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Evaluate the measure of mortality as an indicator of development

By Clifford Peterson,2014-08-09 03:53
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Evaluate the measure of mortality as an indicator of development

    Evaluate GNP per capita as a measure of

    development (6)

    There are a number of benefits associated with using GNP per capita as a measure of development. For example:

    ; It is a numerical value that can be quantified;

    ; It is widely recognised as an indicator of development, especially by the UN

    Development Programme, and the information required is easily accessible; However, there are a number of limitations:-

    ; This only measures economic development;

    ; This is an average figure and it does not show the distribution of income within a

    country. E.g. a small group of people may have a lot more money than the

    majority who have significantly less.

    ; It does not include the informal sector i.e. where people are earning money

    illegally. There may be a large percentage of people in a country who have a

    much higher income than the official figures suggest;

    ; It is calculated in US$ and all other currencies need to be converted. This can

    cause inaccuracies.

    ; This information is sometimes unreliable as some countries manipulate data for

    their purpose e.g. a country may submit lower GNP per capita figures in order to

    attract foreign aid.

    Although GNP per capita is a common measure of development it does have a

    number of limitations and we know that development is more than economic

    development. Ideally using a composite measure like HDI with GNP per capita would

    be more valuable in terms of accurately measuring development.

    Evaluate the measure of mortality as an

    indicator of development (6)

    There are a number of benefits associated with mortality as a measure of development. For example:

    ; It is a numerical value that can be quantified;

    ; It is widely recognised as an indicator of development, especially by the UN

    Development Programme, and the information required is easily accessible;

    ; It recognises the social aspect of the development process;

    However, as many countries become developed Death Rates will increase. For example, in a number of MEDCs increased obesity and stress levels associated with modern living result in high Death Rates. Infant Mortality Rates have declining validity as countries become developed. Ideally using a composite measure like HDI with mortality measures would be more valuable in terms of accurately measuring development.

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