Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German
philosopher, whose critiques of contemporary culture, religion, and philosophy centered on a basic question regarding the foundation of values and morality.
See also: The Antichrist, Beyond Good and Evil, and Thus Spoke Zarathustra
; 1 Sourced
; 1.1 The Birth of Tragedy (1872)
; 1.2 On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense
; 1.3 Human, All Too Human (1878)
; 1.3.1 Helen Zimmern translation
; 1.4 Daybreak — Thoughts on the Prejudices of
; 1.5 The Gay Science (1882)
; 1.6 Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1885)
; 1.6.1 not placed by chapter
; 1.7 On the Genealogy of Morality (1887)
; 1.8 Twilight of the Idols (1888)
; 1.9 The Antichrist (1888)
; 1.10 Ecce Homo (1888)
; 1.11 The Will to Power (1888)
; 2 Disputed
; 3 Quotes about Nietzsche
; 4 External links
The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those
who think alike than those who think differently. ; There are no facts, only interpretations.
; Notebooks, (Summer 1886 – Fall 1887)
; Longer: Against that positivism which stops before phenomena,
saying "there are only facts," I should say: no, it is precisely facts
that do not exist, only interpretations....
; Reported in Walter Kaufmann, translator, The Portable
Nietzsche (1954), p. 458.
; In Germany there is much complaining about my "eccentricities." But since it is not known where my center is, it won't be easy to find out where or when I have thus far been "eccentric." That I was a philologist, for example,
meant that I was outside my center (which fortunately does not mean that I was a poor philologist). Likewise, I now regard my having been a Wagnerian as
eccentric. It was a highly dangerous experiment; now that I know it did not ruin
me, I also know what significance it had for me — it was the most severe test of
; Letter to Carl Fuchs (14 December 1887)
; So far no one had had enough courage and intelligence to reveal me to my
dear Germans. My problems are new, my psychological horizon frighteningly comprehensive, my language bold and clear; there may well be no books written in German which are richer in ideas and more independent than mine.
; Letter to Carl Fuchs (14 December 1887)
; I've seen proof, black on white, that Herr Dr. Förster has not yet severed his
connection with the anti-Semitic movement. ... Since then I've had difficulty coming up with any of the tenderness and protectiveness I've so long felt toward you. The separation between us is thereby decided in really the most absurd way. Have you grasped nothing of the reason why I am in the world? ... Now it has
gone so far that I have to defend myself hand and foot against people who confuse me with these anti-Semitic canaille; after my own sister, my former sister, and
after Widemann more recently have given the impetus to this most dire of all confusions. After I read the name Zarathustra in the anti-Semitic
Correspondence my forbearance came to an end. I am now in a position of emergency defense against your spouse's Party. These accursed anti-Semite deformities shall not sully my ideal!!
; Draft for a letter to his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche (December
; You have committed one of the greatest stupidities — for yourself and for me!
Your association with an anti-Semitic chief expresses a foreignness to my whole way of life which fills me again and again with ire or melancholy. ... It is a matter
of honor with me to be absolutely clean and unequivocal in relation to anti-Semitism, namely, opposed to it, as I am in my writings. I have recently been persecuted with letters and Anti-Semitic Correspondence Sheets. My
disgust with this party (which would like the benefit of my name only too well!) is as pronounced as possible, but the relation to Förster, as well as the
aftereffects of my former publisher, the anti-Semitic Schmeitzner, always brings the adherents of this disagreeable party back to the idea that I must belong to them after all. ... It arouses mistrust against my character, as if publicly I condemned something which I have favored secretly — and that I am unable
to do anything against it, that the name of Zarathustra is used in every
Anti-Semitic Correspondence Sheet, has almost made me sick several times.
; Objecting to his sister Elisabeth, about her marriage to the anti-semite
Bernhard Förster, in a Christmas letter (1887) in Friedrich Nietzsche's
Collected Letters, Vol. V, #479
; I have somehow something like "influence" ... In the Anti-Semitic
Zarathustra ... Correspondence ... my name is mentioned in almost every issue.
has charmed the anti-Semites; there is a special anti-Semitic interpretation of it that made me laugh very much.
; As quoted in "Idea of Anti-Semitism Filled Nietzsche With Ire and
Melancholy" in The New York Times (19 December 1987)
; Mathematics would certainly have not come into existence if one had known from the beginning that there was in nature no exactly straight line, no actual circle, no absolute magnitude.
; As quoted in (?： ，?：：?： ？(?，?(，， ； (?： ！：；(?(~ )； ，?：：?：? ?( ？??；(
，?；： (2004) by Marcel Danesi, p. 71 from Human All-Too-Human
; He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you.
; "Beyond Good and Evil", Aphorism 146 (1886)
; The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently.
; The Dawn, Sec. 297
; Although the most acute judges of the witches and even the witches themselves, were convinced of the guilt of witchery, the guilt nevertheless was non-existent. It is thus with all guilt.
; Reported in Walter Kaufmann, translator, The Portable Nietzsche
(1954), p. 96-97.
The Birth of Tragedy (1872)
The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music (1873), later expanded as The
Birth of Tragedy, Or: Hellenism and Pessimism (1886), Shaun Whiteside
translation, Penguin Classics (1993)
; To say it once again: today I find it an impossible book— badly written,
clumsy and embarrassing, its images frenzied and confused, sentimental, in some places saccharine-sweet to the point of effeminacy, uneven in pace, lacking in any desire for logical purity, so sure of its convictions that it is above any need for proof, and even suspicious of the propriety of proof, a book for initiates, 'music'
for those who have been baptized in the name of music and who are related from the first by their common and rare experiences of art, a shibboleth for first cousins in artibus [in the arts] an arrogant and fanatical book that wished from the start to exclude the profanum vulgus [the profane mass] of the 'educated' even more than the 'people'; but a book which, as its impact has shown and continues to show, has a strange knack of seeking out its fellow-revellers and enticing them on to new
secret paths and dancing-places.
; "Attempt at a Self-Criticism", p. 5
; How far I was then from all that resignationism!