Reform of the public university computer courses
Abstract: This paper mainly discusses the reform of public computer classes, some students on the computer for the current lack of interest in public classes and graduates 'employment is difficult' to reflect on this
issue to explain the need for reform, and gives the feasibility to implement program recommendations.
Key words: higher education reform, public computer classes
Institutions of higher learning course is a public
university teaching computer an indispensable part of the university students must master, and practical, applied a strong curriculum, the main task is to train students in computer application ability, to master the basic knowledge of computers, have the use of computers as a tool for future work and learning services skills. For the comprehensive promotion of quality education and foster the development of China's economic construction Pei with innovative and practical ability, and are subject to
the community welcomed the composite application needs high-caliber
A higher education reform, the need for public computer classes
1.1 The current status quo and thinking
1.1.1 Secondary Education and the College Computer
Information classroom situations with the spread of information technology and rapid development, especially the 'Ministry of Education on the spread of information technology education in primary and secondary notification'
(religious-based  33), the Ministry of Education With regard to the issuance of 'primary and secondary school information technology curriculum guide outline (for Trial Implementation)' notice (religious-
based  No. 35) the gradual implementation, as well as the Hainan Province in 2007, took the lead in information technology courses into the college entrance examination, so that non-computer professional computer
colleges and universities Curriculum has been a new challenge. Manifested
in: first, the Computer Teaching is mainly intended for the new school. As the popularity of information technology throughout the economy and the degree of family education is different from the level of individual differences in admission and student computers quite different character. Second, the primary and secondary spread of information technology education has caused some of 'Fundamentals of Computer Application' course content is shifted to primary and secondary schools, students in colleges
and universities already have public computer lesson content of lack of interest.
1.1.2 Tools and sex differences in curriculum issues to carry out our wide range of computer science or computer science curriculum teaching time compared to other subjects, is still relatively
short, some colleges and universities to develop curriculum, there is no meaning to the computer system and computer application as a tool for profound research. The computer professional and non-computer expert
system, a system of teaching computer courses summary and study less, the early development of some of the computer curriculum of public courses and early publication of some of the materials no longer meet the current form.
1.1.3 part-time employment is difficult for students and employers demand computing power on the one hand, with the socio-economic
and the rapid development of information construction, employers of graduates of institutions of higher learning computer operating skills
required more and more strong, and the other , part of the fresh graduates to work can not be fast and skilled use of computer task that requires employers to their computer knowledge and ability in re 'training', which made it impossible to master the computer skills of graduates relatively
slow and difficult to find a job.
Such a situation occurs, mainly because we have not carefully studied in today's society and the employer of university graduates in computer science and application of knowledge and capacity
requirements, some colleges and universities teaching management departments do not understand the needs of the community what kind of computer expertise to foster of all university graduates should possess the professional level of computer knowledge and abilities.
1.1.4 the implementation of universal access and improving education at present, the ability for the individual computer is better, the need for further study related to computer science knowledge, students
are often unable to find the corresponding courses offered and the current beginning of the required course and because familiar and a lack of interest , we must quickly address this dilemma.
1.2 the need to reform the current public computer classes
ranging from the status quo and problems faced in the new educational environment, only a fundamental reform of public institutions of higher learning the traditional teaching model of the computer to carry out the reform of public computer classes.
2 course of reform of public institutions of higher learning computer vision
2.1 Optimization of curriculum according to different disciplines and professions, colleges and universities of non-computer
science students are divided into public computer basic computer education, computer applications and computer technology at three levels. However, with the development of the times, primary and secondary education, the popularization of computer information technology, the
first level of basic education in public computer has been gradually transferred to the secondary schools. In the near future, due to primary and secondary schools, the consolidation of information technology, educational outcomes, the widespread use of home computers and access to
the Internet, a variety of distance education development and the ability to use new computer, a general increase in domestic universities will follow with the present University of Hong Kong and overseas the same is no longer open, as we at this stage 'computer cultural foundation' courses.
Learning Object-based change, and our curriculum should
reflect the change.
In optimizing the curriculum, it is recommended to
continue the computer class is divided into three levels of the public only in the level and content to adjust. The first level for the computer-
based levels of the public. This stage, continues to have a transitional cultural foundation set up a computer or computer application
infrastructure until the cancellation or adjustment of teaching materials appropriate to extend the opening; second level of application of computer tools for the discipline of professional educational levels. In this stage the students of the professional tools of the acquisition and learning;
third level of interest in elective courses for the computer professional level, for relatively strong ability to learn, there is interest in further study computer courses provide students with a variety of elective
courses in computer science opportunities, such as the a variety of programming languages, databases, and computer hardware courses.
2.2 to speed up construction of teaching materials and update course materials as an important element of the course, choose the
good or bad teaching is directly related to teacher effectiveness and student learning. When student enrollment increased computer capability, curriculum adjustments, coupled with the rapid development of computer technology will inevitably require the appropriate materials with the times and upgrade versions of the updates.
In order to better adapt to the job market demand and the needs of students, appropriate teaching materials to be used in conjunction with the author and the South China University of Technology Guangzhou Automobile College Ma Yue, etc. and the South China University of Technology Press, co-operation, by country Boutique request a new
course construction materials to prepare and in August publication of
'Computer Culture', 'Computer Culture Training Tutorial' teaching materials teaching materials has been optimized, and an increase in teaching materials for students of web design and office like a new member of the family dynamic form design and filling software infopath part, to
the material given a new vitality, these are in-depth research and a
computer to master the situation on student enrollment based on the analysis completed, followed by the current social and business needs, and highly targeted.
New textbooks and a variety of excellent self-compiled
teaching materials for use in the curriculum reform will play an important role.
2.3 The establishment of three-dimensional web-based
curriculum based on student enrollment levels of individual differences, personality differences and learning habits, relatively large differences in the situation, using traditional teaching methods difficult to meet each individual's needs. To this end, make full use of network and multi-
media and other modern educational technology to build 'paper-based
teaching materials for classroom lectures - Web-based Distance Education
and Resource Platform (including multi-media teaching materials, network
video courseware, key and difficult to explain, network monitoring and
management quality of learning modules ) - Network Intelligence Test
Platform (including the intelligent test system, result tracking analysis system, etc.) - simulation tasks practical operation of 'four in one of
the three-dimensional learning courses.
More than 2.4 kinds of teaching methods and teaching tools used in computer integrated public teaching, the use of a single teaching
method is often difficult to obtain good results, be using a variety of
teaching methods, such as task-driven style, discussion-style, study
style, inside and outside class combination of style and theory with practice teaching methods, etc., and actively explore the integrated use of a variety of teaching methods (traditional teaching, multi-media
teaching, online teaching) to guide students to use Web-based three-
dimensional courses received from passive to active learning, in order to get a good effectiveness of teaching. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://
2.5 reform the examination system, the implementation of separation of teaching and testing examination is an important part of the teaching process, by its very nature to test the effectiveness of student learning, reflect the teaching level of teachers and teaching
effectiveness. The traditional examination system, closed-book examination
paper to paper-based, easy to play down the hands-on abilities, and
quality education out of line. In the computer information age, combined
with universal primary and secondary schools the implementation of computer information technology education, university teaching computer and network environment, construction and development, computer classes continue with the traditional public examination method has been
impractical, the examination reforms.
Separation of teaching and testing is the core of the exam reflects the impartiality, objectivity, to ensure the authenticity of test scores. Meanwhile, the separation of teaching and testing can effectively
avoid the Teacher himself out of title, scoring the shortcomings of their own to effectively encourage teachers to continuously improve the professional level, the reform of teaching methods and models to improve teaching quality.
Recommended the establishment of the first level of education item bank-based, intelligent test system using the random theme of discrete teaching and testing 'through sex' examinations. Through the examination item bank can be set independently for the school, or above
the provincial level, and the corresponding computer, type of examination certificate used in combination. Students enrolled under the School arrangements, set up in the curriculum or course of study before the application midway through the examination or participating in school above the provincial level specified in the corresponding computer grade examination, passed the examination from the date of adoption exemption to determine the appropriate course. At the present the organization 'through
sex' examinations than students who did not participate in the next student can apply for a 'through sex' examinations, the second end of the semester before graduation did not pass the exam, you can not graduate.
2.6 Optimizing the level of faculty teachers a direct impact on the computer implementation of the reform of public courses, the rapid renewal of knowledge in computer field, coupled with the introduction of new curriculum and teaching model, education, new demands
were put forward to be a really good job teacher training, post-graduate ,
management and incentives, etc. ensure that they have a reasonable structure, theory and practical operation of the high level of excellent teachers.
2.7 to accelerate the building of fine courses to achieve the aims of education courses are the main carriers and means of curriculum system and teaching content of the reform in education and
teaching at the core of the reform. At present, China's higher education
is facing a deepening reform, improving quality and sustainable development of the new situation. Construction Quality Course timely introduction of highly targeted not only, or a significant measure of strategic significance.
The Ministry of Education, the National Quality Course is a first-class teachers, first-class teaching contents, first-class
teaching methods, first-class teaching materials, first-class features
such as demonstration teaching management courses.
Meanwhile, the fine course construction is the 'Quality' is an important part. In the public class of reform, in order to fine a comprehensive upgrading of computer curriculum standards for construction of public quality of teaching reform.
Computer and network technology, continuous development of the College Computer Teaching reform has become a long-term task, with the
development of the situation changes in the teaching content, teaching methods and teaching tools on the still ongoing in-depth study and
practice, to keep the classroom close integration of teaching and social needs, to better adapt to university computer reform and development of public courses for the modernization drive train more high-quality
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computer Normal Schools Public Course "three levels of education" curriculum - the curriculum reform from the South China Normal practice'. 'Modern educational technology'. CSSCI-2009 Nian 6.
reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://