The correct use of the students have misinterpreted the wonderful geography classroom
【Papers Key words high school geography students in the classroom an error wonderful
【Abstract】 high school students in rural areas is relatively
isolated learning environment, teaching resources and teaching techniques backward, teaching equipment and learning reference update is lagging behind, especially in some remote areas, or even a serious lack of curriculum resources. In such circumstances, teachers should take full
advantage of the mistakes students in the classroom, their resources in order to improve the efficiency of classroom teaching.
High school stage is for students to acquire knowledge and seek truth, to mature stage. Geographical Studies in secondary target is
characterized by large temporal and spatial nature of geographical environment, regional differences, multi-factor comprehensive. Students
affected by physical, psychological characteristics and cognitive level of restrictions on the geographical classroom is prone to various types of errors. The new course requirements and geographic targeting in order to promote students to mobilize the students motivation to learn as the center and various means and methods for process combinations. In
peacetime, we ignore all the mistakes contains a wealth of experience of students and teachers to educate a large number of opportunities and possibilities, the key is the development of teachers excavation. Recognizing the inevitability of error is very important attitude towards life; have the courage to recognize mistakes and correct mistakes will and perseverance is an important psychological qualities. We are in the teaching process in the classroom and application of error handling is to
help students on the proper way to build an important meaning. Here's to talk about some of my practices:
A capture error, to find the true starting point for teaching
Learning from mistakes is a kind of learning activities themselves,
have a special educational role of the learning materials, it comes from students, close to the students, teaching Shiyou back to the students in learning activities, to stimulate student interest in exploring, to arouse the students desire for knowledge has a special role. Learning to
stimulate a tribute to the best interest of the learning materials to students the role of the error is a special education resources, because it comes from the students learning activities, close to the students learning experience. As long as teachers are good at use of the wrong into teaching resources, can effectively stimulate children's curiosity and stimulate their interest in learning. In teaching "the geographical significance of the earth's rotation", the teachers often is to introduce
the world's total of 24 time zones, including East and West 12 area into one time zone, that zone the same, all with 1800 local time, but different dates. This is part of the abstract and hard to understand, according to the normal traditional methods of teaching, students are talking.
(On the method of calculating the time zone I have made a brief introduction)
Teachers: Students who ask you to calculate the eastern eight areas.
Health: 112.5oE ~ 127.5oE.
Division: Very good, its central meridian is 120oE, this is what we used in Beijing. The following Qingtongxuemen calculate the area and the East 12 West 12 areas.
Health: 172.5oE ~ 187.5oE and 172.5oW ~ 187.5oW
Teachers: Please open the atlas to find 187.5oE and 187.5oW
Students: how to find could not find
Teachers: how is this so? Shows the results of our students just what is the problem?
Students: longitude degree is impossible to more than 180o.
Errors for students in no hurry to open, but some suggestive so as to
enable students to think for themselves, try and found the error lies. This error has exposed students to the basic knowledge of longitude and latitude has been forgotten, and this part is essential for students to
learn geography, then I should be the starting point for this part of the teaching latitude and longitude from the review began. The use of error, so that students on the map to find 187.5oE and 187.5oW two warp, students there is no good, why? East longitude range of 12 zones in the end is it? "Error" led to the students to the above question think, greatly mobilized the enthusiasm of the students, the students in the "let them go" atmosphere began a new lesson to learn.
2, excavation errors, to expand student thinking
Use of learning errors, tap the innovative element of the error implied in a timely and appropriately to give Enlightenment from and encouragement to help students break through barriers in front of thinking
into a new realm of innovative teaching reform to allow students to experience the value of thinking and enjoy the happiness of thinking. Thinking ability of students intellectual core. To develop students creative thinking quality, layman's terms, that is to guide and encourage
children to want to get further afield, want faster and think with their own past, not the same; that is intended to train students to the breadth of thinking, thinking fluency and originality of thinking. Students in learning arising from errors, if used properly, it is in the development of student ideas, will have a very good effect. On "International Date Line," the teaching, because on the date and time line on both sides of the abstract hard to understand, easy to confuse the students the error is
Teacher: "Christmas Eve, a seagoing vessel, on pregnant women gave birth to a pair of twin sisters, the registration date of birth, they found more than his sister's older sister, a seagoing vessel through the day how the boundary?"
(Students Chattering a very heated debate, there are two diametrically opposite answers, either eastward across the date line, or west)
Division: Consent to the west of the hand.
(Class 50 and 23 raised their hands, accounting for 46%)
Teachers: We have just learned two knowledge points: east, west,
earlier than the time and from west to east across the date line date by one day, then the line from east to west through the day, date, how they change?
Students: plus one day
Division: the line that day east of December 24, its west side is December 25. This date of birth of twins is like?
Students: 12 sister 24, sister is December 25
Teachers: It is now more than sister, sister of his life?
(Students understood why.)
Along the error on the students, teachers assumed that the line from east to west through the day, it changes the date should be added one day, which is sister is December 24, my sister was born December 25. If so, who should be big? Born in the big day? By the students of the trajectory error analysis, it would be wrong, layer upon layer tightly linked, analyze errors, students not only understand the wrong context, knowledge of the Japanese line also understand mastered . Through such analysis,
further reflection on the students found the time to go from west to east can also be "back." Teachers in the classroom cleverly error as the intellectual development of students of educational resources, clever and flexible manner to guide students from the pros and cons of different
angles to amend errors, training students the flexibility and creative thinking, using an error to give the students the creation of a good way of thinking space, guide students to multi-angle, comprehensive look at
the conditions, problems, the intrinsic link between the conclusions, which is to deepen understanding, develop students creative thinking and effective way. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://
3, reflection errors, improve the cognitive structure
From a psychological point of view, reflection refers to their thinking and learning, work in the process of self-awareness and self-
monitoring. Reflection is an initiative to "re-understanding of" process,
is the advanced form of thinking. Error can not rely solely on the students positive demonstration and repeated practice to be corrected, must be a process, and "self-denial" to self-reflection, in particular the
inherent "conceptual conflict", "self-denial" as a necessary prerequisite.
Use of learning error, and promptly raised the idea of conflict, can promote the students have completed thorough thought process while critical re-thinking, right understanding has been formed from another
perspective, another way to re-think, in order to achieve more in-depth
understanding of the new, which not only help solve the problem, but also develop the students ability to reflect. Contour lines on the contour where the judge:
Students living in the plain areas, ridge lines and valley lines for
the understanding of mistakes frequently tend to draw the flow of the river against, or to the river painted on the ridge line. Such errors is to reflect on the best way to verify if the rivers in the dotted line position, water from high to low flow, water will be perpendicular to the contour lines along the dotted line to both sides of the stream, it became a watershed, can not be merged into a river; and diagram of the solid line position, water from high to low along the direction perpendicular to the
contour lines converge toward the center to form a river, and thus solid line is the Valley Line. And thereby to formulate a simple way to judge is the flow of rivers and contour lines are always curved in the opposite direction, so user-friendly, using them handy. "Eat a moat, has a long experience" and understand the mistakes the students, allowing students to make mistakes, through the "wrong knowledge ', think wrong, error correction, using the wrong to achieve the" anti-wrong "aims, teachers
guide students to reflect on the error. Student an error in the learning process is that they self-construction process of a true reflection of.
teachers, if given tolerance, then such errors can become their complete an important carrier of cognitive structures. teachers should stick to
teaching, after reflection, reflection on the wrong approach is reasonable, teaching methods, teaching focus on the adequacy and students to fully mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity, so do avoid weaknesses, excellence, their own level of education to a new level and height.
4, sum up the error, teacher-student co-sublimation
Error is the associated learning materials, students learn during the course of the knowledge gained had been trying for results. Student
constantly sum up the error experience, to own an introspective space. Life is not a lack of teaching resources, but our educators should know how to discover and use in the design of a good lesson plans and practices outside the classroom in the sudden appearance of an effective teaching
resources, which can help us to constantly improve the knowledge structure, improving teaching effectiveness. We reveal the student's mistake is to minimize errors in the students, through the accumulation of the error analysis of the students, students self-discovery errors, take
the initiative to correct their mistakes in order to ensure in the future get the right answer. Through classroom resources out of the wrong treatment, the teacher-student interaction activities, teachers can learn
the relevant geographic knowledge of students accepted by the degree of exposure by students to reflect on his mistakes and shortcomings and deficiencies of teaching, timely adjustment of teaching methods and follow-up The progress of teaching. Teachers to address student errors,
and cleverly utilized to regulate the classroom atmosphere, improve classroom efficiency, the implementation of effective teaching, helps
train rural students learning self-confidence.
 Wang Min: "Geography new curriculum teaching theory" [M] Higher Education Press, 2003.
 Duan Yushan: "Geography new curriculum teaching methods" [M] Higher Education Press, 2003.
 Ye Lan: "What kind of class balance a good lesson" [J] principals
access journals 2006.12.
 Chih-Ping Chang: "original error can be so beautiful" [J] curriculum and teaching materials, 2005.9. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://