weather related or volcanic disaster, there may be time for a warning.

    But an earthquake or a tsunami close to land could strike without warning. All disasters have the potential to cause disruption, damage property and take lives. So it’s vital that you prepare now.

     Be prepared to cope on your own for up to three days, or more.

    This is when you will be most vulnerable.

    The information in this brochure will show you how to look after yourself, your family, home, business and community. It will help you get ready, so you’ll get through.

    You should have:

    ; A Household Emergency Plan

    ; An Emergency Survival Kit

    ; A Getaway Kit if you need to be evacuated.


    Many disasters will affect essential services and possibly disrupt your ability to travel or communicate with each other.

    Get your family or household together and agree on a plan.

    You should work out:

    ; Where to shelter in an earthquake, flood or storm

    ; How and where you will meet up during and after a disaster

    ; The best place to store Emergency Survival Items and know who is responsible

    for checking essential items

    ; What you will need to have in your Getaway Kit and where you will keep it

    ; How to turn off the water, gas and electricity in your home or business

    ; How to contact your local civil defence organisation for assistance during an


    You can find a copy of the emergency plan at the back of this brochure or download a copy from the website

    Know what your local Civil Defence warning system is and find out the location of your local Civil Defence or Community Emergency Centre. It is also useful to learn First Aid, how to deal with small fires and how to evacuate your house in the event of a fire.

Plan to recover after a disaster

    Make sure your insurance cover is adequate and up to date and that important documents can easily be gathered if you have to evacuate.


    In some emergencies, such as a flood or volcanic eruption, you will need to evacuate and take your Getaway Kit with you. Everyone in the house should have a Getaway Kit. This kit should include:

    Family documents

    ; Birth and marriage certificates

    ; Driver’s licences and passports

    ; Financial information (insurance policies, mortgage information, etc)

    ; Family photos

    Personal items

    ; Towels, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, toilet paper and sanitary items

    ; Hearing aids, glasses, mobility aids for elderly or vulnerable members of your



    In most emergencies you should be able to stay at home or at your workplace. In this situation, you may have to rely on your Emergency Survival Kit. This kit should include: Emergency items

    ; Torch with spare batteries

    ; Radio with spare batteries (check all batteries every 3 months)

    ; A change of clothes for all family members (wind and waterproof clothing, sun

    hats, and strong outdoor shoes)

    ; First aid kit and essential medicines

    ; Blankets or sleeping bags

    ; Pet supplies

    ; Toilet paper and large rubbish bags for your emergency toilet

    ; Face and dust masks

    Food and water for at least three days

    ; Non-perishable food (canned or dried food)

    ; Bottled water (at least 3 litres per person, per day for drinking)

    ; Plan how to get water for washing and cooking

    ; A primus or gas barbeque to cook on

    ; A can opener

    ; Check and replace food and water every twelve months.

    Supplies for babies and small children

    ; Food, formula and drink

    ; Change of clothing and nappies

    ; Toys or favourite activity

    Place your Emergency Kit somewhere that is easy to get to in an emergency and make sure everyone in your house knows where it is kept. If you keep some of your Emergency Kit items in the house for everyday use, make sure you know where to find them quickly when an emergency occurs.


    If someone you care for is injured in a disaster, your knowledge of First Aid may be the difference between life and death. Many organisations provide First Aid training courses. It is recommended that you take a First Aid course, followed by regular refresher sessions.

    You can buy First Aid Kits ready made. If you are making your own, you can download a list of the minimum recommended items required from the website:


    If you, or a member of your household or community has a disability, make arrangements now with a family member, friend or neighbour to help in an emergency. Hearing impairment

    People with hearing impairment may not hear warning systems or radio broadcasts. Make arrangements to be sure that someone will notify a hearing impaired person in the event of an emergency.

    Sight impairment

    People with sight impairment could experience difficulties if they have to evacuate or go to an unfamiliar Civil Defence Centre. Arrange a ‘buddy system’ so they will have someone to help them cope.

    Asthma and respiratory problems

    An asthma sufferer or someone with a respiratory disorder may be affected by volcanic ash, dust or the stress of an emergency. Make sure you have plenty of medicines and dust masks in your Emergency Survival and Getaway Kits.

Special food needs

    If you are caring for someone with special food needs, make sure you include food for them in your Emergency Survival Kit.

    Mobility impairment

    You will need to include mobility aids in your Emergency Survival Kit if you or someone you are caring for has difficulty with mobility. This will help the person cope if they have to evacuate to a different area.


    Remember, your pets will be affected by a disaster, too. Follow these steps to make sure they get through as well.

    ; Include your pets in your disaster planning

    ; Attach a permanent disc to your pet’s collar that clearly states your phone

    number, name and address, if there is room

    ; If possible, take your pet’s vaccination records with you if you have to evacuate.

    This will help your pet be rehoused if necessary

    ; Include a carry box, towel or blanket in your Emergency Survival Kit. Put your

    name and phone number on the box

    ; Keep an emergency supply of pet food

    ; Check with your local council about their arrangements for assisting with

    domestic animal issues

    ; If you are unable to take your animals with you, you should release penned

    animals, if possible


    Household water supplies, including drinking water, could be affected. Having a supply of water is absolutely essential and you need to store water for an emergency.

You need about 3 litres of drinking water for each person each day. You also need

    about one litre of water for each of the following:

    ; washing food and cooking for each meal

    ; washing dishes after a meal

    ; washing yourself (one litre per day for each person)

    Your hot water cylinder and toilet cistern are valuable sources of water. Check that your hot water cylinder and header tank are well secured and try to avoid putting chemical cleaners in the cistern. Also, keep on hand a supply of household bleach, for disinfecting.


    ; To store enough drinking water for three days, prepare six large plastic soft drink

    bottles of water for each person, including children. Add some extra for pets

    ; Wash bottles thoroughly in hot water

    ; Fill each bottle with tap water until it overflows. Add five drops of household

    bleach per litre of water and put in storage. Do not drink for at least 30 minutes

    after disinfecting

    ; Label each bottle with dates showing when the bottles were filled and when they

    need to be refilled

    ; Check the bottles every 12 months. If the water is not clear, throw it out and refill

    clean bottles with clean water and bleach

    ; Store bottles in two separate places, somewhere dark away from direct sunlight

    where there is not likely to be flooding

    ; Alternatively, fill plastic ice cream containers with water, cover, label and keep in

    the freezer. These can help keep food cool if the power is off and can also be

    used for drinking

    ; Keep a supply of ice cubes and fruit juices


    Collect rain water but make sure that you disinfect it with household bleach (1/2 teaspoon to 10 litres). If you’re at all uncertain as to the quality of water, e.g. from a well that has been flooded, or if it might have been contaminated by smoke or ash DO NOT drink it.


    If you are in your car or driving when a disaster strikes, you will need to know what to do. Follow these simple steps:

    ; If you drive to work, understand that you may be stranded in your vehicle for

    some time. A flood, snow storm or major traffic accident could make it impossible

    to proceed

    ; Store a pair of walking shoes, waterproof jacket, essential medicines, snack food,

    water and a torch in your car

    ; In an earthquake, pull over to the side of the road and stop

    ; Do not drive in floodwaters

    ; You can get up to date roading information at


    You should have a Workplace Emergency Plan.

    ; Businesses have an OSH and Fire Regulations obligation to be prepared for an

    emergency. This will help you identify potential hazards and plan for your staff

    during and after an emergency

    ; Get your staff ready. Ensure every member of staff has these items: walking

    shoes, waterproof jacket, torch, snack food and water by their desks

    ; Get involved in business continuity and emergency plans at industry level. Find out more about Workplace Emergency Planning at www.getthru.govt


    There are hundreds of earthquakes in New Zealand every year, but most of them are not felt because they are either small, or very deep within the earth. However, a large, damaging earthquake could occur at any time. The biggest danger you face in an earthquake comes from falling debris and collapsing structures such as buildings and bridges.

    Before an earthquake

    Getting ready before an earthquake strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive.

    ; Develop a Household Emergency Plan and prepare an Emergency Survival Kit

    so that you can cope with being on your own for up to three days or more

    ; Identify safe places within your home, school or workplace. A safe place is:

    o under a strong table; remember to hold onto the legs

    o next to an interior wall

    o somewhere close to you, no more than a few steps, or two metres away,

    to avoid injury from flying debris

    ; Secure heavy items of furniture to the floor or wall. Visit to

    find out how to quake-safe your home

    ; Seek qualified advice to make sure your house is secured to its foundations. Also

    check that any renovations comply with the New Zealand Building Code During an earthquake

    ; If you are inside a building, move to a safe place

    ; If you are outside, move no more than a few steps, then drop, cover and hold

    ; If you are driving, pull over and stop

    ; If you are at the beach or near the coast, drop, cover and hold then move to

    higher ground immediately in case a tsunami follows the quake After an earthquake

    ; You should expect to feel aftershocks

    ; Help those around you if you can

    ; If you are in a damaged building, try to get outside and find a safe, open place

    ; If you smell gas, try and turn off the gas main outside the building if it is safe to

    do so

    ; If you see sparks, broken wires or evidence of electrical system damage, turn off

    the electricity at the main fuse box if it is safe to do so

    ; Listen to the radio for information and advice

    ; If your property is damaged take notes and photographs for insurance purposes


    Damaging wind is caused by cyclones, tornados or areas of very low pressure air called deep depressions. The MetService issues a strong wind warning when winds of over 87km/h are expected over land. Follow these steps to get through the dangers of strong winds:

    Before a storm

    Getting ready before a cyclone strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive.

    ; Develop a Household Emergency Plan and prepare an Emergency Survival Kit

    so that you can cope with being on your own for three days or more

    ; Check that your roof and guttering is secure every two years

    ; Keep materials at hand for repairing windows, such as tarpaulins, boards and

    duct tape

    ; If you are renovating or building, make sure all work complies with the New

    Zealand building code which has specific standards to minimise storm damage When a warning is issued

    ; Pick up any debris around your house that could become airborne

    ; Bring rubbish bins indoors

    ; Bring pets inside. Move stock to shelter

    ; Listen to your local radio station for information

    During a storm

    ; Open a window on the side of the building away from the wind. This will relieve

    pressure on the roof and help prevent it lifting

    ; Close all curtains to slow down flying glass and airborne objects

    ; Stay away from doors and windows. If the wind becomes destructive, shelter

    further inside the house

    ; Don’t walk around outside. Don’t drive unless absolutely necessary

    After a storm

    ; Contact your local council and insurance company if your house or building has

    been severely damaged

    ; Ask your council for advice on how to clean up debris safely


    Floods are a common hazard in New Zealand. A flood becomes dangerous in the following conditions:

    ; If the water is travelling very fast

    ; If the water is very deep

    ; If the floods have risen very quickly

    ; If the floodwater contains debris, such as trees and sheets of corrugated iron Getting ready before a flood strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive.

Before a flood

    ; Develop a Household Emergency Plan and prepare an Emergency Survival Kit

    so that you can cope with being on your own for three days or more

    ; Find out if your home or business is at risk from flooding. If there is a risk, your

    local council can give you information to help you reduce the effects. This

    information could cover:

    o Evacuation plans

    o How to protect items in your home or business by raising them above

    floor level

    o How you can reduce the risk of future flooding to your home or business

    ; Know where the closest high ground is and how to get there

    ; Keep your insurance up to date

    When a flood threatens

    ; Listen to your local radio station for information and follow the advice and

    instructions from Civil Defence Emergency Management

    ; You will receive a warning from your local council or Civil Defence Emergency

    Management Group. Talk to them to find out how they will warn you During a flood

    ; Move out of the flooded area or go to the nearest high ground

    ; Lift household items as high above the floor as possible

    ; Do not attempt to drive or walk through floodwaters unless it is absolutely


    ; Stay in a safe place. Do not go sightseeing.

    After a flood

    ; If you have been affected, have your house inspected and the damage assessed


    A tsunami is a series of sea waves caused by an earthquake, landslide or volcanic eruption beneath or near the ocean.

    How much warning will you have?

    There are three distinct types of tsunami distant, regional and local. In the case of a

    distant tsunami, we will have more than three hours warning. A regional tsunami will be between one and three hours away, while a local tsunami the most dangerous may

    only give us a few minutes warning.

    Tsunami warning

    Here are the ways you will know that a tsunami is approaching.

    ; The Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management will issue a national

    warning on the television and radio

    ; You will receive a warning from your local council or Civil Defence Emergency

    Management Group

    ; If you are at the coast and you feel a strong earthquake, see the sea receding

    (the waterline moving away from the shore), the sea bubbling or making a roaring

    sound, move to higher ground immediately.

    ; Be aware that there may be more than one wave, sometimes as many as seven,

    and it may not be safe for up to 24 hours. The waves that follow the first one may

    also be bigger

    Before a Tsunami

    ; If you live in a coastal area, check with your council about the level of risk a

    tsunami may pose

    ; Check with your local Civil Defence Emergency Management Group to find out

    what warning procedures you should expect

    ; Develop a Household Emergency Plan and ensure you have a Getaway Kit

    ready should you need to leave in a hurry

    ; Know where the nearest high ground is and how you will reach it. Higher ground

    should be at least 35 metres above sea level or at least 1km inland. Plan your

    escape route now with your household

    ; If you are buying land, investing or building in a coastal area, talk to your council

    about the risks of a tsunami, coastal storm surge and erosion During a tsunami

    If you haven’t done so already, move immediately to the nearest higher ground.

    After a tsunami

    ; Listen to the radio for civil defence advice

    ; Do not go down to the sea until you have been told it is safe to do so

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