1. The growth.
a？ English was brought by the immigration
from the United Kingdom to the Americas
b？ After the American War of Independence,
the American English spelling formed. c？ During the 19th century and the 20th
century, British English was in a dominant
position all over the world
d？ After two world wars, the impact of the
United States greatly exceeded the United
Kingdom in the political, economic, and
cultural aspects, so a large number of
American words were melt into British
English, and some even replaced the
traditional British English words. 2，The characteristics
a) .Though the British English develops, American English still retains some features of
British English in early 17th century.
Eg. old BE AE BE
gotten gotten got
rare(未煮熟的) rare underdone
b).The United States experienced the War of Independence, the Civil War and other major historical events, so a unique political and social life forms
Eg. assembly, assemblyman, president ,vice-president, Ku Klux Klan, telegram, telephone, reliable, influential c？During three hundred years, American English absorbed a lot of words from all ethnic groups which do not exist in the original British English
d？in American English, the earliest foreign language is from the American Indian languages which started in the late 16th century and early 17th century .
Eg. chinquapin ,chipmunk, hickory ,hominy
e？American English absorbed a lot of words from many Countries.
Eg. French ！bureau ？cache？ prairie？ pumpkin
Spanish ！ abode ,lasso ,ranch ,corral
Dutch！ boss, scow
Germany: noodle, poker, seminar ,semester
3， The differences between BrE and AmE
After all, American English and British English are English, so the pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary are about the same, The biggest difference is the vocabulary. Almost words are same, like man, woman, fish.The different words are minority A .The same word means different in British and American English.
Vest 内衣、汗衫 西服背心
Pants 短裤 裤子
Publish school 私立学校 公立学校i
B The same thought uses different words in the U.S. and British English
1. BE AE
残羹剩饭 rubbish garage 公寓套房 apartment flat 相貌平平 homely plain 铁路 railway railroad 火车司机 driver engineer 列车员 guard conductor 货车车厢 van luggage car 公寓 flat apartment 电梯 lift elevator 手电筒 torch flashlight 灯泡 bulb globe 2.他几年前在中学毕业了
BE. He completed his secondary school course a few
AE. He was graduated from high school a couple of
AE. I guess you’re right.
BE. I suppose you’re right.
AE. I imagine I’ll do some work instead of going to the
BE. I expect I’ll do some work instead of going to the cinema.
AE. It’s faster to go by plane than by boat. BE. It’s quicker to go by air than by sea. C .the words only use in one country.
AE. Everglades, bayou, canyon, caridou BE. Prince, duke, marquis, count
4，Some words spell different in British and American
a). Some words are consistent with the spelling and pronunciation rules in American spelling.
BE AE BE AE
-re -er centre center
-ise -ize (realise realize)
-ce -se (defence defense)
-our -or favour favor
e- i- enquire inquire
b).American spelling omits Consonants BE AE BE AE
Traveller vraveler whizz whiz Programme program waggon wagon
c).Pronunciation of the letter omitted BE AE BE AE
Axe as plough plow
BE AE BE AE
Pedlar plddler storey story Sceptic skeptic tyre tire