Gynura bicolor DC growth and development of various organs correlation_507

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Gynura bicolor DC growth and development of various organs correlation_507

    Gynura bicolor DC growth and development of various organs correlation

     Author: Song Dexun more Yanggui Qiu Zhang Jianzhong Chen Zhizhong Yan Tan Huai America on behalf of the

     Abstract Objective To study the Gynura bicolor

    Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Mak. Plant growth of various organs within the correlation. Method using the same method of cultivation and management to grow in different soils Gynura bicolor 1 year, measured above and below ground biomass, were

    analyzed. Organ growth results of the various parts of Gynura bicolor has a more obvious relevance. Conclusion aboveground plant more severe the greater the number of plant leaves, plant root weight, the more weight; flowering plants bolting a result, the more the smaller the weight of the root, and with the number of lateral roots of plants have a certain relationship between the lateral root The more roots the more weight.

     Key words Gynura bicolor; biomass; organ growth; relevance

     Abstract: ObjectiveTo study relationship of organs growth in plant of Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Mak.MethodsTo use the same method of plant and management to plant S.adoxoides in different soil for one year, then survey and analyse S.adoxoides underground and up ground biomass. Results

    S.adoxoides organs growth had obvious relationship. ConclusionS.adoxoides up ground biomass the more weight the more leaves, the more leaves the root is more big and weight. The plant have more stems, flowers, fruit, the root tuber is

    more smaller.The relationship between S.adoxoides root tuber and lateral root, the lateral root more and the root tuber more weight.

     Key words: Semiaquilegia adoxoides; Biomass; Organ growth; Relationship

     Gynura bicolor Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Mak.

    Ambrette the use of the roots for days, cold, sweet, bitter. Rupi, small intestine, bladder through. Qingrejiedu, swelling Sanjie efficacy [1]. Containing semiaquilinoside, alkaloids, lactones, coumarin class, phenols and amino acids. Can cure

    carbuncle swollen Chuang Du, M. scrofulaceum, splashing muddy vaginal discharge, boils, bruises, snakebite and other diseases [2]. Due to human over-exploitation of natural

    resources, leading to soil erosion, growing medicinal herbs has been serious environmental damage, poor plant growth, coupled with a large number of artificial dredging, the gradual depletion of wild resources, medicinal herbs production decreasing. Authors Gynura bicolor study habits of growth and development are conducive to change at home Gynura

    bicolor wild species, the conservation of wild resources and species.

     A testing ground for profile

     Cultivation of points as oil sand, black limestone soil, sandy loam, and humus soil testing, the same cultivation and


     2 Materials and methods

     2.1 The method of seed propagation using the two-year

    Health and seed propagation, and then 10 cm × 10 cm of the

    nest spacing transplants at the oil sand (A1), black limestone soil (A2), sandy loam (A3) and humus (A4) of soil in the same

    facilities into organic fertilizer, water, and take the same cultivation and management, measured in plant begins flowering plant biomass.

     2.2 Biomass Determination 2006 04 23, to take all

    the soil 50 plants were measured, cut from the rhizome at

    ground part and underground part, the use of electronic

    balance (Germany sartorius, BS110g, MAX110g, d = 0.1mg) to the ground and underground parts of weighing, respectively, the number of plant stem number, leaf number, the number of

    flowers and fruits, and lateral root number, counted EXCEL.

     2.3 Data statistical analysis method measured the data entered into a computer EXCEL table, using statistical analysis software SPSS12.0 analysis of variance and multiple correlation analysis (Correlations). Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

     3 Results and Analysis

     3.1 the growth of various organs Gynura bicolor analysis of variance statistics in Table 1.

     Gynura bicolor the growth of various organs of variance

    analysis showed that a variety of plants grown in soil, plant growth with the number of leaves is of great significance, A1, A2, A3 soil flowering is of great significance, and A4 soil, plant flower number was significant, leaf number and root

    weight is proportional, that is, the more the number of leaves, root volume, the greater the weight the more weight; floral few more on the weight of roots less. And the number of plant stems and roots of a number is not significant.

     Table 1 the growth of various organs Gynura bicolor Std. Deviation Analysis (abbreviated)

     3.2 Gynura bicolor growth and development of various organs Correlations analysis of statistics in table 2.

     According to Table 2 the growth and development of

    various organs Gynura bicolor Correlations analysis of statistics, Gynura bicolor root weight and shoot weight, stem number, leaf number, flower number of A1, A2, A3 has a very significant deal with the A4 treatment on the ground with some

    significant, the local on the part of the major, the number of stem and more leaves on the ground until some more leaves many synthetic nutrients and more sediment roots increased, the

volume increases, so the weight of roots was great.

     Table 2 Gynura bicolor Correlations Analysis of growth and development of various organs Statistics (abbreviated)

     And lateral root number of A1 and A3 have a very significant, A2 There was a significant relationship, more than the number of lateral roots to absorb inorganic nutrients

    increased leaf synthetic nutrients has increased deposition of material has also increased in the root, root on the weight gain, increased thick. Root aerial part of bio-weight depends

    primarily on the weight, and is determined by the number of

    leaves; other flowers and plants also have ties, flowers and fruit quantity, the material deposited over the distribution of nutrients to the root of reducing, thus affecting the root The increase and weight increase.

     4 Discussion

     According to the various organs of plant analysis of variance and correlation analysis, location of medication Gynura bicolor root weight, the more the plant shoot weight, the more the number of plant leaves for a long time, plant root weight, the more weight; flowering plants bolting a result, the more the smaller the weight of the root; and with the number of lateral roots of plants have a certain relationship, the more lateral roots contribute to the long roots. The first 1 year Gynura bicolor root of rapid growth,

    starting from the first 2 years, plant roots grow relatively slowly, from the shape characteristic not observed on roots continue to grow.


     [1] State Pharmacopoeia Commission. Chinese

    Pharmacopoeia, ? Department of [S]. Beijing: Chemical

    Industry Press, 2005:44.

     [2] Jiangsu New Medical College. Traditional Chinese Medicine Dictionary, the book [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Science

and Technology Press, 1985:317. Reposted elsewhere in the

paper for free download http://

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