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Green Management

By Cindy Kelly,2014-01-11 13:00
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Green Management

    Understanding the Issues

    and Business Case for the

    Transformation of your Office

    Published by

    The Green Office Guide proudly supported by

This guide is produced by the

    Auckland Environmental Business Network Inc.

    PO Box 147 263 1A Scotland Street

    Ponsonby Freemans Bay

    Auckland Auckland

    New Zealand New Zealand

    09 817 2622 www.aebn.pl.net

This guide is also available on-line at www.greenoffice.org.nz, along with a directory

    of suppliers of eco-products and services.

    The AEBN‟s team, Rachel Brown, Caroline Peacock produced the information contained in the guide with editing support from:

    ; Andrew Reeve Sinclair Knight Merz

    ; Lisa Martin URS

    ; Wendy Levi Meritec

    ; Simon Stockdale Sustainability 21

    The AEBN wishes to thank the following sponsoring organisations for their support in producing this guide:

    ; Auckland City Council

    ; Auckland Regional Council

    ; BRANZ

    ; EECA

    ; Fuji Xerox

    ; Interface Agencies

    ; Ministry for the Environment

    We also wish to thank the great number of organisations and individuals, too numerous to mention, for their contribution to the guide.

Important Note:

    While the AEBN has made reasonable endeavours to ensure the accuracy of the information in the Green Office Guide, it cannot be held responsible for any errors and omissions and under no circumstances shall be held liable for any injury, damage, costs or financial loss resulting from the use of this information.

Version 1.01 21 May 2002

    ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002

    Contents

    GETTING STARTED .................................................................................................. 1 UNDERSTANDING THE ISSUES .............................................................................. 2 Why is Sustainability so Important? .................................................................................... 2 Global Warming .................................................................................................................. 2

    Ozone Layer Depletion ....................................................................................................... 2

    Deforestation ....................................................................................................................... 3

    Increasing Pressure from Ethical Consumers .................................................................... 3 Population Growth & Resource Limits ................................................................................ 3 Threats to New Zealand’s Uniqueness ............................................................................... 3 Land Use .................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Biodiversity................................................................................................................................................. 4

    Air Pollution ............................................................................................................................................... 4

    Greenhouse Gas Emissions .................................................................................................................... 4

    Water Pollution ......................................................................................................................................... 4

    Solid Waste................................................................................................................................................ 5

    Hazardous Waste ..................................................................................................................................... 5

    Energy Use................................................................................................................................................. 5

    THE BUSINESS CASE .............................................................................................. 6 Adding to the Bottom-line through Resource Efficiency .................................................. 6 Being a Responsible Employer and Member of the Community .................................... 6 Raising Competitiveness Through Innovation ................................................................... 6 Gaining Market Share ......................................................................................................... 7

    Helping to Develop Positive Solutions ............................................................................... 7 Environmental Management Systems ................................................................................................. 7

    Non-accredited Systems ........................................................................................................................ 7

    Environmental Labels .............................................................................................................................. 8

    NZ Sustainability Related Organisations .............................................................................................. 8

    Staying Ahead OF Legislation & Adding Value to National & Local Policy .................... 8 Legislation Protecting the Environment and Health and Safety of People ................................. 9 Health & Safety Legislation .................................................................................................................... 9

    Hazardous Substances Legislation ....................................................................................................... 9

    Environmental Legislation ...................................................................................................................... 9

    GET MANAGEMENT SUPPORT ............................................................................. 11 GET STAFF SUPPORT ........................................................................................... 13 ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page i

    CONDUCT AN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW .......................................................... 14 DEVELOP A POLICY FRAMEWORK...................................................................... 15 Where to Start .....................................................................................................................15

    DEVELOP AND LAUNCH THE PLAN ..................................................................... 17 REVIEW PROGRESS .............................................................................................. 18 ANALYSE AND REPORT FINDINGS ...................................................................... 19 GREEN OFFICE SCORECARD ............................................................................... 20 Example Sustainability Policy ............................................................................................23 Example Supplier Questionnaire ......................................................................................24 Supplier Policy ........................................................................................................................................ 24

    Sourcing Materials or Products ........................................................................................................... 24

    About the Product ................................................................................................................................ 24

    Production Process ................................................................................................................................ 25

    Example Green Office Plan ...............................................................................................26 Example Green Office Survey ...........................................................................................27 ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page ii

Getting Started

    A step-by-step approach is the easiest way to progress any green office programme.

    You can start by gaining an understanding of the issues and developing 'the business case' for greening your office. With this information in mind we recommend you

    follow a systematic approach, using these steps: 1. Get Management Support

    2. Get Staff Support

    3. Conduct an Environmental Review

    4. Develop a Policy Framework

    5. Develop and Launch the Plan

    6. Review Progress

    7. Analyse and Report Findings

The final step is to assess your office using the green office „scorecard‟.

    If you have already taken some of these steps, then check out the Green Office Guide for tips, examples and contacts.

    ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 1

Understanding the Issues

    Why is Sustainability so Important?

    As New Zealanders we pride ourselves on our natural environment and our underlying belief in equality and fairness. For most of us our country provides a good standard of living, potential prosperity and a sense of identity. Our key industries, e.g. agriculture, fisheries, forestry and tourism, rely on our natural environment to meet the world market demands for healthy, sustainably derived products and services. On a global level we extract resources, manufacture products and deliver services in a way that is threatening our unique environment and our personal health. Responsible businesses have taken on these challenges and have discovered “the business case” for responding positively to these issues.

    The key challenges facing us include:

    Global Warming

    Ozone Layer Depletion

    Deforestation

    Increasing Pressure from Ethical Consumers

    Population Growth & Resource Limits

    Threats to New Zealand‟s Uniqueness.

Visit the Ministry for the Environment site at www.mfe.govt.nz for more information on

    the state of New Zealand‟s environment.

    Global Warming

    The impact of burning fossil fuels (e.g. coal, oil, petrol, gas), intensive agricultural practices, designing products and services poorly, creating waste or using energy inefficiently is influencing our global climate. The finer points are still being debated, however it is clear that our actions are altering the world climate. Governments around the world are now looking at how to remedy this and to commit to reductions of greenhouse gases (e.g. CO2 and commitments to energy efficiency

    and renewable energies). Even so, it is expected to take around 50 years for the ozone layer to recover to its natural state before CFCs were used.

    Ozone Layer Depletion

    The use of CFC‟s in fridges, cooling systems, aerosols, etc has damaged the ozone layer, a protective thin screen of ozone gas about 25 kilometres above the earth. This has meant more of the suns harmful ultra violet rays are causing increased cancers, cataracts and restricting plant growth. Governments around the globe have banned, to varying degrees, the use of CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals. ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 2

Deforestation

    The purchase of wood, or wood products, derived from unmanaged tropical forest (e.g. kwila, mahogany or teak) and temperate forests in countries such as Canada, Russia and Poland, is helping destroy the world‟s forests. Forests are essential for a healthy planet in regulating the climate, preventing soil erosion, flooding and maintaining biodiversity.

    Increasing Pressure from Ethical Consumers

    A growing number of corporates (e.g. Mobil, Gap, Nike…) have, and are experiencing pressure from consumer activist groups demanding better environmental and social performance. Increasingly these issues are becoming mainstream and the public are asking questions about the overall social, ethical and environmental performance of the products and services they purchase. This is prompting change amongst the more enlightened businesses that see opportunities in integrating social and environmental concerns throughout their business operations.

    Each year we create more wastes, pollute our air, streams and beaches and use more non-renewable resources. The cost associated with treating wastes or pollution is growing and we are threatening our health and that of our economy. As consumers we have a huge influence over our environment through our role as purchasers.

    Population Growth & Resource Limits

    Every year resources are used inefficiently creating vast quantities of waste and wasting precious resources. At the same time almost 90 million people are being added to the planet every year to compete for these resources. Two thirds of these people will be living in cities creating more demand on urban services. Additionally the planet‟s capacity to absorb waste or pollutants and to provide some critical resources (e.g. food, fuel, water etc) is limited.

    Threats to New Zealand’s Uniqueness

    In 1997 the Ministry for the Environment released a State of the Environment Report.

    For many this was a shocking report, which clearly spread mud on our clean green image.

    Land Use

    Nearly two thirds of New Zealand‟s land is used for farming and forestry or for our

    towns, cities and roads. Poor land use, soil erosion, unwanted plants and animals are negatively impacting on the health of our land.

    There is a growing awareness in New Zealand of the problems that can occur when land is contaminated with hazardous substances from the manufacture, use, or storage of chemicals, industrial residues or waste products. This poses an immediate and, or long-term risk to human health and the environment.

    ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 3

Biodiversity

    Once New Zealand was covered mainly in forest. Approximately 73% of New Zealand‟s native land cover has been completely changed. Native forest and wetlands gave way to pasture for farming and forestry. Dams, drains and irrigation systems have altered lakes, and urban areas continue to expand. Maintaining biodiversity is critical for our survival as well as the survival of animals and plants. Air Pollution

    Generally New Zealand‟s air is safe and clean, but in major cities, like Auckland, air pollution breaches World Health Organisation guidelines. Motor vehicles are the largest single source of air pollution in the Auckland region especially older or poorly maintained cars in areas with heavy congestion.

    The transport system has a significant impact upon the environment. . In addition to vehicle emissions, road-related deposits are washed into streams and harbours, which causes water quality degradation. In some areas, the transport network is associated with severe noise pollution and community dislocation.

    The air quality in some inner-city Auckland streets regularly exceeds World Health Organisation standards. With nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution levels in Auckland

    comparable with London, and carbon monoxide (CO) levels higher than in London. Additionally the amount of fine particulate pollution above Auckland amounts to the equivalent of 500 bags of cement being shaken out in the air every day Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Our increasing use of coal, oil and natural gas from heating, energy and transportation has caused a large increase in greenhouse gas emissions. These greenhouse gases are resulting in a global warming.

    Water Pollution

    Pollutants such as rubbish, heavy metals, pesticides and fertilisers are carried off roads and other hard surfaces into streams and harbours. These pollutants are affecting fish, shellfish, plants and human health.

    ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 4

Solid Waste

    New Zealanders are producing more solid waste than ever. In the Auckland Region the amount of solid waste has almost doubled in the last 15 years. In the 2000/2001 year 969,000 tonnes were disposed of at landfills in the region. Approximately 3.2 million tonnes of waste is disposed of in NZ‟s landfills annually, which means we are running out of landfills and the associated costs disposal are increasing.

    Composition of New Zealand's

    landfill waste

    organic matter

    paper

    construction & demolition

    potentially hazardous

    plastic

    metal

    glass

    other

Hazardous Waste

    The scale of hazardous waste generation in New Zealand is only now beginning to be understood. The past disposal and careless handling of hazardous waste has left a residual problem of potentially contaminated sites in many parts of the country. The sites are now being investigated and, where necessary. The Resource Management Act 1991 and the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 were developed to help prevent future problems of this nature.

    Energy Use

    A recent study found that New Zealand is the seventh worst of 23 International

    Energy Agency countries (mostly OECD countries) for energy use per dollar of GDP (IEA Energy Economist Lee Schipper, June 2000).

    Two thirds of New Zealand‟s energy comes from fossil fuels, the remaining one third

    comes from hydropower and geothermal power, with a little from wind. Clean, safe water is vital for human survival yet each day we are polluting our waters through poor farming and agricultural practices, the introduction of waterborne diseases, and from road runoff.

? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 5

The Business Case

    By adopting a Green Office programme and by providing environmentally or socially responsible products or services businesses can benefit in the following ways: Adding to the bottom-line through resource efficiency

    Being a responsible employer and member of the community

    Raising competitiveness through innovation

    Gaining market share

    Helping to develop positive solutions

    Staying ahead of legislation and adding value to national and local policy

    Reducing risks of compliance with environmental and Health &Safety legislation, and protection of brand (from bad publicity)

    Adding to the Bottom-line through Resource Efficiency

    By conserving resources in the following ways you reduce costs.

    ; Reducing energy use improvements in energy and manufacturing efficiency go

    straight to the bottom-line because there are no direct cost factors ; Reducing emissions, discharges and wastes many manufacturing companies

    benefit through return on assets, sales and equity through reducing emissions. ; Recycling or reusing waste „closing the loop‟ in terms of resource use (e.g.

    transforming waste into raw materials) saves waste bills as well as the purchase of

    new raw materials.

    Being a Responsible Employer and Member of the Community

    By adopting socially responsible practices business is able to provide a much more positive role in society by:

    ; Offering products or services with integrity,

    ; Avoiding waste and pollution,

    ; Supporting local businesses that are „doing the right thing‟ (e.g. operating their

    own environmental or social programmes)

    ; Offering your staff a better work environment

    ; Developing respectful and supportive relationships with suppliers ; Avoid supporting socially unacceptable activities (e.g. child labour, exploitation

    of resources and cultures, cruelty to animals, promotion of alcohol, gambling,

    pornography or cigarettes etc)

    Raising Competitiveness Through Innovation

    With globalisation NZ business is having to compete with low cost inputs made from many parts of the world. Innovative design and technology are critical to avoid the ? Auckland Environmental Business Network 2002 Page 6

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