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Book 4 Lesson 7

By Willie Ross,2014-09-21 22:15
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Book 4 Lesson 7

    Contemporary College English Book Four

    Unit Four Text A A Drink in the Passage

课程名现代大学英语精读 授课专业及班次 2007本科英语12

    授课内Unit Four Text A 授课方式及学时 16

    To grasp some backgrounds of the story,some keys words and commonly-used 目的要

     sentence patterns.

    Special difficulties:the some colloquail language 重点与难

     Key points:some key words and important sentence patterns

    2 hours: the introduction of the background:Apartheid South Africa

    4 hours: the explaination of the glossary and the main idea of the text 讲授内

    2 hours: the first part of the text:the introduction 容及

    时间分2 hours: the second part of the text

     2 hours: the last part of the text

    4 hours:exercises

     Chalk,recorder,blackboard

    杨立民. Contemporary College English.北京~外语教学与研究出版

    .2008.

    参考资张道真.《现代英语惯用法》,1-5卷:第1.上海译文出版社;1983.

     王文昌.《英语搭配词典》第1.江苏教育出版社;1991.

    陆谷孙.《英汉大词典》第1.上海译文出版社;1993.

    葛传规.,英语惯用法词典:第1.时代出版社;1962.

Teaching contents and procedures

    ?Questions for consideration

    1)what do you know about Apartheid South Africa?Do you know its history? 2)Can you introduce the racial separation ? What is your opinion of it? ?Introduction to the background

    The story is set against the background of Apartheid South Africa. South Africa was colonized by

    ththe British and Dutch in the 17 century.British domination of the Dutch descendants resulted in the Dutch establishin gth enew colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal.The idcovery of

    diamonds in these lands around 1900 led to a British invasion which resulted in the Boer

War.Following independence from Britain, there was a perild of uneasy power-sharing between

    the two groups until the 1940s, when the Afrikaner National Party was able to gain a strong

    majority. Toward the end of the 1980s, amid increasing racial tension and criticism from the

    outside world, Nationalist president F.W.De Klerk started a serious reform.

?the explanation of the new words

    Oversightpa.2

    A mistake that you make by not noticing sth or by forgetting to do sth, E.g. I didn’t mean to leave the room unlocked. It was just an oversight.

Reprimandpa. 2

    A sharp, angry and official rebuke.

Personage:pa.2

    A person of distinction.

    Compare: 1 person,2 personage, 3 personnel, 4 personality, 5 personal. I hear that he has very strong backing from a powerful _____. Any _____ could get nervous under those circumstances.

    ____ department is organizing the training of the new members of staff. Will you do it for me as a ____ favour.

    She has a very strong ____.

    Keys: 2 1 3 5 4

To feel up to:pa. 4

    To be well enough to: to be capable of.

    E.g. I don’t feel up to a long hike.

Velvet 7

    A soft fabric, such as silk, or nylon, having a smooth, dense pile and a plain underside

Backdrop 7

    A painted curtain hung at the back of a stage set

Complimentary:pa.7

    Paying compliments; expressing praise or admiration.

    Do not mix it up with the complimentary, complementary

    The professor is highly ____ about your paper.

    The economies of our two countries are highly____.

    Keys 1,2

And allpa .16

    The whole thing; including everything or everybody mentioned, E.g.

    My boss promised to provide me with a computer and all.

justaround the cornerpa. 18Very near

    e.g The new is around the corner.

To be at ones easepa. 34

    Feeling natural and comfortable; without any embarrassment or discomfort

To get beyond sb:pa. 51

    To become difficult for sb to understand.

A sociable eveningpa. 72

    An evening characterized by pleasant, informal conversation and companionship.

? the analyses of some important sentences

    1. In the year 1960 the Union of South Africa celebrated its Golden Jubilee, and there was a nationwide sensation when the one-thousand-pound prize for the finest piece of sculpture was won by a black man, Edward Simelane.

    In the year 1960, the Union of South Africa celebrated its fiftieth anniversary, and there was a

    great excitement throughout the country when people heard that the prize for the finest piece

    of sculpture was won by a black man.

     Golden Jubilee: Jubilee is the celebration of a speical anniversary: silver jubilee (25 th

    thanniversary); golden jubilee (50 th anniversary) and diamond jubilee (60 or 75 th

    anniversary).

     nationwide: throughout the nation

     Note that “-wide” is an adjective or adverb suffix meaning throughout, e.g.

     Nationwide; worldwide; communitywide; schoolwide.

     a sensation: extreme excitement or intereest, e.g.

     His speech produced a great sensation (in the audience.)

     The new opera did not cause the sensation that had been expected.

    2. His work, African Mother and Child, not only excited the admiration, but touched the conscience or heart or whatever it was that responded, of white South Africa.

     His sculpture, African Mother and Child, not only won the admiration of the white people for its artisitc merit, but also deeply touched or moved their hearts and conscience because the work made them see the injustice of racial discrimination and the black people’s yearning for a better life for their children.

3. It was by an oversight that his work was accepted…

     It was by a careless mistake that his work was accepted, because as a black person, he was not supposed to participate in the competition.

     Oversight: a mistake that you make by not noticing sth or by forgetting to do sth, e.g.

     I didn't mean to leave the room ulocked. It was just an oversight.

     By (an) oversight, the letter was sent unsigned.

    4. The committee of the sculpture section received a pricate reprimand for having been so careless as to omit the words “for whites only” from the conditions…

     a private reprimand: a private criticsm; a criticism that is not made public

     reprimand: a sharp, angry and official rebuke (criticism)

     so careless as to omit the words “for whites only” from the conditions: so careless that they forgot to put the words “for whites only” in the conditions for entering the competition

5. a very high personage

     a high-ranking official; an important person

     personage: a person of distinction

     Compare: person, personage, personnel, personality

    6. The committee then decided that this prize must be given along with the others, at the public ceremony which would bring this particular part of the celebrations to a close.

     To bring sth to a close: to end or conclude sth, e.g.

     The government was anxious to bring the hostage crisis to a close.

     The surrender of General Lee’s army soon brought the Civil War to a close.

    7. …but in certain powerful quarters, there was an outcry against any departure from the “traditional policies” of the country…

     … but in certain politically influential circles, there was a strong protest against this decision

    as it wsa not in conformity with the traditional, apartheid policies of the country.

     quarters: a usually unspecified group of people

     I learned the news from some usually well-informed quarters.

     He has won some support from business quarters

     outcry: a strong protest or objection

     There was a public outcry against police brutality.

     There was an outcry among the workers when the decision was announced.

     departure from: a divergence from a rule or traditional practice

     “traditional policies”: They refer to the racist policies which had been in effect for many years.

    8. However, a crisis was averted, because the sculptor was “unfortunately unable to attend the ceremony”.

     A crisis was avoided because to the relief of the authorities Simelane apologized that be would not be able to attend the ceremony personally to receive the prize.

     Notice that what is given here in quotes is the official announcement which was probably not true, and everybody knew it.

    9. “I wasn’t feeling up to it.” Simelane said mischievously to me. “My parents, and my wife’s parents, and our priest, decided that I wasn’t feeling up to it. And finally I decided so too.”

     When Simelane said mischievously to the author that he wasn't feeling up to it, he meant that he was going to pretend that he was sick and therefore he could not go to the cermoney, and he knew that he was sick and therefore he could not go to the ceremony, and he knew that the author would understand that it was only an excuse. The meaning became even clearer when he

    went on to say that his parents and others “decided” that he wasn’t feeling up to it. What they really meant of course was that he should not go to the ceremony as it wsa too risky.

    to feel up to: to be well enough to; to be capable of, e.g.

     I don’t feel up to a long hike.

     I don’t think Ann will feel up to it. She is not as young as she used to be.

    mischievously: playfully; teasingly

10. “boys, I’m a sculptor, not a demonstrator.”