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WRITING AN ESSAY

By Michelle Jones,2014-06-17 06:38
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WRITING AN ESSAY ...

    THE DANGER OF AN IDEAHow Essay Writing Can Make History

WHY IS ESSAY WRITING IMPORTANT

    Thomas Paine (1737-1809) was born in England, tried his hand at a number of jobs and failed. He immigrated

    to America in November 1774, headed for Philadelphia where he became the editor of a new magazine.

He was outraged by the April 1775 Battle of Lexington where the British killed American militiamen, he began

    writing a pamphlet. It was published in January 1776 and sold an estimated 100,000 copies within a few months.

    The pamphlet, Common Sense, denounced tyranny and called for American independence -- something hardly

    anyone had talked about until then.

Later in December 1776, Americans were discouraged by defeats, and Paine wrote a stirring essay. George

    Washington read it to his men on Christmas. This inspired them to win a much-needed battle victory against ndBritish forces in Trenton. Paine wrote more essays which became “The American Crisis”. In the 2 essay, he

    coined the term "United States of America." These writings inspired Americans to fight against Britain and

    finally America became a free and independent nation.

    Thomas Paine’s essays had forever changed the history of America.

In the Iraq War of 2003, America used pamphlets to convince Iraqi soldiers not to fight against them. It was

    very effective and many soldiers gave up without fighting at all. This writing saved the lives of many soldiers

    both US and Iraqi.

There are many examples like this throughout history. Even Florence Nightingale was inspired to go serve in

    Turkey by the essays of William Russell, one of the first war reporters who wrote about the filth and terrible

    conditions he saw in the army hospitals. Later, other essays made Florences work there famous and forever changed the way people thought about the nursing profession.

    Essays change people’s minds and hearts and can change the entire history of the world. English novelist and dramatist Edward Bulwer-Lytton said, “The pen is mightier than the sword" and this is often very true.

Writing clearly and persuasively is not just important for school success. It is very important for success in

    business, professions, politics and it is one of the most effective ways to change people’s hearts and minds.

    This is the reason we are going to learn about writing essays.

ESSAY WRITING PROCESS

These are the simple steps to writing a good and strong essay:

    1) DECIDE ON YOUR ESSAY TYPE, TOPIC ......................................................................................... 2

    2) COLLECT INFO .................................................................................................................................... 2

    3) MAKE AN OUTLINE OR DIAGRAM .................................................................................................. 2

    4) WRITE THE THESIS STATEMENT ................................................................................................... 4

    5) WRITE THE BODY & SUPPORTING PARAGRAPHS ..................................................................... 4 6) WRITE THE TITLE & INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH ................................................................. 5 7) WRITE THE CONCLUSIONSUMMARY PARAGRAPH............................................................... 6 8) ADD THE FINISHING TOUCHES ....................................................................................................... 6

    SITES TO SEE EXAMPLE ESSAYS ............................................................................................................ 7

    DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY-EXAMPLE 1--Something About Dr. Martin Luther King .................................. 7

    STEPS TO WRITING AN ESSAY

    If you’ve been assigned a topic and the type of essay, then skip to step 3

    1) DECIDE ON YOUR ESSAY TYPE, TOPIC Everyone hears and reads interesting stories and ideas quite often. Some topics or ideas may be very

    interesting to you. Save interesting ideas that you would like to write on. If you havent been doing this

    already, start doing it right away when you hear about your assignment.

Another helpful idea is to look on internet sites or in books for a few interesting topics. Then free associate

    from the words you see or experiences youve had or things youve read. Write down any word you think of

    that connects. For example:

    *zoo, bear, Alaska, vacation, Thailand, trekking, thieves, passport, red tape(I went to the zoo last weekI

    saw a bear. Bears live in Alaska. Alaska is a great vacation place. I vacationed in Thailand. Trekking in

    Thailand was awesome. But, thieves stole my passport. I had to go through a lot of red tape to get a new

    one.)

You can also think of things that are really fascinating to you or things that you really dislike or look at

    things that are problems around you. From these, you can get many good ideas to write about.

What kind of essay do you want to write? Are you writing an informative essay or a persuasive essay? Are

    you writing an overview or a specific analysis (if its an analysis, make sure your topic is very specific and

    narrow)?

For example, the topic "KENYA" is a general one. If you want to write a general overview, this topic is

    suitable. If you plan to write a specific analysis, this topic is too general. You must narrow it to something

    like "Politics in Kenya" or "Kenya's Culture."

Think about these questions: Who is your audience? What are they interested in hearing? What do they

    need to hear? What should they think about? What will help them see things in a new way? You should

    know some things about your audience to be effective in your essay.

    2) COLLECT INFO

    Someone said,

    Everyone has a photographic memory, some just forgot the film.”

This means that most of us forget things easily. So, unless youre Einstein or something, whenever you see

    some interesting topic or article, SAVE IT (and save it in a way that you can find it easily again).

    Computers and some e-mail programs (like Eudora) are ideal for this, but you can also do it by using folders,

    etc. This will help you have many ideas for your essays and it will make your essays much more interesting

    and persuasive (This is also a good idea to use with good jokes or stories you hear, great party ideas, stories

    to illustrate important truths well and more.)

As soon as you decide your topic, make sure to read books, articles and internet sites on the topic that you

    are planning to write on. Save useful quotes, examples, illustrations and ideas. Write down ideas that you

    think about while reading.

    3) MAKE AN OUTLINE OR DIAGRAM It is helpful to see the big picture and direction you are going when you are writing. So, write an outline or

    diagram. There are different ways to do this.

For any method you will need to put your ideas into categories. If you are trying to persuade, you want to

    write your best arguments. If you are trying to explain a process, you want to write the steps that should be

    followed. You will probably need to group these into categories. If you have trouble grouping the steps into

    categories, try using Beginning, Middle, and End. If you are trying to inform, you want to write the major

categories into which your information can be divided.

    METHOD ADIAGRAM Put your TOPIC inside a circle in the middle of the page. Put your main points in boxes around the circle. In each square, write the main ideas that you have about your topic. You can write subpoints in the boxes

    under the main point or on lines around the square.

EXAMPLE OF METHOD A:

    FEWER TESTS MANY GAMES ? Tests are stressful. ? Games help us learn. ? We cant sleep. ? Games have repetition. ? Tests dont help us learn ? Games are fun.

     My Ideal

    School.

    HANDS ON EDUCATION/TALKING STUDYING IN NATURE ? If we only listen, we forget a lot. ? Nature is a good teacher. ? We learn a lot through doing ? We get exercise. things and talking with friends and ? We make better friends. teachers.

METHOD BOUTLINE

    Write your topic at the top of the page. Next, write the Roman numerals I, II, III…, spread apart down the left

    side of the page (or A, B, C). Next to each Roman numeral, write the main ideas that you have about your

    topic, or the main points that you want to make. Under each Roman numeral, write A, B, and C down the left

    side of the page. Next to each letter, write the facts or information that support that main idea.

EXAMPLE OF METHOD B:

MY IDEAL SCHOOL

    I. FEWER TESTS

     a: Tests are stressful

     b. We cant sleep.

     c. Tests dont help us learn

II. HANDS ON EDUCATION/TALKING