Nobel Prize Laureates
Year Laureate Country Language Rationale
"in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty Sully 1901 France French idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart Prudhomme and intellect"
Theodor "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference 1902 Germany German Mommsen to his monumental work, A History of Rome"
"as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been Bjørnstjerne 1903 Norway Norwegian distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its Bjørnson spirit"
"in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic Frédéric 1904 France Occitan production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his Mistral people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"
José "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual Spain Spanish  Echegaray and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"
Henryk 1905 Poland Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer" Sienkiewicz
"not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above Giosuè 1906 Italy Italian all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which Carducci characterize his poetic masterpieces"
"in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility Rudyard United 1907 English of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of Kipling Kingdom this world-famous author"
"in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, Rudolf his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which 1908 Christoph Germany German in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of Eucken life"
Selma "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception 1909 Sweden Swedish Lagerlöf that characterize her writings"
"as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has Paul von 1910 Germany German demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist Heyse and writer of world-renowned short stories"