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新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语; 请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1. We should not complain about taxes.

     A)feel unhappy B)say bad things C)care D)praise 2. What were the effects of the decision she made?

     A)reasons B)results C)causes D)bases 3. People dont realize how serious this recession has actually been.

     A)know B)think C)doubt D)remember

    4. First editions of certain popular books cannot be obtained for love or money.

     A)at any place B)at any price C)in any language D)in any country

    5. About a quarter of the workers in the United States are employed in factories.

     A)third B)fourth C)tenth D)fifteenth 6. In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.

     A)confuses B)excites C)scares D)divert 7. Passenger ships and planes are often equipped with ship to shore or air to land radio telephones.

     A)highways B)railroads C)sailboats D)aircraft 8. The firemen acted quickly because lives were at stake.

     A)in danger B)in despair C)out of condition D)out of danger 9. Mary called me up very late last night.

     A)shouted at me B)visited me C)telephoned D)waked me 10. Mary gets up at the same time every morning.

     A)arises B)raises C)arrives D)stands up 11. Helen will leave immediately.

     A)far away B)right away C)right here D)soon 12. Susan is looking for the dictionary, which she lost yesterday.

     A)finding B)looking up C)looking at D)trying to find 13. John talked over the new job offer with his wife.

     A)discussed B)mentioned C)accepted D)rejected 14. While I sympathize, I can't really do very much to help.

     A)When B)But C)Although D)Where

    15. A beautiful woman attended to me in that store yesterday.

     A)waited on B)talked to C)spoke to D)stayed with

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1. America’s emphasis on the importance of education for everyone has spurred scientific research.

     A)encouraged B)endangered C)endorsed D)enlarged

     1

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    2. Photojournalist Margaret White became famous for her coverage of significant events during the Second World War.

     A)baggage B)orphanage C)reportage D)usage 3. Below 600 feet ocean waters range from dimly lit to completely dark.

     A)inadequately B)hardly C)faintly D)sufficiently 4.Im not meddling”? Mary said mildly,Im just curious.

     A)gently B)shyly C)weakly D)sweetly 5. In 1861 it seemed inevitable that the Southern states would break away from the Union.

     A)strange B)certain C)inconsistent D)proper 6. Many of novelist Carson McCullers characters are isolated, disappointed people.

     A)solitary B)gloomy C)feeble D)frugal 7. The workers finally called off the strike.

     A)put off B)ended C)cancelled D)participated in 8. John has made up his mind not to go to the meeting.

     A)wanted B)promised C)decided D)agreed 9. I catch cold now and then.

     A)always B)occasionally C)constantly D)regularly 10. He often finds fault with my work.

     A)criticizes B)praises C)evaluates D)talks about 11. The little girl grasped her mother's arm as she crossed the street.

     A)understood B)had a hold over C)took hold of D)left hold of 12. In judging our work you should take into consideration the fact that we have been very busy recently.

     A)thought B)mind C)account D)memory 13. I can no longer tolerate his actions.

     A)put up with B)accept C)take D)suffer from 14. The doctors have abandoned the hope to rescue the old man.

     A)left B)given up C)turned down D)refused 15. Have you talked to her lately?

     A)lastly B)shortly C)recently D)immediately

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1. Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed.

     A)expressive B)physical C)exaggerated D)dubious 2. Techniques to harness the energy of the sun are being developed.

     A)convert B)store C)utilise D)receive 3. Many residents of apartment complexes object to noisy neighbors.

     A)managers B)occupants C)landlords D)caretakers 4. The steadily rising cost of labor on the waterfront has greatly increased the cost of shipping.

     A)continuously B)quickly C)excessively D)exceptionally

     2

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    5. Hundreds of years ago cloves were used to remedy headaches.

     A)disrupt B)diagnose C)evaporate D)cure 6. John Hanson helped draft instructions for Marylands delegates to the Stamp Act Congress.

     A)clarify B)formulate C)revise D)contribute 7. Practically all species of animals communicate either through sounds or through a large

    repertory of soundless codes.

     A) Simultaneously B)Almost C)Absolutely D)Basically 8. Sulphur has occasionally been found in the earth in an almost pure state.

     A)regularly B)accidentally C)sometimes D)successfully 9. When doves are about two weeks old, they are covered with grey feathers and are ready to try

    their wings.

     A)grow B)wrap C)hide D)test

    10. I rarely wear a raincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.

     A)normally B)seldom C)continuously D)usually 11. When she was invited to the party, she readily accepted.

     A)willingly B)suddenly C)firmly D)quickly 12. The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth.

     A)take out B)repair C)pull D)dig

    13. You must shine your shoes.

     A)lighten B)clean C)wash D)polish 14.The majority of people around here are decent people.

     A)honest B)rich C)good-looking D)high-ranking 15. A deadly disease has affected these animals.

     A)contagious B)serious C)fatal D)worrying

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1. Many fine cooks insist on ingredients of the highest quality.

     A)demand B)rely on C)prepare for D)create 2. Since the Great Depression, the United States Government has protected farmers from

    damaging drops in grain prices.

     A)slight B)surprising C)sudden D)harmful 3. Cement was seldom used in building during the Middle Ages.

     A)crudely B)rarely C)originally D)symbolically 4. Nerve signals may travel through nerve or muscle fibers at speeds as high as two hundred miles per hour.

     A)velocities B)impulses C)ratios D)atrocities 5. The poet Carlos Williams was a New Jersey physician.

     A)doctor B)professor C)physicist D)resident 6. Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.

     3

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

     A)conventionally B)obviously C)especially D)inevitably 7. We shall take the treasure away to a safe place.

     A)clean B)pretty C)distant D)secure

    8. An important part of the national government is the foreign service, a branch of the Department

    of State.

    A)a unity B)a division C)an embassy D)an invasion 9. The childs abnormal behavior puzzled the doctor.

     A)bad B)frightening C)repeated D)unusual 10. There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.

     A)a steady B)a plentiful C)an extra D)a meager 11. In order to improve our standard of living, we have to accelerate production.

     A)step up B)decrease C)stop D)control 12. Gas does accumulate in the mines around here.

     A)increase B)spread C)collect D)grow

    13. Our plan is to allocate one member of staff to handle appointments.

     A)assign B)persuade C)ask D)order

    14. Her behavior is extremely childish.

     A)simple B)immature C)beautiful D)foolish 15. We also want to use the water to irrigate barren desert land.

     A)hairless B)bare C)empty D)bald

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.All living organisms, regardless of their unique identity, have certain biological, chemical, and

    physical characteristics in common.

     A)as a result of B)considering C)on purpose D)whatever 2.The most pressing problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

     A)puzzling B)difficult C)terrifying D)urgent 3.The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.

     A)location B)view C)event D)landscape 4.Of the reptile groups, the snake group was the final one to appear.

     A)last B)best C)ugliest D)longest

    5.Colleges and universities usually give diplomas or certificates to students who complete course

    requirements satisfactorily.

     A)responsibly B)acceptably C)patiently D)respectfully 6.A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased are realized.

     A)fulfilled B)affiliated C)advocated D)received 7.She has been the subject of massive media coverage.

     A)extensive B)negative C)responsive D)explosive 8.The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

     A)rejected B)investigated C)proposed D)postponed

     4

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    9.Experts generally agree that diet has an important bearing on ones health.

     A)result B)factor C)cause D)influence 10.I expect that she will be able to cater for your particular needs.

     A)meet B)reach C)provide D)fill 11.John is collaborating with Mary in writing a book.

     A)cooperating B)merging C)combining D)associating 12.Mary lost control of her car and collided with a tree.

     A)came across B)ran into C)met D)knocked 13.Mary was compelled to take in washing to help support her family.

     A)pleaded B)appealed C)forced D)instructed 14.The child couldn’t comprehend the advanced textbook.

     A)interpret B)read C)understand D)translate 15.I warned him to keep the matter confidential.

     A)private B)safe C)personal D)secret

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.

     A)develop B)disappear C)linger D)renew 2.In the United States educational system, intermediate school is the transitional phase between

    the primary grades and high school.

     A)stage B)notion C)pattern D)alternative 3.Fluoride deters tooth decay by reducing the growth of bacteria that destroy tooth enamel.

     A)facilitates B)overwhelms C)inhibits D)loosens 4.The firm of Bonnin and Morris in Philadelphia Was probably the first American company to

    manufacture porcelain.

     A)Silverware B) crystal C) china D) linen 5.Gunpowder was used extensively in firearms prior to 1990.

     A)in B)around C)from D)before 6.We packed up the things I had accumulated over the last three years and left for good.

     A)close B)near C)past D)final 7.The chemical is lethal to rats but safe to cattle.

     A)toxic B)harmful C)deadly D)contagious 8.She is very conscientious about her work.

     A)worried B)careful C)anxious D)nervous 9.She has consolidated her power.

     A)strengthened B)won C)hardened D)united 10.The drinking water is contaminated with impurities.

     A)blackened B)polluted C)darkened D)mixed 11.Her novel depicts a futuristic America.

     A)writes B)sketches C)describes D)indicates

     5

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    12.He expressed concern that the ship might be in distress.

     A)despair B)difficulties C)need D)danger 13.They are endeavoring to change society as a whole.

     A)trying B)working C)doing D)making 14.Your eternal boasting annoys everyone.

     A)unchangeable B)everlasting C)boring D)monotonous 15.The other women seemed contented and they even exhibited their bellies with pride.

     A)demonstrated B)uncovered C)spread D)showed

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.Loud noises can be annoying.

     A)hateful B)painful C)horrifying D)irritating 2.Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree to which they can be

    deliberately controlled and modified.

     A)sufficiently B)noticeably C)intentionally D)absolutely 3.The Constitution's vague nature has given it the flexibility to be adapted when circumstances

    change.

     A)imprecise B)concise C)unpolished D)elementary 4.The expedition reached the summit at 10:30 that morning.

     A)top of the mountain B)bottom of the mountain C)starting point D)site

    5.The latest census is encouraging.

     A)count B)statement C)agreement D)estimate 6.Academic records from other institutions often become part of a universitys official file and can neither be returned to a student nor duplicated.

     A)borrowed B)purchased C)copied D)rewritten 7.While serving in the Senate in the early 1970's, Barbara Jordan supported legislation to ban

    discrimination and to deal with environmental problems.

     A)list B)forbid C)handle D)investigate 8.Gambling is lawful in Nevada.

     A)legal B)irresistible C)enjoyable D)profitable 9.They always mock me because I am ugly.

     A)smile at B)look down on C)belittle D)laugh at 10.These are our motives for doing it.

     A)reasons B)arguments C)targets D)stimuli 11.It was a question of making sure that certain needs were addressed, notably in the pension’s

    area.

     A)noticeably B)remarkably C)particularly D)significantly 12.His new girlfriend had omitted to tell him that she was married.

     A)forgotten B)failed C)deleted D)left out

     6

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    13.Many of their ideas are being incorporated into orthodox medical treatment.

     A)acceptable B)conservative C)western D)conventional 14.Charges for local telephone calls are outrageous.

     A)unheard of B)unacceptable C)unbelievable D)ridiculous 15.Guests were scared when the bomb exploded.

     A)frightened B)killed C)endangered D)rescued

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.Philip Roth was hailed as a major author in 1960.

     A)published B)challenged C)acclaimed D)guided 2.He was one of the principal organizers of the association.

     A)planners B)employees C)actors D)recipients 3.It is postulated that population increase has strong effect on economic fluctuations.

     A)challenged B)assumed C)deducted D)decreed 4.This kind of animals are on the verge of extinction, because so many are being killed for their fur.

     A)drying up B)dying out

    C)being exported D)being transplanted

    5.The train came to an abrupt stop, making us wonder where we were.

     A)slow B)noisy C)sudden D)jumpy

    6.During the Second World War, all important resources in the U.S. were allocated by the Federal

    Government.

    A)nationalized B)commandeered C)taxed D)distributed 7.The little boy was so fascinated by the mighty river that he would spend hours sitting on its bank and gazing at the passing boats and rafts.

     A)very strong B)very long C)very great D)very fast 8.The stories of Sarah Orne Jewett are considered by many to be more authentically regional than

    those of Bret Harte.

    A)elegantly B)genuinely C)intentionally D)thoroughly 9.The number of United States citizens who are eligible to vote continue to increase.

     A)encouraged B)enforced C)expected D)entitled 10.Formulated in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Americas were no longer open to European colonization.

     A)stated firmly B)argued light mindedly

    C)thought seriously D)announced regrettably 11.Smoking is not permitted in the office.

     A)probable B)possible C)admitted D)allowed 12.The chairman proposed that we should stop the meeting.

     A)stated B)declared C)suggested D)announced

     7

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    13.I feel regret about what's happened.

     A)sorry B)disappointed C)shameful D)disheartened 14.She has proved that she can be relied on in a crisis.

     A)lived on B)depended on C)lived off D)believed in 15.John removed his overcoat.

     A)took away B)left aside C)took off D)washed off

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.Although originally a German innovation, kindergarten got its real start in the United States as a

    movement to provide an improved learning environment for children.

     A)an easy B)a playful C)an open D)a better 2.There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.

    A)beats B)matches C)maintains D)announces 3.The attack on Fort Sumter near Charleston provoked a sharp response from the North, which led to the American Civil War.

    A)demanded B)elicited C)extracted D)defied 4.Illinois has produced writers such as Carl Sandburg, gangsters such as Al Capone, and architects such as Louis Sullivan.

     A)violent criminals B)politicians C)musicians D)industrialists. 5.The towers of a suspension bridge serve as a rigid framework to which the cables are attached.

     A)boundary B)skeleton C)enclosure D)material 6.The use of the chemical may present a certain hazard to the laboratory workers.

     A)protection B)indication C)immunity D)danger 7.Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.

     A)error B)function C)attraction D)miracle 8.The development of the transistor and integrated circuits revolutionized the electronics industry

    by allowing components to be packaged more densely.

     A)compactly B)inexpensively C)quickly D)carefully 9.The leading astronomers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were fascinated by comets.

     A)intrigued B)infected C)inconvenienced D)inclined 10.In their productions, choreographers of modern dance have introduced humor, protested social

    injustice, and probed psychological problems.

     A)solved B)explored C)involved D)disputed 11.They agreed to settle the dispute by peaceful means.

     A)solve B)determine C)untie D)complete 12.The children trembled with fear when they saw the policeman.

     A)wept B)cried C)ran D)shook

13.We were shocked to find that Mary didnt know her guests name.

     8

新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

     A)frustrated B)disturbed C)relieved D)surprised 14.We have got to abide by the rules.

     A)stick to B)persist in C)safeguard D)apply 15.The river widens considerably as it begins to turn east.

     A)extends B)stretches C)broadens D)traverses

    词汇学习

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个

    选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1.Most chemical reactions of an organic compound involve only a few of its numerous and bonds;

    the remainder stay unchanged.

     A)majority B)distribution C)rest D)stability 2.The specific mechanisms by which cortisone and similar compounds function are poorly

    documented.

     A)partially B)occasionally C)inadequately D)rarely 3.Can you account for your absence from the class last Thursday?

     A)explain B)examine C)excuse D)expand 4.A limited number of books on this subject are in the library.

     A)little B)small C)tiny D)low

    5.The company recommended that a new petrol station be built here.

     A)ordered B)insisted C)suggested D)demanded 6.Jim has gained so much weight that a lot of his clothes dont fit him any more.

     A)put off B)put down C)put on D)put up 7.Foreign money can be converted at this bank.

     A)altered B)changed C)bought D)sold 8.Government health campaigns have fostered an awareness of the dangers in certain social habits.

     A)included B)discovered C)cultivated D)discouraged 9.Evidence verifies that hearing problems may be alleviated by changes in diet and exercise habits.

     A)initiated B)cured C)complicated D)lessened 10.The police contended that the difficulties they faced were too severe.

     A)argued B)predicted C)said D)suggested 11.The conclusion can be deduced from the premises.

     A)allowed B)derived C)permitted D)come 12.Fruits such as apples and oranges are very wholesome, and may be eaten at any time.

     A)normal B)healthy C)appropriate D)proper 13.There are only five minutes left, but the outcome of the match is still in doubt.

     A)end B)judgment C)estimation D)result 14.Long before the concert began, big crowds of pop fans had assembled in the stadium.

     A)concentrated B)resembled C)gathered D)dispersed 15.It is hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.

     A)sincere B)hard C)strict D)tight

    词汇学习 十一

     9

    新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]职称英语网络课堂电子教材系列 词汇

    每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语;请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

    1. So far no one has been able to account for the cause of the accident.

    A) assess B) explain

    C) describe D) investigate

    2. All those present noticed the minute change in his look.

    A) big B) timely

    C) dramatic D) slight

    3. The war was over, but the whole country was in a state of disorder.

    A) confusion B) disagreement

    C) disappearance D) disaster 4. The young man was accused of theft in the supermarket.

    A) arrested for B) charged with

    C) praised for D) described as 5. The cause of the fire is being investigated.

    A) looked after B) looked through

    C) looked forward to D) looked into 6. Numerous attempts have been made to hide the truth.

    A) Many B) Successful

    C) Effective D) Unsuccessful 7. It is obvious that there is difference in the way they view the matter.

    A) natural B) certain

    C) inevitable D) clear

    8. It is odd that so little is known about the talented painter.

    A) surprising B) unreasonable

    C) strange D) unbelievable 9. Everyone in the class participated in the farewell party.

    A) contributed to B) took pleasure in

    C) took part in D) enjoyed

    10. Since ancient times people have found various ways to preserve meat.

    A) carve B) cook

    C) freeze D) keep

    11. To understand what we are going to talk about today, you have to rely on what you have read

    previously.

    A) beforehand B) carefully

    C) before D) in advance

    12. At the policemans signal, the vehicle pulled up.

    A) stopped B) slowed down

    C) sped up D) turned up

    13. Not everyone can perceive the gradual change in the writers style.

    A) appreciate B) notice

    C) describe D) discover

    14. It was said that after his fathers death, he possessed nearly half of his fathers wealth.

    A) wasted B) owned

     10

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