DOC

PReparationsD-Danger

By Douglas Murphy,2014-11-13 16:34
14 views 0
PReparationsD-Danger

    Unit 5 First Aid

    Period One

    Teaching aims:

    1. Do the listening and make sure that the Ss understand it. 2. Improve the Ss, listening and speaking abilities.

    3. Let the Ss understand the common sense about the first aid. Teaching procedures:

    Step 1. Lead-in

     Hello, everyone! In our last unit, we learned something about AIDS/HIVE that is doing great

    harm to human being. Today we are going to learn something about accidents that will also do

    great harm to human beings. Here are some of them. Look at the pictures on Page 57 and practise

    as the following.

    Step 2. Warming up

    Picture 1

    A: The drowning man has just been brought out of the water. He is dying. B: What would you do in the situation?

    A: We should lay him on his back and try to start his breathing at once. B: What could we do to prevent this accident?

    A: We should learn how to swim, never swim alone and don’t swim in dangerous rivers.

    Picture 2

    A: The woman knocked off her bike by the passing car and was badly hurt. B: What could you do?

    A: Don’t move her, and call the ambulance.

    B: What could we do to prevent traffic accident?

    A: Everyone should follow the traffic rules and be attentive and careful and never run in traffic.

    Picture 3

    A: The man’s house catches fire and is burning down. He is running out of the house.

    B: What would you do in the situation?

    A: We should find the nearest telephone and call 119.

    B: What could we do to prevent the accident?

    A: Don’t leave lamps and candles burning in your house, and be careful when you cook.

    Picture 4

    A: The girl is hurt and is bleeding badly.

    B: What would you in the situation?

    A: We should help her to press firmly on the bleeding point using a clean handchief. B: What could we do to prevent the accident?

    A: Don’t play with knives or the sharp objects.

     1 12

Picture 5

    A: What should you do if you find the old man with a knife in his arm?

    B: Leave the knife in and get him to hospital as quickly as possible. If you pull the knife out. You may cause more damage.

    Picture 6

    A: The man is choking while he is eating.

    B: What should you do in the situation?

    A: If you are well trained in first aid, you can try to get out the thing in the mouth and clear the airway.

    B: What could we do to prevent the accident?

    A: Don’t eat too fast and don’t chew your food. Don’t talk while having food in the mouth.

    Words and expressions to be used: drowning, bleeding, choking, situation, prevent poison, container, catch fire, electrical equipment, first aid

    Step 3. Listening

    1 Attention please! Now we are going to listen to dialogues in which a nurse is asking two people questions who have just arrived at the hospital, each with a child. Listen to the tape, what happened to each child?

    2 Listen to the tape again and answer the questions.

    3 Listen to the nurse’s questions in the first dialogue and write them down.

    Step 4. Speaking

    Work in pairs. Use the list of dos and don’ts below to tell each other what you should and should not do.

    Suggested answers:

    You must make sure that electric wires are safe and the children can’t reach them. If a child plays

    with an electric wire, it can get an electric shock and be seriously injured. If electric wires are damaged, they may cause a fire. You should also cover outlets and switches that a child can reach. Make sure that your kitchen is safe. Don’t let children cook alone and teach them what to do if an

    accident happens. For example, if a pan of oil catches fire, you should turn off the gas and cover the pan quickly. You should never use water to try to put out burning oil. Instead, cover the pan with a lid.

    You ought to make sure that everyone in your family knows how to call for emergency (110). If your family knows what to do when there is an accident, they will be much safer. You should have a plan for emergencies and you should learn more about first aid.

    You should not put poison into other containers, like empty bottles. A child or other family members may think that it is safe to drink. In fact you might forget that you put the poison there, too. If you must have poison in your house, you should keep it in a safe place and in clearly labeled container.

    You should never leave small things on the floor or table which a baby can put into its mouth. The baby may choke on them. You must never play with electrical equipment.

    You should never use ladders on a wet floor. The ladder may slip and you will fall and hurt yourself. If you are using a tall ladder, ask someone to hold the ladder for you.

     2 12

Period Two

    Teaching aims:

    1. Improve the Ss’ ability of the reading comprehension.

    2. Let the students get enough first aid knowledge and learn what they should do and what they should do and what they should not do during the process of first aid.

    3. Let the Ss learn new words and useful expressions to talk about accidents and first aid. Teaching procedures:

    Step 1. Lead-in

    Hello. Everyone! Last time we discussed something about accidents and first aid. Now please tell what would you do in the following situations.

    What would you do if you find a person whose leg is bleeding?

    What would you do if you witness a traffic accident?

    What would you do if your younger brother is choking?

    Today we are going to learn more about first aid. First let’s look at pre-reading.

    Step 2. Pre-reading

    1. Introduction In the Pre-reading activity, the Ss are asked to choose one of three outlines. Each outline could be used for a text about first aid, so the students are free to choose the one they like best as long as they provide reasons for their decision.

    2. Which of the outline below would you use if you were to write a text about first aid? Why? The first outline would suit a persuasive or argumentative passage in which the author is trying to get the reader to agree that first aid is important. The second outline is for a process essay in which the writer explains how to give first aid. The third outline would suit a comparison and contrast essay in which the writer first explains two types of first aid and then lists similarities and differences.

    3. Which one do you think will be used in the text below? Why?

    Step 3. Reading

    1. Skim the text and answer the question What do the letters DR ABC stand for?

     D stands for danger; R stands for response ; A stands for airway B stands for breathing; C stands for circulation.

    2. Read the text to get the topic of each part.

    Para. 1. First aid is very important

    Para. 2 The most important is to stay calm.

    Para. 3-4When we have to think fast, we must remember DR ABC to give first aid. Para. 5-6 When we have checked the DR ABC we should give the first aid that is needed and call an ambulance.

     3. Listen to the tape and scan the text to answer the following questions:

     What do we say that seconds count in an emergency when we meet someone in trouble?

     Because knowing what to so and acting out in an emergency can mean the difference between life and death.

     What is the most important thing when dealing with an emergency?

     3 12

     The most important thing to keep in mind is to stay calm.

     Before an ambulance comes, how can we save people’s life?

     If we know how to respond, we can save people’s life.

     Where can we learn first aid?

     Many hospitals and schools offer training classes for people who are interested in learning first

    aid.

     How can we put the person in the recovery position.

     First, roll the person onto one side and keep the legs straight.

     Second, place the hand of the person’s upper arm under his or her chin.

     Third, bend the person’s leg so that he or she will not roll over and we should stay with the

    person and wait for an ambulance. Of course, we can cover the person with a blanket or a jacket to

    help him or her stay warm.

     What does the each letter of DR ABC mean?

     D danger The accident scene is no longer dangerous.

     R respond To know that he or she is conscious and can breathe.

     A airway To make sure a person’s airway is open and it is easy to breath.

     B breathing To start the person who is not breathing at once, using the mouth-to-mouth method.

     C circulation To make sure the person’s blood is circulating by looking for color, coughing,

    eye movement, and checking pulse, stopping bleeding.

    4. Read the text again and fill in the table below.

     Part 1 The importance of giving first aid.

    Point Reason

    The importance of giving first aid Seconds count in an emergency, and knowing what to do can

    mean the difference between life and death.

     Part 2 How to give first aid.

Process WWhat to do Why(how) to do

    rFirst of all Stay calm Panic not be able to help;

    Think about to do;

    Make better decision.

    PReparations DDanger

    R?Response

    AAirway

    BBreathing

    CCirculation (Scene) no longer dangerous;

    (Get hurt trying to save someone) not be able to help;

    be conscious and breath; calm the person; airway open and easy to breathe; (not breathing) try to start breathing at once;

    (not done within 5 mins) die;

    blood circulation;

     4 12

stop bleeding

    GGiving first aid Give first aid and call an ambulance. Give first aid that is neede; Call an ambulance;

    (not knowing how to do it.) never to revive

    HHaving given first aid Put the person in recovery position. Roll the person onto one side; keep the legs straight;

    Place the hand of the person’s arm under his or her chin;

    Bend the person’s legs;

    Stay with him/her;

    Wait for the ambulance;

    Help him/her stay warm

    Part 3 Attention

     Point Reason

    Not enough information to do first aid correctly. (to know enough to save other people’s lives)

    study with a teacher.

    5. Use what you have learnt from the text to explain what the people are doing in the pictures below. Match each picture with a sentence in the text.

     Picture 1 shows a man checking the person’s pulse as described in paragraph 4, sentence 13:

    We can also check a person’s pulse by putting a finger on the person’s neck or wrist. Picture 1 also , refer to paragraph 4 sentence 3: This can be done by gently tipping the person’s head’s back slightly.

     Picture 2 shows a man using the mouth-to-mouth method as described in paragraph 4, sentence 7: if the person is not breathing, we must try to start his or her breathing at once, using mouth-to-mouth method.

     Picture 3 shows a man pressing a piece of cloth onto a bleeding wound as described in paragraph 4, sentence 14: If a person is bleeding, we should cover the wound with a clean piece of cloth and press on the wound to stop the bleeding.

    6. Work in pairs. Use the letters DR ABC to tell your partner how to give first aid.

     First, you should make sure that the accident scene is no longer dangerous.

     Second, you should try to get a response from the injured person.

     Third, you should make sure that the person’s airway is clear.

     Fourth, you should check if the person is breathing.

     Last, you should make sure that the person’s blood is circulation.

Period Three

    Step 1. Revision

     Ask the Ss to retell the passage.

    Step 2. Language points

    1. upside down: with the top part underneath.

    e.g. A lot of cars were turned upside down during the hurricane.

     The boy was holding the book upside down.

     5 12

2. witness: to be present or to see with one’s own eyes

    e.g. He witnessed the accident.

    We witnessed tremendous changes in the city.

     a witness to the accident a witness to the will 3. wish

     wish sb. sth.

     wish sb. to do sth.

     wish that…

    e.g. I wish you success.

     I wish you a happy journey.

     I wish I were a bird.

     I wish I could see him now.

     He wished he hadn’t done it.

     I wish you would get a good job.

    4. mean

     mean doing sth. to have as a purpose or an intention

     mean to (sb.) do sth. to act as a symbol of; represent) e.g. Missing the bus means waiting another hour.

     How do you mean to deal with it.

     Your parents never meant you to spend time like that.

     I had meant to leave on month, but stayed on. 5. count: to have a specified importance or value e.g. You really counts with me.

     Their opinions count for little.

     Each basket counts for two points.

    6. keep sth. in mind

    e.g. One thing all parents should keep in mind is to keep their child away from the hot stove.

    7. deal with: manage; attend to

    to have relation with

     to behave towards; treat

     to be about; to be concerned e.g. How shall we deal with the matter?

     The man is easy to deal with.

     Teachers should deal fairly with their pupils.

     He is reading a book dealing with West African. 8. stay calm

    e.g. He stayed single all his life.

     He remained silent.

    9. prepare for: to make ready beforehand for a specific purpose

     6 12

e.g. They are preparing for the evening party.

     She is preparing her lesson.

     I will go and prepare dinner.

     She is preparing for the final examination.

     She is preparing he lessons for the finally examination.

    10. first of all: ranking above all others

    e.g. First of all tell us your name.

     First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the food which is forbidden. 11. no longer: not now as in the past

    e.g. He could eat no more.

     He could eat no longer.

    12. check: to inspect so as to determine accuracy, quality, or other condition e.g. Before going out, he usually checked the brakes and lights for defects.

     check in check out

    13. revive: to bring back to life or consciousness; resuscitate e.g. The fresh air soon revive him.

     He managed to revive the person who had fainted.

Period Four

    Teaching aims:

    1. Let the Ss understand the common sense about first aid and emergency. 2. Enable the Ss to grasp words about first aid and emergency. 3. Get the Ss to master the grammar itemthe subjunctive mood(2).

    Teaching procedures:

    Step 1. Lead-in

    Hello, everyone! As we know, some new words about first aid and parts of our body are very useful when we talk about emergency and accident. Can you tell me some of the new words we have learned about first aid and parts of our body in the last two classes? Who would like to offer

    some?

    T: Would you like to mention some of the new words about first aid and parts of our body when

    we were talking about emergency and accident?

    S: Yes, they are “ambulance, wound…” (the teacher add some useful words to them.)

    Step 2. Word study

    1. Fill in the blanks with words in the text.

    2. Read the following story and fill in the blanks with the words from the box. Step 3. Grammar

    The Subjunctive Mood

    语气是表示说话者对动词所表示的动作或状态的态度;是一种动词形式。英语中的语气有三

    种,

     7 12