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teaching-and-learning

By Alvin Pierce,2014-11-04 10:32
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teaching-and-learning

    Unit1 Great Scientist

    Period 6 Reading & writing (p6)

    Teaching goals:

    1.To improve the students’ writing skills

    2.To improve the students’ scaning and skimming ,reading skills

    3.To make students learn more about the scientists Difficult points:

    1.How to improve the improve the students’ writing skills step by step.

    2.How to let the students understand the passage easily

Teaching methods

    2.Discussion methods to make the Ss understand what they’ve learned

    in class.

    3.Pair work of group to get every student to take part in the

    teaching-and-learning activities.

    4.Competition and role-play method to arouse the Ss’ interest

Teaching aids

    The multi-media

    Teaching procedures

    Step 1 Homework checking

    P5, Ex 3., P44, Usin

    Step 2. Warming up

    1.Get 1-2 Ss to report to the class information of Copernicus

    ( Who is he? What achievement did he make? When? …)

    2. Background

    Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer (1473-1543). Born in Torun, he began his university studies in Krakow in 1491, where he studied canon law and Latin and Greek classics. However he also had an interest in mathematics and astronomy. After obtaining his degree of

    Doctor of Canon Law (教会法规博士学位)in Italy in 1503, Copernicus

    returned home to Warmia in Poland to serve as Canon (=priest) .

     In 1530, Copernicus completed his great work De Revolutionibus

    (《天体运行论》).Copernicus knew that these findings would lead him into trouble with the Roman Catholic Church (罗马天主教教徒), so he

    wasin no hurry to publish his theory. He only published it as he lay dying in 1543.

    Though Copernicus did not live to hear of its extraordinary impact, the book which first suggested that the Sun, not the Earth, is the centre of the universe is now recognized as one of the most influential scientific works of all time.

    3 Get Ss to give the names of the nine planets of the solar system . Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto

    Can you use a good method to memorize them ?My Very Easy Method:

    Just Set Up Nine Planets

    Step 3 Reading ----Copernicus’ Revolutionary Theory (P6-7)

    1. Fast reading: Listen to the tape, and find out the answers to the questions.

    1). What did Copernicus think was the center of the solar system? 2). When did Copernicus publish his theory?

    3) Why didn’t Copernicus publish his theory before he died?2. Reading

    comprehension

    P7. 1.Use the reading to help you draw the two theories of the universe. Before Copernicus’ theory

    A diagram showing the solar system with the earth at its centre Showing Copernicus’ theory

    A diagram showing the solar system with the sun at its center Step 4. Persuasive writing

    1. Please refer to P8 Learning Tip

    2. Writing Task: P7. Ex 3. (write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them)

    Go over the steps and try to follow them (P7-8)

    3. Offer a period of time for Ss to write a draft

    4. Get several Ss to read their writing to the class, T gives some comments

    5.Give a sample writing

    One possible version:

    Dear Nicolaus Copernicus,

     I am a student studying astronomy and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you will publish it for several reasons.

     I understand the problems with the present theory. The way the planets move is not what you would expect if the earth was the certre of the universe. It is also odd that the brightness of some stars seems to change. So I agree with you that we need a new theory. I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years. Now you must have the courage to publish them. Science can never advance unless people have the courage of their beliefs. I know you

    worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory. No matter how people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong.

     So I hope you will feel you can publish your new theory.

Yours sincerely,

Zhang Hua

    Step 5. Homework

    1 Revise the composition and hand it in tomorrow.

    2 Revise the language points for tomorrow’s quiz.

    Feedback: 语言点的讲解较为详细;例句能激发学生的兴趣;易于接

    受;但在在写作方面练得不够。

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