Unit1 Great Scientist
Period 6 Reading & writing (p6)
1.To improve the students’ writing skills
2.To improve the students’ scaning and skimming ,reading skills
3.To make students learn more about the scientists Difficult points:
1.How to improve the improve the students’ writing skills step by step.
2.How to let the students understand the passage easily
2.Discussion methods to make the Ss understand what they’ve learned
3.Pair work of group to get every student to take part in the
4.Competition and role-play method to arouse the Ss’ interest
Step 1 Homework checking
P5, Ex 3., P44, Usin
Step 2. Warming up
1.Get 1-2 Ss to report to the class information of Copernicus
( Who is he? What achievement did he make? When? …)
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer (1473-1543). Born in Torun, he began his university studies in Krakow in 1491, where he studied canon law and Latin and Greek classics. However he also had an interest in mathematics and astronomy. After obtaining his degree of
Doctor of Canon Law (教会法规博士学位)in Italy in 1503, Copernicus
returned home to Warmia in Poland to serve as Canon (=priest) .
In 1530, Copernicus completed his great work De Revolutionibus
(《天体运行论》).Copernicus knew that these findings would lead him into trouble with the Roman Catholic Church (罗马天主教教徒), so he
wasin no hurry to publish his theory. He only published it as he lay dying in 1543.
Though Copernicus did not live to hear of its extraordinary impact, the book which first suggested that the Sun, not the Earth, is the centre of the universe is now recognized as one of the most influential scientific works of all time.
3 Get Ss to give the names of the nine planets of the solar system . Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
Can you use a good method to memorize them ?My Very Easy Method:
Just Set Up Nine Planets
Step 3 Reading ----Copernicus’ Revolutionary Theory (P6-7)
1. Fast reading: Listen to the tape, and find out the answers to the questions.
1). What did Copernicus think was the center of the solar system? 2). When did Copernicus publish his theory?
3) Why didn’t Copernicus publish his theory before he died?2. Reading
P7. 1.Use the reading to help you draw the two theories of the universe. Before Copernicus’ theory
A diagram showing the solar system with the earth at its centre Showing Copernicus’ theory
A diagram showing the solar system with the sun at its center Step 4. Persuasive writing
1. Please refer to P8 Learning Tip
2. Writing Task: P7. Ex 3. (write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them)
Go over the steps and try to follow them (P7-8)
3. Offer a period of time for Ss to write a draft
4. Get several Ss to read their writing to the class, T gives some comments
5.Give a sample writing
One possible version:
Dear Nicolaus Copernicus,
I am a student studying astronomy and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you will publish it for several reasons.
I understand the problems with the present theory. The way the planets move is not what you would expect if the earth was the certre of the universe. It is also odd that the brightness of some stars seems to change. So I agree with you that we need a new theory. I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years. Now you must have the courage to publish them. Science can never advance unless people have the courage of their beliefs. I know you
worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory. No matter how people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong.
So I hope you will feel you can publish your new theory.
Step 5. Homework
1 Revise the composition and hand it in tomorrow.
2 Revise the language points for tomorrow’s quiz.