Nobel Prize Laureates
Year Laureate Country Language Rationale
"in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty Sully 1901 France French idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart Prudhomme and intellect"
Theodor "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference 1902 Germany German Mommsen to his monumental work, A History of Rome"
"as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been Bjørnstjerne 1903 Norway Norwegian distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its Bjørnson spirit"
"in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic Frédéric 1904 France Occitan production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his Mistral people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"
José "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual Spain Spanish  Echegaray and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"
Henryk 1905 Poland Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer" Sienkiewicz
"not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above Giosuè 1906 Italy Italian all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which Carducci characterize his poetic masterpieces"
"in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility Rudyard United 1907 English of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of Kipling Kingdom this world-famous author"
"in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, Rudolf his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which 1908 Christoph Germany German in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of Eucken life"
Selma "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception 1909 Sweden Swedish Lagerlöf that characterize her writings"
"as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has Paul von 1910 Germany German demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist Heyse and writer of world-renowned short stories"
"in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his
dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic Maurice 1911 Belgium French fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, Maeterlinck while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"
Gerhart "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the 1912 Germany German Hauptmann realm of dramatic art"
"because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with Rabindranath 1913 India Bengali consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, Tagore a part of the literature of the West"
1914 Not awarded
Romain "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy 1915 France French Rolland and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"
Verner von "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in 1916 Sweden Swedish Heidenstam our literature"
Karl Adolph Denmark Danish "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals" Gjellerup
Henrik Denmark Danish "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark" Pontoppidan
1918 Not awarded
Carl Switzerl1919 German "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring" Spitteler and
1920 Knut Hamsun Norway Norwegian "for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"
"in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are Anatole 1921 France French by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic France temperament"
Jacinto "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the 1922 Spain Spanish Benavente Spanish drama"
William "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression 1923 Ireland English Butler Yeats to the spirit of a whole nation"
Władysław 1924 Poland Polish "for his great national epic, The Peasants" Reymont
George "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire 1925 Ireland English Bernard Shaw often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"
"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the Grazia 1926 Italy Italian life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in Deledda general"
Henri "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which 1927 France French Bergson they have been presented"
Sigrid "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle 1928 Norway Norwegian Undset Ages"
"principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased 1929 Thomas Mann Germany German recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"
Sinclair United "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with 1930 English Lewis States wit and humour, new types of characters"
Erik Axel 1931 Sweden Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt" Karlfeldt
John United "for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte 1932 English Galsworthy Kingdom " Saga
Russia "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian 1933 Ivan Bunin Russian France traditions in prose writing"
Luigi 1934 Italy Italian "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art" Pirandello
1935 Not awarded
Eugene United "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody 1936 English O'Neill States an original concept of tragedy"
Roger Martin "for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well 1937 France French du Gard as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"
United "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her 1938 Pearl S. Buck English States biographical masterpieces"
Frans Eemil "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with 1939 Finland Finnish Sillanpää which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"
1940 Not awarded
1941 Not awarded
1942 Not awarded
1943 Not awarded
Johannes "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined 1944 Vilhelm Denmark Danish an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style" Jensen
Gabriela "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol 1945 Chile Spanish Mistral of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"
Hermann Switzerl"for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, 1946 German Hesse and exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"
"for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human
1947 André Gide France French problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"
United 1948 T. S. Eliot English "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry" Kingdom
William United "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American 1949 English Faulkner States novel"
Bertrand United "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions 1950 English Russell Kingdom humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"
Pär "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in 1951 Sweden Swedish Lagerkvist his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"
François "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his 1952 France French Mauriac novels penetrated the drama of human life"
Winston United "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant 1953 English Churchill Kingdom oratory in defending exalted human values"
Ernest United "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man 1954 English Hemingway States , and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style" and the Sea